Citation: Sarap N. S, Nilima Sarap Lakhade and Sawant P .A., (2022) Necessity of Need Based English Language Curriculum for Agriculture Students, International Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol.10, No.3, pp., 1-7
Abstract: This study investigates the needs of ESP (English for Specific Purposes) learners for English communication, particularly the needs of First Year B.Sc. (Hons) Agriculture Students from State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) in Maharashtra. This study was conducted with the specific objective whether to introduce ESP material in the agriculture curriculum. Learners’ responses clearly indicate that the current English course is vitally useful for them. According to them writing skill has the lion’s share in the course. While, listening, speaking and reading were got somewhat less allocation. Majority of the student respondents used to read books related to agriculture and several went for magazines, novels and newspaper. So also, some of the learners found to read materials like online materials, comics, literary works, poems, etc. Almost all the learners preferred supplementary material to be added to present English course. This means that the present English language course has a fair scope for improving to match the entire needs of the learners i.e. in-study, post-study, professional and social needs. The study implies that there is an imperative need of inclusion of ESP as supplementary material to present English course prescribed to B.Sc. (Hons) Agriculture degree course.
With the rapid growth of English as an International language (EIL) due to globalization, and the emergence of the need for bridging the gap between what non-native English speakers(NNESs) perceived and what they need to know in their specific target environments (Basturkmen 2006:15) recent interest has been triggered to the status of native-speakerism in the realm of English for Specific Purposes and the pressing issue of comprehensibility of oral communication in ESP courses by examining the questions: ‘ How is intelligibility accommodated in ESP courses? Is non-native users’ identity tightly linked to native users’ with the former lacking the confidence to acquire the desirable specialist knowledge?’. Owing to the fact that there has been a lot of controversy to the subject of communicative competence and the linguistic awareness of ESP learners, this reflective article, focusses on drawing insight in the thorny issue of native-speakerism in the field of ESP courses and brings forth the stances towards the native speaker vs non-native speaker dichotomy in the working environments of Greece. The purpose was to explore the problematized fallacy of native-speakerism in ESP courses by questioning its perceived effects in the way students regard the English language. In doing so, it sheds light at what needs to be done to shake the foundations of specific discourse communities with specific communicative traits and distinct communicative practices. This article concludes that focusing on job-specific discourse features will enrich learners’ linguistic resource commensurate with the demands of their working environments. Consequently, it reveals that the problematizing native-speakerism fallacy is a misconception and a stereotype.
How teaching and learning receptive skills in a rich environment improve the (PYP) students’ overall language production at Majmmah University, KSA (Published)
The study attempts at investigating the impact of the rich learning environment at Preparatory Year Programe (PYP) in Majmmah University, KSA on the overall improvement of EFL/ESP students’ productive skills. The PYP deanship at Majmmah University has been witnessing a great development and impressive advances in terms of preparation of distinctive curricula that meet students’ specialization for the required standards at colleges of medicine, engineering, applied medical sciences and computer sciences. The progress in providing the effective teaching and learning materials is also evident today. And the huge progress in constructing the rich learning environment was not possible without a vivid awareness of the importance of teaching and learning aids in motivating students for better language production. Thus, it seems as if decision makers have been investing more money for the overall development of education quality at this newly established university. The establishment of the Preparatory Year Programme (PYP) deanship at Majmmah University couple of years ago appeared to be integrated in different terms. For instance, classes are well equipped with different learning and teaching facilities that make the application of technological mediums such as CDs, MP3s and USBs easier in accomplishing language learning process. Furthermore, classes are also equipped with lap tops, headphones, two enormous speakers, a podium through which instructors control the smart boards operation and a TV screen which is freely used by the students as a listening exposure device with multiple access such as watching movies or watching some breaking news. Additionally, syllabus selection was also done in such a way that covers the needs of the EFL as well as the ESP learners. For almost three years the researcher has taught English in modern classes occupied by 16 maximum students who were divided into 4 main groups, each group seated around a big table. In a situation similar to such a modern and effective model of PYP classes, intensive receptive skills are easily taught and their intensity will definitely impact the students’ production of language skills by the end of the day. To undertake this study, a qualitative method is adapted where the researcher interviewed a sample of instructors who are currently teaching at PYP deanship. The interview questions aim at determining the strengths of the intensive receptive sessions on improving the quality of the output for the EFL/ESP students. The researcher has also conducted a classroom observation reflecting on his experience of three years of teaching at PYP deanship of Majmmah University. Finally, the study resulted into some significant findings among which are:
- Using modern technology and different classroom seating attract students’ attention and motivate them.
- A productive classroom promotes minimal anxiety through well-defined expectations, appropriate instruction, and sufficient scaffolding.
- An effective learning platform is the one that establishes strong interactions and promotes a collaborative learning culture.
An ESP Course Design for Postgraduate Students of Engineering at Badji Mokhtar Annaba University (Published)
This paper aims at designing a technical English course for postgraduate students of Engineering at Badji Mokhtar Annaba University. The course design is based on thorough needs analysis taking into consideration needs analysis concepts forwarded by Hutchinson and Waters (1987) and Dudley-Evans and St.Johns (1998). Through a pilot study, the postgraduate students of engineering at Badji Makhtar Annaba university declared that they need to have courses in technical English in order to read and understand the newly updated researches in English, to take part in classroom discussions and to be able to write their own final doctoral project article without referring to experts for the translation from French into English. Thus English for Specific Purposes (ESP) course design is expected to be beneficial to the aforementioned group of learners. The needs analysis in this action research was conducted through the use of different tools. The results revealed that all postgraduate students of Engineering need to learn an ESP course for the development of the predominant skills of reading and writing first, followed by speaking and listening and translation as a fifth skill.
Intercultural Exchanges and Soft Skills Development in the Info-Tech-Enabled EFL Classroom (Published)
The present research study assesses the impact of an ICT-enabled English language environment on students’ intercultural exchanges and soft skills development. The major objective is to see whether an English course content that makes use of blogs, podcasts, and Internet-aided presentations allows intercultural encounters and boosts personal and professional development. The qualitative comments from the end–of–course interview are examined with regard to students’ reflections on their learning experience. Research findings show that the use of ICT-enabled class content does not bring about any considerable changes in students’ cultural practices, but stirs and triggers personal and professional changes (changes in attitudes) and allows learners to develop empowering soft skills, including personal development skills, communication skills, and conflict resolution skills.
ESP, English for special purposes, is a new development of College English teaching in China,which is helpful for the future development of students’ language skills and future career. But because of the unsystematic ESP teaching pedagogy and insufficient theoretical supports, there are many problems which affect the teaching efficiency of ESP courses. In this paper, the author firstly gives the literature review of the research on the Linguistic Economics and introduces the teaching practice of the ESP courses in China. Finally, from the perspective of linguistic economics, the author analyses the problems which affect the teaching efficiency and proposes several pieces of suggestions with the purpose to facilitate the ESP teaching practice and improve the teaching. The paper tries to explore the new ways of improving the teaching efficiency of the ESP courses, but due to the limitations of the research ability, it is far too enough to elaborate the issues clearly, more issues need to be addressed in the coming research.
Students’ Perception on Teaching and Learning English for Mathematics: The Vietnamese Case Study (Published)
This study examines the importance of studying English for Mathematical Purposes (EMP) to students in the Department of Mathematics by arguing the result of a survey which uses a questionnaire to ask for the ideas and opinions of the students of Math Department. To summarize and propose the result, our statistical method is using SPSS to process primary information gathered from researching objects. It will help us with descriptive statistics and statistical analy00sis and making synthesis tables, statistical reports based on the information gathered from the questionnaire. This statistics is the reliable basis for our study.
Finding the Nexus between Students’ Profiles and Attitude towards ESP: The Case of Vietnamese Medical Students Purposes (Published)
The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between students’ profile and their attitude in learning English as a foreign language. The respondents were 82 second year undergraduate students studying medicine at Thaibinh University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Vietnam. The research instrument is a Likert questionnaire including two parts: Bio Data and Attitude towards ESP. The study was basically a quantitative research utilizing the descriptive-correlational method and SPSS software to describe and investigate the relationship between students’ select profile variables and their attitude towards English for Specific Purposes (ESP). The findings from this study illustrated that there is a significant relationship between Thaibinh medical students’ attitude towards ESP and their mothers’ education, number of years of studying English, grades in EGP (English for General Purposes) and ESP and native language. Findings also revealed that the profile variables not related to the students’ attitude towards ESP are fathers’ educational attainment and sex.
Developing Productive Transferable CommunicationSkills among ESP Learners Developing Productive Transferable Communication Skills among ESP Learners (Published)
The demand for English for Specific Purposes (ESP) is expanding with the continuing increase of international communication in various fields, especially in countries where English is taught as a foreign language. ESP students need to be trained well to develop transferable oral and written communication skills in English. A proposed unit is designed by the researcher to develop transferable communication skills of a group of ESP learners at King Marriott Higher Institute for Computer Science, Alex., Egypt. Participants of the study sat for a pre-post oral/written communication skills test. Independent samples t-test proved that treatment was effective. The researcher comes to the conclusion that the training on transferable communication skills is ideal since it permits ESP learners to fundamentally enhance their oral and written communication skills as well as apply the content knowledge in the field of their professional practices
This study aimed to identify the English language needs for secondary school students’ hotel stream in 2012/2013 in Jordan. More specifically, it attempted to address the following question:What are the English language needs of the hotel stream students in Jordan?The sample of the study consisted of 146 students, 27 teachers from schools of the Ministry of Education and 24 hotel employees in Jordan.To answer the question of the study, a questionnaire was developed by the researcher and addressed to the students, teachers and employees.The findings of the study revealed that there are some real special English language needs and interests for the students in hotel stream in Jordan, these needs and interests motivate and encourage students to learn and build their self –confidence toward the learning process. It is recommended that curriculum designers make use of the resulting identifying these needs and to conduct similar studies for other secondary streams in Jordan and in other countries in the world.