Institutional Academic Culture and Effective Implementation of Educational Technology Curriculum in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated institutional academic culture influences educational technology curriculum implementation in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of the study, two research questions were posed and two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the ex-post facto research design. The population of the study comprises of two thousand seven hundred and seventy-one (2,771) students of educational technology studying in the University of Calabar, the Cross River University of Technology, Calabar College of Education Akamkpa and College of Education Obudu, all in Cross River State. A total sample of six hundred and eighty-two (682) students was used for the study. The collected data was analyzed using One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with LSD Post-hoc analysis for the two hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that institutional academic culture significantly influence educational technology curriculum implementation in tertiary institutions in Cross River State Nigeria, it was recommended among other things that every school should make it compulsory to have regular laboratory experience to enhance the learning experiences and also promote creative culture through adherence to students centered learning method.
Students’ Concerns and Views on Effectiveness of Implementation of a Post-Diploma in Basic Education Distance Learning Programme (Published)
This study sought to find out issues of serious concern to Post-Diploma students at the Kumasi Study Centres of the University of Education, Winneba, distance education programme. It also solicited their views on how to address those concerns. A descriptive cross-sectional quantitative survey using a self-designed structured questionnaire was employed to randomly select 291 respondents from a population of 1,200. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.73. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 16.0 version). The study identified inadequate feedback and contact with lecturers/instructors, poor facilities and conditions at the study centres, high cost of programme, delay in the supply of modules, absenteeism of instructors, among others, as issues of serious concern to students. The number one issue of concern was delay in the supply of modules. It was revealed that early supply of modules, ensuring improvement in facilities and conditions at the centres, among others, would address students’ concerns on the programme. The study contributes to the importance of student involvement in successful implementation of distance education programmes.
Why polio eradication program was not successfully implemented in Pakistan? (Review Completed - Accepted)
Since two decades lots of efforts are being made to make Pakistan a Polio free country, but, Pakistan struggle to be a polio free country is not prolific. Pakistan health sector developed the vigorous strategies for the eradication of the polio in Pakistan, but value of all the strategies is only well documented pieces of paper in plan development due to ineffective implementation. The purpose of the study is identifying the potential factors that are influencing the successful implementation of polio program in Pakistan. The sample of the study was 250 respondents from potential stakeholders like Officials of EPI, Official of Ministry of IPC, Official of Health vertical program, International stake holders, clergy, Parents of affected children and Health worker. The exploratory factor analysis was used to identify the factors that influence the implementation of the polio eradication program in the Pakistan. The confirmatory Factor analysis was used to confirm these explorative factors and model fitness. The result of the exploratory factor analysis shows that there are 6 potential factors which Eigen value is greater than 1 like content, contextual, operational, Leadership, Structural &cultural and Social factors. Confirmatory factor analysis result shows that identifies context dimension (0.98), content dimension (0.81), operational dimension (0.44) , structural and cultural dimension (0.67), leadership (0.89) and social are (0.28) as effective factors on the failure of polio eradication program in the Pakistan. It is concluded that proper implementation of the polio eradication program is possible through considering the effects of these factors more important than formulation of new policies and plan; otherwise these policies are nothing except well documented pieces of paper in health ministry and Pakistan will not free from polio.