Tag Archives: Environmental Pollution

Effect of Environmental Pollution on Rural Women in the Niger Delta (Published)

United Nations Development Program – Niger Delta Human Development Report (2006) assert that ‘’the environment is very important for the Niger Delta people where 60% of the population depends on the Natural environment living and non-living for livelihood’ In sum, the environment is the independent web of sources of livelihoods for rural women in the Niger Delta. However, the continuous viability and sustainability of the environment to render this eco-services and remain primarily the source of water supply, energy, food/protein supply, material for housing and pharmaceutical supply in this part of the unequal world remain a dilemma, following the continuous environmental pollution of the region due to various activities of man in his quest to explore the earth for crude oil and gas reserve for wealth accumulation. This has led to high negative impact on the inhabitants of the Niger delta region particularly rural women. This study therefore was carried out to investigate the attendant effect of environmental pollution on rural women in the Niger delta. Survey design was used for the study focusing on rural women.  Secondary and primary data were obtained and used forthe study. Non parametric analytic tool and descriptive statistics were employed to analyse the data. The results of the analyzed data show a strong negative relationship between environmental pollution and rural women. The study therefore concludes that environmental pollution affect Niger delta rural women negatively leading to their lack of access to sources of water supply, shortage in fish/fisheries, fuelwood and farm produce as well as reproductive health imbalance. The study recommends that the management of oil companies in the Niger delta should put in place measures that will make their operations environmentally friendly to guard against further environmental pollution, make provision for sustainable source of water supply for their host communities, carry out empowerment scheme to enable the rural women have alternative source of income since they can no longer depend on the  mangrove ecosystem and farmland which hitherto was their major means of livelihood and also built and equip cottage hospitals in the host communities to carter for those already affected and potential victims of reproductive health challenge.

Citation: Michael E Kornom-Gbaraba, Vidi John Nabie, Ruth Lass AdamuTonga, Ephraim, (2022) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Rural Women in the Niger Delta, International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research, Vol.10, No.1 pp.1-19

 

Keywords: Environmental Pollution, mangrove/wetland ecosystem, sources of water supply, women reproductive health.

The Attitudes of Nigerian Secondary School Teachers and Students towards Environmental Pollution (Published)

The research was carried out to investigate Nigerian Secondary School Teachers and Students’ attitude towards environmental pollution. It also examined Nigerian teachers and students’ attitude towards environmental pollution, considering their gender and location. The research adopted descriptive research of the survey type. The population was made up of all Nigerian Secondary School Teachers and Students. The sample for the study comprised 720 teachers and 1440 students selected through a multistage sampling procedure. Two self-constructed Questionnaires was used to generate data for the study. One for the Teachers is Questionnaire on Teachers Attitude towards environmental pollution (QTAEP) and Questionnaire on Students Attitude towards environmental pollution (QSAEP). It was made up of two sections – Section A which consist the biodata of teacher and students such as Name, Location and Gender. Section B was made up of items to elicit information about their attitudes toward environmental pollution. The instrument’s validity was ascertained by giving it to experts in Biology Education, who are examiners for the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) for face and content validity. Their suggestions and corrections were effected. The reliability of the instrument was determined by using Cronbash Alpha Formula. The reliability coefficient of 0.66 and 0.81 was obtained. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. It was established from the finding that both teachers and students had a positive attitude towards environmental pollution. It was confirmed from the findings that gender and location had a significant influence on both teachers and students’ attitude toward environmental pollution. Considering the finding from this study, it was recommended that the content of environmental pollution in secondary schools should be more comprehensive. Also, environmental pollution awareness programs should be organised for both teachers and students to enhance their knowledge about environmental pollution and invariably influence their attitude.

Keywords: Attitudes, Environmental Pollution, Science Education, Teachers, science students

The Application of Frameworks in the Unpacking of the Problematic of Human-Environmental Interaction: The Case of the Qua Iboe River in the Niger Delta of Nigeria (Published)

This paper looks at human-environment interaction (HEI) using the lens of three frameworks- DPSIR, Resilience/ Panarchy and Political Ecology as vehicles for a holistic understanding of the impact of anthropogenic activities on the environment. Drawing evidence from the case of the Qua Iboe River in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria as a marine resource, the complexity in the interaction between the local communities, the Federal Government and the oil companies were identified. The result of this interaction is the pollution of the river and the conflict between the stakeholders. It is therefore recommended among others that there is the need for multilayer governance involving all the stakeholders as a baseline for mitigation of the problem.

 

Keywords: Conflict, DPSIR, Environmental Pollution, Federal government, Niger-Delta, Political Ecology, Qua Iboe River, Resilience, panarchy

Learning Effect Based on Socio-Scientific Issue on Students Learning Outcomes in Environmental Pollution Materials in Senior High School 1 of Meureubo, West Aceh, Indonesia (Published)

Biology is part of the natural sciences that discusses all aspects of life, both related to living things and the natural environment that supports the life of these living things. The biotic and abiotic components and their maintenance are important focus on biology learning. Students need a good understanding of their surroundings, maintaining, and controlling existing resources so they can take part as environmental preservation. Learning about the environment should have been designed and implemented with a learning model that is considered very appropriate to arouse interest as well as concern for students using learning models that synergize with efforts to preserve nature and the environment. Wrong on the environment is a learning model based on Socio-Scientific Issues. This study aims to determine the effect of Socio-Scientific Issues learning in environmental pollution learning in class X of SMAN 1 Meureubo West Aceh Regency. The approach used is a quantitative approach with the research design used is “Nonequivalent Control Group Design”. The research data is in the form of student learning outcomes data on environmental pollution material on the application of Socio scientific-based learning issues on learning environmental pollution material. Learning outcomes data are analyzed using linear regression analysis followed by T test and F test. The results showed that there were significant differences in student learning outcomes and students response to the application of a socio scientific based learning model between before and after the application of the model. Through improved learning outcomes and students response to environmental pollution material, it is hoped that this can be a trigger for the movement to protect the environment from an early age.

Keywords: Environmental Pollution, Influence, Socio Scientific Issues

Environmental Externalities and Reality of CSR Practices (Environmental) in Bangladesh (Published)

Owing to the on-going exhaustion of the natural environment and its consequences on the society, the present environmental state of Bangladesh, a populated country with inadequate resources, has become enormously alarming. The human health, ecosystems and economic growth are threatened by severe environmental pollutions and encroachments. Bangladesh is facing several natural catastrophes such as floods, cyclones, and tidal-bores every year because of the environmental externalities which cause severe socio-economic and ecological damage. Thus, this study aims to highlight various ecological difficulties that Bangladesh is currently facing and that pose obstacles to implementing environmental CSR for sustainable development. The review of the literature reveals that several environmental pollutions, climate change and the loss of biodiversity are continuously degrading the natural environment of Bangladesh and its resources. Consequently, these detrimental impacts are threatening the socio-economic growth of Bangladesh and its environment. Hence corporate social responsibility (particularly environmental) can play a significant role to control the current environmental degradation of Bangladesh. The government should, at the same time, undertake several initiatives to protect environmental degradation, foster the environmental CSR activities within all the business sectors and increase environmental awareness which is mandatory to attain sustainable development.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, Environmental CSR, Environmental Pollution

Industrial Activity and Environmental Pollution: A Panel Data Analysis (Published)

Can good environmental policy and planning reduce the negative external consequence that industrial activity can cause, to the environment? To what extent is the current level of industrial activity causing environmental degradation and affecting regional ecological environment across? Industrialization in many developing and developed countries is often associated with negative environmental consequences such as noise pollution, air pollution, water bed pollution and land degradation. Industrial waste and waste attributable to consumables from industrial final products also accounts for more than 65 Percent of all known waste worldwide IEA Report 2013. This study investigates the effect of regional Industrial Activity on environmental pollution using data from six regions worldwide. It was found that industrial activity were a principal causative agent of environment pollution and it is suggested that strategic planning and good policies to mitigate environmental pollution should be strengthened.

Keywords: Energy, Entrepreneurial Innovation, Environmental Pollution, Industrial Activity, Panel Data and Quantitative Economics

Effectiveness of Environmental Pollution Control Measures Implemented in Stone Crushing Sites Located at Kaduwela Municipality, Sri Lanka (Published)

Stone Crushing industry plays a major role in supplying construction materials in Sri Lanka. Although it gives a better financial and social development to the nation, the caused environmental pollution significantly influences the future sustainability of the industry. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of pollution control measures that are already implemented in Welehandiya area in Kaduwela Divisional Secretariat in Colombo District by the Central Environmental Authority (CEA). Since the noise pollution and the dust emission were identified as the major impact categories, the equivalent continuous sound pressure level and concentration of Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) in ambient air were measured in the study area. As the measurements were done after the successful implementation of recommended pollution control measures, results revealed a substantial reduction of noise level and very slight reduction of SPM levels recorded. Finally, the recommended noise pollution control measures can be introduced to similar industries while dust emission control measures need to be improved innovatively. Further intensive studies are required to analyse the effectiveness and generalize the results in future.

Keywords: Environmental Pollution, Pollution Control Measures, Stone Crushing Industry