Environmental Disclosure and Financial Performance of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Junaidu Muhammad Kurawa and Kabiru Shuaibu (2022)Environmental Disclosure and Financial Performance of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 2, pp.31-51
This study examines the influence of environmental disclosure (ED) on financial performance of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria from 2013-2020. A sample of seventy-six (76) companies listed as non-financial was drawn from the population of one hundred and thirteen (113) companies. Audited annual reports and accounts were used for data extraction. The analysis was done using descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. Explanatory research designed was adopted in the study to find out the influence of ED on financial performance. Variables used include the ED measured using ordinal coding scheme based on GRI guidelines (G4) focusing on environmental prevention expenditure disclosure(EN40), Waste disposal, emission treatment and remediation cost disclosure (EN41), Prevention and environmental management cost disclosure (EN 41) used as proxies for independent variable and financial performances’ accounting and market based measures proxy by earnings per share and Tobin’s Q was used as the dependent variable. Robustness tests such as multicollonearity test, heteroscedasticity test, normality test and Hausman specification test were conducted to validate the results. The study revealed that there is positive significant relationship between EPED, WDCD, PMCD and EPS while negative with TQ of listed Nigerian non-financial companies. The study therefore, recommends that the management of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria should create awareness on the importance of EPED, WDCD, PMCD and the other benefit that can be derived by a company and investors as a result of engaging in environmental activities as this may create good relationship between the company and the environment and consequently will improve financial performance. And also professional accounting bodies in Nigeria like the ICAN and the ANAN should key into introducing environmental and sustainability reporting into their mandatory professional education programs as this is a contemporary issue in accounting development this will help accountants to be trained on environmental accounting and reporting.
Financial Performance Analysis in the Influence of Environmental Performance and Environmental Disclosure with Moderating by Organization Culture (Published)
This study aims to analyze financial performance that is influenced by environmental performance and environmental disclosure by moderating by organization culture. The analysis used is descriptive and verification analysis. The sample used is companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2014 to 2017 in the manufacturing sector. The company is a PROPER with gold, green and blue ratings and has a positive ROA value. Samples that met these criteria during the period 2014 – 2017 were 163 samples. The results showed that financial performance was positively influenced by environmental performance by 5.2 and positively environmental disclosure by 3.463. Another thing, organizational culture is not able to increase the effect of environmental performance and environmental disclosure on financial performance and even weaken environmental performance by 70,701. Based on this research, environmental management and disclosure is a positive signal for investors in considering investment decision making so that it can improve the company’s financial performance, while the organization culture is still implemented to maintain the company’s performance in other fields.
Effect of Corporate Attributes On Environmental Disclosure of Listed Oil and Gas Companies in Nigeria (Published)
This study investigates the influence of corporate attributes on environmental disclosure by oil companies in Nigeria. The study uses secondary data collected from the annual reports and accounts of 9 randomly selected oil companies for the period 2011 to 2017. The study analysed the data using the logistic regression technique. The study finds that corporate attributes significantly affect the environmental accounting disclosure by oil companies in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study concludes financial leverage has a significant positive effect on environmental accounting disclosure by oil companies in Nigeria. Second, profitability has a significant positive effect on environmental accounting disclosure by oil companies in Nigeria. Third, the study also find that firm size has a significant positive effect on environmental accounting disclosure. Fourth, the study finds a positive but insignificant effect of auditor types on the environmental accounting disclosure by oil companies in Nigeria. The study recommends that the regulators of the oil companies in Nigeria should encourage the use of more debts in the oil companies’ capital structure, which will make them disclose more information about the environment based on the close monitoring and demand by the debt holders.
This study investigates how overall sustainability disclosures and it’s disaggregate dimensions of environment, social and governance affect market value of firms in Nigeria as an emerging economy using company’s’ specific disclosures. Tobins Q were used to proxy firm market value. The study selected 93 out of 120 non-financial firms listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at 2015. Ex Post Facto research design was adopted and the secondary data was collected from annual reports of sampled firms from 2006 to 2015 through content analysis. The data were analysed with descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, principal component analysis while pooled ordinary least squares regression was employed to test formulated hypotheses. The analysis showed that overall sustainability disclosures have significant positive effects on firm value. When treated individually, environmental sustainability disclosures and corporate governance disclosures have a significant positive effect on market value of firm. The study also reveal that social sustainability disclosures have negative and insignificant effect on market value of firm. Based on these findings, the study recommended among other that companies should foster greater sustainability and long-term value creation by integrating sustainability metrics into their reporting model and strategy. Firms in Nigeria should adopt and disclose environmental friendly policies since it potray their commitment towards achieving the goal of sustainable development.