This paper is devoted to dissecting the emerging aspects of exclusion and otherness that characterize Post-Modernity by referring to the specific context of the US culture as presented in Laila Halaby’s Once in a Promised Land (2007). What is remarkable about this exclusionary spirit of our times is its increasing legality and normality. The paper deals with exclusion and otherness by building on Michel Foucault’s perceptions introduced in his seminal book History of Madness (1961). Foucault examined the history of exclusion in early modern and modern eras and provided a new understanding of the development of the modern institutions of the Western world. In this paper, we build on Foucault’s position on exclusion and otherness to reveal a wider scope of interpretations that this theory can provide. We argue that Halaby’s novel pinpoints a new generation/manifestation of the exclusionary spirit that Foucault diagnosed. The protagonists of Halaby’s novel are excluded from their social and political context through dynamics that legalize and normalize their exclusion.
School Exclusion: To Exclude Or Not To Exclude? A Critical Consideration of a Range of Perennial Issues (Published)
This paper reviews the notion of school exclusion. The use of narrative, biographical research has been employed to find out the feelings of children who has been excluded from school. Moreover, alternative perspectives were gained as I interviewed staff at the school about the exclusion process. Issues such as why an exclusion may be beneficial and why on the other hand it may not be of benefit will be considered. Logistical issues such as childcare and the holistic wellbeing of students and practitioners will be addressed.