Tag Archives: Entrepreneurship

The Impetus of School-Based Income-Generating Activities on Students’ Entrepreneurship Skills Among Public Secondary Schools in Kilimanjaro Region-Tanzania (Published)

The study assessed the impetus of school-based income-generating activities on students’ entrepreneurship skills among public secondary schools in Kilimanjaro Region-Tanzania. Guided by Edifice Entrepreneurial Supply Theory, the study employed a convergent research design under a mixed research approach. Probability and non-probability sampling techniques were used to draw the sample of 834 respondents from the target population of 110,642. The categories of the sample involved District Education Officers (DEOs), Heads of Schools (HOSs), teachers, and students. The study used interview guides, questionnaires, observation guides, and document analysis guides. Quantitative data were descriptively analyzed through percentages and means, and presented in a table while qualitative data were thematically analyzed and presented in direct quotations. The study found out that stakeholders were highly influenced by active implementation of school-based income-generating activities as proved to impart various entrepreneurship skills. The study concluded that the establishment and operationalization of IGAs in secondary school cycles has a high impetus factor for students and acts as an important engine towards imparting learners’ entrepreneurial skills to them. Therefore, the study recommends that education stakeholders should stress on mandatory implementation of IGAs in public secondary schools to equip learners with vital entrepreneurial skills.

Citation: Lucretia Kilire Njau, Evans Ogoti and Eugene Lyamtane (2022) The Impetus of School-Based Income-Generating Activities on Students’ Entrepreneurship Skills Among Public Secondary Schools in Kilimanjaro Region-Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 7, pp. 20-36

 

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Entrepreneurship, Income Generating Activities

Competitiveness Analytic of Nigeria and Singapore | National Productivity and Economy (Published)

Citation: Ayodele A. Otaiku (2022) Competitiveness Analytic of Nigeria and Singapore | National Productivity and Economy, European Journal of Business and Innovation Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 67-111

Abstract: Competition power of a country can simply be defined as the ability to compete relative to its rivals and where Singapore and Nigeria were case studies. The effective policies to increase the level of prosperity and how to translate information about specific strengths and weaknesses across the many factors that drive competitiveness was the crux of the study. The competitiveness analytic identify uncertainties (more raking competitiveness metrics); seek alternative framing of problems; build hybrids (objects such as indicators or policy formulation); and human capacity to link knowledge to action for national productivity and country’s share of world markets for its products and services, provide its residents with a rising standard of living and a high employment on a sustainable basis was the resultant impacts of competitiveness. Value results from a total effort, rather than from ‘one isolated step’ in the process for all indexes of competitiveness. Singapore had  better competitiveness index than Nigeria with global ranking as the most competitive nation in the world, 2020.The crux of 21st century competitiveness ranking should focus on the unification of competitiveness indicators and the development of ‘integral competitiveness fundamentals  that, can capture the traditional and emerging indicators like ‘Climate changes’,‘Pollution’,‘Cyber security’ and ‘Hybrid warfare’ was accentuated as spatial polysingularity framework for the future study of competitiveness.

Keywords: Competitiveness, Development, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Networking, Nigeria, Singapore, spatial polysingularity

University Entrepreneurship Education: Points To Ponder (Published)

Citation: Suhair Al-Alami and Premila Koppalakrishnan (2022) University Entrepreneurship Education: Points to Ponder, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences,Vol.10, No.2, pp.1-13

Abstract: With globalization, knowledge revolution and technological advancement in mind, the current era requires providing today’s generation with sufficient education of innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship readiness amongst other skills. Inspired by this requirement, this paper aims to explore whether it would be appropriate to teach both innovation and entrepreneurship as a general university course requirement to be offered to all undergraduate students apart from their university major. Additionally, this paper aims to highlight several specifications which can be considered whilst designing a general university course with the aim of augmenting and enhancing entrepreneurship education. To achieve these aims, the authors distributed a questionnaire of twelve items to ninety-three undergraduates belonging to different colleges. The results indicated that most of the respondents believed in the importance of teaching entrepreneurship to all students as a general university course requirement, and the vast majority stressed the importance of including innovation as an integral part of a general university entrepreneurship course.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Higher Education, Innovation

Status of Entrepreneurship Development Programme, in Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to find out the status of entrepreneurship development programme in polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in all the polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. The population of this study comprised all the 390 entrepreneurship lecturers in polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. As a result of the manageable size, the entire population was used. Thus, there was no sampling of respondents. Data were collected for the study through the administration of validated questionnaire on the respondents. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach alpha (α) reliability statistic. The overall reliability coefficient obtained was 0.84. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study and one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. In analyzing the data collected for the study, mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions 1-2 while percentage was used to answer research question 3. T-test inferential statistic was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the status of curriculum contents was adequate, all teaching methods indicated were applicable. The study further revealed that well equipped training workshop, quality entrepreneurship textbooks, materials for group projects, internet connection, and materials for practical activities were not available for implementing entrepreneurship development programme of polytechnics in South-East Nigeria.  The major implication of the findings of the study lies more on the non-availability of most of the physical facilities for implementing entrepreneurship development programme. Therefore, as the students are learning without adequate relevant physical facilities, the graduates after passing through the entrepreneurship development programme may not have the necessary skills and competencies that emanate from such facilities to set up and run their own business enterprises. It was recommended, among others that government should provide institutions with adequate physical facilities for quality entrepreneurship development programme in Polytechnics in the South-east and that Polytechnic authorities should ensure that entrepreneurship educators comply with using the curriculum designed in order to ensure that the objectives of the programme are achieved.

Citation: Basil O. Nwosu  and Charles A. Ejeka (2022) Status of Entrepreneurship Development Programme, in Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 35-48,

 

Keywords: Development, Entrepreneurship, Nigeria, Polytechnics, Programme, South-East, Status

Surrogacy Legislation and Social Entrepreneurship (Published)

The research shows a lack of understanding of the complexities of surrogacy, is prejudiced in its approach, is ambiguous, unrealistic, and, most importantly, fails to give adequate surrogate safeguards. Surrogacy is appreciated, but not compensated, for the reproductive work that women do. A group of challenges that affect a portion of the population is difficult for the government, private organisations, and the third sector to tackle. Because social entrepreneurship is a scientific issue that evolved from the empirical world and the cosmos, it was established for this reason.With the objective of evaluating the social enterprise from the viewpoints of social entrepreneurship and local development, this article presents a case study based on information obtained through in-depth interviews. The institution fosters social transformation by paying attention to instances of social fragility. The studies also indicated that the management team is concerned with maintaining a strong, lean, and objective organisational structure, with each sector knowing that the activity they are performing is essential to the organization’s quality and performance.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Legislation, Social entrepreneurship, Surrogacy

Crowdfunding: Antecedents of Number of Backers and Success of a Project (Published)

This paper offers a discussion of the projects of a crowdfunding platform and exposes the determinants of the success and failure dynamics of crowdfunding projects. We have shown with two different models’ estimation that the probability of success comes through attracting a greater number of backers and demonstrated the antecedents of attracting sufficient number of backers. Drawing around 303,582 projects from an artistic crowdfunding platform this paper attempts to show that number of backers of a project depend on factors such as goal amount, time between project start and end date, amount pledged by backers, and the main category of the project. The project success ultimately comes through the accomplishment of being able to bring adequate number of backers. We have contributed to the crowdfunding projects’ success-failure dynamics research by offering important insights with two different models and discussing options that can still be explored in this area

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, alternative financing, backers., crowdfunding, new venture financing

Entrepreneurship Development and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Perspectives on Selected Entrepreneurship Schemes (Published)

The study examined the relationship between entrepreneurship development and youth employment in Nigeria. It focused on two empowerment schemes: Youth Entrepreneurship Development Programme (YEDP) and Youth Initiative for Sustainable Agriculture in Nigeria (YISA). The nation’s unemployment record, especially among youth, is alarming. A National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report in 2018 shows that, out of the 85million labour force in Nigeria, 34million are unemployed and underemployed youths, with 25million largely uneducated. The YEDP and YISA schemes were designed to train and make youths entrepreneurs that would be self-employed and also employ others. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to show that in spite of the conscious and frantic efforts by government and non-governmental organizations through the framework of YEDP and YISA to address the unemployment challenge in the country not so much has been achieved. The study revealed that the programmes have created a number of entrepreneurs and employment for young people across the country. Nonetheless, these efforts have not significantly yielded the desired outcomes of massive job creation for the youths and ensuring national food security. To achieve desired results, using the agricultural value chain, there is need to adopt scientific knowledge based agricultural production. Hence the paper concluded that for Nigeria to address the twin challenges of massive unemployment and national food insecurity agricultural activities should be scientific and greatly modernized. The study recommended, among other things, that integrated farming approach, involving large variety of activities per hectare should be adopted and there should be substantial investment in R&D to generate new ideas and high yielding seeds for the new entrepreneur-farmers.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Food Security, Uneducated., Unemployment, Value Chain, Youths

Applying ‘Project-Method’ (Pm) For Effective Teaching of Entrepreneurship Education in 21st Century Nigerian Universities (Published)

Entrepreneurship relates to real life jobs, occupations and career skills and hence it is society-specific. However, observation reveals that course content of ‘Entrepreneurship studies’ in many Nigerian universities are theoretically expressed and taught by note dictation, abstract descriptions, unrealistic examples, etc, 100%; dexterity (moving, arranging or operating the structure or technicalities of a job, occupation and career), zero. This paper proposes a redesign of university curriculum into project template; broken into steps, stages or units, where each step represents an aspect of the project (job, task, or skill) to be accomplished per time. Studying this way, four or five years in a row, students would have been oriented to the mechanics and dynamics of such jobs (projects) enough to form a practice. Basic requirements: project classrooms, project pedagogy, project curriculum review, teacher retraining, etc, necessary to administer this method are discussed.

Keywords: Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship, learner-centered., project-method

The Role of Cooperative Model as Moderation on Effect of Corporate Governance on Performance (Published)

The research objective analyzes the effect of corporate governance, entrepreneurship, and the culture of innovation on the performance that is moderated by the cooperative business model. The object of research in the small business (SMEs) in the Kenjeran tourist area of Surabaya in Indonesia. The research samples, of sixty-three  SME respondents from four types of businesses. Primary data were analyzed using structural equation modeling – partial least squares (SEM–PLS) software. The results showed that the cooperative business model strengthens the effect of entrepreneurship and a culture of innovation on performance. The effect of corporate governance is not directly on performance but through entrepreneurship. While the culture of innovation does not directly affect the performance of SMEs.

Keywords: Cooperation, Corporate Governance, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Performance

Entrepreneurship Development and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Perspectives on Selected Entrepreneurship Schemes (Published)

The study examined the relationship between entrepreneurship development and youth employment in Nigeria. It focused on two empowerment schemes: Youth Entrepreneurship Development Programme (YEDP) and Youth Initiative for Sustainable Agriculture in Nigeria (YISA). The nation’s unemployment record, especially among youth, is alarming. A National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report in 2018 shows that, out of the 85million labour force in Nigeria, 34million are unemployed and underemployed youths, with 25million largely uneducated. The YEDP and YISA schemes were designed to train and make youths entrepreneurs that would be self-employed and also employ others. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to show that in spite of the conscious and frantic efforts by government and non-governmental organizations through the framework of YEDP and YISA to address the unemployment challenge in the country not so much has been achieved. The study revealed that the programmes have created a number of entrepreneurs and employment for young people across the country. Nonetheless, these efforts have not significantly yielded the desired outcomes of massive job creation for the youths and ensuring national food security. To achieve desired results, using the agricultural value chain, there is need to adopt scientific knowledge based agricultural production. Hence the paper concluded that for Nigeria to address the twin challenges of massive unemployment and national food insecurity agricultural activities should be scientific and greatly modernized. The study recommended, among other things, that integrated farming approach, involving large variety of activities per hectare should be adopted and there should be substantial investment in R&D to generate new ideas and high yielding seeds for the new entrepreneur-farmers.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Food Security, Uneducated., Unemployment, Value Chain, Youths

Entrepreneurship Development and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Perspectives on Selected Entrepreneurship Schemes (Published)

The study examined the relationship between entrepreneurship development and youth employment in Nigeria. It focused on two empowerment schemes: Youth Entrepreneurship Development Programme (YEDP) and Youth Initiative for Sustainable Agriculture in Nigeria (YISA). The nation’s unemployment record, especially among youth, is alarming. A National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report in 2018 shows that, out of the 85million labour force in Nigeria, 34million are unemployed and underemployed youths, with 25million largely uneducated. The YEDP and YISA schemes were designed to train and make youths entrepreneurs that would be self-employed and also employ others. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to show that in spite of the conscious and frantic efforts by government and non-governmental organizations through the framework of YEDP and YISA to address the unemployment challenge in the country not so much has been achieved. The study revealed that the programmes have created a number of entrepreneurs and employment for young people across the country. Nonetheless, these efforts have not significantly yielded the desired outcomes of massive job creation for the youths and ensuring national food security. To achieve desired results, using the agricultural value chain, there is need to adopt scientific knowledge based agricultural production. Hence the paper concluded that for Nigeria to address the twin challenges of massive unemployment and national food insecurity agricultural activities should be scientific and greatly modernized. The study recommended, among other things, that integrated farming approach, involving large variety of activities per hectare should be adopted and there should be substantial investment in R&D to generate new ideas and high yielding seeds for the new entrepreneur-farmers.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Food Security, Uneducated., Unemployment, Value Chain, Youths

The Role of Entrepreneurial Studies on Student Job Placement in Ghana: A Case Study of Some Selected Tertiary Institutions in the Brong Ahafo Region (Published)

Entrepreneurship is a key driver of every economy. Wealth and a high majority jobs are created by small businesses started by entrepreneurially minded individuals, many of whom go on to create big businesses. People expose to entrepreneurship frequently express that they have more opportunity to exercise creative freedoms, higher self-esteem, and an overall greater sense of control over their own lives. Hence the study into the role of entrepreneurial study on student job placement in Ghana. The study was exploratory in nature. Population for the study was 10,000. Convenient sampling was used in selecting the sample. A sample size of three hundred and seventy (370) was used. The major instrument for data collection was questionnaire. It was found that entrepreneur studies had develop an entrepreneurial mind-set and enterprising skills include, building up a wide understanding of entrepreneurship and its application to a diversity of settings “Develop capabilities and confidence in students to start, operate and grow an enterprise effectively. Also, it was found that entrepreneurial education provides capacity for job placement. It was discloses that some student want to be an entrepreneur because they have seen that a family member is succeeding. It was recommended that Universities should continue to organize seminars on entrepreneurship for student. Moreover, Student should learn to do away with the habit of not being creative and innovative in nature.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Capacity, Entrepreneurial Studies, Entrepreneurship, Job Placement

Acute Skills Deficiency Syndrome “And Employment Creation in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case Of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

Since 1999, successive Governments of Cross River State (CRS), Nigeria have successfully transformed the State to a preferred destination for business and leisure. But notwithstanding the impressive macroeconomic performance, youth inactivity has remained very high, and it is believed that Crossriverians suffer from acute skills deficiency syndrome (ASDS), which is not having the required skills to secure good jobs or start and run viable businesses. The paper notes that occupational structure in the new economy is increasingly bipolar, characterized by the juxtaposition of two main groups of workers: high skilled professionals on the one hand; and low skilled workers on the other hand. If more Crossriverians belong to the second group of employees, it is a possibility that they do suffer from ASDS. Using secondary data collected from CRS, the paper confirms among other things that 65.7 percent of employees of CRS origin were employed in low skill services areas, and fewer Crossriverians were employed in dynamic sectors/activities like manufacturing, mining, and electricity. The paper notes that dealing with ASDS in Nigeria and elsewhere calls for implementation of a comprehensive social reorientation programme that aims at inculcating the entrepreneurial mindset among youths particularly, and given the powerful impact the media, career counselling programmes should be streamed on the radio, television, and the Internet in a manner that will capture the attention and interest of young people.

Keywords: ASDS, Educational Institutions, Employment, Entrepreneurship, Knowledge Economy, business startups, technical and vocational skills

Attitude of Educated Women in Nasarawa State towards Entrepreneurship Education as Sine Qua Non For Wealth Creation and Reduction of Gender Inequality (Published)

The study investigated the attitude of educated women in Nasarawa State of Nigeria towards entrepreneurship education as an inevitable strategy for wealth creation and reduction of gender inequality. Four research questions and one null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The design of the research was cross-sectional exploratory survey. The estimated population of the study was 200,000 literate women in the state public establishments. A random sample of 400 female public servants was selected for the study. A 36-item structured attitude scale was developed and validated by the researchers and used for data collection, having established its reliability index of 0.84 through Split-half method. Descriptive statistics were used to answer the four formulated research questions while the corresponding null hypotheses were tested using t-test of independent samples at the 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study shows, among other findings, that a high proportion of the educated women expressed positive attitude towards gender equality in wealth creation; there was positive attitude towards acquisition of entrepreneurship skills through vocational courses, and marital status has positive influence on their attitude towards the pursuit of entrepreneurship skills. Concluding that women have positive attitude towards any viable steps for reducing gender inequality, it was recommended that government driven support should focus on encouraging women to embark on acquisition of entrepreneurial skills to facilitate wealth creation and reduce gender inequality.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Gender Inequality, Gender Parity, Positive attitude, Wealth Creation

Comparative Analysis of Differences in Women Entrepreneurship in Rural and Urban Communities in Cross River State (Published)

This study was conducted to assess disparities in women entrepreneurship in urban and rural communities in Cross River state. Specifically the study was aimed at identifying motivation for entrepreneurship by urban and rural women, identifying entrepreneurship activities engaged by urban and rural women entrepreneurs and challenges faced by urban and women entrepreneurs in the state. The study adopted survey design while cluster sampling technique was used to select samples. Questionnaires were used for data collection while percentages were used for data analysis. The study reveals that most women entrepreneurs from age category 41-45 while in rural areas, most of them were from ages of 36-40.  In both areas, majority of the women were married. Majority of urban women entrepreneurs had tertiary education while in rural communities; most of the women had secondary education.  Further, most of the women in urban areas were from monogamous relationships while relationships of most of rural women entrepreneurs were from polygamous. The study also found that entrepreneurship activities engaged by urban women entrepreneurs included mostly retail stores, followed by jewelry or boutiques, event management outfits, beautician shops and tailoring shops and small eateries. For the rural women, the most common business activities were agricultural business, followed by food restaurants, palm wine/beer joints and retail shops. Urban women entrepreneurs sourced their capital from mostly family, followed by personal savings, financial institutions and friends. Rural counterparts sourced capital mainly from informal financial institutions, followed by sale of crops and friends. The most common motivations for entrepreneurship for urban women entrepreneurship included the need to generate extra income while social status was the least motivation. For rural women, support their family members was the most common reason. Challenges faced by urban women entrepreneurs mostly included conflicts between business and family functions and lack of access to credit, inexperience and gender discrimination. For rural women, lack of funds, gender discrimination, government neglect in entrepreneurship programmes, low education and lack of business skills were the challenges. The study therefore recommended for opportunities for access to capital urban and rural women, involvement of rural women in entrepreneurship programmes and gender equality.

Keywords: Communities, Entrepreneurship, Socio-economic development., Urban Areas, rural areas

Effects of International Marketing Environments on Entrepreneurship Development (Published)

Entrepreneurs all over the world seeks ways of introducing their products to international markets, unfortunately the international marketing environment pose a lot of opportunities and threats to foreign entrants. The cultural environment and political and technological environment has a lot to do in entrepreneurial success in global markets. This study employed the descriptive research design and questionnaires were used as instruments for gathering the much needed data. Findings revealed that the technological advancement has less significant impact on business transactions of international entrepreneurs which could be traceable to the fact that not all entrepreneurs are technological inclined to transact businesses. Furthermore, the political systems and governmental regulations on business dealings have a lot to do with entrepreneurial success in the international markets. The study recommends the establishment of a supportive governmental framework to serve as a platform for the willing entrepreneurs to succeed in the international market.

Keywords: Comparative Advantage, Entrepreneurship, International, Market, Nigeria

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) Education: A Catalyst for Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Nigeria (Published)

Equipping learners with the 21st century skills is the current pursuit of nations of the world wishing to maintain global leadership and cutting-edge economic competitiveness. These nations now see Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education as an option for equipping their up-coming generations with problem solving skills and potentials for becoming innovators and entrepreneurs of tomorrow. This paper explains the concept of Nigerian economic recession and its remote causes. It also explains the STEM education as a meta-discipline which is taught as an integrated subject abroad but is yet to take root in Nigeria. The author presents STEM education as the foundation for innovation, entrepreneurship and work place skill required to boost the economy of Nigeria so as to diversify her economy from oil dependence and combat youth unemployment. It concludes with suggestions of what Nigeria ought to do at this time to reposition STEM education to achieve economic recovery.

Keywords: Engineering, Entrepreneurship, Mathematics Education, Science, Technology, economic growth

Agripreneurship Curriculum Development in Nigerian Higher Institutions (Published)

Sustainable agriculture has remained a subject of debate in Nigeria for decades without tangible results. Between 2001 and 2007, agricultural sector accounted for 40 percent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) and 51 percent of job creation. However, in 2015 agriculture accounted for only 17.77% of Nigeria’s GDP (National Bureau of Statistics, 2015). These figures are indications that agriculture has not met the need of the country, and reveal the dwindling nature of the sector. The declining nature of agriculture calls for a new strategy that will support agricultural development in Nigeria. This paper aims to advance agripreneurship education in Nigerian Universities by attempting to develop a curriculum that will trigger agriprenuership taught classes in Universities in Nigeria in attempt to increase youth and farmers participation in agripreneurship and improve the agricultural sector in general.

Keywords: Agripreneurship, Development, Entrepreneurship, Nigeria, University

Class Discrimination under the Impact of Transgression in ‘The White Tiger’ By Aravind Adiga (Published)

This further study on Aravind Adiga’s “The White Tiger” pivots round the class discrimination that hints the transgression of the protagonist, Balram Halwai, as well as his corrupted masters. It robustly delineates on the protagonist who was brought up in a remote village of Bihar that is often called as the ‘Darkness’ -a place without the light of educations and modern privileges. Balram narrates the ‘ins and outs’ of his adventurous life through a letter to a foreign luminary- Wen Jiabao, the Chinese Prime-Minister, on his stopover to Bangalore as an official task that upholds the facts of poverty, the evil of the feudal landlords and the miseries of the subaltern people of India. Adiga’s approach to picture the 20th Century India, has successfully been put into practice by the paroxysms of social injuries in several corners.

Keywords: Cast, Discrimination, Entrepreneurship, Poverty, Transgression, Vicissitude

Dare to be Entrepreneurial: A Student’s Nightmare (Published)

In recent past, governments have focused on developing strategies to help curb the alarming rates of unemployment especially amongst graduates of tertiary institutions in Ghana. This is as a result of the failure of students to explore opportunities owing to the challenges associated with entrepreneurial activities. In addition, the lack of proper training and intervention strategies in influencing the intention levels of students also pose a colossal task in tackling the unemployment levels in the country. A sample size of 267 was selected using the stratified and convenience sampling method for the study. Data was analysed using Structural equation modelling. The findings reveal that all the three variables: entrepreneurial attitudes, perceived support and instrumental readiness influenced entrepreneurial intentions. The findings of the study imply that when entrepreneurial attitudes are favourable as well as capital, coupled with support from a student’s network, can influence entrepreneurial intentions. Recommendations for future research are also discussed.

Keywords: Attitudes Towards Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Activity, Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups