Tag Archives: equality

An extensive review of equality and the distribution of income for the social activities (Published)

The three topics put together in the title of this paper are not appropriate and can be compared with elements of the classic Russian definition of Winston Churchill. Mystery, mystery in mystery. Make no mistake. This is a complex field. The purpose of this paper is to add some wrinkles to the Byzantine subject area. The ultimate goal is to introduce a new way to measure income distribution. An approach that can provide the basis for actually moving the public policy needle on the issue of income redistribution. The paper begins with a broad overview of “equality and income sharing” as the topic develops from the past. Plus year, the main measure of income distribution is used by economists to assess equality and social status, focusing on the Lorenz curve / Gini ratio analysis. Furthermore, the argument “income distribution and distribution” continues. This is a match for the previous discussion on equality, the preface to the topic “equity and income distribution”, and this paper details a new approach to assessing the equity of income distribution. . This paper concludes with a series of policy implications on income redistribution, as implied by the measurement of income distribution described in the previous section of this paper.

Keywords: Equity, Lorenz curve., distribution of income, equality

Equality of Learners Certification and Their Skill Production Through Package C Vocation (Published)

Package C is a program of non formal education which is equal to senior secondary school certification. It is an alternative for dropouts students or those who do not have a chance to get education at regular school such as senior secondary school or vocational school due to their busy work or unable to attend regular school, to help the society who cannot afford the education or dropout from regular school to get and improve their knowledge, skill, and good attitude. Package C vocation is principally a process of learning instruction in package C combined with the skill instruction by mainly implementing the instructional for enhancing the skill of the learners structurally to get competence. This study aims at analysing the implementation of the package C vocation to reduce the dropouts and to enhance the participants’ knowledge and skill needed for their work and looking for a job in the work place. Secondary data and the FGD with main implementors of packaged C was used to set up model of package C vocation. This model enhances the participants/learners’ skill and knowledge for their work.

Keywords: equality, learners certification, package C vocation, skill production


The practical significance of the text of Eph 5,23 is very enormous when viewed under the prism of the problem of equality and subordination in Christian families especially in Africa. Perhaps the greatest single secular problem of the family today is the rise to power of women who traditionally were relegated. With the incipient feminism and women’s growth in social status the traditional African man now finds it difficult to move with the signs of the time. The result is crisis in family life. This paper is poised to expose Paul’s integration of ethics and theology in the singular coinage of kefalh,, with a view to delineating the subtle difference between the ordinary understanding of Eph 5,23 as signifying subordination of women to men. The paper argues that Paul by describing men as the head does not imply superiority in status but in function. Paul has always defended the equality of all in Christ as evident in Gal 3,28; Col 3,11.19; 4,1 and 1Cor 11,2-16, and cannot just contradict himself so cheaply. His choice of word was only but precisely an adaptation to his own age sequent to social condition of his time and culture.

Keywords: Paul, Superiority, cohesion, equality, family, functionalism, kefalh