Agronomic Evaluation of Some Landrace Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp) and Their Wild Relative (Dekindtiana Var. Pubescens) For Incorporation into Cowpea Breeding Programme (Published)
In spite of its importance as food for humans and feedstuff for livestock, the yield of cowpea per hectare in Nigeria is still low. Improved varieties have been released to increase yield. This trend is gradually substituting local cultivars, which may lead to genetic erosion. This is undesirable because local cultivars and their wild relatives may have useful characters which are yet to be explored. The wild relative of cowpea, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, for example, is high-yielding with morphological characters that confer protection against insect pests. In this study, eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, were evaluated for growth and yield attributes in Bauchi, Northern Guinea Savannah Agro-ecology, with the aim of incorporating the desirable characters into future cowpea breeding programmes. The eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, making a total of 12 genotypes, were replicated four times in a randomized complete block design on a field in Bar-Arewa village in Bogoro Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The results of the study showed that the cowpea genotypes evaluated varied significantly (p< 0.05) in all the growth and yield attributes observed. Pod number per plant positively and highly correlated with height per plant (r = 0.93), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.95), number of branches per plant (r= 0.93), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.92), but was negatively correlated with length of pod (r= -0.51). Seed yield per plant was positively correlated with hundred seed weight (r- 0.71), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.41), number of branches per plant (r= 0.42), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.49), length of pod per plant (r= 0.41). However, hundred seed weight was negatively correlated with all the traits except the length of pod per plant (r = 0.78). It is, therefore, recommended that genotypes with longer pods, large seed size, high number of peduncles and pods and those with hairs on stems and pods be explored further for selection and incorporation into cowpea breeding programme for yield improvement.
Quality Assurance Practices and Students’ Performance Evaluation in Universities of South South Nigeria: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach (Published)
This study assessed quality assurance practices and students’ performance evaluation in universities of South-South Nigeria using an SEM approach. Three null hypotheses guided the study. Based on factorial research design, and using a stratified random sampling technique, a sample of 878 academic staff were drawn from a sampling frame of 15 universities in South-South Nigeria. Quality Assurance Practices Students’ Performance Evaluation Scale (QAPSPES) with split-half reliability estimates ranging from .86–.92, was used as the instruments for data collection. Multiple regression and Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFA) were used for the analysis of data, model building, and testing of the hypotheses at .05 alpha level. Findings showed a significant composite and relative influence (F=48.19, P<.05) of school management, staff, and students’ quality assurance practices on students’ performance evaluation. The results also indicated that there were positive and significant covariances between the four variables of this study, with the CFI, RMSEA, TLI, and SRMR values indicating a good model fit. It was recommended, based on the findings of this study that, each school should organize quality assurance orientation campaigns for new students and set up quality assurance committees at the school, faculty and departmental levels for optimal performance in schools.
Evaluation of Research Skills Application among Colleges of Education Lecturers in Kaduna State (Published)
The study focused on evaluation of research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education in Kaduna State. The descriptive survey design of causal comparative type was adopted in the study with a population of 206 academic staff in colleges of education in Kaduna State. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the study using the researcher’s developed instrument entitled “Evaluation of Research Skills Opinion Questionnaire” (ERSOQ). To ensure appropriate validity and reliability of the ERSOQ, it was given to three experts, two in Measurement and Evaluation and one in English Language, to ensure face and content validity of the instrument. The instrument was pilot tested using Cronbach Alpha reliability method and the index ranged from .71 to .85. The stated null hypotheses were tested using population and independent sample t-test and the result of the data analysis revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is low. It was also revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is high in terms of literature review and data collection. The study also pinpoints the implication of research skills acquisition as a tool for functional education and quality research delivery. It was recommended that there should be adequate training for academic staff to equip them with the necessary training to plan and implement research activities.
Evaluation of Different Rates of Poultry Manure on Soil Properties and Grain Yield of Maize (Zea Mays L.) in A Typic Haplustult in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria (Published)
This study was carried out to evaluate different rates of poultry manure on soil properties and grain yield of maize in a typic haplustult at Teaching and Research Farm of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. The field was laid out in randomized complete block design with five treatments of poultry manure at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40t ha-1 and replicated four times. Maize variety (Oba Super II) was used as a test crop. The soil properties and maize yield data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results showed that different rates of poultry manure had significantly (P<0.05) higher total porosity and aggregate stability than control. The plot amended with 40t ha-1 of poultry manure had 16% lower bulk density and 14, 20 and 23% higher aggregate stability, total porosity and gravimetric moisture content compared to control. Different rates of poultry manure had significantly (P<0.05) higher organic matter (OM), available P, N and pH when compared to control. Organic matter, available P, N and pH were higher by 32, 21, 42 and 41% in plot amended with 40t ha-1 poultry manure compared to control. Furthermore, the plot receiving 40t ha-1 of poultry droppings had significantly (P<0.05) higher OM, available N, P, N and pH relative to plots amended with lower rates. Generally, organic matter, available P, N, pH and exchangeable bases of Calcium, magnesium, potassium and Sodium increased in the order of 40>30>20>10>0t ha-1 in the different rates of poultry manure. Grain yield of maize was 19, 17, 11 and 7% higher in plot amended with 40t ha-1 and plots amended with 10, 20 and 30t ha-1 of poultry manure when compared to control. Rates of poultry manure are necessary for improved soil properties but for profitable grain yield of maize, higher rates are recommended.
The Effect of Surveillance and Evaluation Expectation on the Creativity of Primary School Pupils (Published)
Creativity seems to be one of the determinants of perpetuation of species. Humans need to invent creative ways for dealing with the challenges of surviving in a continuously evolving planet. Creativity also has great implications for a nation’s development. Nurturing and enhancing creativity is a major concern for educators. This study focusses on finding the effect of surveillance and Evaluation, two factors identified as killers of creativity; on the creativity of primary school pupils. Piaget’s theory of creativity and Vygotsky’s theory of creativity were used to explain the possible relationships in the study. The research design is the post-test control group quasi experimental design. Thirty-five children from two intact classes were purposively selected for the study. Four research questions were asked and two hypothesis formulated for the study. Data was collected from creative arts classwork of the pupils and analysed using the Independent population t-test. Results revealed a significant effect of both surveillance and evaluation expectation on the creativity of primary school pupils. Recommendations were made.
Evaluation of Perceived Causes of Puerperal Psychosis Among Post Cesarean Section Patients in General Hospital, Wushishi, Niger State,Nigeria (Published)
Background: Puerperal psychosis is a rare psychiatric emergency in which symptoms of high mood and racing thoughts, depression, severe confusion, loss of inhibition, paranoia, hallucinations and delusions set in, beginning suddenly in the first two weeks after childbirth. For the fact that majority of pregnant women perceived Cesarean section as a complicated birth option, various complications attached to the Post Cesarean section have proven that, there is need for special attention on caesarean section option. Methodology : A descriptive survey research design was employed. A total of 38 respondents were selected using judgmental and convenience sampling techniques due to the busy schedule of these health practitioners after determining the sample size using the Okpanachi (2011) restructured Yemane (1967) sampling model. Data were collected using self structured questionnaire that was pilot tested with the Cronbach Alpha of 0.78. Data collected were analyzed with SPSS software using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The study revealed that the incidence of Puerperal psychosis among Post Cesarean section patient was very high, Knowledge of Respondents on Puerperal psychosis was also high, the identified causes of Puerperal psychosis among Post Cesarean section patient include, history of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, prior episode of postpartum psychosis, or a family history of postpartum psychosis, Mutations in chromosome and in specific genes involved in serotoninergic, hormonal, and inflammatory pathways, giving birth for the first time, Depression or anxiety during pregnancy, stressful recent life events, poor social support and a previous history of depression. the identified Management strategies employed towards control of Puerperal psychosis among Post Cesarean section patient include, Psycho-education and psychotherapy, Pharmacotherapy, Lithium Treatment and Prophylaxis, Antiepileptic drugs (AED). However, Electroconvulsive Therapy and Breastfeeding of baby are alternative methods often used to manage Puerperal psychosis. Conclusion: It was concluded that family care and financial status of family were also very good predictor of Puerperal psychosis, thus Management of Health facilities should intensify the need for self financial assessment before planning on having babies.
The Challenges of Community-Based Interventions for People Living With HIV in Four High HIV Prevalence Regions in Ghana: Lessons for Africa (Published)
The ‘HOPE’ programme is a major community-based care and support programme for providing care for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Ghana. This paper explores the challenges confronting the ‘HOPE’ programme and discusses them in the context of wider literature to provide lessons for Ghana and Africa. The study adopted a qualitative approach in which in-depth semi-structured interviews were carried out with 14 stakeholders and 8 focus group discussions were held with the programme beneficiaries. The data was analysed using thematic analysis. It was identified that only a few of the beneficiaries benefited from skills training leading to employment due to inadequate funding, slow cash flow and inadequate inter-sectoral collaborations. To compound these weaknesses, most reported that they preferred petty trading to the skills offered. Also, the long-term sustainability of the food supplementation once funding is discontinued was a major concern. However, the health education component could be sustained due to peer educators trained.
The relationship between health practitioners and their clients is central to the practice of healthcare as well as essential to the delivery of quality diagnosis and treatment of diseases. It forms one of the foundations of modern-day healthcare ethics; thus, a keystone of general healthcare. As expected of medical practitioners to maintain a serene and professional rapport with clients, support clients’ dignity, and respect their position in the continuous development of health care, patients, on the other hand, are also anticipated not to annihilate this relationship. In Ghana, for instance, this relationship seems not to have obtained absolute appreciation, thereby hindering its helpful effects on healthcare delivery in general. As its purpose, the paper evaluates knowledge and perceptions concerning patient-practitioner relationship in Ghana to understand the context within which this relationship operates. This research -conducted in 2 districts in the Ashanti region of Ghana -involved a sample size of 300 respondents (78 healthcare professionals from 13 health institutions and 222 clients). A systematic search with questionnaires and interviews as research tools were used in gathering data. Respondents (over 85 per cent) exhibited a higher level of knowledge as regards health professional-patient relationship. Respondents were, however, divided as to whether or not this relationship was a positive one in their respective health centres. While some respondents (mostly health personnel) believed that the relationship was cordial, others (mostly patients) taught otherwise. This research is made relevant since there is considerable curative power in proper alliance between patients and health practitioners
Critical Areas of Measurement and Evaluation in Education, Where Final Year NCE Students in the South-East Nigeria Experience Difficulties (Published)
This study aimed at investigating the critical areas of measurement and evaluation in education, where Final year NCE Students experience difficulties in the South East, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. A sample of 1250 NCE Final year students selected through stratified proportionate(10%) random sampling technique from five (5) Colleges of Education in the five (5) states of South East, Nigeria was used for the study. Questionnaire instrument developed by the researchers was used for data collection . The instrument was validated by three experts, one from Science Education and two from Educational Measurement and Evaluation. The data collected were analyzed using Mean and Improvement Required Index (IRI). The results show that the Final Year NCE Students require improvement in all the thirty (30) items of measurement and evaluation. Also the students rated that they require improvement in all the aspect of test development process. Based on these findings the following recommendations were made: Colleges of Education in the South East Nigeria , should collaborate with experts in Educational Measurement and Evaluation to organize intensive lectures, workshops, seminars and short courses for the Final Year NCE Students in those areas under study, in order to upgrade their competencies. Equally, Lecturers in measurement and evaluation should spend more time in teaching the course, giving special assignments to NCE students on those critical areas/topics in the South-East, Nigeria.
Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.
Desmodium velutinum (family Papilionaceae) is used in Nigeria and Lokoja in particular for the treatment of abdominal pain among others. The LD50 was evaluated along with analgesic properties. The analgesic effects of the methanol extract of D. velutinum were investigated at three dose levels (100, 200, 300) mg/kg on the experimental models of pain in mice. The result of LD50 was greater than 3000mg/kg showing D. velutinum extract is relatively safe for human consumption. The anti-nociceptive activity was evaluated using the hot-plate and abdominal constriction tests. The extracts produced significant (P<0.05) inhibition of thermal nociception induced by hot plate. On chemical nociception induced by intra-peritoneal acetic acid, the extracts significantly (P<0.05) decreased the number of writhing episodes and the time spent before jumping off the hot-plate in a dose independent manner. These results suggest that the extract of D.velutinum may act by inhibiting the mediators of pain. These findings may justify the use of the plant in traditional medicine in the management of pain and related diseases in Nigeria.
The purpose of this study was to investigate evaluation of students’ personnel services in colleges of education in Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was adopted; three research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The population comprised 6184 and 8,569 staff and students of federal and state colleges of education respectively. A stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 770 staff and students from federal and state colleges of education in South-East geo-political zone of Nigeria. Evaluation of student personnel services questionnaire (ESPSQ) was used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using t-test statistics to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that there was low extent of adequacy of student personnel services in both colleges. There was no significant difference on the extent of availability of student personnel services in both colleges of education. Educational implications and conclusion were drawn.
The testing of reading comprehension seems deceptively simple when compared to the testing of other abilities. The basic problem is that the language tester is expected to set tasks that will not only lead the candidate to use reading skills but will also result in behavior that provides clear evidence of the successful use of those skills. This paper aims to evaluate the IELTS Academic Reading Module Test in detail, examining its validity and reliability and discussing how far its format, operations, conditions, and techniques meet its purpose. The paper focuses mainly on the test scoring rules, which appear to be strict in terms of spelling, grammar, and the number of words required for written responses. It concludes with some recommendations on ways in which the validity and reliability of IELTS reading scoring rules could be improved.
Evaluation of the Contribution of Portfolios of New Contributory Pension Scheme on Nigerian Economy (Published)
Pension fund investment is one of the key areas in the new contributory pension fund in Nigeria. One of the major challenges confronting the managers of the PFAs in investment decisions is the dearth of investment outlets which has been spread into various securities. The focus of this study is to evaluate the contribution of portfolios of new contributory pension fund on Nigerian gross domestic product (GDP) and the relationships between the pension portfolios with the Nigerian GDP. The population of the study entails nine (9) years while six (6) years were sampled for study (2007-2012). The parameters like Domestic Ordinary Shares, Federal Government of Nigeria Securities, Local Money Market Securities and Real Estate Property of pension fund for the period under review were used. Statistical tool like Scientific Packages for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 18.0 were used to regress the data and the hypotheses were tested using F-test and Pearson product moment correlation test. Result shows that, Domestic Ordinary Shares, Federal Government of Nigeria Securities and Real Estate Property of pension fund all have positive contributions to Nigerian gross domestic product for the period under review while Local Money Market Securities have negative contribution to Nigerian GDP. We recommended that, there should be more investment of pension fund in Domestic Ordinary Shares, Federal Government of Nigeria securities and Real estate property to boost Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nigeria. However, there should be a reduce investment of pension fund in Local Money Market Securities because of its negative impact on the Nigerian gross domestic product as revealed by this study.
Testing and Evaluation in English Language Teaching – A Case of O level English in Nigeria (Published)
One of the ways through which feedback can be obtained from the learners on what the teachers had taught them is evaluation. Students’ achievement in a particular course of study can be determined through evaluation. This work observed various aspects of Ordinary Level English in which students’ achievement are often assessed in Nigeria with a view to assisting students in overcoming problems often encountered during such tests and evaluations. Purposes and forms of language tests were briefly discussed. This was followed by a discussion on characteristics of a good language test. The aspect of tests and examinations in West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) was exhaustively discussed to give insight into what both teachers and learners are expected to focus on. It was recommended that students should be encouraged to possess all the recommended textbooks and change their reading habits. Teachers were also encouraged to always make themselves available for the students and be willing to assist them in the areas of difficulties in O Level English.
Triangulation Analysis of Complex Health Organizations in French-Speaking Black Africa Methods (Published)
African evaluate complex organizations of a public nature, and regional or international scope including non-governmental or humanitarian organizations working in the field of public health is not easy. Many problems related to planning of the study and the lack of relevant methodological tools to better decode the organizational phenomena and make sense of them both descriptive and prescriptive often pose significant obstacles. This is to contribute to solving these problems that should adopt a pluralistic approach or policy based on methodological triangulation. It is the integration of the various methodological tools (triangulation of quantitative and qualitative methods and triangulation of data sources). The use of this approach has allowed to know the story of three regionally-based organizations based in Côte d’Ivoire and Mali, their actual performance and future prospects. We have also been able to verify the rigor of the method, especially in terms of relevance of the observations and criterion validity of the content of investigations
The broad objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of agricultural lending schemes in Nigeria for the period 2009 – 2012. The study was carried out in Benue, Kwara, Kaduna, Abia, Anambra, Rivers, and Ogun states respectively. The method of proportionate random sampling technique was used in selecting 185 borrowers who are registered with their state Agricultural Development Programmes (ADP’s). The sampling frame comprised all the registered ADP farmers in the surveyed states who took bank loan. Data collected were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means, and multiple linear regression analysis. Results of the analysis showed that during the period 2009 – 2012, a total of 27,987 farmers applied for bank loan in Nigeria totalling N13,704,965,000.00, while 21,490 farmers were granted loan facility during the same period which totalled N7,188,575,000.00 leaving a credit supply gap of N6,516,390,000.00. The total amount of loan repaid by borrowers during the same period was N3, 523,018,005.00 which gave a repayment rate of 49% and a default rate of 51%. The loan granted to borrowers increased national output by 20.33%, and impacted positively on the income of borrowers. It was recommended that the government should continue to encourage increased funding to the agricultural sector for accelerated food production in Nigeria by small and medium scale farmers through the provision of institutional loans to these categories of farmers using ACGSF and CACS.
EVALUATION OF ADVERTISEMENT TAX POLICY IN OGAN KOMERING ILIR DISTRICT SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE (Published)
Evaluation of the Policy on Advertising Taxes of Ogan Komering Ilir District, South Sumatera Province,” Discuss the problems of still rampant installation or placement of billboards and advertisements which, technically, violate the existing rules and there were many violations in their administrative processes, from billboard permit either for new or renewal applications; the objective of this research is to formulate new concepts about theory of public policy as a part of the science of public administration, in its relationship with the development of studies about evaluation of advertisement tax policy. The method used here was a qualitative method. Data source consists of primary and secondary data sources and was subject to empirical state or condition. Data were collected by conducting observations, in-depth interviews, and documentary study. Based of the results of this research and from each criterion it can be seen that: (1) Specification analysis, there were still many complaints regarding services which were too complicated, not systematical, and not transparent, and even some deviations occurred; (2) Assessment analysis, there was not a uniform perception among team evaluators regarding their functions, respectively, so that the integration between the evaluators did not go well. (3) The results of analysis in policy evaluation, the evaluator team lack rigorous stance in evaluating policies. (4) Recommendations regarding billboard tax policy evaluation, the evaluator team did not understand well the purpose of evaluation of policy on advertisement tax. The policy evaluators still showed mental weakness and the evaluator team was not integrated well in conducting their duties.
SPATIAL POLICY EVALUATION IN THE TANGERANG CITY (EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY PERSPECTIVE) (Published)
The assessment different policy with studies policy on the implementation or formulation of policy. Policy evaluation process in perspective a groove / the cycle of public policy, occupying a position last after the implementation of policy, so that it is only natural if public policy that has been made and executed and evaluated .Evaluation also thought that the the links between the theory (policies) with practice (implementation) in the form of the impact of the implementation of policy, what is the significance is in accordance with who is expected to or not .Also of the evaluation results we can evaluate whether a program policy affording benefit or not its intended for the community .Normatively the function of evaluation is needed as a form of public accountability , especially in the society that became more critical evaluate performance of the government. There was a policy of spatial planning in tangerang is still facing problems in any policy, hence the improvement process are needed to be deep to do .It is indicated by the presence of the problems in the use of space that is indicative of the mismatch of space utilization in locations are allocated as the area, settlement, the warehouse and others .The based on the background, the question of this research is how is the spatial planning evaluation in tangerang ?
EVALUATION OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION (COE) SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM VIS-À-VIS THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (JHS) SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN GHANA (Published)
: Social Studies as a subject in the Junior High School (JHS) curriculum in Ghana is taught mostly by teachers trained in the country’s thirty-eight Colleges of Education. Analysis of the Colleges Social Studies curriculum vis-à-vis the JHS syllabus reveals differences in how the subject is structured to prepare teachers to teach it at the JHS level. An interpretative design was used for the study. The study revealed that: Colleges of Education subscribe to and use a cross-disciplinary perspective whereby facts, concepts and generalisations are bootlegged from the social science subjects which is dominated with geographical concepts, whilst the JHS subscribes to and uses trans-disciplinary approach which is holistic, theme based and problem solving. It was recommended that there must be a national curriculum policy on Social Studies that all pathways to teaching of the subject should undergo review according to such national standards to merits the needs of society.