The Impact of Exchange Rate Volatility on Industrial Export Performance in Sri Lanka: VECM Approach (Published)
Exchange Rate Volatility has had a significant effect on industrial export performance in Sri Lanka as a third world country. The Purpose of this paper is to examine the Exchange Rate Volatility on Export Performance based on the Industrial Sector in Sri Lanka for the Period of 2000 to 2017, using monthly data collected from EDB, CBSL, SLC & IMF. During the analysis VECM approach was incorporated into the study. Exchange Rate Volatility was calculated using SMA Model with LKR/USD return series. The study focused on 5 Export Trading Partners, United Kingdom, United States, India, Germany and Belgium with the limitation of five Export products. The main focus is to model Exchange Rate Volatility on Economic Growth using the determinants of Real Exports, Real Effective Exchange Rates, Real Exchange Rate Volatility, Weighted Average of Relative Price and Real Foreign Income for the analysis of Long Run Relationship. The resulting models may be used to produce forecasts in the Future. Results reveal that Real Effective Exchange Rates and Exchange Rate Volatility have a negative impact on Real Exports for the selected Exporting Partners in the long run. Finally, there is a significant relationship between Exports and the Exchange Rate Volatility
This study investigates empirically the effect of exchange rate volatility on the output level of the five English speaking countries in ECOWAS, namely Nigeria, Ghana, Gambia, the Sierra Leones and Liberia, over the period 1991 to 2014. Co-integration test and error correction modelling were used as estimation techniques. Estimates of co-integration relations were obtained and the short-run and long-run dynamic relationships between the variables were obtained for each country utilizing the tests. In general, exchange rate volatility has a significant impact on outputs at least for all the countries considered in the study, with all except Liberia having negative impact.
Exchange Rate Fluctuation and Inflation Targeting In an Open Economy: Econometric Approach (Published)
The study empirically evaluates the impact of exchange rate fluctuation on inflation targeting on the Nigerian economy. The study adopted annual times series data spanning a period of 43 years (1970 to 2012). The finding of our results suggests that the theoretical modelling requirements for all the variables used in the regression satisfy the statistical requirements that determine the choice of the statistical model. The result from the estimated long–run model shows that all the variables [interest rate (INTR) and exchange rate (EXCHR)] were statistically significant. The INTR positively influence the growth of INFR in the Nigerian economy while EXCHR negatively impact on the economy. Therefore, more concerted effort should employed by the federal government to stabilize the exchange rate as this will in turn lead to a positive impact of EXCHR on the economy. This will boost the country’s export as well as reduce import their by reduction inflation in the economy. In the light of the foregoing, we state that the financial sector does not operate in ambiance but in a macroeconomic environment. It is therefore necessary that the environment should be one that is amenable to contemporary market situations. We therefore recommend that in order to curb inflation through inflation targeting, efforts must be made towards gathering financial data at a more precise level such that majority of financial transactions is captured in the database. Also, lending rates in Nigeria should be made flexible while other means should be employed towards raising the value of the naira as this will reduce greatly the inflation rate in the country.