Tag Archives: Existence

Interpreting How Much Land does a Man Need: A Sartrean Existentialist Perspective (Published)

Jean Paul Sartre, one of the key figures in the philosophy of Existentialism, explores man and the world from the perspective of human consciousness and puts forward the concept of subjectivity, believing existence precedes essence. Leo Tolstoy, one of the heavyweights in the literary world, has produced a number of impressive short stories with philosophical wisdom, among which stands How Much Land does a Man Need. Pakhom, the protagonist of the story, totally gripped by his lust for land, meets the end of his existence after making a series of choices. From the perspective of Sartrean existentialism, this paper analyzes the tragic existence of Pakhom and holds that it is Pakhom who should and must bear full responsibility for the destruction of his existence which is resulted from his inner desire on one hand and the state of contradiction and opposition among people on the other.

Keywords: Existence, How Much Land does a Man Need, Sartrean Existentialism, Subjectivity

Meaning of Life and the Use of Social Networks in three Stages of Development (Published)

Social networks have taken a prominent role allowing the human being to enter a cyberculture and interact with his peers and relatives, bringing with him a possible impact on his relationship with others in the search for belonging, fullness, wish for happiness and hence, a sense of meaning in life. Due to that, the current research aimed to analyze the meaning of life and the use of social networks among the inhabitants of the City of Campeche in three different stages of development, this research is quantitative with a transversal design and a correlational scope. The sample was selected by quota: 500 inhabitants of the City of Campeche. A “use of social networks” questionnaire was created with a Cronbach’s Alpha of .803 and the Purpose in Life Test (PIL) was the instrument used. The data was analyzed with the SPPSS v25 data analysis program. Obtaining as main results the existence of a significant relation (p<0.05) between the meaning of life and the use of social networks. As the use of social networks increases, the meaning of life decreases and as the use of social networks decreases an increase in the meaning of life happens.


Keywords: Existence, Meaning Of Life, Social Networks, stages of development

The themes in Samuel Beckett’s play Waiting for Godot (Published)

Waiting for Godot, is a play that prompts many questions, and answers none of them. As the title suggests, it is a play about waiting: two men waiting for a third, who never appears. ‘And if he comes?’ one of Beckett’s tramps asks the other near the end of the play. ‘We’ll be saved’, the other replies, although the nature of that salvation, along with so much else, remains undefined: for both characters and audience, Waiting for Godot enforces a wait for its own. The two central characters, Vladimir and Estragon, wait for someone named Godot, who, as a stand-in for God, never arrives. The title focuses the audience on the futility of human existence.  The meaning of the name Godot is debated among scholars. Although Beckett wrote in French, it is possible that he wanted his audiences to consider the presence of the English word God in the name of the character who never shows up. (The similarity between the words Godot and God does not exist in the original French, in which God is Dieu.) It is possible, however, that Beckett named the character for a French bicyclist called Roger Godeau—or for a French slang word for boots.

Keywords: Absurdity, Existence, Observation, emphasizing, moonrise


Alienation is the basic form of rootlessness, which forms the subject of many psychological, sociological, literary and philosophical studies. Alienation is a major theme of human condition in the contemporary epoch. It is only natural that a pervasive phenomenon like alienation should leave such an indelible impact upon the contemporary literature. Alienation emerges as natural consequence of existential predicament both in intrinsic and extrinsic terms. The theme of alienation has been variously dealt with persistently and unflinchingly in modern literature. The alienated protagonist is a recurrent figure in much of the twentieth century American and European fiction. Alienation in its various forms, has been dealt with in the existentialistic literature. Owing to its historical and socio-cultural reasons, the Indo-English literature also, could not remain unaffected by it. Alienation is the result of loss of identity. The dispossessed personality’s search for identity is a common place theme in modern fiction. Man fails to perceive today the very purpose behind life and the relevance of his existence in a hostile world. Edmund Fuller remarks that in our age “man suffers not only from war, persecution, famine and ruin, but from inner problems ——— a conviction of isolation, randomness, meaninglessness in his way of existence “.The paper will discuss and analyze theme of alienation in modern literature in general and Indo-English literature in particular from different angles. It will be contextualized by referring profusely the works of renowned writers. Nuances of the word alienation will also be discussed thoroughly

Keywords: Alienation, Existence, Existentialism, Identity, Isolation, Predicament, Randomness, Rootlessness