Tag Archives: Employee Performance

Organisational Identification and Employee Performance in Selected Commercial Banks in Delta State (Published)

In the present unpredictable and volatile Nigerian business environment, inadequate prestige, self-esteem and incongruent values of employees in the selected commercial banks in Delta State has made attaining effective performance a major problem. The broad objective of the study was to determine the relationship that exists between organisational identification and employee performance in selected commercial banks in Delta State. The study was anchored on social identity theory. Descriptive survey research design was employed for the study. The population of the study was 204 consisting of employees of the selected banks and complete enumeration was used for the sample size Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used in testing the hypothesis. Findings of the study revealed that evaluative Identification (group self-esteem) has a significant positive relationship with Organisational Citizenship Behaviour. The study therefore concluded that organisational identification plays an important role on the level of performance employees put into their work. It was recommended that management of the studied banks should make deliberate policies and put machineries in place to build the sense of prestige, pride and self-esteem of the employees from being members of the organisation as this would elicit extra role behaviour from the employees and the organisation would be better for it.

Keywords: Employee Performance, Evaluative Identification, Organisational Citizenship Behaviour, Organisational Identification, self-esteem

The Effect of Non-Financial Motivators on Employee Performance: A Case Study of Baringo County Referral Hospital in Kenya (Published)

The research assessed the effects of non-financial motivators on employee performance, taking a case of Baringo County Referral Hospital. The specific objectives were to: document the non-financial motivators used; determine the role of work environment in employee motivation; assess the effect of effective communication on employee productivity, and determine the role of training on employee performance. The research gaps identified were lack of non-financial motivators in the institution to improve employees’ performance. The study was prompted by the frequent strikes in public hospitals in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The sample comprised 50 employees out of the 250 working in different departments within the Hospital. The sample was selected using the Central Limit Theorem. To collect data, questionnaires were used. The collected data was then analysed using study descriptive statistics to with the aid of computer software Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). From the findings of the study, there were some non-financial motivators at the hospital, namely communication, training and working environment. Most of the respondents stated that there was inadequate use of non-financial motivators and only a few were of contrary opinion. It was found that the majority of the employees felt there was no free flow of information in the hospital. In conclusion it was found that there is no free flow of information and also there are communication barriers within the institution. Concerning working environment, the health and safety policy is in existence but most of the staff are not aware. The training committee should base their recommendations on training projections and the five day training policy so that it may enhance staff performance. In recommendations the institution should enhance free flow of information. On work environment the employees should sensitized on health and safety policy.  The researchers recognized the functionality of training committee. However, they should have a clear criterion of recommending employees for training to ensure equity achieved upon the staff.

Keywords: Baringo County Referral Hospital, Employee Performance, Kenya, Non-Financial Motivators

The Effect of Competency-Based Training (CBT) On Employee Competency and Performance of Emergency Response Directorate of National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) (Published)

This research aimed to analyze the effect of competencybased training (CBT) on employee competency and performance of emergency responsible directorate of national board for disaster management (BNPB). This research applied multivariate dependency statistic technique. SEM allowed analyzing one or more independent variables with one or more dependent variables. This research applied census method because the population was relatively small and had fulfilled the requirement in which it employed BNPB as many as 60 employees of emergency response directorate who had received CBT program on training of rapid response for disaster management. Competency-Based Training or CBT had significant effect on the competency. CBT for the employees of emergency response directorate had no significant effect on employee performance. Competency had a significant effect on employee performance.

Keywords: Employee Competency, Employee Performance, competency-based training

Team Building and Employee Performance In Selected Breweries in South East, Nigeria (Published)

Individual and socio-cultural differences among team members in breweries in the South East in particular and Nigeria in general constitute a challenge to effective teamwork, thereby giving rise to inconsistencies among team members. It becomes important to ascertain the relationship between harmonization and service delivery in selected breweries in South East, Nigeria. The general objective of the study is to examine team building and employee performance in selected breweries in South East, Nigeria, while the study specifically ascertained the relationship between harmonization and service delivery of the selected breweries in South East, Nigeria. The study used descriptive survey design with a sample size of 262 respondents. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient on SPSS ver.22 was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that when there is harmony among the employees of an organization, there is always cohesion, trust, commitment, and understanding of the team dynamics, thereby improving the service delivery of employees of the selected breweries in South East, Nigeria. It was therefore recommended that breweries in South East, Nigeria should employ managers that would be saddled with the responsibility of building harmony through trust among the employees while building teams for effective service delivery; and also ensure that team building should go with policy that would checkmate the excesses of the teams

Keywords: Employee Performance, Harmonization, Service delivery, Team Building

Effect of Scientific Personnel Selection Practices on Employees’ Performance of Kenya Ports Authority (Published)

The main objective of this study was to examine the effect of scientific personnel selection on the performance of employees at Kenya Ports Authority. The study specifically sought to determine the effect of the three components of scientific personnel selection namely: Cognitive ability, Personnel dimensions and psychometric ability on the performance of employees at  Kenya Ports Authority.The study was carried out at Kenya Ports Authority where 144 senior managers  represented the units of analysis for this study. Quantitative research design was  adopted for this study. Specifically a descriptive survey aimed at a targeted population from a representative sample. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data relevant for the study. The questionnaire  used Likert scale to collect the quantitative data.  The sampling technique used was stratified where the population was subdivided into sub groups. A pilot study was carried out on 26 respondents. A range of methods were employed to summarize the data including descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate analysis. Data was analyzed using tables and presented using descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, standard deviation, correlation and regression analysis. A statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze quantitative data..The results of the study revealed that the correlation between cognitive, personality dimensions, psychomotor ability and employee performance was highly significant at (p-value = 0.000). The regression results indicated that the scientific personnel selection practices explained 17% variation in the employee performance. The study recommends that KPA should adhere to scientific personnel selection practices when recruiting and filling up vacant positions.

Keywords: Cognitive Ability, Employee Performance, Psychomotor Ability And Personality Ability, Scientific Personnel Selection

Conflict Management Approaches: A Tool for Productive Employee Performance in Business Organizations (A Study of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko Plant) (Published)

This paper is a critical analysis of conflict management approaches as a tool for productive performance in business organizations, a survey of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. The study adopted simple empirical survey methods with a view of eliciting relevant data for analytical purpose so as to answer several questions and attain the objectives of the study. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection were utilized in a bid to attain the necessary result. Five point likert rating scale questionnaire were used in obtaining the opinions and views from respondents (i.e Strongly agree, SA (5), Agree, A (4), Undecided, U (3), Disagree, D (2), Strongly Disagree, SD (1)). The sample size for the study is 269 derived from the population of 825 employee of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. This was determined using Yaro-Yamane’s formulae. Bartlett’s test of Sphericity and Kaiser-Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy, construct validity determination and Cronbach alpha for reliability determination was applied too. Multiple regression test was adopted for testing two formulated hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that conflict management have positive impacts in enhancing productivity of employees of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. Another finding reveals that strategies and techniques for management of conflict have significantly impacted on the performance of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. The study recommended that the circumstance of conflict occurrence should be X-rayed, evaluated before deciding to adopt a suitable method, strategy and technique for conflict resolution and management. Secondly, the management of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant should ensure that causes and varying forces that may cause conflict in organization are checkmated to ensure organizational success. These causes may include; limited resources, overlapping authority, inadequate treatment, differences in perception, role conflict, leadership styles and diversity differences amongst others.

Keywords: Business Organizations, Conflict, Conflict Management Approaches, Dysfunctional Conflict., Employee Performance, Functional Conflict, Productivity, Strategies and Techniques

Effects of Industrial Safety and Health on Employees’ Job Performance in Selected Cement Companies in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigates the effects of industrial safety and health on employees’ job performance in selected companies which include UNICEM, Dangote Plc. The study revolves around industrial safety/health strategies and productivity, together with relationships among employees, customers and management and how it affects turnover. To this end, a survey research design was adopted and a sample size of 100 staff was randomly selected for the study. The Pearson Moment correlation coefficient was used for the hypotheses tests. The result of the tests revealed that there is strategies and employee job performance. It recommended that employers should ensure adequate industrial safety/health strategies management in order to protect the lives of its employees at work place thereby reducing employee turnover and promoting staff performance

Keywords: Employee Performance, Health Strategies, Safety, Turnover

The Moderating Effect of Level of Education on Capital Resource for Increased Employee Performance: A Case of Courier Companies in Kenya (Published)

The concept and perspective of level of education from human capital theory stems from the fact that there is no substitute for knowledge and learning, and that, they need to be relentlessly pursued and focused on by employees. This is according to Rastogi, (2000). Sustaining enterprise competitiveness –is human capital the Answer? He emphasizes on the need for a desire of individuals to invest their skills and expertise in the organization and their position. Many organizations however fail to embrace importance of knowledge, skill and learning as portrayed by high employee turnover as a result of incompetence. This paper analyses the moderating impact of the level of education given dynamic capital resource capabilities on employee performance. Its focus is on Courier companies in Kenya. It is rooted to the Resource based theory, which encourages a shift toward the employee skills and their relative contribution to value creation. A target population of 2800 was considered and a sample size of 339 respondents arrived at using Cochran’s formula. The study was explanatory and used simple random sampling. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Correlation and moderated regression analysis were used to test the hypothesis. Level of education was found to moderate the relationship between capital resource capabilities, and employee performance. The study provides new insights into factors influencing employee performance through the moderation of level of education. The paper recommends that courier companies should identify their critical capital resource capabilities putting emphasis on those that enhance employee performance and train employees on computer usage and internet.

Keywords: Courier Company, Employee Performance, Level Of Education, Training

The Effect of Physical and Social Capital Resource Capabilities on Employee Performance in Courier Companies In Kenya (Published)

Incorporation of physical resources and social networking in organizations is a successful investment that managers can think of. They are essential in piloting corporate activities and production of goods and services for which the organization’s goal may be based on. The quality of physical resource capabilities lie in its fitness for purpose and its longevity. It relates to the concept and design of a building, and its suitability for the use to which it will be put. When employees work in a secure environment strengthened by the organization’s’ buildings, the tendency to have better performance will be evident. A shared vision embodies the collective goals of the employees. When employees have the same perceptions about how to interact with one another, they can avoid misunderstandings in their communications and have more opportunities to exchange their ideas freely. This paper thus sought to establish the effect of physical and social capital resource capabilities on the performance of Courier Companies in Kenya. The study was based on social capital theory and targeted a population of 2800 where a sample of 339 respondents was obtained using Cochran’s formula. The study used simple random sampling which employed explanatory research design. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Correlation and moderated regression analysis were used to test the hypotheses. Physical capital resource capabilities had the greatest influence while Social capital resource capabilities were found not to be significantly associated with employee performance.

Keywords: Courier, Employee Performance, Physical capital resource capabilities, Social capital resource capabilities

Utilization of Human Capital Resource Capabilities as a Competitive Tool in Organizations for Improved Employee Performance in Courier Companies in Kenya (Published)

Employees are the backbone of the organization and ensures that company policies and programs are implemented effectively. Employee performance is linked with capital resource capabilities. This paper sought to examine utilization of human capital resource capabilities as a competitive tool in organizations for improved employee performance in courier companies in Kenya. For comparison in analysis, other resource capabilities tested included; physical resource, financial resource and social resource. The study involves human capital theory. From a target population of 2800 a sample of 339 respondents was obtained using Cochran’s formula. Simple random sampling was used and employed explanatory research design. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Correlation and moderated regression analysis were used to test the hypotheses. The results revealed that physical capital resource capabilities had the greatest influence on employee performance, financial capital resource capabilities which also had a positive and statistically significant influence and finally the human capital resource capabilities which this paper aimed to examine had a positive relationship but statistically insignificant influence. Social capital resource capabilities were found not to be significantly associated with employee performance. The study recommends that courier companies should identify their critical capital resource capabilities putting emphasis on those that can enhance employee performance and train employees on computer usage and internet. The policy makers such as ministry of communications and information technology should also put emphasis on technological advancements in the provision of courier services.

Keywords: Employee Performance, Human Capital Resource Capabilities, Human Resource Management, Training

The Role of Financial Capital Resource Capabilities in Improving Employee Performance in Courrier Companies in Kenya (Published)

Financial capital in organizations is a key form of asset that exists in various sources and characteristics. Financial capital commonly refers to assets needed by a company to provide goods or services, as measured in terms of money value. The most important sources of financial capital are debt and equity. Debt represents credit from a lender, also known as creditor, and is created when a creditor agrees to lend a sum of assets to a debtor (borrower). It is imperative that firms source for financial resources that will enable purchase of tools and other equipment required by employees in discharging their duties. Equity on the other hand is direct investment into an organization. The initial equity is financed by the principal owner and the start-up team, then equity is obtained for their successive growth from high net worth family members, friends called angel market. This paper is an assessment of the role played by financial capital resource capabilities of a firm to improve employee performance. The study used a target population of 2800 from which a sample of 339 respondents was obtained using Cochran’s formula. Simple random sampling and employed explanatory research design were also used.. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Correlation and moderated regression analysis were used to test the hypotheses. The findings showed that financial capital resource capabilities had a great influence on employee performance, thus played the key role in organization’s performance.

Keywords: Competitive Advantage, Employee Performance, Financial Capital Resource Capabilities

Knowledge Storage, Retrieval and Employee Performance: The Moderating Role of Employee Engagement (Published)

Knowledge has been considered by organizations as a strategic resource in enhancing both individual and organization performance. Organizations in their effort to store knowledge encourage employees to document which is then stored in repositories where it can be accessed with ease and used by anyone in the organization who needs it. Accessing knowledge and learning appropriate knowledge. Based on this argument, the study sought to establish the relationship between knowledge storage and retrieval and employee performance and also to determine the moderating effect of employee engagement on the relationship between knowledge storage and retrieval and employee performance. Human capital theory, resource based view and knowledge based view theory informed the study. The study used explanatory research design. The target population was 3147 employees in public technical institutions in Rift valley and 343 formed the sample size as per Cochran’s formula. Random sampling technique was used to identify the respondents who filled the questionnaires. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and presented in form of frequencies, percentages charts and graphs. The study showed that there is a relationship between knowledge storage, retrieval and employee performance. The study further revealed that employee engagement moderates the relationship between knowledge storage, retrieval and employee performance.

Keywords: Employee Engagement, Employee Performance, Knowledge Storage and Retrieval

Impact of Training & Development on Employees’ Performance in Banks Of Pakistan (Published)

The study is being carried out taking into consideration the significance of both Training & Development (T & D) and Employee Performance for the businesses at all levels and in all sectors. Banking sector is chosen as representative due to its backing up role in the economy of any country. It is most crucial for services businesses to keep their employees’ knowledge and competencies up to the mark because of the global saturation occurring in services. Economies are becoming services’ led so competition is being added up and strengthened by leaps & bounds. In such a situation, it becomes of prime concern for the organizations particularly servicing organizations like banks to capture new knowledge for serving competitively, store & preserve this knowledge, and then deliver it to the employees using some organized & methodical approach. Now what such an approach could be other than designing strategic and well suited T & D programs. Taking an account of all this, a descriptive & quite explanatory approach is being chosen to carry out a study for checking out the impact that T & D has on the performance level of employees working in the banks of Pakistan. Three objectives were designed for the study; assessment of current practices, impact check, and proposition for better investment into T & D. This has been done selecting six representative banks of Bahawalpur (Bank Alfalah Limited, Muslim Commercial Bank, Habib Bank Limited, Allied Bank Limited, National Bank of Pakistan, and Bank of Punjab) as sampling unit. Employees in these banks were given a structured questionnaire that was designed to particularly measure the influence of T & D on respondents’ skills like Job knowledge, work quality & quantity, functional skills, and their motivation & loyalty. Data collection was done taking sample size of 150 employees while receiving 104 valid responses using convenience & referral sampling. Analysis was done through the application of frequency tests & bar charts on the response rates in SPSS. This gives the study a quantitative and empirical direction for results. So, then we checked the influence of T & D on the skills and attitudes mentioned above for associating these to employee performance level in banks of Pakistan as presented in the conceptual model. Major findings were that most of the employees agreed to the item statements by making it clear that T & D had a positive impact on their Job knowledge, work quality & quantity, functional skills, and their motivation & loyalty and these are all linked to their performance either strongly or moderately but in a supporting direction. Hence, the study concluded up with T & D positively impacting the employees’ performance in the banks of Pakistan.

Keywords: Employee Performance, Loyalty, Motivation, Training & Development, functional skills, job knowledge, quality & quantity of work


For any organization, the quality of its Human Resource is an asset as well as a success factor. Thus, every organization must invest both time and resources to improve the quality of its work force. One of the most effective ways of achieving this is through training. Training affects the employee’s job performance in a positive way. Training improves the skills, knowledge and abilities of the employees because of which employees become more proficient at their workplace thus training is a motivational factor. Some organizations carry out training in a haphazard way while some others do it through systematic manner and they have separate training departments. This paper sought to determine the relationship between training and its impact on employee performance in the banking sector of Pakistan. The study assessed whether training has improved employee performance. A questionnaire was designed using structured questions to collect primary data from employees of various public and private sector banks. The result indicates a positive relationship between training and employee performance. Most of the employees were of the view that training was effective tool for employee success. The findings revealed that not all banks offer training programs but those which offers bear the fruit. It was recommended among other things that banking sector in Pakistan should help their employees to identify their career paths and to guide them in the pursuit of higher education.

Keywords: Employee Performance, Professional Training


The study examined factors constraining the implementation of performance related pay in government agencies in Kenya. It investigated the influence of management commitment, employee participation and setting of performance targets on the factors influencing implementation of performance related pay in Kenya Revenue Authority. Findings from various studies have indicated that many organizations have embrace Performance Related Pay but the implementation process remains a challenge. Literature was reviewed in line with the study objectives and the research questions. The study employed the use of a case study as a research design. A self administered questionnaire was used as the primary data collection instrument. To achieve the main objective, a description survey of 232 respondents was conducted from a population frame of 2322 from employees Kenya Revenue Authority in Times Tower Nairobi headquarters. Statistical inferences indicated that high reliability was achieved by the data collection instrument with Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients ranging from 0.764 to 1.000. The findings of the study were that at least three of the elements under study contributed to the constraints faced in the implementation of the performance related pay. The study therefore, recommends that further study on performance related pay be done in relation to the strategic planning of KRA and other public organizations in Kenya, in order to enhance service delivery and employee performance.

Keywords: Cronbach’s Alpha, Employee Performance, Management Commitment, Performance Related Pay, and Performance Targets