Tag Archives: Emission

Carbon Dioxide (Co2) Emission Scenarios from Motorized Road Transport In Kisumu City (Published)

The global increase in the number of motor vehicles in the urban environment has greatly contributed to the increase in the amount of carbon dioxide released to the atmosphere which contributes to global warming. The study analyzed the relationship between the total CO2 emission from motorized road transport and the atmospheric CO2 concentration using the digital CO2 meter to sample atmospheric air to determine the atmospheric CO2 concentration in parts per million by volume at various time intervals in the Kisumu Bus Park and within the city and its neighborhoods’. The theoretical framework of this study was the Kinetic Theory of Gases. The study recommended that the government should invest heavily in the public transport sector by enacting laws and policies aimed at discouraging the importation and use of low seating capacity vehicles and invest in the high seating capacity vehicles (BRT) and non-motorized road transport.

Keywords: BRT, Carbon Dioxide, Emission, motorized road transport

Transport Pooling As a Mitigating Strategy for Carbon Dioxide (Co2) Emission (Published)

This study determined the nature of relationship between the volume of CO2 liberated per passenger kilometre travelled by Public Service Vehicles (PSVs) that have large carrying capacity and those that have low carrying capacity in Kisumu City using observation with a view of reducing the amount of CO2 liberated by PSVs (matatus). The study particularly sought to reduce the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere as a result of burning fossil fuel. The study was conceived as a result of the uncontrolled thriving and congestion of the 14-seater public service vehicles commonly called “Nissan Matatu” in Kenya. Over the years, transport pooling has been seen in the light of economizing fuel usage. Due to the global increase in the number of motor vehicles in urban setting, pooling shifted and was seen as a strategy to reduce congestion. The burning of fossil fuels releases CO2 which is a greenhouse gas into the atmosphere. This study sought to quantify the extent of fuel consumption in relation to the seating capacity of the PSV by determining on the average the quantities of fuel burnt by different capacities of the PSVs. Pearson Product-Moment correlation coefficient showed a relationship of -.917 between the volumes of CO2 liberated per passenger kilometre travelled in large carrying capacity and low carrying capacity passenger transportation. This study concluded that the 14-seater PSVs emit twice as much volume of CO2 as the pooled PSVs and recommended the implementation of policies aimed at reducing the usage of the 14-seater PSVs.

Keywords: Carbon Dioxide, Emission, Mitigation, Nissan Matatu, Transport Pooling

CARBON EMISSION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF SAARC COUNTRIES: A VECTOR AUTOREGRESSIVE (VAR) ANALYSIS (Published)

This paper examines the causal relationship between carbon ( ) emissions and economic growth in seven SAARC countries using time series data for the period from 1972-2012. We applied Vector Error Correction Modeling (VECM) approach. We have also applied Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (P.P) test and Johansen’s cointegration approach to check time series properties and cointegration relationship of the variables. Results exhibit a cointegration relationship between environmental pollution and economic growth. Results also show that the estimated coefficients of emissions have positive and significant impacts on GDP in the long run. These results will help the environmental authorities to understand the effects of economic growth on environment for degradation and manage the environmental problems using macroeconomic methods.

Keywords: Causality, Emission, GDP, SAARC, VECM

Carbon Emission and Economic Growth of SAARC Countries: A Vector Autoregressive (VAR) Analysis (Review Completed - Accepted)

This paper examines the causal relationship between carbon ( ) emissions and economic growth in seven SAARC countries using time series data for the period from 1972-2012. We applied Vector Error Correction Modeling (VECM) approach. We have also applied Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (P.P) test and Johansen’s cointegration approach to check time series properties and cointegration relationship of the variables. Results exhibit a cointegration relationship between environmental pollution and economic growth. Results also show that the estimated coefficients of emissions have positive and significant impacts on GDP in the long run. These results will help the environmental authorities to understand the effects of economic growth on environment for degradation and manage the environmental problems using macroeconomic methods.

Keywords: Causality, Emission, GDP, SAARC, VECM