Tag Archives: Establishment

Risk-Based Routine Inspection Planners for Food Premises and Imported Consignments (Published)

Existing risk-based inspection plans use descriptive terms to categorize the food establishments according to their risk levels, hence inspection visits are planned. The current paper hypothesized the reliance of the number of the yearly routine inspection visits to a food establishment on its risk level and a predetermined fixed inspection confidence level of 95% , accordingly a routine inspection visits planner and an inspection frequency calculator were developed. Similarly, a calculator was developed to predetermine the number of consignments to be inspected at the ports of entry of countries. Following the use of the risk levels between 99% and 1% and according to the obtained number of yearly visits to an establishment, 12 risk groups are reported with a corresponding frequency of inspection range from as minimum as 30 days to as high as 365 days. The findings will reform the risk grouping of food establishments from a static to a dynamic figure-based one thence help allocating resource and focus on the riskiest establishments. The imported consignments planner could easily be used and adjusted to suit calculating the approximate number of consignments to be inspected at the ports of entry based on any risk category.

 

Keywords: Establishment, Food, consignment, inspection plan, risk level, routine inspection

ESTABLISHMENT OF STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING AFFORDABLE AND HABITABLE PUBLIC HOUSING PROVISION IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA (Published)

This view of this study was based on the establishment of strategies for improving affordable and habitable public housing provision in Anambra state, Nigeria. This study utilized a survey research design in the collection of data. The universe of study consisted of 2,805 occupants comprising mainly households, and 2,805 house units, comprising 1,032 in Awka city and 1,773 in Onitsha city. The sample size of 30% (842) was used as derived from Taro Yamani technique. A stratified random sampling of these disparate public housing estates based on their proportion to population was studied. A 16-item structured questionnaire on establishment of strategies for improving affordable and habitable public housing provision in Anambra state, Nigeria (QSAHPH) was developed. This instrument was face and content validated. Cronbach Alpha Technique index was used for reliability test which gave a value of 0.90. The data were obtained by pulling all positive responses for each group of occupants (Awka or Onitsha) as positive responses and as negative responses and their proportions obtained and filled below pooled observations (counts). Undecided responses were left as neutral. Complete responses were 797 comprising 299 occupants in Awka and 498 occupants in Onitsha. The research questions were processed using percentages. The major finding of the study was (1). Hence, the inference is that occupants in Awka perceived this dimension of public housing more positively than occupants in Onitsha. This difference between the two cities needs to be addressed in order to validate the Adam’s equity requirements in the built environment.

Keywords: Establishment, Nigeria, Strategies., public housing