Tag Archives: Evaluation

Examination of the Extent to Which English Aural – Oral Skills are Evaluated in Compliance with the Provision of the 9 – Year English Studies Curriculum at Junior Secondary Schools in Katsina State, Nigeria. (Published)

The study examines compliance with the 9 – year English studies curriculum proposition that after each topic students’ performance in oral English be evaluated. The design adopted for the study was the descriptive survey. Two objectives and their corresponding research questions were used to guide the research. 210 teachers of English and 384 students from public, community and private secondary schools across the seven zones of Education formed the respondents for the research questionnaires. Two sets of questionnaires developed by the researcher, were used for data collection. Forty eight teachers were also observed in real class teaching – learning situation. The findings as check – mated by classroom observation revealed neglect of evaluation of the aural – oral skills contrary to the provision of the 9 – year English Studies Curriculum. Where the tests were carried out. They were lop – sided in favour of productive skills. Among the recommendations given based on the findings is that In consonance with the 9 – year Basic Education English Studies Curriculum, after each lesson and each topic, schools management, inspectors and supervisors, should ensure that students’ oral performance is adequately evaluated.

Keywords: Compliance, Curriculum, Evaluation, Examination, Language Testing, aural – oral skills

Evaluation of EFL Students’ Reading Proficiency in the College of Technological Studies in Kuwait (Published)

The research is an evaluation of the English language program implemented in the College of Technological Studies (CTS) in Kuwait. It tried to measure the improvement of the students’ reading proficiency upon completing the mandatory EFL courses (Eng. 101 and ESP course 170) which are mandatory courses offered by the program to all students joining the college. The research instrument consisted of three reading passages which move from the easier to the more difficult. A sample of 155 students (72 males and 83 females) was randomly chosen from the population of all the students in the CTS who successfully completed the two mandatory English courses offered by the English program.  Participants were required to read the passages and answer the questions on each passage.   Results showed that the participants’ performance in all three passages was far below expectation as the number of participants who gave correct answers in all three passages is below fifty percent.  These results suggest that the English program implemented in the CTS does not equip the students with the required reading skills that enable them to read and comprehend the simplest reading passages. With these results, the paper recommends that the English program needs to be subjected to rigorous evaluation in order to pinpoint the weaknesses.This evaluation should reconsider the curriculum implemented and the teaching methods used in teaching the reading skills. 

Keywords: EFL, Evaluation, college of technological studies

Evaluating Guidance and Counselling Utilisation among Secondary School Teachers: Rejoinders from Selected Nigerian Schools (Published)

This research contended that Guidance and Counselling transcend provision of helping services for adolescent secondary school students but encompass delivery of such supports to their teachers. It aimed to evaluate whether the latter were utilising the Services, using five research questions. Descriptive survey design was adopted, leading to random sampling of 384 constituents of the target population. A 20 item structured questionnaire (Guidance Utilisation Evaluation Scale for Teachers-GUEST) was developed and administered as research instrument. Responses were projected based on Four Likert Scale type Format, with professionals and pilot tests respectively substantiating instrument’s validity and reliability. Data were analysed using mean scores, ensuing in the  following findings: teachers supposed G and C functions as students’ services and did not utilise them; such functions were not extended to teachers as beneficiaries, but  buddies; teachers merely sought practitioners’ aids for student and school developments; there were dearth of necessary teacher-support resources in school G and C units; absence of sufficient G and C functions consciousness impeded its utilisation among teachers; they were hardly motivated to seek G and C aids from their schools’ practitioners. Ultimately, expansion of the programme’s delineation was proposed for apt erudition of counsellor facilitation and counsellee/client participation.

Keywords: Evaluation, Guidance and Counselling, Secondary School, Teachers, Utilisation., world – Africa - Nigeria

Evaluation on the Implementation of Continuous Professional Development Program: The Case of EFL Teachers (Published)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of Continuous Professional Development program the case of EFL teachers. The study investigated the attitude of teachers towards CPD program, the role of CPD in terms of delivering new knowledge and experience, the leadership support in promoting CPD and the major impediments for the implementation of CPD. The subjects of the study were 18 EFL teachers from selected Secondary schools. In addition, high schools directors and supervisors were also involved in the study. The data was collected through four tools: reflective writing, focus group discussion, interview and document analysis. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively and case study method was employed. The findings of the study revealed that there is a great difference between the teachers’ beliefs and actual experiences in the practice of CPD. The study suggested that lots of challenges impede the proper implementation of CPD. Among them are heavy work load, lack of appropriate training facilities to practice CPD, shortage of financial and expert support, poor management of the program and poor initiatives to implement knowledge and awareness gained in the CPD program. Hence, it is recommended that to enhance the practice of CPD activity, teachers should get plenty of training opportunities to experience their professional activity.  Moreover, financial and expert support should be given due attention to improve the current status of CPD. 

Keywords: Continuous Professional Development, Evaluation, Experience, Leadership

Development and Evaluation of L1 (Mother Tongue) Hausa Based ICT Enhanced Teacher Development (ICTeTD) Mode of Instruction in Physics (Published)

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of L1 Hausa based ICT instructional mode on the cognitive learning outcomes of Senior Secondary Schools Physics Students in Kontagora Municipal area, Niger State. Four (4) research questions and four (4) hypotheses were answered and tested respectively. A quasi-experimental design using Pre-Post Test intervention, was adopted for the study. A sample of participants, in three groups, totaling ninety-eight (98) was purposively selected from Senior Secondary School II Students studying Physics. Classical Physics Achievement Test (CPAT), which was used as the instrument for data collection was validated and its reliability index was 0.71. The data obtained was analysed using comparison of means and Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. Results of the study revealed that students who were taught Physics using Hausa and those who were taught Physics in Hausa with the aid of ICTeTD instructional mode achieved significantly better than the students taught using English language as the medium of instruction. The result also revealed that students taught Physics using Hausa with the aid of the web-based package achieved better than those taught using Hausa only, with an effect size of 27.2% by partial eta squared estimates. There was no significant difference in the achievement of students based on gender. Based on the findings of this study it was recommended that ICTeTD instructional mode should be adopted in the teaching of Physics in students’ mother tongues to aid their understanding of Physics concepts.

Keywords: Evaluation, Hausa, Kontagora, Mother tongue, instructional mode, web-based package.

Development and Evaluation of Instructional Video for Teaching and Learning Woodwork Technology Psychomotor Skills in Nigerian Universities: Implication for the Production of Competent Graduates (Published)

Woodwork is one of the areas of Technical Education programme at the University level in Nigeria. The objectives of this programme have not been achieved due to the inadequate nature of materials and human resources for implementing its curriculum. In order to address the issue of Technical Education graduates not possessing employable skills, an intervening measure is to develop and evaluate instructional video for teaching and learning Woodwork Technology. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate Woodwork Technology instructional video. Five (5) research questions guided the study. The population of this study comprised of twenty two (22) heads of units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology in all the twenty two (22) Universities in Nigeria whose Technical Education programme were accredited as at 2012. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 10 Heads of Units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology. Primary data were collected using camera and its accessories, and the modified Province of Prince Edwards Island Department of Education DVD/ Video Evaluation form. The data collected was analyzed using frequency count and mean. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that the developed instructional video for teaching and learning practical skills in Woodwork Technology at the University level is suitable in terms of its content, instructional design, technical design, and social consideration.

Keywords: Development, Evaluation, Learning, Nigerian Universities, Teaching, Technical Education, instructional video, psychomotor skills, woodwork technology

Evaluation of Agro-Climatological Instruments for Instructional Delivery of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education in North-East Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the agro-climatological instruments for instructional delivery of agricultural education in Colleges of Education in North-East Nigeria. The research design adopted was the survey design. Four research questions guided the study. The area of the study was North-East Nigeria. The population of the study was 185 comprising of lecturers of agricultural education. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire tagged “Evaluation of Agro-climatological Instruments Questionnaire (EIAQ). The instrument was validated by three experts.185 copies of the instruments were administered on the respondents, 120 were retrieved and used for the study as it was a manageable size, therefore sampling was not required. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as mean scores and standard deviation to answer the four research questions. The results of the study revealed that out of all the 17 agro-climatological instruments recommended for instructional delivery of agricultural education in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, 11 of them were available, 6 were adequate, 8 were functional and 6 were utilized by lecturers. It was recommended that proprietors of the institutions should make available and adequate all the agro-climatological instruments to the Colleges. Lecturers of agricultural education should attend conferences, workshops and seminars to update the skills and capabilities on instructional delivery with agro-climatological instruments.

Keywords: Evaluation, Instruments, agricultural education, agro-climatology, delivery

An Evaluation of Early Childhood Reading Strategies in a Second Language in Ghanan: A Case Study of Effutu Municipality (Published)

The study is an evaluation of two common methods employed in the teaching of reading in the second language (English) at the early grade vis-a-vis the simple view of reading. The work examines the appropriateness of the common teaching strategies employed by early grade teachers in teaching reading in the second language (English) in public schools in Ghana.  Data for this work was gathered through interview, observation, instruction and assessment of 30 lower primary school pupils of three public schools in the Central Region of Ghana, as well as one hundred teachers selected from ten regions of Ghana. The thirty (30) pupils were put in three (3) groups of ten (10) and instructed using the look and say method, word association, and the simple view of reading for groups A, B and C respectively. The effectiveness of the various methods was assessed using the trends in the scores from the test. The study showed that while pupils who were instructed using the look and say method and the word association could not actually read, pupils instructed using the simple view of reading were able to read.

Keywords: Evaluation, Second Language, early grade, reading Ghanaian, teaching methodology

Curriculum Evaluation: A Comparative Study of a 4-Year B.Ed. Regular and a 2-Year Diploma Sandwich Students’ Results in Music, Movement and Drama (Published)

Both the Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) and Diploma students at the University of Education, Winneba, Ghana, use the same content as prescribed in the Academic Bulletin but both are admitted on two different entry requirements with different duration accordingly. Sections of society speculate about varied performances of both categories of students without any empirical evidence. The purpose of the study was to ascertain how well the students have been prepared in terms of content assimilation and their relative performance. Using a purposive sampling technique, both regular and sandwich Music, Movement and Drama Level 200 students of the Department of Early Childhood Education of the University from 2008 to 2012 were selected for the study. Test results of the respondents from 2008 to 2012 which served as the data were analysed, after ethical issues were resolved, using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that both regular and sandwich students performed creditably well within the range of the years under review. It was, however, established that there was a statistically significant difference between the achievement of the B.Ed. regular and Diploma sandwich students from 2008 to 2012 academic years. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that the mode of delivery of the sandwich programme be reconsidered such that there will be a bridge of the gap between the regular and the sandwich programmes in terms of performance.

Keywords: Bachelor of Education, Curriculum, Drama, Evaluation, Movement, Music, Sandwich, diploma, regular.

Evaluation the Quality parameters of sugar cane and raw sugar samples at season 2017 with reference to (SASTA, 2009) and (ICUMSA, 1994) standards (Published)

The study was conducted in Sudanese Sugar Industries during period at 2017 to aims Evaluation the Quality parameters of sugar cane and raw sugar  samples with reference to (SASTA, 2009) and (ICUMSA,1994) standards. The samples were obtained from all Sudanese Sugar Industries namely, (Kenana, White Nile, Assalaya , Sennar, Guneid  and New Halfa).After that the samples were transferred to the laboratory to assessment the quality parameters of sugar cane which include Weight Kg per ten stalks, length Kg per ten stalks, and nods of cane Kg per ten stalks, Fiber percent of cane%, Moisture content of cane%, Brix of cane (Total dissolved Solids%), Polarization (Pol.) of cane%, Purity of cane%, Reducing sugars of cane juice % and pH of cane. and quality parameters for raw sugar which include Determination of Physiochemical parameters of raw Sugar samples collected from Sudanese Sugar Industries at season 2017: which include colour, Mean Apparatus (M.A), Coefficient of Variation (C.V %), Dust %, Pol %, Purity %, Moisture % and Ash %. and the data were analyzed by using Statistical system  complete randomized design (CRD) and analysis of variance technique by Lest Significant Different Test (LSD) according to Fisher’s LSD method, 2010 at Probability 0.05 Was applied to compare differences between industries. The results It was concluded that the some quality parameter of cane like Brix%, Pol%, Purity%, and Fiber % were satisfactory with quality standard in all Sudanese Sugar Industry, While the moisture % was higher than recommended range in all Industries. It was concluded that the quality parameter of raw Sugar like Moisture % all Industries online with standard except Industries Kenana and Guneid. In case of Ash% all Industries were online with standard. In case of Colour Industries Assalaya and Sennar were lower while the Industries Guneid and New Halfa were higher than satisfactory range. In case of C.V% all Industries were higher than recommended limit. In case of Dust Industries Kenana and White Nile were higher than critical maximum value respectively. In case of Pol% only Assalaya and Sennar was within optional perimeter. In case of Purity% for sugar A the Industries White Nile and Guneid were lower than recommended range. The study recommendations that the Sudanese Sugar Industry needs to establish proper quality assurance laboratories to help in monitoring quality and safety of raw materials and end productions.

Keywords: 1994) standards, 2009) and (ICUMSA, Evaluation, quality parameters of sugar cane and raw sugar, sudanese sugar industry with reference to (SASTA

Evaluation of Research Skills Application among Colleges of Education Lecturers in Kaduna State (Published)

The study focused on evaluation of research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education in Kaduna State. The descriptive survey design of causal comparative type was adopted in the study with a population of 206 academic staff in colleges of education in Kaduna State. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the study using the researcher’s developed instrument entitled “Evaluation of Research Skills Opinion Questionnaire” (ERSOQ). To ensure appropriate validity and reliability of the ERSOQ, it was given to three experts, two in Measurement and Evaluation and one in English Language, to ensure face and content validity of the instrument. The instrument was pilot tested using Cronbach Alpha reliability method and the index ranged from .71 to .85. The stated null hypotheses were tested using population and independent sample t-test and the result of the data analysis revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is low. It was also revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is high in terms of literature review and data collection. The study also pinpoints the implication of research skills acquisition as a tool for functional education and quality research delivery. It was recommended that there should be adequate training for academic staff to equip them with the necessary training to plan and implement research activities.

Keywords: Evaluation, Kaduna State, Research skills application

Agronomic Evaluation Of Some Landrace Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata ( L.) Walp) and Their Wild Relative (Dekindtiana Var. Pubescens) For Incorporation into Cowpea Breeding Programme (Published)

Eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, were evaluated for growth and yield attributes in Bauchi, Northern Guinea Savannah Agroecology. The eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, making a total of 12 genotypes, were replicated four times in a randomized complete block design on a field in Bar-Arewa village in Bogoro Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The results of the study showed that the cowpea genotypes evaluated varied significantly (p< 0.05) in all the growth and yield attributes observed. Pod number per plant positively and highly correlated with height per plant (r = 0.93), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.95), number of branches per plant (r= 0.93), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.92), but was negatively correlated with length of pod (r= -0.51). Seed yield per plant was positively correlated with hundred seed weight (r- 0.71), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.41), number of branches per plant (r= 0.42), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.49), length of pod per plant (r= 0.41). However, hundred seed weight was negatively correlated with all the traits except the length of pod per plant (r = 0.78). It is, therefore, recommended that genotypes with longer pods, large seed size, high number of peduncles and pods be explored further for selection and incorporation into cowpea breeding programme for yield improvement.

Keywords: Agronomy, Breeding programme, Evaluation, Landrace cowpea, Wild cowpea

Evaluation of General Studies Computer Based Tests in Universities in South West Nigeria (Published)

There are perceived short – comings such as server and power failure, denials of right choice of types of examination, limited CBT centres, problem of state of the students’ computer literacy and accessibility, inadequate computers and internet facilities in some universities.  The study evaluated the general studies computer based tests in Universities in South West Nigeria. The purpose was to ascertain the extent to which the objectives of General Studies programme had been implemented using computer – based test. The research design for this study was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population for the study comprises 60,000 100 level undergraduate students of 2016/2017 academic session and 330 lecturers in GST in both private and public universities. The sample for the study consisted of 1890 respondents made up of 1800 students and 90 lecturers selected through Multistage Sampling Procedure. Three self designed instruments which are used as General Studies Achievement Test (GSTAT), Questionnaire on General Studies Interest Scale (QGSTIS) and Questionnaire for Lecturers on General Studies (QGSTL) were used. Face, Content and Construct validity of the instruments were ensured and the reliability of the instruments was ensured using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. The reliability coefficients of 0.65, 0.70 and 0.72 were found for GSTAT, QGSTIS and QLGST respectively. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages.  All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that the students’ attitude to Computer Based Test for General Studies examination was positive and the objectives of general studies using computer based test were achieved and effectively implemented. In view of the findings of this study, it was recommended that both the Public and Private universities should emphasize the use of CBT for General Studies examination since there was positive attitude of students on the use of CBT for GST. Multiple choice tests should be used for setting General Studies examination when Computer Based Tests have been adopted because multiple choice tests are very effective for measuring students’ performance. 

Keywords: Computer Based Test, Evaluation, general studies

Effectiveness of in Service Teachers Training Programmes Offered by DSD at Primary Level in Punjab (Published)

The underlying purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of in-service teacher training (ISTT) programmes conducted in Punjab by Directorate of Staff Development (DSD). It further evaluates the strength and weaknesses of the various executed training programmes by DSD within Punjab, Pakistan. The following Quantitative study intends to highlight the various variables which act as a comprehensive tool for the acquisition of expected or desired outcomes. It further states those variables involved which act as a catalyst to bring a significant change within the classroom premises, institutions or working places and the attitudes, methodology and teaching practices of teachers or professionals. For that purpose, surveys were conducted by using questionnaires in various areas of Punjab, Pakistan. The data was analyzed by using coding and SPSS-16. The conclusion drawn from the data analysis illustrates the positive influence of ISTT within the classroom as well as on individuals. It enables the teachers to identify their strengths and weaknesses as it has been proved as an efficient tool for self-evaluation, self learning and reflection. ISTT also bring change within in the classroom as it enables the teachers to understand the complexity of learning process more explicitly.

Keywords: DSD, Effectiveness, Evaluation, Knowledge, Practices, Skill, attitude, in-service teacher training (ISTT), professional development (PD)

The Role of the Media in Promoting “Elderly Women’s Right to Life” in Tanzania: An Evaluation of “Haki za Binadamu” Program at Radio SAUT (Published)

The focus of this study was to explore the roles played by media, particularly community radios in promoting the rights to life of elderly women in Tanzania. Specifically, the study evaluated the “haki za binadamu program” aired by radio SAUT FM in Nyamagana, Mwanza region. The evaluation concentrated on two areas: One, it evaluated the accessibility and listenership of the program and two it evaluated the success of the program in promoting the rights of elderly women in the district. This is a qualitative research which used purposive and snowball sampling techniques to select the respondents. A total of 27 respondents were involved in the study, they included; three police officers from the gender desk in Nyamagana police station, five local leaders, six journalists who are specialized in human rights reporting, and 13 respondents from families of elderly women who were reported to have been killed due to witchcraft accusations. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect the data for this study. Thematic analysis was used to analysis the data gotten from the field. The findings suggest that the accessibility and listenership of haki za binadamu program in Nyamagana district was very poor. It was also found that haki za binadamu program has not played any noticeable contributions in promoting the rights to life to the elderly women in Nyamagana district.

Keywords: Evaluation, Haki za Binadamu., Media, Role, elderly women’s right to life, promoting

Budgeting and Sustainable Performance in Nigeria Quoted Food and Beverages Companies (Published)

Budgeting entails a distinct pattern of financial decisions in profit oriented organizations. The uncertainties and volatility prevailing in Nigeria business environment leading to stock out, deflection of customers, insolvency and financial distress, effectual liquidation of companies and in the alternative relocation of businesses out of Nigeria have given rise to the challenge of budgeting and budgetary control in Nigeria quoted  food and beverages companies. This studt evaluated the effect of budgeting on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies. Survey research design was adopted.  The population for the survey comprised all the eighteen (18) quoted food and beverages quoted companies in Nigeria stock Exchange as at 31 December 2017, out of which five (5) respondents with experience in accounting and finance were selected in each organization using purposive and judgmental sampling techniques.  Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were administered with retrieval rate of 92% .The findings showed that budgeting has significant  positive effect on production quantity with R2 0.448,F-statistics 9.938,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive  effect on turnover with R,20.409,F-statistics 8.488,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive effect on profit after tax with R2 0.255,F-statistics 4.188 and p-value 0.005.Budgeting has significant  weak but positive effect on dividend paid with R2 0182,F-stattistics of 2.733 and p-value of 0039.The result of the combined effect showed that budgeting has  positive and significant effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria with R2 0.511,F-statistics of 12.778 and p-value of 0.000.The study concluded that budgeting has positive effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria.

Budgeting entails a distinct pattern of financial decisions in profit oriented organizations. The uncertainties and volatility prevailing in Nigeria business environment leading to stock out, deflection of customers, insolvency and financial distress, effectual liquidation of companies and in the alternative relocation of businesses out of Nigeria have given rise to the challenge of budgeting and budgetary control in Nigeria quoted  food and beverages companies. This studt evaluated the effect of budgeting on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies. Survey research design was adopted.  The population for the survey comprised all the eighteen (18) quoted food and beverages quoted companies in Nigeria stock Exchange as at 31 December 2017, out of which five (5) respondents with experience in accounting and finance were selected in each organization using purposive and judgmental sampling techniques.  Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were administered with retrieval rate of 92% .The findings showed that budgeting has significant  positive effect on production quantity with R2 0.448,F-statistics 9.938,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive  effect on turnover with R,20.409,F-statistics 8.488,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive effect on profit after tax with R2 0.255,F-statistics 4.188 and p-value 0.005.Budgeting has significant  weak but positive effect on dividend paid with R2 0182,F-stattistics of 2.733 and p-value of 0039.The result of the combined effect showed that budgeting has  positive and significant effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria with R2 0.511,F-statistics of 12.778 and p-value of 0.000.The study concluded that budgeting has positive effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria.

Keywords: Budgeting, Control, Coordination, Evaluation, Planning, and sustainable performance.

Agronomic Evaluation of Some Landrace Cowpeas (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp) and Their Wild Relative (Dekindtiana Var. Pubescens) For Incorporation into Cowpea Breeding Programme (Published)

In spite of its importance as food for humans and feedstuff for livestock, the yield of cowpea per hectare in Nigeria is still low. Improved varieties have been released to increase yield. This trend is gradually substituting local cultivars, which may lead to genetic erosion. This is undesirable because local cultivars and their wild relatives may have useful characters which are yet to be explored. The wild relative of cowpea, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, for example, is high-yielding with morphological characters that confer protection against insect pests. In this study, eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, Dekindtiana var. pubescens, were evaluated for growth and yield attributes in Bauchi, Northern Guinea Savannah Agro-ecology, with the aim of incorporating the desirable characters into future cowpea breeding programmes. The eleven cowpea landraces and their wild relative, making a total of 12 genotypes, were replicated four times in a randomized complete block design on a field in Bar-Arewa village in Bogoro Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The results of the study showed that the cowpea genotypes evaluated varied significantly (p< 0.05) in all the growth and yield attributes observed. Pod number per plant positively and highly correlated with height per plant (r = 0.93), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.95), number of branches per plant (r= 0.93), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.92), but was negatively correlated with length of pod (r= -0.51). Seed yield per plant was positively correlated with hundred seed weight (r- 0.71), number of leaves per plant (r= 0.41), number of branches per plant (r= 0.42), number of peduncles per plant (r= 0.49), length of pod per plant (r= 0.41). However, hundred seed weight was negatively correlated with all the traits except the length of pod per plant (r = 0.78). It is, therefore, recommended that genotypes with longer pods, large seed size, high number of peduncles and pods and those with hairs on stems and pods be explored further for selection and incorporation into cowpea breeding programme for yield improvement.

 

Keywords: Agronomy, Breeding programme, Evaluation, Landrace cowpea, Wild cowpea

Quality Assurance Practices and Students’ Performance Evaluation in Universities of South South Nigeria: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach (Published)

This study assessed quality assurance practices and students’ performance evaluation in universities of South-South Nigeria using an SEM approach. Three null hypotheses guided the study. Based on factorial research design, and using a stratified random sampling technique, a sample of 878 academic staff were drawn from a sampling frame of 15 universities in South-South Nigeria. Quality Assurance Practices Students’ Performance Evaluation Scale (QAPSPES) with split-half reliability estimates ranging from .86–.92, was used as the instruments for data collection. Multiple regression and Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFA) were used for the analysis of data, model building, and testing of the hypotheses at .05 alpha level. Findings showed a significant composite and relative influence (F=48.19, P<.05) of school management, staff, and students’ quality assurance practices on students’ performance evaluation. The results also indicated that there were positive and significant covariances between the four variables of this study, with the CFI, RMSEA, TLI, and SRMR values indicating a good model fit. It was recommended, based on the findings of this study that, each school should organize quality assurance orientation campaigns for new students and set up quality assurance committees at the school, faculty and departmental levels for optimal performance in schools.

Keywords: CFA, Evaluation, Performance Evaluation, Quality Assurance, SEM, South-south Nigeria., Students performance

Evaluation of Research Skills Application among Colleges of Education Lecturers in Kaduna State (Published)

The study focused on evaluation of research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education in Kaduna State. The descriptive survey design of causal comparative type was adopted in the study with a population of 206 academic staff in colleges of education in Kaduna State. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the study using the researcher’s developed instrument entitled “Evaluation of Research Skills Opinion Questionnaire” (ERSOQ). To ensure appropriate validity and reliability of  the ERSOQ, it was given to three experts, two in Measurement and Evaluation and one in English Language, to ensure face and content validity of the instrument. The instrument was pilot tested using Cronbach Alpha reliability method and the index ranged from .71 to .85. The stated null hypotheses were tested using population and independent sample t-test and the result of the data analysis revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is low. It was also revealed that research skills application among lecturers of Colleges of Education is high in terms of literature review and data collection. The study also pinpoints the implication of research skills acquisition as a tool for functional education and quality research delivery. It was recommended that there should be adequate training for academic staff to equip them with the necessary training to plan and implement research activities.

 

Keywords: Evaluation, Kaduna State, Research skills application

Evaluation of Different Rates of Poultry Manure on Soil Properties and Grain Yield of Maize (Zea Mays L.) in A Typic Haplustult in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to evaluate different rates of poultry manure on soil properties and grain yield of maize in a typic haplustult at Teaching and Research Farm of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. The field was laid out in randomized complete block design with five treatments of poultry manure at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40t ha-1 and replicated four times. Maize variety (Oba Super II) was used as a test crop. The soil properties and maize yield data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results showed that different rates of poultry manure had significantly (P<0.05) higher total porosity and aggregate stability than control. The plot amended with 40t ha-1 of poultry manure had 16% lower bulk density  and 14, 20 and 23% higher aggregate stability, total porosity and gravimetric moisture content compared to control. Different rates of poultry manure had significantly (P<0.05) higher organic matter (OM), available P, N and pH when compared to control. Organic matter, available P, N and pH were higher by 32, 21, 42 and 41% in plot amended with 40t ha-1 poultry manure compared to control. Furthermore, the plot receiving 40t ha-1 of poultry droppings had significantly (P<0.05) higher OM,  available N, P, N and pH relative to plots amended with lower rates. Generally, organic matter, available P, N, pH and exchangeable bases of Calcium, magnesium, potassium and Sodium increased in the order of 40>30>20>10>0t ha-1 in the different rates of poultry manure. Grain yield of maize was 19, 17, 11 and 7% higher in plot amended with 40t ha-1 and plots amended with 10, 20 and 30t ha-1 of poultry manure when compared to control.  Rates of poultry manure are necessary for improved soil properties but for profitable grain yield of maize, higher rates are recommended.

Keywords: Evaluation, Grain Yield of Maize, Poultry Droppings, Rates, Soil Properties