Tag Archives: Evaluation

Development and Evaluation of Instructional Video for Teaching and Learning Woodwork Technology Psychomotor Skills in Nigerian Universities: Implication for the Production of Competent Graduates (Published)

Woodwork is one of the areas of Technical Education programme at the University level in Nigeria. The objectives of this programme have not been achieved due to the inadequate nature of materials and human resources for implementing its curriculum. In order to address the issue of Technical Education graduates not possessing employable skills, an intervening measure is to develop and evaluate instructional video for teaching and learning Woodwork Technology. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate Woodwork Technology instructional video. Five (5) research questions guided the study. The population of this study comprised of twenty two (22) heads of units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology in all the twenty two (22) Universities in Nigeria whose Technical Education programme were accredited as at 2012. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 10 Heads of Units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology. Primary data were collected using camera and its accessories, and the modified Province of Prince Edwards Island Department of Education DVD/ Video Evaluation form. The data collected was analyzed using frequency count and mean. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that the developed instructional video for teaching and learning practical skills in Woodwork Technology at the University level is suitable in terms of its content, instructional design, technical design, and social consideration.

Keywords: Development, Evaluation, Learning, Nigerian Universities, Teaching, Technical Education, instructional video, psychomotor skills, woodwork technology

Evaluation of Agro-Climatological Instruments for Instructional Delivery of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education in North-East Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the agro-climatological instruments for instructional delivery of agricultural education in Colleges of Education in North-East Nigeria. The research design adopted was the survey design. Four research questions guided the study. The area of the study was North-East Nigeria. The population of the study was 185 comprising of lecturers of agricultural education. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire tagged “Evaluation of Agro-climatological Instruments Questionnaire (EIAQ). The instrument was validated by three experts.185 copies of the instruments were administered on the respondents, 120 were retrieved and used for the study as it was a manageable size, therefore sampling was not required. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as mean scores and standard deviation to answer the four research questions. The results of the study revealed that out of all the 17 agro-climatological instruments recommended for instructional delivery of agricultural education in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, 11 of them were available, 6 were adequate, 8 were functional and 6 were utilized by lecturers. It was recommended that proprietors of the institutions should make available and adequate all the agro-climatological instruments to the Colleges. Lecturers of agricultural education should attend conferences, workshops and seminars to update the skills and capabilities on instructional delivery with agro-climatological instruments.

Keywords: Evaluation, Instruments, agricultural education, agro-climatology, delivery

An Evaluation of Early Childhood Reading Strategies in a Second Language in Ghanan: A Case Study of Effutu Municipality (Published)

The study is an evaluation of two common methods employed in the teaching of reading in the second language (English) at the early grade vis-a-vis the simple view of reading. The work examines the appropriateness of the common teaching strategies employed by early grade teachers in teaching reading in the second language (English) in public schools in Ghana.  Data for this work was gathered through interview, observation, instruction and assessment of 30 lower primary school pupils of three public schools in the Central Region of Ghana, as well as one hundred teachers selected from ten regions of Ghana. The thirty (30) pupils were put in three (3) groups of ten (10) and instructed using the look and say method, word association, and the simple view of reading for groups A, B and C respectively. The effectiveness of the various methods was assessed using the trends in the scores from the test. The study showed that while pupils who were instructed using the look and say method and the word association could not actually read, pupils instructed using the simple view of reading were able to read.

Keywords: Evaluation, Second Language, early grade, reading Ghanaian, teaching methodology

Curriculum Evaluation: A Comparative Study of a 4-Year B.Ed. Regular and a 2-Year Diploma Sandwich Students’ Results in Music, Movement and Drama (Published)

Both the Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) and Diploma students at the University of Education, Winneba, Ghana, use the same content as prescribed in the Academic Bulletin but both are admitted on two different entry requirements with different duration accordingly. Sections of society speculate about varied performances of both categories of students without any empirical evidence. The purpose of the study was to ascertain how well the students have been prepared in terms of content assimilation and their relative performance. Using a purposive sampling technique, both regular and sandwich Music, Movement and Drama Level 200 students of the Department of Early Childhood Education of the University from 2008 to 2012 were selected for the study. Test results of the respondents from 2008 to 2012 which served as the data were analysed, after ethical issues were resolved, using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that both regular and sandwich students performed creditably well within the range of the years under review. It was, however, established that there was a statistically significant difference between the achievement of the B.Ed. regular and Diploma sandwich students from 2008 to 2012 academic years. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that the mode of delivery of the sandwich programme be reconsidered such that there will be a bridge of the gap between the regular and the sandwich programmes in terms of performance.

Keywords: Bachelor of Education, Curriculum, Drama, Evaluation, Movement, Music, Sandwich, diploma, regular.

Evaluation the Quality parameters of sugar cane and raw sugar samples at season 2017 with reference to (SASTA, 2009) and (ICUMSA, 1994) standards (Published)

The study was conducted in Sudanese Sugar Industries during period at 2017 to aims Evaluation the Quality parameters of sugar cane and raw sugar  samples with reference to (SASTA, 2009) and (ICUMSA,1994) standards. The samples were obtained from all Sudanese Sugar Industries namely, (Kenana, White Nile, Assalaya , Sennar, Guneid  and New Halfa).After that the samples were transferred to the laboratory to assessment the quality parameters of sugar cane which include Weight Kg per ten stalks, length Kg per ten stalks, and nods of cane Kg per ten stalks, Fiber percent of cane%, Moisture content of cane%, Brix of cane (Total dissolved Solids%), Polarization (Pol.) of cane%, Purity of cane%, Reducing sugars of cane juice % and pH of cane. and quality parameters for raw sugar which include Determination of Physiochemical parameters of raw Sugar samples collected from Sudanese Sugar Industries at season 2017: which include colour, Mean Apparatus (M.A), Coefficient of Variation (C.V %), Dust %, Pol %, Purity %, Moisture % and Ash %. and the data were analyzed by using Statistical system  complete randomized design (CRD) and analysis of variance technique by Lest Significant Different Test (LSD) according to Fisher’s LSD method, 2010 at Probability 0.05 Was applied to compare differences between industries. The results It was concluded that the some quality parameter of cane like Brix%, Pol%, Purity%, and Fiber % were satisfactory with quality standard in all Sudanese Sugar Industry, While the moisture % was higher than recommended range in all Industries. It was concluded that the quality parameter of raw Sugar like Moisture % all Industries online with standard except Industries Kenana and Guneid. In case of Ash% all Industries were online with standard. In case of Colour Industries Assalaya and Sennar were lower while the Industries Guneid and New Halfa were higher than satisfactory range. In case of C.V% all Industries were higher than recommended limit. In case of Dust Industries Kenana and White Nile were higher than critical maximum value respectively. In case of Pol% only Assalaya and Sennar was within optional perimeter. In case of Purity% for sugar A the Industries White Nile and Guneid were lower than recommended range. The study recommendations that the Sudanese Sugar Industry needs to establish proper quality assurance laboratories to help in monitoring quality and safety of raw materials and end productions.

Keywords: 1994) standards, 2009) and (ICUMSA, Evaluation, quality parameters of sugar cane and raw sugar, sudanese sugar industry with reference to (SASTA

Evaluation of Research Skills Application among Colleges of Education Lecturers in Kaduna State (Published)

The study focused on evaluation of research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education in Kaduna State. The descriptive survey design of causal comparative type was adopted in the study with a population of 206 academic staff in colleges of education in Kaduna State. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the study using the researcher’s developed instrument entitled “Evaluation of Research Skills Opinion Questionnaire” (ERSOQ). To ensure appropriate validity and reliability of the ERSOQ, it was given to three experts, two in Measurement and Evaluation and one in English Language, to ensure face and content validity of the instrument. The instrument was pilot tested using Cronbach Alpha reliability method and the index ranged from .71 to .85. The stated null hypotheses were tested using population and independent sample t-test and the result of the data analysis revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is low. It was also revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is high in terms of literature review and data collection. The study also pinpoints the implication of research skills acquisition as a tool for functional education and quality research delivery. It was recommended that there should be adequate training for academic staff to equip them with the necessary training to plan and implement research activities.

Keywords: Evaluation, Kaduna State, Research skills application

Agronomic Evaluation Of Some Landrace Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata ( L.) Walp) and Their Wild Relative (Dekindtiana Var. Pubescens) For Incorporation into Cowpea Breeding Programme (Published)

Eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, were evaluated for growth and yield attributes in Bauchi, Northern Guinea Savannah Agroecology. The eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, making a total of 12 genotypes, were replicated four times in a randomized complete block design on a field in Bar-Arewa village in Bogoro Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The results of the study showed that the cowpea genotypes evaluated varied significantly (p< 0.05) in all the growth and yield attributes observed. Pod number per plant positively and highly correlated with height per plant (r = 0.93), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.95), number of branches per plant (r= 0.93), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.92), but was negatively correlated with length of pod (r= -0.51). Seed yield per plant was positively correlated with hundred seed weight (r- 0.71), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.41), number of branches per plant (r= 0.42), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.49), length of pod per plant (r= 0.41). However, hundred seed weight was negatively correlated with all the traits except the length of pod per plant (r = 0.78). It is, therefore, recommended that genotypes with longer pods, large seed size, high number of peduncles and pods be explored further for selection and incorporation into cowpea breeding programme for yield improvement.

Keywords: Agronomy, Breeding programme, Evaluation, Landrace cowpea, Wild cowpea

Evaluation of General Studies Computer Based Tests in Universities in South West Nigeria (Published)

There are perceived short – comings such as server and power failure, denials of right choice of types of examination, limited CBT centres, problem of state of the students’ computer literacy and accessibility, inadequate computers and internet facilities in some universities.  The study evaluated the general studies computer based tests in Universities in South West Nigeria. The purpose was to ascertain the extent to which the objectives of General Studies programme had been implemented using computer – based test. The research design for this study was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population for the study comprises 60,000 100 level undergraduate students of 2016/2017 academic session and 330 lecturers in GST in both private and public universities. The sample for the study consisted of 1890 respondents made up of 1800 students and 90 lecturers selected through Multistage Sampling Procedure. Three self designed instruments which are used as General Studies Achievement Test (GSTAT), Questionnaire on General Studies Interest Scale (QGSTIS) and Questionnaire for Lecturers on General Studies (QGSTL) were used. Face, Content and Construct validity of the instruments were ensured and the reliability of the instruments was ensured using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. The reliability coefficients of 0.65, 0.70 and 0.72 were found for GSTAT, QGSTIS and QLGST respectively. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages.  All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that the students’ attitude to Computer Based Test for General Studies examination was positive and the objectives of general studies using computer based test were achieved and effectively implemented. In view of the findings of this study, it was recommended that both the Public and Private universities should emphasize the use of CBT for General Studies examination since there was positive attitude of students on the use of CBT for GST. Multiple choice tests should be used for setting General Studies examination when Computer Based Tests have been adopted because multiple choice tests are very effective for measuring students’ performance. 

Keywords: Computer Based Test, Evaluation, general studies

Effectiveness of in Service Teachers Training Programmes Offered by DSD at Primary Level in Punjab (Published)

The underlying purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of in-service teacher training (ISTT) programmes conducted in Punjab by Directorate of Staff Development (DSD). It further evaluates the strength and weaknesses of the various executed training programmes by DSD within Punjab, Pakistan. The following Quantitative study intends to highlight the various variables which act as a comprehensive tool for the acquisition of expected or desired outcomes. It further states those variables involved which act as a catalyst to bring a significant change within the classroom premises, institutions or working places and the attitudes, methodology and teaching practices of teachers or professionals. For that purpose, surveys were conducted by using questionnaires in various areas of Punjab, Pakistan. The data was analyzed by using coding and SPSS-16. The conclusion drawn from the data analysis illustrates the positive influence of ISTT within the classroom as well as on individuals. It enables the teachers to identify their strengths and weaknesses as it has been proved as an efficient tool for self-evaluation, self learning and reflection. ISTT also bring change within in the classroom as it enables the teachers to understand the complexity of learning process more explicitly.

Keywords: DSD, Effectiveness, Evaluation, Knowledge, Practices, Skill, attitude, in-service teacher training (ISTT), professional development (PD)

The Role of the Media in Promoting “Elderly Women’s Right to Life” in Tanzania: An Evaluation of “Haki za Binadamu” Program at Radio SAUT (Published)

The focus of this study was to explore the roles played by media, particularly community radios in promoting the rights to life of elderly women in Tanzania. Specifically, the study evaluated the “haki za binadamu program” aired by radio SAUT FM in Nyamagana, Mwanza region. The evaluation concentrated on two areas: One, it evaluated the accessibility and listenership of the program and two it evaluated the success of the program in promoting the rights of elderly women in the district. This is a qualitative research which used purposive and snowball sampling techniques to select the respondents. A total of 27 respondents were involved in the study, they included; three police officers from the gender desk in Nyamagana police station, five local leaders, six journalists who are specialized in human rights reporting, and 13 respondents from families of elderly women who were reported to have been killed due to witchcraft accusations. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect the data for this study. Thematic analysis was used to analysis the data gotten from the field. The findings suggest that the accessibility and listenership of haki za binadamu program in Nyamagana district was very poor. It was also found that haki za binadamu program has not played any noticeable contributions in promoting the rights to life to the elderly women in Nyamagana district.

Keywords: Evaluation, Haki za Binadamu., Media, Role, elderly women’s right to life, promoting

Budgeting and Sustainable Performance in Nigeria Quoted Food and Beverages Companies (Published)

Budgeting entails a distinct pattern of financial decisions in profit oriented organizations. The uncertainties and volatility prevailing in Nigeria business environment leading to stock out, deflection of customers, insolvency and financial distress, effectual liquidation of companies and in the alternative relocation of businesses out of Nigeria have given rise to the challenge of budgeting and budgetary control in Nigeria quoted  food and beverages companies. This studt evaluated the effect of budgeting on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies. Survey research design was adopted.  The population for the survey comprised all the eighteen (18) quoted food and beverages quoted companies in Nigeria stock Exchange as at 31 December 2017, out of which five (5) respondents with experience in accounting and finance were selected in each organization using purposive and judgmental sampling techniques.  Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were administered with retrieval rate of 92% .The findings showed that budgeting has significant  positive effect on production quantity with R2 0.448,F-statistics 9.938,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive  effect on turnover with R,20.409,F-statistics 8.488,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive effect on profit after tax with R2 0.255,F-statistics 4.188 and p-value 0.005.Budgeting has significant  weak but positive effect on dividend paid with R2 0182,F-stattistics of 2.733 and p-value of 0039.The result of the combined effect showed that budgeting has  positive and significant effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria with R2 0.511,F-statistics of 12.778 and p-value of 0.000.The study concluded that budgeting has positive effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria.

Budgeting entails a distinct pattern of financial decisions in profit oriented organizations. The uncertainties and volatility prevailing in Nigeria business environment leading to stock out, deflection of customers, insolvency and financial distress, effectual liquidation of companies and in the alternative relocation of businesses out of Nigeria have given rise to the challenge of budgeting and budgetary control in Nigeria quoted  food and beverages companies. This studt evaluated the effect of budgeting on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies. Survey research design was adopted.  The population for the survey comprised all the eighteen (18) quoted food and beverages quoted companies in Nigeria stock Exchange as at 31 December 2017, out of which five (5) respondents with experience in accounting and finance were selected in each organization using purposive and judgmental sampling techniques.  Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were administered with retrieval rate of 92% .The findings showed that budgeting has significant  positive effect on production quantity with R2 0.448,F-statistics 9.938,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive  effect on turnover with R,20.409,F-statistics 8.488,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive effect on profit after tax with R2 0.255,F-statistics 4.188 and p-value 0.005.Budgeting has significant  weak but positive effect on dividend paid with R2 0182,F-stattistics of 2.733 and p-value of 0039.The result of the combined effect showed that budgeting has  positive and significant effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria with R2 0.511,F-statistics of 12.778 and p-value of 0.000.The study concluded that budgeting has positive effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria.

Keywords: Budgeting, Control, Coordination, Evaluation, Planning, and sustainable performance.

Agronomic Evaluation of Some Landrace Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp) and Their Wild Relative (Dekindtiana Var. Pubescens) For Incorporation into Cowpea Breeding Programme (Published)

In spite of its importance as food for humans and feedstuff for livestock, the yield of cowpea per hectare in Nigeria is still low. Improved varieties have been released to increase yield. This trend is gradually substituting local cultivars, which may lead to genetic erosion. This is undesirable because local cultivars and their wild relatives may have useful characters which are yet to be explored. The wild relative of cowpea, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, for example, is high-yielding with morphological characters that confer protection against insect pests. In this study, eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, were evaluated for growth and yield attributes in Bauchi, Northern Guinea Savannah Agro-ecology, with the aim of incorporating the desirable characters into future cowpea breeding programmes. The eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, making a total of 12 genotypes, were replicated four times in a randomized complete block design on a field in Bar-Arewa village in Bogoro Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The results of the study showed that the cowpea genotypes evaluated varied significantly (p< 0.05) in all the growth and yield attributes observed. Pod number per plant positively and highly correlated with height per plant (r = 0.93), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.95), number of branches per plant (r= 0.93), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.92), but was negatively correlated with length of pod (r= -0.51). Seed yield per plant was positively correlated with hundred seed weight (r- 0.71), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.41), number of branches per plant (r= 0.42), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.49), length of pod per plant (r= 0.41). However, hundred seed weight was negatively correlated with all the traits except the length of pod per plant (r = 0.78). It is, therefore, recommended that genotypes with longer pods, large seed size, high number of peduncles and pods and those with hairs on stems and pods be explored further for selection and incorporation into cowpea breeding programme for yield improvement.

 

Keywords: Agronomy, Breeding programme, Evaluation, Landrace cowpea, Wild cowpea

Quality Assurance Practices and Students’ Performance Evaluation in Universities of South South Nigeria: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach (Published)

This study assessed quality assurance practices and students’ performance evaluation in universities of South-South Nigeria using an SEM approach. Three null hypotheses guided the study. Based on factorial research design, and using a stratified random sampling technique, a sample of 878 academic staff were drawn from a sampling frame of 15 universities in South-South Nigeria. Quality Assurance Practices Students’ Performance Evaluation Scale (QAPSPES) with split-half reliability estimates ranging from .86–.92, was used as the instruments for data collection. Multiple regression and Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFA) were used for the analysis of data, model building, and testing of the hypotheses at .05 alpha level. Findings showed a significant composite and relative influence (F=48.19, P<.05) of school management, staff, and students’ quality assurance practices on students’ performance evaluation. The results also indicated that there were positive and significant covariances between the four variables of this study, with the CFI, RMSEA, TLI, and SRMR values indicating a good model fit. It was recommended, based on the findings of this study that, each school should organize quality assurance orientation campaigns for new students and set up quality assurance committees at the school, faculty and departmental levels for optimal performance in schools.

Keywords: CFA, Evaluation, Performance Evaluation, Quality Assurance, SEM, South-south Nigeria., Students performance

Evaluation of Research Skills Application among Colleges of Education Lecturers in Kaduna State (Published)

The study focused on evaluation of research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education in Kaduna State. The descriptive survey design of causal comparative type was adopted in the study with a population of 206 academic staff in colleges of education in Kaduna State. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the study using the researcher’s developed instrument entitled “Evaluation of Research Skills Opinion Questionnaire” (ERSOQ). To ensure appropriate validity and reliability of  the ERSOQ, it was given to three experts, two in Measurement and Evaluation and one in English Language, to ensure face and content validity of the instrument. The instrument was pilot tested using Cronbach Alpha reliability method and the index ranged from .71 to .85. The stated null hypotheses were tested using population and independent sample t-test and the result of the data analysis revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is low. It was also revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is high in terms of literature review and data collection. The study also pinpoints the implication of research skills acquisition as a tool for functional education and quality research delivery. It was recommended that there should be adequate training for academic staff to equip them with the necessary training to plan and implement research activities.

 

Keywords: Evaluation, Kaduna State, Research skills application

Evaluation of Different Rates of Poultry Manure on Soil Properties and Grain Yield of Maize (Zea Mays L.) in A Typic Haplustult in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to evaluate different rates of poultry manure on soil properties and grain yield of maize in a typic haplustult at Teaching and Research Farm of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. The field was laid out in randomized complete block design with five treatments of poultry manure at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40t ha-1 and replicated four times. Maize variety (Oba Super II) was used as a test crop. The soil properties and maize yield data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results showed that different rates of poultry manure had significantly (P<0.05) higher total porosity and aggregate stability than control. The plot amended with 40t ha-1 of poultry manure had 16% lower bulk density  and 14, 20 and 23% higher aggregate stability, total porosity and gravimetric moisture content compared to control. Different rates of poultry manure had significantly (P<0.05) higher organic matter (OM), available P, N and pH when compared to control. Organic matter, available P, N and pH were higher by 32, 21, 42 and 41% in plot amended with 40t ha-1 poultry manure compared to control. Furthermore, the plot receiving 40t ha-1 of poultry droppings had significantly (P<0.05) higher OM,  available N, P, N and pH relative to plots amended with lower rates. Generally, organic matter, available P, N, pH and exchangeable bases of Calcium, magnesium, potassium and Sodium increased in the order of 40>30>20>10>0t ha-1 in the different rates of poultry manure. Grain yield of maize was 19, 17, 11 and 7% higher in plot amended with 40t ha-1 and plots amended with 10, 20 and 30t ha-1 of poultry manure when compared to control.  Rates of poultry manure are necessary for improved soil properties but for profitable grain yield of maize, higher rates are recommended.

Keywords: Evaluation, Grain Yield of Maize, Poultry Droppings, Rates, Soil Properties

The Effect of Surveillance and Evaluation Expectation on the Creativity of Primary School Pupils (Published)

Creativity seems to be one of the determinants of perpetuation of species. Humans need to invent creative ways for dealing with the challenges of surviving in a continuously evolving planet. Creativity also has great implications for a nation’s development. Nurturing and enhancing creativity is a major concern for educators. This study focusses on finding the effect of surveillance and Evaluation, two factors identified as killers of creativity; on the creativity of primary school pupils. Piaget’s theory of creativity and Vygotsky’s theory of creativity were used to explain the possible relationships in the study. The research design is the post-test control group quasi experimental design. Thirty-five children from two intact classes were purposively selected for the study. Four research questions were asked and two hypothesis formulated for the study. Data was collected from creative arts classwork of the pupils and analysed using the Independent population t-test. Results revealed a significant effect of both surveillance and evaluation expectation on the creativity of primary school pupils. Recommendations were made.

Keywords: Creativity, Evaluation, Innovation, Self-reliance, Surveillance

Evaluation of Perceived Causes of Puerperal Psychosis Among Post Cesarean Section Patients in General Hospital, Wushishi, Niger State,Nigeria (Published)

Background: Puerperal psychosis is a rare psychiatric emergency in which symptoms of high mood and racing thoughts, depression, severe confusion, loss of inhibition, paranoia, hallucinations and delusions set in, beginning suddenly in the first two weeks after childbirth. For the fact that majority of pregnant women perceived Cesarean section as a complicated birth option, various complications attached to the Post Cesarean section have proven that, there is need for special attention on caesarean section option. Methodology : A descriptive survey research design was employed. A total of 38 respondents were selected using judgmental and convenience sampling techniques due to the busy schedule of these health practitioners after determining the sample size using the Okpanachi (2011) restructured Yemane (1967) sampling model. Data were collected using self structured questionnaire that was pilot tested with the Cronbach Alpha of 0.78. Data collected were analyzed with SPSS software using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The study revealed that the incidence of Puerperal psychosis among Post Cesarean section patient was very high, Knowledge of Respondents on Puerperal psychosis was also high, the identified causes of Puerperal psychosis among Post Cesarean section patient include, history of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, prior episode of postpartum psychosis, or a family history of postpartum psychosis, Mutations in chromosome and in specific genes involved in serotoninergic, hormonal, and inflammatory pathways, giving birth for the first time, Depression or anxiety during pregnancy, stressful recent life events, poor social support and a previous history of depression. the identified Management strategies employed towards control of  Puerperal psychosis among Post Cesarean section patient include, Psycho-education and psychotherapy, Pharmacotherapy, Lithium Treatment and Prophylaxis, Antiepileptic drugs (AED). However, Electroconvulsive Therapy and Breastfeeding of baby are alternative methods often used to manage Puerperal psychosis. Conclusion: It was concluded that family care and financial status of family were also very good predictor of Puerperal psychosis, thus Management of Health facilities should intensify the need for self financial assessment before planning on having babies.

Keywords: Evaluation, General Hospital, Patients, Perceived Causes, Post Ceasarean Section, Puerperal Psychosis

The Challenges of Community-Based Interventions for People Living With HIV in Four High HIV Prevalence Regions in Ghana: Lessons for Africa (Published)

The ‘HOPE’ programme is a major community-based care and support programme for providing care for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Ghana. This paper explores the challenges confronting the ‘HOPE’ programme and discusses them in the context of wider literature to provide lessons for Ghana and Africa. The study adopted a qualitative approach in which in-depth semi-structured interviews were carried out with 14 stakeholders and 8 focus group discussions were held with the programme beneficiaries. The data was analysed using thematic analysis. It was identified that only a few of the beneficiaries benefited from skills training leading to employment due to inadequate funding, slow cash flow and inadequate inter-sectoral collaborations. To compound these weaknesses, most reported that they preferred petty trading to the skills offered. Also, the long-term sustainability of the food supplementation once funding is discontinued was a major concern. However, the health education component could be sustained due to peer educators trained.

Keywords: Care, Community-Based, Evaluation, HIV, interventions

Practitioner-Patient Relationship: An Evaluation of Perceptions in Ghana (Published)

The relationship between health practitioners and their clients is central to the practice of healthcare as well as essential to the delivery of quality diagnosis and treatment of diseases. It forms one of the foundations of modern-day healthcare ethics; thus, a keystone of general healthcare. As expected of medical practitioners to maintain a serene and professional rapport with clients, support clients’ dignity, and respect their position in the continuous development of health care, patients, on the other hand, are also anticipated not to annihilate this relationship. In Ghana, for instance, this relationship seems not to have obtained absolute appreciation, thereby hindering its helpful effects on healthcare delivery in general. As its purpose, the paper evaluates knowledge and perceptions concerning patient-practitioner relationship in Ghana to understand the context within which this relationship operates. This research -conducted in 2 districts in the Ashanti region of Ghana -involved a sample size of 300 respondents (78 healthcare professionals from 13 health institutions and 222 clients). A systematic search with questionnaires and interviews as research tools were used in gathering data. Respondents (over 85 per cent) exhibited a higher level of knowledge as regards health professional-patient relationship. Respondents were, however, divided as to whether or not this relationship was a positive one in their respective health centres. While some respondents (mostly health personnel) believed that the relationship was cordial, others (mostly patients) taught otherwise. This research is made relevant since there is considerable curative power in proper alliance between patients and health practitioners

Keywords: Evaluation, Health Care Practitioner, Patient., Perceptions, Relationship

Critical Areas of Measurement and Evaluation in Education, Where Final Year NCE Students in the South-East Nigeria Experience Difficulties (Published)

This study aimed at investigating the critical areas of measurement and evaluation in education, where Final year NCE Students experience difficulties in the South East, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. A sample of 1250 NCE Final year students  selected through stratified proportionate(10%) random sampling technique from five (5) Colleges of Education in the five (5) states of  South East, Nigeria was used for the study. Questionnaire instrument developed by the researchers was used for data   collection . The instrument was validated  by three experts, one from Science Education and two from Educational Measurement and Evaluation. The data collected were analyzed using Mean and Improvement Required Index (IRI). The results show that the Final Year NCE Students require improvement in all the thirty (30) items of measurement and evaluation. Also the students rated that they require improvement in all the aspect of test development process. Based on these findings the following recommendations were made:  Colleges of Education in the South East  Nigeria , should collaborate with experts in Educational Measurement and  Evaluation to organize intensive lectures, workshops, seminars and short courses for the Final Year NCE Students in those areas under study, in order to upgrade their competencies. Equally, Lecturers in measurement and evaluation should spend more time in teaching the course, giving special assignments to NCE  students on those critical areas/topics in the South-East, Nigeria.

Keywords: Critical, Critical Areas, Educational Measurement, Evaluation, Nce Students.