Tag Archives: Effectiveness

Process Control and Business Performance in Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria (Published)

This paper seeks to examine the influence of process control on business performance of quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted. Three (3) tentative assertions, hypotheses were formulated. The sample size was thirty-two (32) quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Pearson product moment correlation and QSR-Nvivo aided the quantitative and qualitative data analysis respectively. The study findings indicated that process control has very positive relationship with business performance. In conclusion, profitability, effectiveness and efficiency adoption as proxies of business performance has been proven to be largely a function of process control. The study recommends that manufacturing firms should increase the control measure in the work process to ensure conformity and avoidance of deviations, in order to achieve higher performance in their operations.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Process control, Profitability, Triangulation

The Effectiveness of English Language Courses as EFL in Undergraduate Level at Jahangirnagar University (Published)

This paper reports on an effectiveness of English Language Courses as EFL at the tertiary level, offered to first year undergraduate students of some departments of Jahangirnagar University. It aims to establish the case for using evaluation as a means for curriculum development. Currently, the EFL course is considered important for Bangladesh in general, and Jahangirnagar University students in particular, since our graduates face problems not only in coping with the demands of their respective academic disciplines. (e.g. the majority of academic texts are in English) , but also in finding suitable employment because of their lack of English skills. Since the newly introduced EFL course is still in its developmental phase it is necessary to find out the effectiveness to evaluate it and to see whether it fulfils student needs and course objectives. Datas for this study are collected from undergraduates who are currently studying EFL and some other who have recently completed their courses. This investigation reveals that students are not much benefited in learning English. There are number of limitations, which make these EFL courses ineffective. The investigation concludes with several implications and suggestions for those concerned for EFL learning.

Keywords: EFL, Effectiveness, Jahangirnagar University, Tertiary level, Undergraduates

Training and Efficiency: A Quantitative Survey of Administrative Officials in Local Self-Government Authorities (Published)

This paper presents the results of a quantitative survey that was conducted on local self-government officials of the municipality of Larissa, with the aim of exploring their views on the contribution of training to their job performance. It also investigated whether these views differ according to the officials’ gender, age and seniority. The research results showed that officials recognise the benefits of training, in terms both of their personal efficiency and of the efficiency of the organisation where they work. These views do not appear to be statistically significantly different, on the basis of predefined variables.

Keywords: Administrative Officials, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Local Self-Government

The Effectiveness of Using Conceptual Maps Strategy to Treat the Weakness of the Acquisition of the Scientific Concepts for the Students in North Hebron Directorate (Published)

This study aims to identify the effectiveness of using conceptual maps strategy to treat the weakness of the acquisition of the scientific concepts for the students of 4th grade in Omar Ibn Abdelaziz Secondary School – Bet Enoon for north Hebron directorate. The participant of the study consists of eight students of fourth grader, teachers and guardians in Omar Ibn Abdelaziz Secondary School for Girls in the first semester of the academic year 2016-2017. The researcher built a test in the unit of human body to evaluate students’ performance in these lessons. The validity of the exam was measured by a group of specialists and experts who are in the field of education and teaching. The researcher has formed the improvement program to prepare lessons in the structure of concepts maps activities, and presentations of the digestive system lessons. The study started on 17-9-2016 after the approval of the concerned parties at Al-Quds university, Ministry of Education and the Principal of the school to apply the study and ended on 23-10-2016 and the exam was applied to measure the influence of the improvement program on cumulative. The study concluded that there is an effectiveness for conceptual maps in treating the weakness of the acquisition of scientific concepts for 4th grade students in Omar Ibn Abdelaziz Secondary School – Beit Enoon for North Hebron Directorate. In the light of the results of the study, the researcher recommended to consider the concept maps as a strategy in teaching “Science and Life” as it has a positive impact on acquiring the required scientific concepts and taking into account students’ different levels at the  primary stage and using the modern teaching methods in a way that takes into account the individual differences among students, and it also recommended to conduct similar studies to other grades in science and other courses

Keywords: Conceptual Maps Strategy, Effectiveness, Weakness of the Acquisition of the Scientific Concepts.

The Impact of Transportation Management System on Supply Chain Management: The Effectiveness of Chinese Online Shopping Delivery – The “Kuaidi” System (Published)

Transportation is not only a means of travel but is also a means of business growth. Transportation plays a very useful role in the development of the production sector in a country as well as the service provision so long as supply and demand are a concern. The aim of a customer is to have his or her goods delivered to him or her on time which intends provide the client satisfaction. Efficient Supply Chain Management design and efficiency in its management is the fundamental basis for the growth and the sustainability of the organization: the lesson from this study. However, one of the necessary logistics ineffective Supply Chain Management is the Transportation factor. The effectiveness of every Supply Chain is built around the carriage of the goods to the customer in time, and on time, just at the time, the customer needs them. Furthermore, it helps to meet the needs of the client as and when they need these services. Effectiveness in timely delivery of goods and services – meeting the customer just at the time of need – is one but thousand aim in supply chain design. Significantly, no manager can accomplish such effectiveness without first conquering efficient transportation. Considerably, the study looks briefly at the “kuaidi” system of online shopping in China – so to establish the relationship between transportation and efficient Supply Chain Management conclusively. The study is purely theoretical.


Keywords: Effectiveness, Logistics, Supply Chain Design, Supply China management, Transpiration

Effectiveness of Using Blackboard Collaborate Tools in Promoting Practical Skills among Students of the Foundation Year in E-Learning Course (Published)

The current study is an attempt to identify the effectiveness of using Blackboard Collaborate Tools, such as wiki, panel discussions and virtual classrooms, in promoting the practical skills among the female students of the Foundation Year in the E-Learning Course. The study sample consisted of (50) female students enrolled in the Foundation Year of College of Education at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia, for the academic year (2016/2017). The results showed that there were statistically significant differences at the level of (0.01) between the mean scores of the participants in the pre-and-post measurement for the practical skills within the Blackboard of E-Collaborative Learning in favor of the post measurement; according to Black equation, the effectiveness rate achieved by more than (1.2).

Keywords: E-learning, Effectiveness, blackboard, practical skills

Impact of an educational intervention of 40 hours training of breast feeding promoting on the knowledge and attitude of a sample of health professional staff: a study of a pre and post evaluation (Published)

Background: Health professionals have a crucial role in promotion, support and management of breastfeeding. To be effective in this effort, the clinician should focus on the issue from the preconception stage through pregnancy and delivery, and continue in subsequent infant care.  Aim of the study: to assess the effectiveness of the UNICEF/WHO 40-hour of breast feeding training through the assess breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of the health profession staff before and after training course. Methodology: Pre-posttest study with an intervention of an educational training course were conducted in Karbala maternity Hospital, during the period from May till July, 2016.A total of 90 participants arrange to reply to the invitation, Self-administered questionnaires were designed which include general demographic information, items related to the knowledge and attitude regarding the breast feeding. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS program (version 20) Results were presented as the frequencies and percentage in tables and figures. Chi-square test was used to determine any association found between these demographic variables and knowledge and attitudes. P value < 0.05 considered as cut off value for significance. Results: The study revealed that the majority 48.9% of the participants achieved fair level score of knowledge regarding to breast feeding in pretest while the knowledge score improved as the majority 75.6% reported good knowledge in posttest.  There is improvement regarding the knowledge related to basic information, breast feeding problems management and hospital policies supporting breast feeding. This improvement was significant statistically regrading knowledge related to the basic information (sings of adequate breast feeding 77.8%, breast feeding with local anesthesia 82.2%, , breast feeding benefit 97.8% and contraindication to breast feeding84.4% with p<0.05. There is an  improvement in good attitude from pretest to posttest in each attitude questions except for Q 14 and Q 15 (Formula is as healthy for an infant as breast milk, Breast-feeding is more convenient. than formula-feeding) the attitude is slightly reversed in the posttest. Significant statistical association were reported regarding the effect of the course of breast feeding promotion training in certain aspects of attitude questions especially the breast feeding benefit aspect. Conclusions: UNICEF/WHO 40-hour of breast feeding training was effective tool to assess the   breast feeding knowledge and attitudes among health profession staff that provide maternity care.   

Keywords: Assess, Attitudes, Breast Feeding Training, Effectiveness, Health Profession Staff, Knowledge, Pre and Posttest.

Principals’ Instructional Supervision and Teachers’ Effectiveness (Published)

The study examined the differences in teachers’ effectiveness based on principals’ instructional supervision in public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee in Akwa Ibom State. Four objectives and their corresponding research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The ex-post facto design was used in carrying out this study. Two hundred and one teachers and 14 principals were drawn from the population of 1,105 teachers and 14 principals respectively to participate in the study. Two researchers-developed instruments, “Principals’ Instructional Supervision Interview (PIS1)” and “Teachers’ Teaching Effectiveness Questionnaire (TTEQ)” were used to gather data. Data collected were analyzed using the mean and independent t-test statistics was used. The findings were that there is a significant difference in teachers’ effectiveness based on classroom observation, analysis/strategy, post-conference analysis and post-analysis conference. Teachers in schools where instructional supervision was adequate were more effective than those that had inadequate instructional supervision. It is, therefore, recommended among others that, the principals should carry out an adequate instructional supervision of teachers so as to enhance their teaching effectiveness.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Instruction, Principals, Supervision, Teachers

All-Round Development of Vladimir Lenin’s Personality (Published)

The study investigates the personality of Vladimir Lenin, in the light of Stephen R. Covey’s suggested  habits, expounded in his books, “The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People” and “The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to greatness”, following the most eminent Russian physiologist and psychologist I. P. Pavlov’s theory of classical behaviourism. Stephen R. Covey’s thought provoking and trend breaking book: “The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People” suggests seven habits and paradigms to become highly effective personality. He introduced the eighth habit in his innovative and challenging book “The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness.” Therefore, his suggested eight habits, and paradigms, which are based on I. P. Pavlov’s theory of classical behaviourism. This paper would use the popped up chunks of I. P. Pavlov’s behaviourist theory to analyse how the process of habit formation influenced the effective and great personalities of the world. Therefore, the present study will enable the readers to confront Pavlov’s classical behaviourist theory of habit formation through stimuli and responses. The readers are also expected to abandon the bad habits and adopt the good ones. These infrequent but subtle hints serve as a model of effective as well as great personality of the world.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Personality, conditioned and unconditioned stimuli and reflexes, greatness

The Use of School Services in the Management of Technical Colleges in North-East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria (Published)

A fundamental problem that affected the management of technical colleges in the North-East Geo-political Zone of Nigeria was that school services such as students’ health services, feeding programme and extra-curricular activities were ineffective as in several technical colleges, the school services were either non-existent or were operated skeletally. The study therefore examined the effectiveness of school services in the technical colleges. The study answered one research question and tested one hypothesis. As a descriptive survey research design, a 15-item structured questioned, designed by the research based on available literature, collected data from respondents. The instrument was validated by experts in Industrial Technology Education and Educational Management. It was administered on 597 respondents, after it was trial tested on 20 respondents from a technical college outside the study area. The test re-test method estimated the coefficient of stability of the instrument which stood at 0.81. At the end of the administration of the instrument which took a space of six weeks, a total of 390 valid copies were obtained, made of 75 administrators, 180 teachers and 180 students. The analysis of the results was carried out on the 390 valid copies of the questionnaire. Finding showed that school services such as health services, computer services, advisory services, library services, tailoring services and careers day in technical colleges in the North-East Geo-political Zone of Nigeria were moderately effective. Similarly, finding showed that there was a significant difference in the mean scores of administrators, teachers and students on the effectiveness of school services in technical college management. The result of a post hoc Scheffe test revealed that administrators were responsible for the significant difference in the mean scores of respondents. The findings of the study implied that administrators of the technical colleges need to put in more effort to improve school services in the colleges. This is necessary so as to forestall any breakdown of law and order, arising mainly from the absence of the services. Consequently, the study recommended that in order to improve the effectiveness of the management of the technical colleges, they need to adopt appropriate strategies such as providing effective health services, library services, extra-curricula activities, careers day, information services and utilities services.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Extra-Curricula Activities, Management, School Services

Students’assessment of Institutional Leaders’ Effectiveness in Promoting Peace Culture In Public Universities In Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This survey-designed study focused on students’ assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture in public universities in Cross River State. One research question and two hypotheses were isolated to give direction to this investigation. 3256 final year undergraduate students in the two public universities in the state constituted the population. Stratified random sampling technique was used to draw 326 of them to form the sample size. “Peace Culture Promotion Effectiveness Questionnaire (PCPEQ)” developed by the researchers was used for data collection. Data collected were analysed using Descriptive Statistics (mean rating), Population t-test of single mean and Independent t-test statistical techniques. Results obtained indicated that institutional leaders are most effective in promoting participatory communication and free flow of information and least effective in promoting peer mediation in public universities as indicators of peace culture. Students’ assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture in public universities is significantly low. Students’ university affiliation has no significant influence on their assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture, with state university students having a slight edge over their federal university counterparts in their assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture. It was concluded that though institutional leaders are rated low, yet very effective in promoting certain aspects of peace culture.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Institutional leaders, Students, peace culture

Effectiveness of Evaluation of Electronic Identity Card (E-Id) Policy in Cimahi City, West Java Province, Indonesia (Published)

The phenomenon of the problem in this study is related to effectiveness in policy evaluation Electronic Identity Card (e-ID) in Cimahi is not optimal. This can be seen from the achievement of the policy objectives of the e-ID card that has not been fully realized in order to build an accurate database population and improve public services in Cimahi. The method used is descriptive qualitative approach. The technique of collecting data through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The research instrument in this study is the researchers themselves, whereas the key informant is a team of evaluators e-ID card, and informants are supporters of Parliament elements, sub-district officials, village officials, Operator e-ID card and e-ID cards compulsory community. The results showed that the policy of e-ID in Cimahi is still not effective, it is seen from the impact resulting from the policy of e-ID card is still not visible. A team of evaluators in the evaluation of policies implemented e-ID card is limited only see the target of a recording made public as well as the distribution of e-ID cards to the public. Thus the nature of the e-ID card must provide value benefits to society yet to be seen.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Electronic Identity Card (e-Id), Policy Evaluation

The Use of Literature in an EFL Classroom (Published)

This research aimed at investigating the students’ perceptions of the effectiveness of the literature courses offered by the English Department in the College of Basic Education in Kuwait. The Students’ perceptions were examined based on a 5-statement questionnaire which addresses the extent to which students believe the literature courses enhanced their proficiency in the four skills. Overall, the participants viewed the literature courses as effective in improving their English competencies. However, they did not believe that the literature courses helped in improving the oral skills. The results also pointed to some inadequacies which seem to be related the implementation of the literature courses. In order for these inadequacies to be effectively redressed, the researchers recommend that further studies be conducted on other aspects, like the teaching methods and tools used in implementing the courses and the feedback from instructors.

Keywords: Classroom, Effectiveness, English, Literature


The objective of this paper is to measure the effectiveness and efficiency of the human resources training function at one of the telecommunication companies in Jordan “Orange Jordan”. The target population for this study is 140 unit managers and their assistants at Orange Jordan. A total of 105 unit managers participated in the completion of questionnaires. Data analysis was done by factor analysis; explanatory and confirmatory data modeling and Cronbach’s alpha-values and practical significance by means of effect sizes. The findings of the study stipulate that the primary function of training department today is to ensure the implementation of the standards of effectiveness and efficiency to accomplish an organization’s goals and objectives. Using Training as a competitive advantage means analyzing the factors necessary for the organization’s long-term success. Areas such as training design, training processes, training policies, effective trainer, training strategies, training goals and objectives are essential to this concept. In order to formulate appropriate competitive advantage through the effectiveness and efficiency of the training function, it is first recommended to analyze the firm’s strategic needs. The training department should create a complete model of training function and a more coherent attempt must be made to improve the level of internal communication between the unit managers and their employees. This would create an environment within Orange Jordan that can promote mutual respect, trust and concern between management and employees.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Induction, Training, confirmatory factor analysis


The subject matter of this research is effectiveness of evaluation of coal mining venture licensing policy in Muara Enim Regency, South Sumatera Province, which had not yet succeed in realizing its goals to produce a maximum outcomes or benefit for local population as referred to the conditions stipulated in the Constitution and also a number of policies related to the activities of exploitation of natural resources in Indonesia. Meanwhile, method and research approach adopted here was qualitative research with descriptive approach which, in colleting the data, conducted direct observation in field and in-depth interview with the research subjects or resource persons, and informant and key informants. In order to determine reliability level of the data obtained from the research or significance level of this research, validity testing steps such as data credibility test (internal validity) with source triangulation model, were conducted. Findings from this research revealed that nonfundamental, noncomprehensive changes in the mining licensing policy caused the principal goals of this policy could not be realized. Although several improvement in the licensing processes had been made, as indicated by higher responsiveness and efficiency in relation to the requirements defined, these improvement did not guarantee that the policy was more appropriate when seen from the fairness or equity perspective and the results expected from the policy’s goal or target. Likewise, the more decentralized policy regarding mining venture license did not result in higher efficiency and effectiveness of mine management

Keywords: Coal Mining, Effectiveness, Policy Evaluation, Venture License


Basically, about 80% of the total populations of Borno State are rural based. One of the major problems facing Borno State Local Governments today is the fact that the vast rural areas need urgent socio-economic development so that the bulk of the population might be kept happy in their abodes. Administrative Efficiency at the local government level will facilitate rural development which will adequately check the influx of the skilled and unskilled manpower from these rural areas to the urban centers. To accomplish this, good local governance through proper execution of rural projects that will provide the rural population with employment opportunities, education, recreation and leisure, security, health and the like are very essential. Therefore, the paper argued that the allegations from the public that local government have not been performing very well in service delivery and being described as centres of sharing money is a problem of administrative efficiency and effectiveness. The paper revealed that the nature of state-local government relations in Borno State in most cases is impacting negatively on local administrative efficiency thereby rendering service delivery ineffective. In practice local government in most states of the federation including Borno State is not recognized as third tier of government but local administration. They operate as an extension of state ministry because they lack autonomy in line with the presidential system of government. The paper therefore, recommended among others that relationship between State-Local Government Relations should be build on mutual cooperation and respect to see themselves as equal partners in progress; and also proper consultation of community members should be encouraged before formulation and execution of community projects

Keywords: Borno State, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Local government Administration, Nigeria


The public sector constitutes the largest sector of the Nigerian economy. It employs the largest population of the labour force and also controls the bulk of the financial resources of the country. What this implies is that whatever adversely affects the public service has a huge multiplier effect on national development. The ghost can be a real person who knowingly or not is placed on the payroll, or a fictitious person invented by the dishonest employee. Thus, this paper attempts an x-ray the menacing ill of ghost workers, by the adoption of some basic accounting procedures to ensure internal control of public funds. This is because the public sector is the most venerable sector to employee frauds. The research findings show that public sector management in Kogi State has not lived up to expectation especially with regards to human resource management, good internal control system and good accounting  procedure to reduce the act of ghost workers, among others. The study recommends the formulation of good human resource and recruitment policy, attractive pay package and internal control/audit department.

Keywords: Corruption, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Fraud, Ghost, Public Sector

The Impact of Using Computers at the Balqa Applied University (BAU) on the Effectiveness of Internal Control (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study aimed to verify the use of computers in accounting departments and its impact on increasing the effectiveness of internal control in Balqa Applied University(BAU).To achieve this goal, a questionnaire was designed consisting of two parts; the characteristics of the study sample and twenty two paragraphs that represent the questions of collecting data and distribute them on a sample of (38) employees working in accounting departments and internal control from the study population, which consists of colleges in the University deployed in Jordan. The researcher used a statistical package (SPSS) to analyze the collected data and the descriptive statistics and test (T-Test) for the purpose of describing variables and stress on the moral indicators. The study found that the use of computers in accounting affects the effectiveness of internal control and on the reliability and appropriateness of accounting information used in internal control.

Keywords: Balqa Applied University, Effectiveness, Internal control