Examination Malpractice in State Owned Institutions of Higher Learning, Causes and Remedies: A Study of Some Selected States in The North Eastern, Nigeria (Published)
The paper investigated examination malpractices in state owned institutions of higher learning in the north-eastern geo-political zone, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised of staff and students of three (3) selected institutions of higher learning from nine (9) states in the north-east geo-political zone, Nigeria
Keywords: : examination malpractice, Nigeria, North Eastern, higher learning, state owned institutions
E-Cheating Awareness and Attitudes of Senior Secondary Certificate Examinations’ (Ssce) Candidates in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
The study examined the E-cheating awareness and attitudes of senior secondary certificate examination’s (SSCE) candidates in Ondo state with the view of proffering solution to reported cases of examination malpractices in the study locate. The sample for the study comprised three hundred and ten (310) candidates selected from five coaching centres through purposive sampling techniques. Two research questions guided the study using two instruments named: Students’ E-cheating Awareness Questionnaire (SEAQ) and Students’ Attitude to E-cheating Scale (SAES). The instruments were given experts’ validation. The results were analyzed using frequency count and mean statistics. The result showed (mean=2.54) indicating that the SSCE candidates were aware that questions and answers were online prior to the day of their examinations and some students have access to SSCE questions and their answers through various websites. Further, the result indicated that larger proportion of the candidates (mean=3.52) had positive attitude to E-cheating with the opinion that cheating in examination was good and helped students to pass. The study found that the respondents were of the notion that since Nigerian leaders were corrupt, nothing is wrong in electronic cheating. It was therefore recommended that integrity clubs should be established in schools to develop in students’ examination ethics and help them to acquire the values of handwork that will checkmate their involvement in examination malpractices.
Amosun P. A. and Falade M. (2022) E-Cheating Awareness and Attitudes of Senior Secondary Certificate Examinations’ (Ssce) Candidates in Ondo State, Nigeria, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.10, pp.27-36
Keywords: : examination malpractice, attitude, awareness, e-cheating
Value orientation, Parental attitude and examination malpractice (Published)
Citation: Anyin Nnyenkpa Ntui, Effiom Bassey Ekeng, and Florence Undiyaundeye (2022) Value orientation, Parental attitude and examination malpractice, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods, Vol.9, No.1, pp.16-26
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate on value orientation, parental attitude and attitude to examination malpractice among senior secondary school students in Southern Educational Zone of Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, two null hypotheses were generated to direct the study. Literature review was done according to the variables under study. Ex-post factor research design was adopted for the study. A sample of one thousand (1000) students was randomly selected. The selection was done through the simple random sampling technique. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The instrument was both face and content validated by the supervisors and experts in measurement and evaluation in the Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar. The reliability estimates of the instruments established through split-halg reliability method. The reliability co-efficient ranges from 0.70-1.83. Pearson product moment correlation analysis and one-way analysis of variance!(ANOVA)!were the statistical analysis techniques adopted to test the hypotheses under study. All hypotheses were subjected to testing at 0.05 level of significance with relative degrees of freedom. The results of the analysis revealed that, parental socio-economic status, parental occupation, parental educational level, family size, value orientation and parental attitude significantly influence students’ attitude towards examination malpractice in southern educational zone of Cross River State. Based on the results and findings of the study, it was recommended that Action arising from the results of the study could include the following to minimize examination!malpractice. the results of the study should be presented to the Department and Faculty. The counselors to Guidance and Counselling Units should discuss results at seminars organized by the!authority and regularly organise parents teachers association (PTA)!meeting!where school/examination related problems could be discussed. This is to create awareness for parents, counselors teachers, school and other stakeholders in education on the prevailing incidence of examination malpractice status. Teachers and consumers should help students to develop a sensitive self-concept and value orientation of themselves to abhor examination malpractice. !!Government, School Educational Board and non-governmental organizations should assist in providing schools with necessary learning facilities to improve upon the present teaching/learning situation. This will go a long way to helping the less privileged students. Teachers and counselors should identify strategies of reducing test anxiety by giving frequent tests to students as this may reduce malpractice behaviours during examination. Parents should not encourage malpractice behaviour among students by sponsoring them financially.!School authorities should ensure that teachers perform their duties effectively to avoid students’ involvement in examination malpractice. Dedicated teachers/students on examination ethics mattess should be identified and re-warded accordingly.There is need to re-emphasis continuous assessment in our secondary schools as it is predicated on the belief that several samples of an individual test records will give a better aggregate of individual students than a one sample or a few samples only would give. Besides, continuous assessment helps to check the incidence of examination malpractice, tremendous anxiety and nesvousness in students during examinations.!! Examination ethics code of conduct should be produced and distributed in schools and education offices. This should spell out duties and responsibilities as well as penalties needed for the conduct of examination in our secondary schools. Examination ethics clubs should also be formed in our secondary schools.
Keywords: : examination malpractice, Student, Value Orientation, attitude, parental
Smart Phones and Examination Malpractice in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions (Published)
Examination malpractice has become a social plague in Nigeria educational system. The mad rush for acquisition and over dependence on paper qualification without recourse to corresponding knowledge in skills and competence by an average Nigerians has aggravated students in different tiers of Nigeria educational system to device various means to compromise examination; which serves as a yardstick for teachers to ascertain the level of knowledge acquisition and retention by the students. This paper examined the advert of smart phones and examination malpractice in Nigeria, especially in tertiary institutions. Relevant journals and conference papers were consulted and are sources of secondary data used in the paper. It is discovered that the advert of smart phones and its availability to most tertiary institution students has led to the gaining of ground of electronic device cheating as a form of examination malpractice in Nigerian tertiary Institutions nowadays. The study also sees compromised security agents and poor invigilation on the part of lecturers who are mostly used as invigilators in semester examination in tertiary institutions as factor responsible for prevalence of electronic device cheating. This paper suggested that ban on the use of mobile smart phones in examination halls be enforced to curb the new wave of electronic cheating, full implementation of examination malpractice Act 33 of 1999 and a general change in societal crazy rush for acquisition and over dependence on academic paper certificate, as measures to curb examination malpractice in Tertiary institutions.
Keywords: : examination malpractice, Smart Phones, Tertiary Institutions, electronic device cheating.
Psycho-Social Variables of Examination Malpractice Tendencies among Senior Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study examined psycho-social variables of examination malpractice tendencies among secondary students in Calabar education zone of Cross River State. Relevant literature was reviewed to enhance the work and for better understanding. A sample of 520 students was used for the study. Two research questions were posed and 2 hypotheses formulated to guide the study. Ex-post facto design was adopted. Psycho-social variables of Examination Malpractice Tendencies Questionnaire (PVEMTQ) was used to gather data for the study. With stratified random sampling technique, 520 students were selected from 23 secondary schools, using proportionate selection technique. Data gathered were analyzed with one-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA). All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance from the analysis it was revealed that students attitude to school, student test anxiety do not significantly influence students examination malpractice tendencies. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, principal should explore other means of assessment of the students for development of better attitude to school, by giving them open test, assignment. Principal should organize educational programmes on examination stress management, to assist students in coping with test anxiety. Principal should build self-confidence on examinees prior to the period of examination, to help reduced malpractice tendencies.
Keywords: : examination malpractice, Calabar education zone, Cross River State, Nigeria, Senior Secondary School Students, psycho-social variables
Examination Malpractices and Corruption among Students at Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria (Published)
Examination malpractices have become a recurrent decimal in higher institutions in Nigeria. Misconducts in examinations tend to have a connection with corrupt practices involving students in these institutions as it provides opportunities for them to get an education by fraudulent means. That questions the validity and credibility of the grades they earn in academics and reflects in their overall performances in the labour market. Based on the Bandura’s social cognitive learning theory, an ex-post facto was conducted to inquire about the correlation between examination malpractices and corruption among students in Cross River University of Technology (CRUTECH), Calabar, Nigeria. Three research questions and null hypotheses were developed for the study. 800 participants were randomly recruited from the population within the research site. Data was analyzed via Pearson product moment correlation coefficient statistic. The findings indicated that cheating, gratification and bribery have significant relationships with corruption among students at CRUTECH. Simply put, these are among the practices students employed to commit examination fraud. It is recommended that key stakeholders, inter alia, need to develop holistic and workable methods to curb the menace in the interest of national development.
Keywords: : examination malpractice, Corruption, Higher Institutions, Students