This paper observed the dominant role of English as International language of science and technology. Various factors that facilitated the dominance of the language in science and technology were observed. The most technologically advanced nations of the world were also observed with various languages used in each of the countries. The paper also observed the language of instruction and research in the fifty most technologically advanced universities in the world. The paper concluded by projecting that English language shall attain the status of the world language in the next fifty years.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND ACCOUNTING EDUCATION (Published)
Coinciding with the globalization the importance of the English language has increased, a question came up regarding the accounting explanation language and doesit affect thestudent’s understandability. So, in order to improve the accounting students performance and understandability of the accounting courses, this research have been done on 100 accounting and finance students at Ahila University to measure the effect of studying in native or non-native languages on student’s performance and how that will affect the student’s understanding of the accounting courses. The research found that Accounting students understand better when they were taught by their native language and that will improve their grades. In addition, the study find that the Level of student’s English language proficiency affect their performance in Accounting courses as long as all accounting courses are English books. Improving accounting students has been an important issue and to improve their understandability the result of this study should be taken into consideration. As instructors should explain the accounting course materials by student’s native language to have a better and more educated accountants to be able to understand accounting concepts better and meet the labor market requirements
A COMPARATIVE SELF-ASSESSMENT OF DIFFICULTY IN LEARNING ENGLISH AND GERMAN AMONG SUDANESE STUDENTS (Published)
It is generally assumed that Self-assessment plays a profound role in autonomous language learning und accordingly leads to learner independency. It encourages learners to prospect their own language learning processes and provides them with feedback of their learning progress. Self-assessment also raises the awareness of learners’ individual needs among both students and teachers alike and will therefore contribute to the development of the whole learning process. The purpose of the current study is to explore and compare – through self-assessment – the level of perceived difficulty of the overall foreign language learning and language skills among Sudanese students enrolled at the English and German language Departments respectively, at the University of Khartoum in Sudan. A representative sample composed of 221 students from the two departments have been asked to self-evaluate and rate the overall language difficulty and areas of difficulty in language skills, as well as their own language proficiency.The results indicate that German language is relatively rated as a difficult language in comparison to the English language and that German Grammar was also rated as more difficult. However, Students rated that pronunciation and spelling of German language as easier than in English Language. Concerning the language skills, reading and speaking skills reported as more difficult in German, whereas writing and listening tend to be easier than in English. Finally, students’ academic achievements have been self-reported.
INVESTIGATING ENGLISH MAJOR STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE EFFICIENCY OF THE “CONVERSATION” COURSE (Published)
In the scope of teaching English as a foreign language, and more specifically teaching speaking, this study reflects the attitudes and anticipations English language teachers-to-be have towards the “Conversation Course” provided by the College of Basic Education in Kuwait. The study is based on the analysis of 106 questionnaires distributed to first year college students registered in the conversation class at the time of the study. In addition, 28 students were interviewed to observe vividly their expectations from the conversation course. Both, the questionnaire and the interviews, aimed at knowing how the students perceived the conversation class at the end of the semester. The study shows that the majority of students feel that they have benefited from the conversation class in different domains; yet, many required a clearer outline of the course. Between their fondness for the conversation course and confusion of its aims, English language students understand their need for the course, and perhaps an extra advanced one too.
BANKS’ EMPLOYEES’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE ROLE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN BANKS’ WORK: A CASE STUDY OF THE COMMERCIAL BANKS OPERATING IN TULKARM/ PALESTINE (Published)
This study aimed to determine the banks’ employees in Tulkarm district attitudes towards the importance of English language at banks’ work and answered the following main question:What is the role of the English language in banks work as viewed by Tulkarm banks’ employees?The study also examined the following null hypothesis :There are no significant differences at (α≤0.05) in Tulkarm banks employees attitudes towards the importance of English language at bank work due to :language of study, age , experience, university of study , level of English , and level of education variables.From the previous survey for the importance of mastering English in banks’ environments ,through which we may find an urgent need for English for dealing with foreign customers, understanding new electronic administration requirements, and dealing with English documents and endorsements and getting use of some foreign experience in developing banks’ work, we can interfere the following:
1- There is high awareness for the need of English at bank’s environment among banks of Tulkarm district employees.
2- There is a distinctive motivation among employees of Tulkarm district banks towards spending time learning English through courses or workshops.
According to the results and findings of the studies and the statistical analysis of the questionnaire, the researchers recommend the following:
1- Banks’ administrations should give high importance for English Language fluency as an important criterion for choosing bank employees in various fields of work.
2- There should be English courses sponsored by banks’ administration to be given to employees to enhance their ability to use English with others fluently.
3- A system of reinforcement for taking these courses and developing English use ability should be accredited and considered as an urgent requirement for the bank.
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND EFFECTIVE CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
This paper is on human resource management and effective curriculum implementation in senior secondary schools in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. It is a survey research which employed a descriptive design. The study sampled 113 teachers drawn from 1045 English language teachers using stratified random sampling which include the principals, vice principals and deans of studies in Ebonyi State. Questionnaire was used as the instrument. A trial test was carried out and ascertained the validity and reliability of the instrument and a value of 0.89 was obtained from the test. Responses from all the questionnaire indicated that adequate human resources such as teachers language laboratory operators and school administers, motivation of teachers and school location can improve English language curriculum implementation in senior secondary schools in Ebonyi State. The hypothesis indicated that there is no significant difference in the opinion of teachers in the urban and rural areas. Some of the recommendations given were that the government should embark on recruitment of qualified English language teachers, workshops be organized for teachers and allow them attend other workshops organized outside their schools. Wages of secondary school teachers should be reviewed and that teachers should show more commitment in discharging their duties.
EVALUATING THE STUDENTS’ LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY IN THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT, COLLEGE OF BASIC EDUCATION IN KUWAIT (Published)
In the context of English language programs and the evaluation of such programs, this study analyzes the usefulness of the program taught to English-teachers-to-be students in the English Department, College of Basic Education in Kuwait. Based on the calculation of grades obtained in the initial placement test and a replica test conducted four years later, the change in the students’ language proficiency was measured. The paper reviews the results of the 50 participant students in both tests in five main testing categories based on the four language skills. The findings reveal very little improvement in language proficiency, which also seems to be very weak initially for an English teacher. This finding implies a major problem with the current program. Finally, a number of recommendations for program and student improvement for the College of Basic Education, and English programs in other colleges and universities, are considered.
A SURVEY OF THE AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF CURRENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TRAINING OF TEACHERS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN KENYA’S UNIVERSITIES (Published)
This study was a survey of the availability and the use of educational technologies in the training of teachers of English in Moi University. The objectives of this study were to: identify the availability of the needed educational technologies, factors leading to ineffective use, the extent to which they are acquired and used in the training of teachers of English.This study was based on two theories namely: Technology Acceptance Model (The User Acceptance of Information Technology) and the Behaviourist theory based on the Audio- Visual Method. Technology acceptance model holds the principles that acceptance of technology is based on its relative advantage, compatibility, ease of use, triability and observability. The Behaviourists theory is based on the Audio- visual method which considers learning as a reinforced behaviour. It advocated that the more the common sense used to perceive information the better the retention of information.A descriptive survey research design was adopted. This was utilized to collect detailed descriptions of existing modern educational technologies with intent of employing data to justify current conditions and practices. The study population included fourth year student teacher trainees of English education, four lecturers of English and Literature education, Head of the department of curriculum instruction and educational media and the senior media technician.Non probability sampling mainly purposive was used to sample all the respondents. Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data. The results were analyzed using Descriptive statistics, which involved the use of frequencies and percentages. The findings of this study were: the University had few modern and old educational technologies required for the training of teachers of English, that effective training was limited by shortage of training materials, shortage of time, shortage of funds, limited motivation, inadequate space, lack of collaboration between the University and K. I. E in the recommendation of teaching resources, few number of lecturers compared to large number of students and finally the University was slow in implementing the policies in the strategic plan for the year 2005 to 2015.