Tag Archives: Entrepreneurial Skills

Practicality of Skills Emphasized by Economics Subject Teachers to Enhance Entrepreneurship Ability among Secondary School Students in Moshi District, Tanzania (Published)

This study investigated the practicality of skills emphasised by Economics subject teachers to enhance entrepreneurial ability among secondary school students in Moshi District, Tanzania. The study employed a convergent research design under mixed research approach. Both probability and non-probability sampling techniques were used to sample 93 participants from the target population of 568. The sample included 1 zonal quality assurance officer, 4 Heads of Schoolss, 8 Economics subject teachers, and 80 advanced-level students. An interview guide, questionnaires, and a documentary analysis guide were used for data collection. The validity of the instruments was determined by 3 lecturers who are experts in research, curriculum and instruction. The reliability was estimated using Cronbach’s alpha and a coefficient of 0.769 was obtained. With the help of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, version 26), quantitative data were analysed and presented in tables using means, frequencies, and percentages. The qualitative data from the interview guide was gathered and presented through direct quotations and narrations after establishing themes according to the research questions. The study found that entrepreneurial skills are emphasised by advanced Economics subject teachers with great prominence on business management skills, teamwork skills, leadership skills, communication skills, customer care skills, financial skills, analytical and problem-solving skills, advertising skills, and risk-taking skills, as well as time management skills. The study concluded that the entrepreneurship ability of advanced students who were undertaking Economics subject was well developed through different learning approaches employed by their Economics subject teachers, including learner-centered approaches. The study recommended that the government should sponsor the training and retraining of Economics subject teachers to acquire current entrepreneurship knowledge and skills required for self-employment so that they teach students the same.

Citation: Evarist V. Musa, Adam Chidyau, Emmanuel Kileo  (2022) Practicality of Skills Emphasized by Economics Subject Teachers to Enhance Entrepreneurship Ability Among Secondary School Students In Moshi District, Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 13, pp.20-32

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Entrepreneurship, advanced level students, economics subject

Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition (Published)

This paper was a theoretical exposition of relevant concepts in entrepreneurship literature. A qualitative research design was utilized in the study. In doing so, a thematic and theoretical approach was used in presenting the facts. Entrepreneurial skills were indexed to include: technical skills, business skills and personal entrepreneurial skills. Their relationships with self-employment as seen in the literature were analyzed. The influence of the mediators (psycho- social factors: self- motivation and social influence) were also analyzed. The paper revealed that the proxies of entrepreneurial skills and the mediators as espoused in the literature were closely knitted with enterprise creation. The study thus concluded that with adequate motivation and positive social influence, entrepreneurial skills acquisition will metamorphose to self employment.

Citation: Agogbua, S. N and Mgbatogu, C.D. (2022) Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition, International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol.10, No.5, pp.30-48

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Self-Motivation, Self-employment, social influence

Self Employment Motivation of National Youth Service Corp Members in Nigeria (Published)

The focus of this study was aimed at investigating effects of entrepreneurial skills acquisition on self-employment, as to redress the ills of unemployment in Nigeria. The study which was designed as a descriptive survey evaluated the mediating effects of psycho- social factors on the relationship between entrepreneurial skills acquisition and self-employment in Nigeria. Instrument for data collection was close ended questionnaire, which was designed with five options: strongly agree, agree, undecided, strongly disagree and disagree; in line with the five (5) points modified Likert scale. The instrument was tested for validity and reliability and found suitable for the study. The population of the study was Twenty-Two Thousand, Eight Hundred and Seventy Six (22,876), serving National Youth Corps members in South- East, Nigeria. Using Borg and Gall (1973) technique, sample size of Four Thousand, Four Hundred and Twelve (4412) was deduced, though the study was conducted using 4,400 copies of questionnaire that were received fully completed and usable. Data generated from the study were analyzed using descriptive statistics: tables, frequencies, percentages, graphs, pie charts and histograms. Five distinct hypotheses were formulated to guide the study, and were tested using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression inferential statistics, with the help of e-view, version 9. All tests were carried out at significance level of 0.05 and 10% degree of freedom (df). The study revealed that entrepreneurial skills variables: business skills, technical skills and personal entrepreneurial skills have significant positive effects on self-employment in Nigeria. The study also established that psycho- social factors (self- motivation and social influence) have significant positive effect on self-employment in Nigeria. The research concluded that with adequate effort in motivating the students and enhanced positive social influence, entrepreneurial skills acquisition will encourage nascent entrepreneurship activities and stimulate existing entrepreneurs to high performance. Hence the study recommended, among others that tertiary institutions and other entrepreneurial training centres should enrich their curriculum with business skills, technical skills, personal entrepreneurial skills, and also planned activities that will motivate students and provide positive social influence, to ensure that entrepreneurial skills acquisition generates enterprise creation  and reduce the problem of unemployment in Nigeria.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Self-Motivation, Self-employment, social influence

Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition (Published)

This paper was a theoretical exposition of relevant concepts in entrepreneurship literature. A qualitative research design was utilized in the study. In doing so, a thematic and theoretical approach was used in presenting the facts. Entrepreneurial skills were indexed to include: technical skills, business skills and personal entrepreneurial skills. Their relationships with self-employment as seen in the literature were analyzed. The influence of the mediators (psycho- social factors: self- motivation and social influence) were also analyzed. The paper revealed that the proxies of entrepreneurial skills and the mediators as espoused in the literature were closely knitted with enterprise creation. The study thus concluded that with adequate motivation and positive social influence, entrepreneurial skills acquisition will metamorphose to self-employment.

Citation: Agogbua, S. N.  and  Mgbatogu, C. D. (2022) Entrepreneurial Skills and Self Employment: A Theoretical Exposition, International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, Vol.10, No.2, pp.,16-35

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Self-Motivation, Self-employment, social influence

The Impetus of School-Based Income-Generating Activities on Students’ Entrepreneurship Skills Among Public Secondary Schools in Kilimanjaro Region-Tanzania (Published)

The study assessed the impetus of school-based income-generating activities on students’ entrepreneurship skills among public secondary schools in Kilimanjaro Region-Tanzania. Guided by Edifice Entrepreneurial Supply Theory, the study employed a convergent research design under a mixed research approach. Probability and non-probability sampling techniques were used to draw the sample of 834 respondents from the target population of 110,642. The categories of the sample involved District Education Officers (DEOs), Heads of Schools (HOSs), teachers, and students. The study used interview guides, questionnaires, observation guides, and document analysis guides. Quantitative data were descriptively analyzed through percentages and means, and presented in a table while qualitative data were thematically analyzed and presented in direct quotations. The study found out that stakeholders were highly influenced by active implementation of school-based income-generating activities as proved to impart various entrepreneurship skills. The study concluded that the establishment and operationalization of IGAs in secondary school cycles has a high impetus factor for students and acts as an important engine towards imparting learners’ entrepreneurial skills to them. Therefore, the study recommends that education stakeholders should stress on mandatory implementation of IGAs in public secondary schools to equip learners with vital entrepreneurial skills.

Citation: Lucretia Kilire Njau, Evans Ogoti and Eugene Lyamtane (2022) The Impetus of School-Based Income-Generating Activities on Students’ Entrepreneurship Skills Among Public Secondary Schools in Kilimanjaro Region-Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10., Issue 7, pp. 20-36

 

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Entrepreneurship, Income Generating Activities

Assessment of the Adequacy of Material Resources for Effective Teaching of Building Technology: A Panacea for Promoting Entrepreneurial Skills in Rivers State Technical Colleges. (Published)

The global economic pressure to compete on cost, service and quality has resulted in the agenda of the Government to re-focus the economic development processes to increase and nurture intellectual capital and entrepreneurship for economic transformation in Nigeria. This study was designed to assess the adequacy of building material resources for effective teaching of building technology: a panacea for promoting entrepreneurial skills in building technology in Rivers State technical colleges. The population for the study was 90,made up of 26 technical teachers, four technical instructors and 60 building technology students in the four technical colleges in Rivers State .A questionnaire based on five point Likert- scale was used as the data collection instrument .mean was used to analyze research results. The findings of the study are (1) workshops are not well equipped with sufficient tools and equipment. (2) lack of in-training of teaching personnel (3) inadequate power supply to the workshops. The study recommended the following: there should be adequate supply and proper maintenance of tools, equipment, and workshops. Government should ensure steady power supply to the workshops for practical and there should be in-service training for teaching personnel through seminars and workshops.

Keywords: Building Technology, Entrepreneurial Skills, Material Resources., Technical Colleges

Entrepreneurship Education in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: A Remedy to Graduates Unemployment (Published)

Study investigated exposure of under-graduates students to entrepreneurial education for post-graduation job creation ability. The population consisted all the final year students of Educational Administration, Ebonyi state University 2013/2014 academic year totaling 200 respondents. The population served as the sample size. The instrument was a structured questionnaire, subjected to face and content validation by experts in Educational Administration; Measurement and Evaluation units, test for reliability yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.79. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) statistics and population t-test of analysis were used to analyze the data at 0.05 alpha level. The findings showed a significant relationship in the three hypotheses. The result implies that entrepreneurial education is relevant to students with regard to equipping them with skills for post-graduation job creation ability rather than job seekers. The study recommended collaborative efforts of National University Commission with Department of Educational Administration to identify other entrepreneurship programmes to address graduate unemployment on graduation.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Skills, Entrepreneurship education, Innovation and Competency., Job Creation, Unemployment

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF ADEQUACY OF CONTENTS OF EDE CURRICULUM OF POLYTECHNIC EDUCATION TOWARDS MEETING ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS OF OTM GRADUATES (Published)

This study appraised the adequacy of the contents of EDE curriculum of polytechnic education towards meeting entrepreneurship skills of OTM graduates. The study utilized survey research. Research question was raised for the study. An instrument which consisted of 28 items was administered on 30 respondents who taught EDE courses in the Delta State Polytechnics. The data obtained in the study were analyzed using the mean (x ̅ ) statistics. The results derived from the study revealed that the contents of EDE courses are adequate in scope and coverage towards meeting entrepreneurial skills of the OTM graduates for self-employment and employers of labour. It was recommended that EDE curriculum should be revised and reviewed every five years by practising practitioners in collaboration with industries so as to meet the needs, interests and aspirations OTM graduates and the society

Keywords: EDE Curriculum, Entrepreneurial Skills, OTM Graduates., Polytechnic Education, Self-employment