In the context of accelerating electrification ratios, the power plant construction program with a total capacity of 35,000 MW is proclaimed by the Government of Indonesia. The portion of the program is shared to PT PLN, the state owned enterprises, and IPP as a private power plant, with the largest portion being given to the IPP. Amidst the declining market share conditions and the obligation of PT XYZ as a subsidiary of PT PLN to participate in the success of this program, the right competitive strategy formulation is needed to remain competitive. Data collection through questionnaires and in-depth interviews with experts was then carried out. Based on the strategic analysis tools used (PEST, external internal matrix, SWOT matrix, and QSPM), it was obtained that the current position of PT XYZ is grow and build. The priority strategy selected was to increase reliability in the plant operation. Ten main work programs were then developed to support the strategy implementation.
Privatization of National Electric Company (Published)
Electricity is one branch of production that is important for the livelihood of the people and controlled by the state and used for the benefit and welfare of the people in accordance with the mandate of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. However, the emergence of problem of electricity in Indonesia related to privatization becomes controversial because it will affect the increase in electricity tariffs that will be a burden for the country and even the people. In this paper discuss about the privatization of national electricity companies in terms of elements of the law on electricity. Electrification privatization is caused by the influence of foreign parties who seek to profit from the national electricity that should be controlled by the state. Structure in electrification are parties having authority in making electricity policy at central and regional level. While the substance of the law in electricity is all regulations and policies that regulate the electricity. The legal culture in the electricity industry is matters related to the way officials or officials concerned implement the provisions and policies as regulated in the law of the electricity sector and how the businessmen in the electricity sector understand, obey and implement the provisions and policies in the field electrification.
The paper investigated the electricity end use characteristics of public universities in Southwestern Nigeria; examined the patterns of electricity use in public universities and determined the proportion of electricity consumption by various stakeholders. We adopted a quantitative survey and questionnaire as instrument for gathering relevant data from electricity end users in the study area. In addition, energy monitor was employed to determine the actual consumption of each end user. The data obtained were used to develop regression model for predicting electricity consumption of public universities in the study area. The percentage contribution of the four stakeholders’ groups investigated, namely Staff offices, Business units, staff and students’ halls of Residences were 12.45% – 42.18%, 171% – 6.77%, 3.32% – 12.25% and 43.50% – 82.52%, respectively. Forty-four key electrical appliances were identified in the study area. Analysis of the data retrieved showed that electric cookers, A/C, electric jugs, stabilizers, pressing iron, photocopiers, electric kettles and printers consumed 14.14%, 14.07%, 8.53%, 7.87%, 6.48%, 5.12%, 4.51% and 4.17% in that order respectively. It was found that the regression model developed could predict the electricity consumption of public universities in the study area for every unit increase in the predictor variables.
Analysis of the Volatility of the Electricity Costs in Kenya Using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model (Published)
Electricity has proved to be a vital input to most developing economies. As the Kenyan government aims at transforming Kenya into a newly-industrialized and globally competitive, more energy is expected to be used in the commercial sector on the road to 2030. Therefore, modelling and forecasting of electricity costs in Kenya is of vital concern. In this study, the monthly costs of electricity using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average models (ARIMA) were used so as to determine the most efficient and adequate model for analysing the volatility of the electricity cost in Kenya. Finally, the fitted ARIMA model was used to do an out-off-sample forecasting for electricity cost for September 2013 to August 2016. The forecasting values obtained indicated that the costs will rise initially but later adapt a decreasing trend. A better understanding of electricity cost trend in the small commercial sector will enhance the producers make informed decisions about their products as electricity is a major input in the sector. Also it will assist the government in making appropriate policy measures to maintain or even lowers the electricity cost.
A Properties of Graphene (Published)
Graphene is pure carbon in the form of a very thin, nearly transparent sheet, one atom thick. It is remarkably strong for its very low weight (100 times stronger than steel and it conducts heat and electricity with great efficiency. Graphene with the unique combination of bonded carbon atom structures with its myriad and complex physical properties is poised to have a big impact on the future of material sciences, electronics and nanotechnology. Owing to their specialized structures and minute diameter, it can be utilized as a sensor device, semiconductor, or for components of integrated circuits. The reported properties and applications of this two-dimensional form of carbon structure have opened up new opportunities for the future devices and systems.
CORRUPTION IN ELECTRICITY STEALING ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 2 PARAGRAPH (1) OF LAW NUMBER 31 OF 1999 ON CORRUPTION CRIME ERADICATION (Published)
This paper entitled Corruption in Electricity Stealing was intended to answer questions on whether an electricity stealing can be qualified as a corruption crime and to the extent of which electricity stealing crimes may bring about losses in the state’s finance. This paper was prepared by a juridical-normative writing method, that is, by studying legislations contained both in the law itself and in legal literatures/books, particularly those related to stealing and corruption. The result in a juridical aspect form was then written down in a descriptive-analytical way. The conclusion of this paper was the answer to the problems abovementioned as follows: that electricity stealing can be qualified as a corruption crime and that any electricity stealing brings about losses in the state’s finance.
In developing countries, public procurement is increasingly recognized as essential in service delivery and it accounts for huge proportion of total expenditures. However, there is a growing recognition that, despite significant increases in resource, public service delivery is falling in many developing countries. Poor service delivery of electricity can be justified by ineffective procurement systems within an organization. The purpose of this study is to evaluate procurement practices influencing service delivery in the public sector with focus on the provision of electricity: A case study of Kenya Power. The study is based on the socio-economic and institutional theories. The objectives of the study; to establish the influence of procurement policy on service delivery, to evaluate how procurement planning influence service delivery, and to evaluate sustainable procurement practices influence on service delivery. Methodology used in the study is a case study with a focus on Kenya power. Stratified sampling technique was used to select a representative sample from a target population of 160 employees with a sample size of 100 respondents. The respond rate is 71%. A mixture of Interview and Likert- Scale questionnaire were employed. The collected data was further analyzed using SPSS and excel computer software as well as descriptive statistics. The findings revealed that: Procurement rule and regulation lack flexibility and it is hampering the procurements operations as revealed by 77.5%; Procurement planning does not take long term cost of ownership into consideration as also revealed by 39.4%; the findings also revealed 59.1% agreed that there is no Sustainable procurement practice by the company even though it has Green policy in places but, the implementation is hampered by organizational culture as well as budgetary constraint. The followings are major Recommendations: The National procurement policy or rules and regulations should be review to put into place clauses that will lead to flexibility and inclusion of emerging trends in the procurement process as procurement is an involving profession; The top management should ensure that the procurement departments are involved in all procurement and contract related activities as a result of the decentralize nature of the company’s procurement system; The planning process for electricity expansion should involve all concern departments so that planning can be done in advance before budgets are approved; Government should increase it subsidy to the company’s operation; The company should include sustainable procurement criteria within its procurement and contracting decisions.