The incidence of Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria, is worrisome and this is attributed to indiscriminate waste disposal habit of people. Waste not properly dispose attracts rodents, which are the primary carrier of Lassa virus that causes Lassa fever. In other to make our environment free form Lassa fever spread, waste disposal habit of people needs to be taken care of. This paper thus examined how environmental adult education programmes such as hygiene and waste disposal education which are components of health education can be utilized to inculcate proper waste disposal habit among city residents in Nigeria. Through this paper, the authors established that for creating a Lassa free environment through hygiene and waste disposal education, the design of the hygiene and waste disposal education programme should be based on four strategies which will convey information, build understanding, improve skills, and enable sustainable actions
INTEGRATION OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PRACTICES TOWARDS ENHANCING MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION OF THE NANDI HILLS FOREST IN WESTERN KENYA (Published)
The overall educational infrastructure is grossly inadequate in most of the Third World Countries, Kenya in particular; more so resources to institute appropriate environmental education are, for the most part, simply not available, even when this education is recognized as a desirable innovation. This paper sought to interrogate the current institutional environmental and educational arrangements and practices which are pertinent to the sustainable management of the Nandi Hills Forests, in Kenya. A mixed methodological design which incorporated both qualitative and quantitative methodologies was embraced. The methods included concurrent triangulation and nested/embedded designs. A four-tier analysis was carried out once all the data had been coded and grouped. This paper concludes that the contribution of indigenous knowledge to sustainable management of the Nandi Hills Forest is remarkable. This study brings to light the essence of environmental education that is incorporative of the community through formal and informal approaches in forest knowledge acquisition and management of the Nandi Hills Forests. As it is widely agreed that environmental education is the most effective means that society possesses for confronting the challenges of environmental degradation (Palmer, 1998), this study attempts to provide the necessary impetus both for the local community, the government and non-governmental institutions to understand and become involved in an integrated manner in the conservation of what remains on this ecosystem
ENERGY CRISIS AND ITS EFFECTS ON NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: THE NEED FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA (Published)
Studies before now have linked various environmental challenges to human activities. The human activities do not exclude efforts put forth by humans in the search for, production and utilization of various forms of energy resources. The value attached to a particular energy resource determines its rate of demand which determines its rate of production and consumption. The consumption of any form of energy resource commonly in use determines its cost which determines its rate of availability to its end-users. The cost of energy resources on which the availability depends defines the phenomenon of energy crisis. This paper x-rays the dynamics of energy crisis and reveals its effects on Nigeria’s national development. It establishes that environmental education is a veritable tool for tackling the phenomenon of energy crisis in Nigeria. The paper recommends that environmental education shall be designed to educate and re-orientate its audiences on the implications of their activities on the environment and as well encourage and motivate them to participate actively in activities directed toward the protection, improvement, management, restoration and conservation of the Nigerian environment.