PROACTIVE PERSONALITY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION: EMPLOYMENT STATUS AND STUDENT LEVEL AS MODERATORS (Published)
The study investigated the predictive relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention and the extent to which such a relationship was moderated by working status and level of student among 270 undergraduate students from three universities in Ghana. A descriptive correlational research design was used to investigate the problem in the study. Questionnaire was used to extract information from the participants. Confirmatory factor analysis via principal component method was used to determine the acceptability of each item on proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention scales. The result showed that all the items exceeded the acceptable threshold for retaining items for statistical analysis. Pearson correlation and hierarchical multiple regression tests were used to test the hypothesized relationships. Proactive personality was significantly and positively associated with entrepreneurial intention. Employment status and level of student related significantly with proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention. It was observed that employment status significantly moderated the relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention with the interactive model accounting for 10% of the total variance in entrepreneurial intention. However, student level did not significantly moderate the relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention with the interactive model accounting for only 0.3% of the total variance in entrepreneurial intention. The findings were consistent with the personality theory of entrepreneurship. The implications and limitations of the study have been discussed
ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF PERSONAL AND SOCIETAL NORMS AND PUBLIC STATUS ON TAX MORALE AND SHADOW ECONOMY BEHAVIORS: A WORLDWIDE APPROACH (Published)
More and more people around the world are operating businesses off the data grid in order to avoid payment of taxes. The boom in underground economies leave governments insufficient revenue to provide adequate public services, which include health care, roads, education, or even better tax collection. Numerous literatures exist on the single aspect of the hidden economy focusing on the size, causes, consequences, characterizing of its presence, a current study is lacking on the impacts of people’s perception on the growth of shadow economy. It is likely that this dearth of research on the impacts of peoples’ perception regarding underground economy activities in the past is the result of the difficulties in providing reliable official indicators for direction of intended government policy measures. Presently, attention is being drawn on people’s perceptions towards the shadow economy. This research study was conducted to address these limitations relating to underground economic activities from peoples’ perspective.