Evaluation of the Impact of E-Laboratory on Engineering Research and Development in Nigeria: Emphasis on Universities in Delta State (Published)
The study evaluated the impact of electronic laboratory to engineering research and development in Universities in Delta State. Three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses guided the study. Design of the study was descriptive survey. Population of the study comprised 12, 482 (8,338 academic and 4,144 administrative) while the sample for the study consisted of 747 (382 academic and 365 administrative) staff who were sampled for the study using random sampling technique. Instrument used for collecting data for the study was an 18 item questionnaire titled. The instrument was validated by three experts; one each from the Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Measurement and Evaluation, and Educational Management who assisted in determining the face and content validities of the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach Alpha with an index of 0.88. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that online simulation laboratory, three-dimensional laboratory and computerized science laboratory all impact on engineering research and development. There was no significant difference in the opinion of academic staff and administrative staff on the impact of online simulation laboratory and three-dimensional laboratory but a significant difference existed on the impact of computerized science laboratory. Based on these findings, it was recommended that more technological facilities should be provided for the conduct of engineering research activities and the staff who carry put this research should be trained on modern technological research skills from time to time.
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) Education: A Catalyst for Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Nigeria (Published)
Equipping learners with the 21st century skills is the current pursuit of nations of the world wishing to maintain global leadership and cutting-edge economic competitiveness. These nations now see Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education as an option for equipping their up-coming generations with problem solving skills and potentials for becoming innovators and entrepreneurs of tomorrow. This paper explains the concept of Nigerian economic recession and its remote causes. It also explains the STEM education as a meta-discipline which is taught as an integrated subject abroad but is yet to take root in Nigeria. The author presents STEM education as the foundation for innovation, entrepreneurship and work place skill required to boost the economy of Nigeria so as to diversify her economy from oil dependence and combat youth unemployment. It concludes with suggestions of what Nigeria ought to do at this time to reposition STEM education to achieve economic recovery.
Engineering and Design Pedagogy in Nigeria (Published)
Of recent there have been more changes in instructional systems formats, new theories and contending issues on the changing trends in classrooms dynamics. New informational values, goals and objectives which have led to diverse strategies and technologies of teaching and learning are numerous and varied. Some forces (internal and external must have prompted these measures out of sincere concern or out of the realities on ground. These forces have been very imposing, symbolic and unique. Unfortunately, most classroom teachers especially in developing countries like Nigeria are yet to prove their worth in terms of serious input into the use of new instructional media (strategies, materials and tools) in the classrooms. This is regrettable and should not be so. There have been several factors which include lack of training, inadequate financial and material resources, conservative traditions and inappropriate. Design and Engineering. Pedagogy draws heavily from several disciplines such as Economics, Political Science, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology. Pedagogy can be seen as the theory and practice of existing educational policies and practices, establishments and systems, seeing the world from every side and angle based on exploration, entrapments and expectations. Design and Engineering Pedagogical practices in Nigeria have been shrouded with skepticism and very many unexplained questions some described as ridiculous and difficult, complex and inappropriate. Teaching is not always on what happens in the classrooms or solely on theoretical realms, but also on making the concepts and material relevant to the people, environment and the forces of nature.
The Current Ethical Challenges in The Nigerian Commercial Banking Sector (Review Completed - Accepted)
Ethics and morals are seen as personal view points. No minding the viewpoint, south ethical and moral values are very relevant in the banking industry. Ethics consist of certain rules and standards of conduct recognised as binding in a professional body, association or organisation, which is binding in the members. This paper discusses the relevant functions of commercial banks, and the ethical challenges in the performance of these functions. It evaluates the current ethical challenges in the banking industry, discusses the roles various regulatory agencies, have to play, in the adherence to ethical values, and advances solutions that will combat the aforementioned ethical and unethical challenges for the commercial banks to survive, ethical and moral values must be respected and adhered to, and sanctions meted out to erring individuals, that disobey the rules. This paper is descriptive in nature as it examines, the ethical issues, challenges and recommendations involved in ethical practices by commercial bankers in Nigeria. It proffers far reaching solutions to these ethical/unprofessional challenges in the commercial banking sector in Nigeria