The impact of gas flaring on Ebocha-Egbema environment in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria was investigated. Mbutu Mbaise which has no oil-drilling or gas flaring site, was selected as the control environment. Concentrations of air quality indices: carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), methane (CH4) and particulates were determined. Air quality measurements in Ebocha were made, at least, 500 meters from the flaring site. Values of important indices of soil physico-chemical parameters: pH, nitrate (NO3), sulphate (SO4) and percentage carbon were determined for the two environments. Water samples from the two environments were analysed for their physico-chemical parameters. Results obtained revealedthat the mean values for air quality indices, soil and water physico-chemical parameters for Ebocha were substantially higher than those for Mbutu Mbaise except pH values obtained for soil and water, indicating that gas flaring exerts adverse ecological effect on the air, soil and water environments in Ebocha.
Environmental Impact on Industrial Relations’ Practice in Ebonyi State: A Study of the Nigeria Labour Congress, Ebonyi State Branch (2007-2014) (Published)
The impact of environmental factors such political, economic, bureaucracy and ideology on industrial relations in Nigeria cannot be over emphasized. These factors in one or the other have in the past and at present shaped the relationship between the labour and the government, influenced socio-economic development, and overall productivity of the productive sectors. Poor industrial relations between the Nigeria Labour congress and the Ebonyi state government was responsible for the prevalent industrial conflicts that overwhelmed Ebonyi state between 2007-2014 which most often resulted in industrial actions, demonstrations and protests. The frosty relationship between labour and government under the period under review resulted in government intimidation of labour leaders, none payment of workers wage who embarked on strike, threat of retrenchment, and unnecessary transfer of workers from one duty post to another as a punitive measure. Upon the above, the thrust of this study is to objectively assess the environmental factors that impact on the industrial relations practice in Ebonyi state, a focus on the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), Ebonyi State Branch (2007-2014). Therefore, the study was principally designed to identify the environmental factors that impacted on the labour relations in Ebonyi State between 2007 and 2014. To achieve this objective among others, the study proposed hypotheses whose outcome constitutes the findings of this study. The study also adopted qualitative design in which documentary method and content analysis were adopted for data collection and analysis respectively. The study similarly adopted Marx Class Struggle/Contradictions as the theoretical framework. Findings of the study reveal that industrial relations between Ebonyi state government and NLC between 2007-2014 was conflictual and discordant; that environmental factors such political, economic, bureaucracy and ideology shaped the industrial relations in the state; that the identified environmental factors negatively affected labour relations in Ebonyi State during the period under review. Based on the findings, the study recommended that government should improve on workers wage and conditions of service; that government should always involve labour in the initiation of policies before implementation; that government should eschew the use of intimidation, alienation and threat of force to labour to shift ground on their demands; that government should pay much attention to labour agitations, minimize her intervention in labour affairs.
Thermal Effect of Gas Flaring Activities in Ogba-Egbema-Ndomi Community, Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This paper presents some negative environmental impact resulting from one of the gas flaring station in Ogba-Egbema-Ndomi Community, Rivers State, Nigeria. The variation of Surface temperature with distance from the gas flaring station in the study area was investigated. The result shows that Atmospheric Temperature Ta (oC) and Soil Temperature TS (oC) from the flare station to a distance of about at 1800m from the station were above the acceptable temperature convenient for plants and animals to grow well. The temperature tends to normalized at about 290C at about 2000m away from the flare point. Hence the inhabitance of Ogba-Egbema-Ndomi and environs are advised to start their farming activities from about 2000m away from the flare station located in their locality. This increase in temperature also has other negative effects on the inhabitants of the area