Tag Archives: Effectiveness

Design and development of a trapezoidal plate fin heat exchanger for the prediction of heat exchanger effectiveness (Published)

A trapezoidal plate-fin exchanger was designed, developed, to test the plate fin heat exchanger effectiveness. It was constructed in a 5 layer cross-flow arrangement. The dimensions of the trapezoidal fins were height, thickness, top-width and bottom-width as 380mm, 40mm, 0.5mm, 20mm, and 80mm respectively. Thereafter, was used to determine the thermo- hydraulic performance of the given heat exchanger at different mass flow rates of 4.975 kg/s to 9.751 kg/s, at a hot inlet temperature of 369K. The values of the effectiveness obtained were plotted against mass flow rate, to account for variation. The evaluated results showed that mass flow rate was proportional to the temperature drop of the fluids. Correspondingly, increase in mass flow rate, increases the effectiveness of the heat exchanger. This suggests that the effectiveness of 0.98 using trapezoidal plate fin heat exchanger result provides benchmark data to evaluate and predicts the performance of a plate-fin heat exchanger.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Heat exchanger; trapezoidal-fin

Adoption of audit software by Small and Medium-sized Practices in East Africa (Published)

Purpose: Information technology has been implemented by organizations in East Africa with most transactions and records being digital. At end of the financial year, these organizations require their financial statements to be audited. This study was to first take stock of the level of adoption of audit software by Small and Medium-sized Practices (SMPs) in East Africa. This comes at a time where the Covid-19 pandemic has led to even further computerization as organizations implemented health directives on face-to-face contact, paperless environment and work-from-home initiatives, among others.  Methodology: A questionnaire comprising seven questions were sent out to sampled firms to respond electronically via the SurveyMonkey® tool. Out of about 1310 firms, the questionnaire was sent out to a random sample of 700. Results:  A total of 251 responses were received (36% of the sample). 70% of the SMPs were 1-10 years old in practice. Only one-in-four firms (25%) had adopted audit software. The four most common audit software were CaseWare®, Myaudit, PCAS and DraftWorxTM. The three major benefits from using audit software were the improvement in audit quality, audit project efficiencies and IFRS-compliant accounts. The three main challenges faced in adoption of audit software were the high costs of the software licenses, the lack of timely vendor support and the unstable/high cost of internet connectivity. The three main suggestions to increase adoption of audit software by SMPs in East Africa were to compel all the firms to adopt, to lower the cost of the software and probably develop a home-grown solution. Significance of study: The study has helped highlight the extent of adoption of audit software. It has also revealed the most common audit software in use. With this information, the NBAAT, ICPAK, ICPAU, iCPAR and OPC can develop a 3-year roadmap to facilitate the SMPs to gradually acquire the audit software. At each Annual Practitioner’s Forum, adoption of audit software and how it enables the firm’s business to grow can become a permanent topic. This can supplement the advanced Microsoft Excel® training that is being undertaken by most of the SMPs. Future research: After a 2-year period, further research can include an in-depth interview with a sample of firms that responded to determine the influence of audit software or lack thereof on their competitiveness among fellow SMPs in their respective countries. 

Keywords: Audit Quality, Effectiveness, Efficiency, audit software

The Effectiveness of the Whistle Blowing Policy in Combating Corruption in the Nigerian Public Sector (Published)

This study investigated the effectiveness of the WBW Policy in combating corruption in the Nigerian public sector. The study was carried out in Delta, Edo, Enugu, and Anambra States respectively. Data were obtained through structured questionnaire. Survey design was employed in the study. A total of one hundred and two (102) auditors and 162 accountants were sampled in the public sector. Judgmental Sampling Technique (JST) was employed in selecting the 264 respondents in the four states’ public organisations. Descriptive statistical techniques such as, charts, mean, standard deviation, tables, and percentages response analysis were used in analyzing the data. Cronbach alpha coefficient was used to test for reliability of the research instrument and the result was (0.7110). The Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC) was employed in testing the hypothesis. SPSS 23.0 was used. The results revealed that the WBW Policy is effective combating corruption in the public sector of Nigeria. The study hereby concluded that the WBW Policy have been effective in combating corruption in the public sector.  It was recommended that the state and local government should also initiate suitable WBW programme, continuous advert on WBW should be on the media, adequate protection of whistle blower should be guaranteed, and the rewards for the whistle blowers should be increased.

Keywords: Corruption, Effectiveness, Nigerian, Public Sector, Whistle-Blowing, combating

Contribution of community conservation projects on improved livelihoods, and sustainable biodiversity conservation in Nyungwe National Park (Published)

Recently, Rwanda Development Board (RDB) has established a revenue sharing scheme (RSS) to create a win-win approach in protected areas for effective biodiversity conservation and management. Through this scheme, around 1 billion Rwandan francs were invested to support around 152 Community Based Conservation Projects (CBCs), and integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs). This paper assessed the contribution of conservation projects around Nyungwe National Park (NNP). It evaluated their efficiency and effectiveness, and their socio-economic impact to the local community development. Secondary data about the revenue sharing projects and the amount of money allocated to each project were collected from RDB office. Primary data were collected through the interview and focus group discussion. To verify the findings from RDB, interview and focus group discussion (FGD) were used. Interview was done with local peoples around Nyungwe National Park and with community conservation wardens, while threats to NNP were verified by the consultation of reports from ranger based monitoring officers. The results showed that the value of resources collected by people from the park is higher than the revenue sharing support offered by RDB and consequently the revenue sharing scheme did not significantly reduce threats to biodiversity and its impact around NNP. We recommend the revision of the whole revenue sharing scheme, taking into account the cost of livelihoods of community surrounding the park.

Keywords: Development projects, Effectiveness, Efficiency, integrated conservation, revenue sharing scheme

Effectiveness of in Service Teachers Training Programmes Offered by DSD at Primary Level in Punjab (Published)

The underlying purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of in-service teacher training (ISTT) programmes conducted in Punjab by Directorate of Staff Development (DSD). It further evaluates the strength and weaknesses of the various executed training programmes by DSD within Punjab, Pakistan. The following Quantitative study intends to highlight the various variables which act as a comprehensive tool for the acquisition of expected or desired outcomes. It further states those variables involved which act as a catalyst to bring a significant change within the classroom premises, institutions or working places and the attitudes, methodology and teaching practices of teachers or professionals. For that purpose, surveys were conducted by using questionnaires in various areas of Punjab, Pakistan. The data was analyzed by using coding and SPSS-16. The conclusion drawn from the data analysis illustrates the positive influence of ISTT within the classroom as well as on individuals. It enables the teachers to identify their strengths and weaknesses as it has been proved as an efficient tool for self-evaluation, self learning and reflection. ISTT also bring change within in the classroom as it enables the teachers to understand the complexity of learning process more explicitly.

Keywords: DSD, Effectiveness, Evaluation, Knowledge, Practices, Skill, attitude, in-service teacher training (ISTT), professional development (PD)

Re – examining the Fight against Public Sector Corruption in Nigeria: Has the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) lived up to its billing? (Published)

Issues of corruption have continued to feature prominently in the management of national affairs globally, and particularly in transitional States. Public governance in Nigeria has been serially accused with verifiable proofs of unbridled corruption, and is therefore a huge contributor to Nigeria’s embarrassing corruption perception on the Global Corruption Index. The ICPC as an institutional response to the ugly trend, is intended at curbing the incidence, severity, and depth of corruption in Nigeria public service. It is however worrisome, that public sector corruption is yet to witness a significant downward review, as bizarre incidences of public sector corruption continues to emerge even with the presence of ICPC. This paper therefore leverages on a Desk Study, hinged on Documentary Analysis, to interrogate how effective the ICPC has been, in the fight against Public Sector corruption in Nigeria, and to also ascertain, some of the challenges that militate against its operations. The findings show among others, that although the ICPC made some contributions to the fight against corruption, it is generally adjudged quite weak and ineffective, for reasons that range from wide political interferences/lack of autonomy, absence of the requisite political will, and poor funding. It is recommended among others, that the ICPC should be redesigned to make it much more autonomous and insulated from the likelihood of detrimental political influences as much as possible.

Keywords: Corruption, Effectiveness, Independent, Public Sector, institutionalization

Design and development of a trapezoidal plate fin heat exchanger for the prediction of heat exchanger effectiveness (Published)

A trapezoidal plate-fin exchanger was designed, developed, to test the plate fin heat exchanger effectiveness. It was constructed in a 5 layer cross-flow arrangement. The dimensions of the trapezoidal fins were height, thickness, top-width and bottom-width as 380mm, 40mm, 0.5mm, 20mm, and 80mm respectively. Thereafter, was used to determine the thermo- hydraulic performance of the given heat exchanger at different mass flow rates of 4.975 kg/s to 9.751 kg/s, at a hot inlet temperature of 369K. The values of the effectiveness obtained were plotted against mass flow rate, to account for variation. The evaluated results showed that mass flow rate was proportional to the temperature drop of the fluids. Correspondingly, increase in mass flow rate, increases the effectiveness of the heat exchanger. This suggests that the effectiveness of 0.98 using trapezoidal plate fin heat exchanger result provides benchmark data to evaluate and predicts the performance of a plate-fin heat exchanger.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Heat exchanger; trapezoidal-fin

Evaluating the Influence and Implications of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organisational Effectiveness of Banks in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (Published)

This study examines the extent in which Strategic Human Resources Management (SHRM) influences the organisational effectiveness of banks in Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). The study attempts to identify some of the problems affecting Banks’ effectiveness. A total of 93 questionnaires were distributed to one local private bank (Kurdistan Bank), one local public or state-owned bank (Zagros Bank) and one internationally owned bank (Abu Dhabi Bank). Of the above number, 74 questionnaires were successfully retrieved and the results were analysed using SPSS 22. The results from the study showed that most of the variations in organisational effectiveness that are attributed to changes in (SHRM) are observable in the public or state-owned banks. The results also showed that most SHRM practices are insignificant in the context of individual banks but more significant in the context of all banks. Furthermore, it was observed that performance systems have a negative effect on private and internationally owned banks. The conclusion drawn from the study is that the effects of SHRM on organisational effectiveness in the banking sector are the same between the banks. The study is significant as it contributes to the formulation of strategies that will help to attract and retain the right, qualified and skilled employees who can facilitate the performance and success of the banks employees’ welfare. The study is one of the few types of research that looks at the implications of Strategic Human Resources on the organisational effectiveness of banks in the Middle East with regards to KRG. It will also form part and parcel of a foundation for establishing a base for conducting future studies

Keywords: Banking Sector, Effectiveness, Human Resource Management, KRG, Strategic Human Resource Management

Perception of Teachers on the Effectiveness of In-Service Education and Training at the Basic Schools in Akatsi District of Ghana (Published)

This study sought to investigate the perception of teachers on the effectiveness of in-service education and training (INSET) at the basic schools in Akatsi South District of Ghana. It also sought to find out how often in-service training programmes were organized in the district and how effective the training programme were. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used in carrying out the investigation using a sample of 60 teachers in Akatsi District of Ghana.  Also, stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used in selecting the respondents.  The main instruments for data collection were questionnaire and interview. The study revealed that majority of the teachers perceived or rated INSET programmes organized for them as being adequate and very effective with regards to teaching and learning in the district. On the other hand, most of the head-teachers (70%) debunk the assertion made by the teachers that INSET programmes were very effective with regard to teaching and learning in the district. They were of the view that most teachers who attend in-service training did not perform effectively in their work with regard to understanding pupils’ errors, enhancing teachers’ knowledge, preparing effective lesson notes, selection and use of appropriate TLMs and interpreting the curriculum concerning teaching and learning in the district. It was recommended among others that the organizers of in-service training programmes in Akatsi district look for qualified instructors who understand the needs of the teachers to handle the various subject areas during INSET programmes and place more emphasis on the professional skill development aspect of the teacher.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Perception, in-service training

Perception of Teachers on the Effectiveness of In-service Education and Training At the Basic Schools in Akatsi District Of Ghana (Published)

This study sought to investigate the perception of teachers on the effectiveness of in-service education and training (INSET) at the basic schools in Akatsi South District of Ghana. It also sought to find out how often in-service training programmes were organized in the district and how effective the training programme were. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used in carrying out the investigation using a sample of 60 teachers in Akatsi District of Ghana.  Also, stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used in selecting the respondents.  The main instruments for data collection were questionnaire and interview. The study revealed that majority of the teachers perceived or rated INSET programmes organized for them as being adequate and very effective with regards to teaching and learning in the district. On the other hand, most of the head-teachers (70%) debunk the assertion made by the teachers that INSET programmes were very effective with regard to teaching and learning in the district. They were of the view that most teachers who attend in-service training did not perform effectively in their work with regard to understanding pupils’ errors, enhancing teachers’ knowledge, preparing effective lesson notes, selection and use of appropriate TLMs and interpreting the curriculum concerning teaching and learning in the district. It was recommended among others that the organizers of in-service training programmes in Akatsi district look for qualified instructors who understand the needs of the teachers to handle the various subject areas during INSET programmes and place more emphasis on the professional skill development aspect of the teacher.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Perception, in-service training

Perception of Teachers on the Effectiveness of Inservice Education and Training at the Basic Schools in Akatsi District of Ghana (Published)

This study sought to investigate the perception of teachers on the effectiveness of in-service education and training (INSET) at the basic schools in Akatsi South District of Ghana. It also sought to find out how often in-service training programmes were organized in the district and how effective the training programme were. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used in carrying out the investigation using a sample of 60 teachers in Akatsi District of Ghana.  Also, stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used in selecting the respondents.  The main instruments for data collection were questionnaire and interview. The study revealed that majority of the teachers perceived or rated INSET programmes organized for them as being adequate and very effective with regards to teaching and learning in the district. On the other hand, most of the head-teachers (70%) debunk the assertion made by the teachers that INSET programmes were very effective with regard to teaching and learning in the district. They were of the view that most teachers who attend in-service training did not perform effectively in their work with regard to understanding pupils’ errors, enhancing teachers’ knowledge, preparing effective lesson notes, selection and use of appropriate TLMs and interpreting the curriculum concerning teaching and learning in the district. It was recommended among others that the organizers of in-service training programmes in Akatsi district look for qualified instructors who understand the needs of the teachers to handle the various subject areas during INSET programmes and place more emphasis on the professional skill development aspect of the teacher.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Perception, in-service training

Video Documentary Training in Agricultural Extension in the 21st Century: A Qualitative Assessment of Cassava Farmers in South-West Nigeria (Published)

Video documentaries are means of communication adopted by several sectors including agriculture to pass useful and required information to respective audiences. It has become one of the major tools utilized by extension agents as instructional materials for agricultural educational purposes in major parts of the world. In Nigeria, agricultural programmes are packaged by extension agents in collaboration with some media houses and broadcast at certain times which may not be convenient to watch, understand, and later referred to. This study therefore assessed the effectiveness of video documentary as training tool for farmers in south-west Nigeria.  Methodologically, the qualitative approach was adopted as farmers were trained with the aid of a video documentary as instructional material and were assessed before and after the trainings provided with structured interview guides to gather the data required. The findings showed that video documentaries are effective training tools that aid understanding and retention of information shared even after several weeks of the training. Conventional extension practice is enjoined to embrace video documentaries as instructional training tools to facilitate and enhance farmer’s agricultural learning.

Keywords: Agricultural Extension, Effectiveness, Nigeria, South-western States, Video documentary

Evaluating the Effective Role of Innovation Management in the Hospitality Industry: A Study of Selected Hotels in South-East, Nigeria (Published)

This study focused on evaluating the effective role of innovation management in the hospitality industry. The inability of the change managers of these hotels to meet their expected organizational goals even as they strive to inject something new to meet the ever-rising demand of their clients made this study so essential. To achieve this objective, both primary and secondary data were employed. From a given population of 966, a sample size of 283 was derived using the Taro Yamane’s formula. A survey research design was also employed, and the study proved to be valid and reliable given a content validity and a Cronbach alpha of 0.863. The techniques adopted in analyzing the data were both the descriptive and inferential statistics. Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient was used in testing the hypotheses. The result of the findings reveals that innovation management has no significant association with the firms’ ability in gaining a competitive advantage; and the adoption of innovation management has significant association with increase in customer patronage. Based on these findings, the researcher concluded that innovation management in the hospitality industry is effective. The researcher therefore recommends among others that there should be corporate-wide dogged efforts towards continuous improvements and innovation in order to stand and overcome the heat of competition. 

Keywords: Effectiveness, Hospitality industry, Innovation management

Factors That Influence the Effectiveness of Performance Management System Adoption in Organisation (Published)

The focus of this paper is to review and discuss the main factors that influence the effectiveness of Performance Management System in organisation. Performance Management System can be viewed as one of the most important and constructive developments that has gained momentum in the recent years.  Consequently, it has become crucial for many organisations in their quest to improve and enhance their competitiveness through its introduction and implementation. Public and private organisations are gradually moving towards the adoption of Performance Management System as it provides an integrated and coherent range of Human Resources processes which can be supportive in terms of contributing to the overall improvement of organisational and individual performance. A number of key factors are responsible for the effectiveness of Performance Management System and they are critically discussed in this literature study. The study reveals that factors such as balance scorecard, training, top management commitment, employee engagement, reward management, enterprise resource planning, culture and behaviour influence the effectiveness of a Performance management System adoption in organisation.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Factors, Performance Management System

Business Continuity Management: Definitions, Drivers, Practices, Key processes and Effectiveness (Published)

This paper sheds light on the concept for business continuity management, its definitions, key processes and effectiveness. The paper gives also a clear understanding of the BCM drivers, practices 

Keywords: Business, Continuity, Drivers, Effectiveness, Management

Assets Safeguard and Business Performance in Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria (Published)

The paper titled: Assets Safeguard and Business Performance in Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria empirically assessed the influence, safeguarding corporate assets exerts on business performance. The empirical referents in focus are efficiency, effectiveness and profitability. The research design adopted is the survey. Data was collected within a framework sample size of thirty-two (32) quoted manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Pearson product moment correlation and QSR Nvivo were adopted in analyzing the quantitative and qualitative data. The findings show that assets safeguard has positive and significant influence on business performance. The study conclude that safeguard of manufacturing firms assets enhances their performance through profitability operational effectiveness and resource utilization efficiency. It is therefore recommended that manufacturing firms should be conscious of their assets safeguard mechanism through proper identification and accountability of assets of all kinds to minimize wastage, losses and ownership conversion by persons of such tendencies.   

Keywords: Assets Safeguard, Business Profitability, Effectiveness, Efficiency

Impact of an Educational Intervention of 40 Hours Training of Breast Feeding Promoting on the Knowledge and Attitude of a Sample of Health Professional Staff: A Study of A Pre and Post Evaluation (Published)

Health professionals have a crucial role in promotion, support and management of breastfeeding. To be effective in this effort, the clinician should focus on the issue from the preconception stage through pregnancy and delivery, and continue in subsequent infant care.  To assess the effectiveness of the UNICEF/WHO 40-hour of breast feeding training through the assess breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of the health profession staff before and after training course. Pre-posttest study with an intervention of an educational training course were conducted in Karbala maternity Hospital, during the period from May till July, 2016.A total of 90 participants arrange to reply to the invitation, Self-administered questionnaires were designed which include general demographic information, items related to the knowledge and attitude regarding the breast feeding. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS program (version 20) Results were presented as the frequencies and percentage in tables and figures. Chi-square test was used to determine any association found between these demographic variables and knowledge and attitudes. P value < 0.05 considered as cut off value for significance. The study revealed that the majority 48.9% of the participants achieved fair level score of knowledge regarding to breast feeding in pretest while the knowledge score improved as the majority 75.6% reported good knowledge in posttest.  There is improvement regarding the knowledge related to basic information, breast feeding problems management and hospital policies supporting breast feeding. This improvement was significant statistically regrading knowledge related to the basic information (sings of adequate breast feeding 77.8%, breast feeding with local anesthesia 82.2%, breast feeding benefit 97.8% and contraindication to breast feeding84.4% with p<0.05. There is an improvement in good attitude from pretest to posttest in each attitude questions except for Q 14 and Q 15 (Formula is as healthy for an infant as breast milk, Breast-feeding is more convenient. than formula-feeding) the attitude is slightly reversed in the posttest. Significant statistical association were reported regarding the effect of the course of breast feeding promotion training in certain aspects of attitude questions especially the breastfeeding benefit aspect. UNICEF/WHO 40-hour of breast feeding training was effective tool to assess the   breast feeding knowledge and attitudes among health profession staff that provide maternity care.   

Keywords: Assess, Attitudes, Breast Feeding Training, Effectiveness, Health Profession Staff, Knowledge, Pre and Posttest.

Process Control and Business Performance in Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria (Published)

This paper seeks to examine the influence of process control on business performance of quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted. Three (3) tentative assertions, hypotheses were formulated. The sample size was thirty-two (32) quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Pearson product moment correlation and QSR-Nvivo aided the quantitative and qualitative data analysis respectively. The study findings indicated that process control has very positive relationship with business performance. In conclusion, profitability, effectiveness and efficiency adoption as proxies of business performance has been proven to be largely a function of process control. The study recommends that manufacturing firms should increase the control measure in the work process to ensure conformity and avoidance of deviations, in order to achieve higher performance in their operations.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Process control, Profitability, Triangulation

The Effectiveness of English Language Courses as EFL in Undergraduate Level at Jahangirnagar University (Published)

This paper reports on an effectiveness of English Language Courses as EFL at the tertiary level, offered to first year undergraduate students of some departments of Jahangirnagar University. It aims to establish the case for using evaluation as a means for curriculum development. Currently, the EFL course is considered important for Bangladesh in general, and Jahangirnagar University students in particular, since our graduates face problems not only in coping with the demands of their respective academic disciplines. (e.g. the majority of academic texts are in English) , but also in finding suitable employment because of their lack of English skills. Since the newly introduced EFL course is still in its developmental phase it is necessary to find out the effectiveness to evaluate it and to see whether it fulfils student needs and course objectives. Datas for this study are collected from undergraduates who are currently studying EFL and some other who have recently completed their courses. This investigation reveals that students are not much benefited in learning English. There are number of limitations, which make these EFL courses ineffective. The investigation concludes with several implications and suggestions for those concerned for EFL learning.

Keywords: EFL, Effectiveness, Jahangirnagar University, Tertiary level, Undergraduates

Training and Efficiency: A Quantitative Survey of Administrative Officials in Local Self-Government Authorities (Published)

This paper presents the results of a quantitative survey that was conducted on local self-government officials of the municipality of Larissa, with the aim of exploring their views on the contribution of training to their job performance. It also investigated whether these views differ according to the officials’ gender, age and seniority. The research results showed that officials recognise the benefits of training, in terms both of their personal efficiency and of the efficiency of the organisation where they work. These views do not appear to be statistically significantly different, on the basis of predefined variables.

Keywords: Administrative Officials, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Local Self-Government