Why do early childhood education enrolment rates appear to remain stagnant in Saudi Arabia? (Published)
This report aims to analyze the importance of Early Childhood Education (ECE) in Saudi Arabia and why the enrolment rates of children at this age have not been growing and remain significantly low as opposed to other countries around the world. This report discusses why Saudi Arabia continues to struggle with and has not been able to recognize and encompass ECE as a vital stage to begin learning. I looked into Saudi Arabia’s ECE past and present enrolment rates and the current vision for ECE based on the Saudi Vision 2030. In addition, I compared Saudi Arabia’s governance and access to ECE and pre-service education and recruitment policies for ECE educators with the UK. Furthermore, I highlighted the implications of not taking advantage of ECE services on global assessments at later stages of learning based on secondary source data from these internationally recognized assessments – Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMMS), The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The evidence gathered in this report portrays that Saudi Arabia should modify their ECE policies and framework to achieve its Saudi Vision 2030 goals. It also reviews the UK’s ECE policies, which Saudi Arabia can consider using as a model to reform its policies and increase their enrolment rate at this stage.
The integrated online student enrolment and information management system enables applicants to apply and enroll into programmes of their preferred choices in Wa Polytechnic prior to the commencement of the academic year and semester. The activities involved in the implementation of the system were requirements gathering, specification analysis, system design, end user training and post implementation review. A prototype of requirement specifications was developed, tested, reviewed and approved by the user. The successful implementation of the student information management system was based on the involvement of the stakeholders working in higher institution of learning. The system allows students to enroll through the Internet without traveling to the campus. It incorporates school management rules and processes which include enrolment, registration and grading. The system design and development was modeled to allow mobile device accessibility and responsiveness. Students receive notices of their application outcome, admission and examination results on their global system for mobile telecommunication (GSM) mobile phones, emails and school website. The mobile responsiveness and user friendliness of the application provide high user experience satisfaction. Since Wa Polytechnic does not have online library system, the system should be scaled up to allow lecturers to upload course materials for students to access.
Empirical Review of Government Expenditure on Education and Economic Development in Nigeria (2000 – 2015) (Published)
The study empirically reviewed government expenditure on education and economic development in Nigeria from 2000–2015. The specific objective is to examine the extent to which the Nigerian GDP affects the government expenditure on education, social and community services and the number of school enrolment within the period being reviewed. Secondary data employed were from the EFA 2015 report and CBN bulletin published in 2016. Multiple regression analysis and student t-test were the statistical tools applied, with the use of SPSS for both data analysis and to test the hypotheses formulated for the study at 5% level of significance. The result indicated that expenditure on education is significant and impacts on the economy. While the result on SCS and ENRL showed a significant relationship with the GDP but little or no impact. The conclusion is that, the anti-graft fight by the present government to encourage proper use of resource allocation has to be encouraged by all good citizens and lovers of education. If the resources allocated are efficiently utilized to equip Government owned schools, education will be affordable by all and number of school drop-outs will reduce significantly.