Importance and Effects of Multimodal Communication on Interactional Behaviour and Outcome in Public Service Interpreting (Published)
This paper investigates how public service interpreting (PSI) purposes and interactions are affected by either overlooking, ignoring or concealing some communication modalities. Empirical data were collected from 28 interpreters via a questionnaire comprising closed and open questions. After a brief review of the PSI settings and the theoretical basis for understanding different communicative modalities, the paper uses thematic analysis to depict the importance and effects of multimodal communication on interactional behaviour and outcome in interpreter-mediated encounters. The findings reveal that there are many important signs, signals and their symbolic values that are not given necessary consideration. It concludes that the relevance of communication modalities, including silences and those associated with Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC), and their effects on interactional behaviour depend on both PSI settings and the expected outcome of communication. It suggests some transformative approaches that can be used to maximise and manage the effectiveness of the interpreter-mediated communication modalities.
Citation: Théophile Munyangeyo (2022) Importance and Effects of Multimodal Communication on Interactional Behaviour and Outcome in Public Service Interpreting, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.7, pp.31-56
Keywords: Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC); equity, Diversity, equality, inclusion; interpreter-mediated communication; multimodal communication; public service interpreting; symbolic values
Analysing the dynamics of inclusive practices through the mass media coverage of deafness, multimodal communication and performance in professional contexts. (Published)
Multifaceted diversity and related inclusive practices are increasingly becoming very significant in designing social policies and managing the workforce in the workplaces. This paper discuses the cultural shift in the public perceptions of deafness and hard of hearing in a synchronic perspective. Using Buzzsumo’s content analyser, we identified the content published during the British Strictly Come Dancing 2021 television show around “Rose Ayling-Ellis”,“sign language” and “deaf” as specific keywords. We examined the data in tandem with the social engagement, the concept, the purpose and the impact of inclusive practices through the mass media coverage of deafness, multimodal communication and performance in a professional context. The findings revealed a significant increase in social engagements with Sign Language and Deaf; and Rose Ayling-Ellis was an important driver of the content and related topics. Using the content analysis and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs as theoretical frameworks, this study confirms that multimodal communication strategies have allowed the (dis)ability dimensions to transcend the empathic assumptions in the society and the workplace and embrace significantly meritocratic achievements in a very competitive and yet inclusive contest. The paper concludes that ability/disability is an elusive dichotomy that is often related to societal and cultural interpretative deficiency. But for the Equality, Diversity and Inclusion framework to lead to meaningful changes within the society and the organisations, it should be supported by equitable interventions designed to facilitate and warrant the level playing field.
Citation: Théophile Munyangeyo (2022) Analysing the dynamics of inclusive practices through the mass media coverage of deafness, multimodal communication and performance in professional contexts, International Journal of International Relations, Media and Mass Communication Studies, Vol.8, No.2, pp.1-24
Keywords: Diversity, Inclusion, equality, mass media coverage; deaf studies; multimodal communication; Sign Language; Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC); equity
The Role of Gender Equality and Good Governance in Peacestudies: The Nigerian Experience (Published)
Peace could be seen as an individual’s state of mind with ideal society that operates in understanding, security and unity. The content of peace education programme must be problem solving and related to the economic, political, cultural, or social conditions that constitute the conflicting issues. Conflict resolution is a set of principles applied to encourage warring parties to seek peace. This means that the conflict is resolved when the basic needs of the parties have been met or satisfied. Conflict management refers to effort made to change the perceptions and attitudes of the people involved (Odoh 2006) Gender Equality is the state of equal ease of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender, including economic participation and decision making and the state of valuing different behaviour, aspirations and needs equally, regardless of gender. Good governance is measured by 8 characteristics of participation rule of law, transparency, responsiveness, consensus oriented, equity and inclusiveness, effectiveness and efficiency and accountability. Using descriptive and analytical approach with anecdotal evidence gleaned from qualitative and historical literature on peace. Gender discrimination, equality and governance from traditional delegate system to modern system of governance from textbooks, library materials, oral interview, participant observation and internet materials, key informant etc. The study revealed that gender gap reduces productivity and diminishes contribution and does not only affect women’s well-being and that of their families but also imposes high cost on the economy through productive losses. Development of a community or society is a collaborative effort of all citizens which can only be possible when there is peace in that community or society. It is an indisputable fact that development is about people and development is only sustainable to the extent to which human resources are developed. Gender gap reduces productivity and diminishes contribution and does not only affect women’s well-being and that of their families but also imposes high cost on the economy through productive losses. Strict adherence to the principles of good governance will ensure that peace reigns in Nigeria. Based on the finding, the study recommended amongst others that themes on good governance and peace studies should be part of primary, secondary and tertiary institutions curricular in Nigeria. Topics such as electoral rights and processes, and gender equality should be taught. This will help in raising individuals that are gender sensitive, individuals who see people in their own rights as human beings not males being superior to females.
Keywords: Governance, Justice, Peace, Rule Of Law, equality
Free Senior High School Policy: Implications to Education Access Equity in Ghana (Published)
Equity in education is when every student receives the resources needed to acquire the basic work skills of reading, writing, and basic arithmetic. While Ghana has achieved near universal access to primary and lower secondary education, the gross enrollment rate in higher secondary education was below 45 percent in 2014, with large disparities in access. In the year 2017, the government of Ghana implemented a free SHS policy on a free access to secondary education for all. This research sought to investigate the implications of the free senior high school policy to educational access and equity in secondary education in Ghana. The document analysis approach was adopted for this study. The findings revealed that the free SHS policy has really increased enrollment figures in secondary schools’ attendance. The researcher recommended that parents, teachers, school administrators, policy analysts and relevant stakeholders have the responsibility to offer alternative proposals and do so in a manner that is constructive and helpful to the policy discourse.
Keywords: Access, Education, Equity, Quality, enrolment, equality, free senior high school
An extensive review of equality and the distribution of income for the social activities (Published)
The three topics put together in the title of this paper are not appropriate and can be compared with elements of the classic Russian definition of Winston Churchill. Mystery, mystery in mystery. Make no mistake. This is a complex field. The purpose of this paper is to add some wrinkles to the Byzantine subject area. The ultimate goal is to introduce a new way to measure income distribution. An approach that can provide the basis for actually moving the public policy needle on the issue of income redistribution. The paper begins with a broad overview of “equality and income sharing” as the topic develops from the past. Plus year, the main measure of income distribution is used by economists to assess equality and social status, focusing on the Lorenz curve / Gini ratio analysis. Furthermore, the argument “income distribution and distribution” continues. This is a match for the previous discussion on equality, the preface to the topic “equity and income distribution”, and this paper details a new approach to assessing the equity of income distribution. . This paper concludes with a series of policy implications on income redistribution, as implied by the measurement of income distribution described in the previous section of this paper.
Keywords: Equity, Lorenz curve., distribution of income, equality
Equality of Learners Certification and Their Skill Production Through Package C Vocation (Published)
Package C is a program of non formal education which is equal to senior secondary school certification. It is an alternative for dropouts students or those who do not have a chance to get education at regular school such as senior secondary school or vocational school due to their busy work or unable to attend regular school, to help the society who cannot afford the education or dropout from regular school to get and improve their knowledge, skill, and good attitude. Package C vocation is principally a process of learning instruction in package C combined with the skill instruction by mainly implementing the instructional for enhancing the skill of the learners structurally to get competence. This study aims at analysing the implementation of the package C vocation to reduce the dropouts and to enhance the participants’ knowledge and skill needed for their work and looking for a job in the work place. Secondary data and the FGD with main implementors of packaged C was used to set up model of package C vocation. This model enhances the participants/learners’ skill and knowledge for their work.
Keywords: equality, learners certification, package C vocation, skill production
“… FOR THE MAN IS THE HEAD OF THE WIFE”: A THEOLOGICAL STUDY OF EPH. 5, 23 IN RELATION TO THE AFRICAN MAN’S DOMINEERING ATTITUDE (Published)
The practical significance of the text of Eph 5,23 is very enormous when viewed under the prism of the problem of equality and subordination in Christian families especially in Africa. Perhaps the greatest single secular problem of the family today is the rise to power of women who traditionally were relegated. With the incipient feminism and women’s growth in social status the traditional African man now finds it difficult to move with the signs of the time. The result is crisis in family life. This paper is poised to expose Paul’s integration of ethics and theology in the singular coinage of kefalh,, with a view to delineating the subtle difference between the ordinary understanding of Eph 5,23 as signifying subordination of women to men. The paper argues that Paul by describing men as the head does not imply superiority in status but in function. Paul has always defended the equality of all in Christ as evident in Gal 3,28; Col 3,11.19; 4,1 and 1Cor 11,2-16, and cannot just contradict himself so cheaply. His choice of word was only but precisely an adaptation to his own age sequent to social condition of his time and culture.
Keywords: Paul, Superiority, cohesion, equality, family, functionalism, kefalh