Tag Archives: Education

The Importance of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria’s Development (Published)

There can be no sustainable national development without vocational and technical education, and there can be no vocational and technical education without skills acquisition. The issue of sustainable national development is not a one-day event, but constant or continuous process that affects the citizens positively. The paper x-rayed the peculiar characteristics of vocational and technical education in providing necessary skills to the populace for sustainable national development. The conceptual clarification of vocational education, technical education, vocational and technical education, and sustainable national development were considered. The paper further discussed a brief history of vocational and technical education in Nigeria, during the pre-colonial, colonial and the post-colonial era. The paper examines the importance of vocational and technical education in Nigeria development. It further highlighted the role of vocational and technical education in sustainable national development. The paper concluded that non-acquisition of saleable skills has been a major factor in the countries under development and high rates of poverty and other social vices. Therefore, VTE as the type of education with these values should be recognized and taken serious for sustainable national development to strive.

 

Keywords: Development, Education, Nigeria, Technical, Vocational

Library and Information Science Education and Learning in a World of Difference (Published)

The changes in library operations and service delivery inundated by emerging technologies, pose a need for library and information science educators to adopt a global initiative to resolve curriculum and training issues in library schools in Africa. To this end, this paper reviews Library and Information Science education in Nigeria, Library and Information Science curriculum reforms, ICT and LISE, entrepreneurial skills in LISE and major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The paper presented a module for a proposed curriculum, identified the entrepreneurial skills needed by LISE graduates and posited that a dearth of qualified IT professionals in Library schools, poor funding, poor policy implementation among others are the major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The study recommended that effective policy implementation is an essential tool to enhance LISE transformation in Nigeria. Also, the opportunities the Information technology application offers will transform library and information science education, and these will help bridge the gap between the two worlds.

Keywords: Education, Information, Learning, Library, Science, world

Reassessing the Link between Government Spending on Education and National Development in Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the relationship between government spending on education and national development in Nigeria using secondary data from the period 2001 to 2017. The study adopted gross domestic product as proxy for national development and the dependent variable; while government spending on education (representing Federal Government annual budgetary provision for the education sector) and inflation were used as the explanatory variables. Time series data for the study period was collected from the Federal Ministry of Finance, Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Official Gazette. The study employed descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis based on the E-view 10 software as techniques of data analysis. The results provided evidence that government spending of education had significant positive effect on national development (at 5% level), while inflation had an insignificant effect on national development (at 13%). Overall, the study concluded that government spending on education has statistically significant positive effect on national at 5% with a probability of F-statistics value of 0.000000.  This means that government spending on education will enhance the availability of high level manpower that will ultimately bring about improvements in productivity leading to increase in national development. Based the findings, the study recommend that government should increase annual budgetary allocation to education sector to 26% of total annual budget in line with the UNESCO requirements; that the responsible organs of government should set targets and goals aimed at minimizing as much as possible (if not completely eradicating) misappropriation of funds.

Keywords: Education, Government spending, Inflation, National Development, Output, Productivity

School Location and Educational Opportunity in Nigeria (Published)

It is obvious that the place a school is located has an impact negatively or positively on the educational opportunities available to those committed to it. There is a general consensus therefore that improving the availability of school opportunities increases greater equality in gender and socio-economic status participation. This therefore influences the policies and measures being embarked by numerous administrations across the world to tackle the educational imbalance between classes, states and ethnic groups in the country. In this paper, equality of educational opportunities entails a lot of things. It means giving the same type educational treatment to everybody without any form of discrimination regardless of any location, disability or barriers the individual may have. The 1999 Nigerian constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria coded, institutionalized and legitimized political patronage representative for sharing the national positions and resources. It provided not only the clauses of “federal character” at the national level and diversity at the local and state level of government, but also instituted a Federal Character Commission to oversee, implement and ensure compliance. There are educational disadvantaged states in Nigeria that led to the introduction of “Catchment Area” which is another phrase in the admission policy to promote equalization of educational opportunity. In this paper, the type of school, topography of site, population, nature of host community, aesthetic value of the site, availability of amenities, pollution levels are some of the factors put into consideration prior to the establishment of a school. Barriers to educational opportunities as identified in this paper include; individual differences amongst pupils, selection methods, quota system of admission, unaffordable costs, gender discrimination, armed conflicts and limited admission spaces.

Keywords: Education, Federal Character, School Location, educational opportunity

Influence of Social Media on Communication Skills and Academic Performance of Business Education Students in Colleges of Education in Southwest, Nigeria (Published)

The study assessed the influence of social media on communication skill acquisition and academic performance of business education students. The study had two specific purposes, three research questions and two hypotheses. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of 461 respondents. A structured questionnaire tagged Influence of Social Media on Communication Skills and Academic Performance Questionnaire (ISMCSAPQ) was used to collect data from the respondents. The instrument was subjected to face and content validation by three experts with a Cronbach reliability coefficient of 0.87. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data to answer the research questions while linear regression statistic was used to test the hypotheses. The findings revealed among others that social media use significantly positively influence communication skills and academic performance of business education students in colleges of education. It was concluded that social media when used effectively for academic purposes is capable of improving communication skills and academic performance of Business Education students in colleges of education. The study is potentially of great significance to teachers and students, enabling them to recognize, accept and deploy social media as implements of teaching, learning and skill acquisition. It  was recommended among others that students should be encouraged to use social media to acquire necessary information while government provide conducive learning environment such as e-library for academic excellence.

 

Keywords: Academic, Business, Education, Media, Performance, Skills, Social, communication

Pre-Service Teacher Education System (Published)

Education is what begins when you leave school (Oscar Wilde, cited in Lawton, 1986). According to Adams (1971) education is a composite of skills, techniques, cognitive and non-cognitive learning many of which have long-range rather than immediate consequences. P-Brown, Oke and Nacino-Brown. (1992) also describe education as initiating into activities and modes of thought that are worthwhile and stress that education implies that a person has achieved or will eventually achieve a state of mind characterised by a mastery of and a care for worthwhile things viewed in some kind of cognitive perspective. The main purpose of education, whether formal or informal, has been to produce a person who will be a useful member of society (McWilliam & Kwamena-Poh, 1978).

Keywords: Education, Pre-Service, System, Teacher

Selected Components of Tax Revenue and Educational Development in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the relationship between some selected components of tax revenue and educational development in Nigeria for the period 2010 to 2018. The study adopted education tax and value added tax as the independent variables, while educational development taken as government spending on education (excluding recurrent expenditure) was used as the dependent variable. Secondary data was collected from the CBN, FIRS, and MOE. The data analysis technique adopted for the study was the multiple regression analysis using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. The results revealed that there was positive relationship between value added tax, education tax and education development. However, the relationship was not statistically significant with the implication that the effect of the selected tax revenue components on educational development was weak. Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that the contribution of education tax to the development of the education sector is not having the desired effect on the sector. Furthermore, value added tax revenue as expected is not an important contributor to education development. It is suggested that more revenue from various tax funds be channeled to the education sector as human capital development is key to national development. The study thus recommended that the proportion of value added tax revenue channeled towards education development should be increased as deficits in education development are very high. It is also recommended that the education tax be increased from the present 2% to 5% in order to contribute more significantly to education development.

Keywords: Development, Education, Revenue, Tax, Value added

Perceived Risk Factors in Distance Education Delivery: The Case of University of Education, Winneba (Published)

The purpose of this study was to explore the risks associated with staff of University of Education, Winneba who work for University’s Distance Education Programme.  The study employed sequential explanatory mixed methods approach which used questionnaire and structured interview guide to collect both quantitative and qualitative data. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 250 respondents from 325 staff of the Distance Education Programme. The study identified security, dietary, transportation and lodging as the key risk factors associated with distance education delivery. It was recommended among others, that the University should institute an insurance policy to cover all staff engaged in the Distance Education delivery.

Keywords: Education, University, Winneba, distance education delivery, perceived risk factors

The Gap between Employers and Unemployed, Challenges for Employability in Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica (Published)

The purpose of this research is to analyze the challenges for employability in Guanacaste through the discussion of variables that influence job offers and the conditions of job seekers, with a focus on the relevance of employment for economic development of the country and the relationship of higher education with obtaining employment. The methodology includes a descriptive research, with a quantitative approach, which studies guanacastecans in unemployment, applying a survey to a sample of 76 university students. The results show that people feel prepared and with the necessary competences for employment, but perceive little support from local governments, institutions and even the universities to open employment opportunities. The experience barrier is relevant, looked by employers; among the competences that increase the possibilities of employment are the soft skills, English language management, as well as the updating in technological tools. Considering conclusions, communication between universities, local governments and other institutions should improve with business sectors, to generate a clear picture and increase employment options. Together with efforts such as more job fairs and intermediation offices, the unemployed will have a link to find employment and employers can have a clear profile of the people who seek a job. In short, the challenges are diverse and requires efforts from various parties, from the unemployed who must develop adequate skills, to employers who value human talent in Guanacaste.

Keywords: Economic Development, Education, Employability, Skills, Unemployment

Education and Economic Growth in South Asia (Published)

Interconnection between education and economic growth is a subject of great interest in most developing nations in the world today. This is because economic growth is one of the key indicators of the level of national development. In this study, regression analysis is applied to look into the genuine effects and the relationship between education and economic growth of the Southern Asian Countries such as Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. The methodology consists of the means of estimation and econometric analysis which help to determine the actual quantitative effects of education in economic growth especially in South Asian nations. By this, an affirmation of the relationship between the two variables can be made due to enough evidence obtained in this study.

Keywords: Education, GDP, Regression, South Asia, economic growth

Educational Services to Develop Students’ Different Variaties of Potential, Competence, Knowledge, and Experience in Elementary School (Published)

Education plays an important role to give a service to students particularly to those who have various kind of potential. Therefore, it needs to formulate the concept of educational services that can develop the potential of diverse students. This case study used a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) technique conducted in Jakarta, Bandung, and Surakarta. The research found out the concept of educational services for various kinds of students’ potential with the needs of strengthening school principal management involving students’ parents’ association, home visit, improve teaching and learning using various kinds of teaching methodology and teaching and learning tool.

 

Keywords: Education, Elementary School, School Management, Teaching and Learning, parents’ association, potential

Higher Institutions Funding and the Nigerian Economy (Published)

This study examines funding tertiary institutions and Nigerian growth perspective. The specific objective of the study is to evaluate the effect of tertiary institutions funding on national development in Nigeria. An ordinary least squares estimation technique was used in the study to evaluate the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable. The result of experiment indicates that funding is a veritable tool for tertiary institutions growth in Nigeria. The result also shows that government capital expenditure funding is not statistically significant in the growth process. It was recommends that the government has to invest more on the education sector as well as ensuring that the resources are properly managed and used for the development of education services. The study concludes that funding of higher education in Nigeria needs to be improved upon especially in the area of capital expenditures funding. This is as a result of the increasing need and demand for specialized services in different sectors within the academic institutions.

Keywords: Budget, Education, Funding, Government Expenditure, Higher Institutions, economic growth

Administration Education Modernity and its impact in relieving the written burdens about teachers (Published)

The present study aimed to identify the impact of the only modern educational management in alleviating the burdens written for teachers, and to achieve the objectives of the study researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach, and then the researcher tool, a major search one which is a questionnaire consisting of (20) items have been applied to the study sample Which was randomly selected from the study society to reach (400) teachers and administrators. The study found that there is a statistically significant effect of the modern educational administration in reducing the written burden on teachers, The lack of Gedo and the impact of a statistically significant management of modern education in alleviating the burden of clerical teachers according to sex, the study recommended the need to work on activating the standards and principles of modern educational management

Keywords: Administration, Education, Modernity, written

Impact of Disaggregated Public Expenditure on Economic Growth of Selected African Countries: A Panel VECM (Published)

The study investigated the long-run and short-run equilibrium relationship between economic growth and disaggregated public expenditure in selected West African Countries with panel data spanning 1990-2017. The study employed panel co-integration based on Pedroni and Panel Vector Error Correction Model (PVECM) with Engle and Granger´s procedure for empirical analysis. The findings revealed that expenditure on infrastructure, health and education have positive impact on economic growth at about 2%, 6% and 2% respectively, but only expenditure on infrastructure is significant. Defence expenditures and education expenditures at both lags have indirect and insignificant influence on economic growth while health expenditure has direct and insignificant impact on economic growth at all lags. The study recommends policy makers to focus on developing health, infrastructure and education sectors which has not contributed significantly enough to economic growth in the selected African countries

Keywords: Defence, Education, Health, Infrastructure, PVECM, economic growth

Education and Economic Growth in South Asia (Published)

Interconnection between education and economic growth is a subject of great interest in most developing nations in the world today. This is because economic growth is one of the key indicators of the level of national development. In this study, regression analysis is applied to look into the genuine effects and the relationship between education and economic growth of the Southern Asian Countries such as Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. The methodology consists of the means of estimation and econometric analysis which help to determine the actual quantitative effects of education in economic growth especially in South Asian nations. By this, an affirmation of the relationship between the two variables can be made due to enough evidence obtained in this study.

Keywords: Education, GDP, Regression, South Asia, economic growth

The Impact of Kindergarten on Children’s Socio-emotional Development (Published)

Scholars emphasized to believe that age 3-5 is the most optimal for the children formation of learning enthusiasm. This age will allow children to succeed at the next levels of the educational system as well as enjoy lifelong benefits. The early education is the cornerstone to children to establish the first Socio-emotional development contact.  Furthermore, there are cultural, parental, and environmental factors, corporate the kindergarten institution that could affect the quality and feasibility of early education. Yet some positive economic and parental factors can help kindergartens in its educational endeavors. The study found that the elements of family, school and community factors, as well as play, relationships, and environments, work in synergy to support children’s Socio-emotional development. The present research emphasized that to help the educational institutions to improve its image that is preferred, it is necessary to address issues that minimize the quality of education and render kindergartens irrelevant.

Keywords: Education, Kindergarten, children, socio-emotional development

Comparative Analysis of Budgetary Allocation to Education and Life Expectancy in Nigeria, 1980 – 2015 (Published)

The study investigated the Comparative Analysis of Budgetary Allocation to Education and Life Expectancy in Nigerian from 1980-2015. The objective of the study was to comparatively analyze the relative impact of federal government actual budgetary allocation to education alongside UNESCO 26% recommended budgetary allocation to education. In respect to the above, relevant theoretical and empirical literature were reviewed. The researcher formulated the relevant objective research question hypothesis to guide the study. In the course of the study, relevant data relating to the variables needed by the researcher were extracted from various document analysis such as Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin and National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) Statistical Bulletin. The Classical Linear Regression Model was employed in modelling the relationship between poverty and the budgetary allocation variables. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) equation technique was used in analyzing the data. The unit root analysis revealed that all the variables were not stationary at levels. But at first difference, all the variables became stationary. The Johansen cointegration analysis revealed that the variables were cointegrated and had a valid error correction mechanism. The analysis of the Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) showed that the impact on poverty was wrongly signed and insignificant. On comparative analysis, the researcher observed that the UNESCO’s 26% recommended budgetary allocation to education criteria had more impact on Life Expectancy. It was therefore, recommended that Budgetary allocation to the educational sector in Nigeria should be implemented based on the UNESCO 26% recommended principle. Greater percentage of the budgetary allocation to education should be spent on capital project in the education sector. This is because such expenditure will impact positively on the educational sector and in turn have a multiplier effect on the general performance of the economy at the long run.

Keywords: Budgetary Allocation, Comparative Analysis, Education, Health, UNESCO 26%, life expectancy

Education And The Assertive Woman: A Case Study of Ama Ata Aidoo’s Changes (Published)

The research looked at the relevance of the African educated woman in contemporary African society: A case of Ama Ata Aidoo’s Changes. The purpose of the study was to use Ama Ata Aidoo’s Changes to showcase the position of the African educated woman living in Africa. A qualitative approach was employed to look at views related to the indigenous African woman and her means of asserting herself through education and also adopted the traditional library research approach through the use of books, articles, journals and publications in as much as they contribute to the worth of the study.  It was informed by the Feminist, Womanist and the Stiwanist theories. The main findings of the study indicate that there have been positive changes in the roles of women over the years. This change has come about as a result of women’s quest to assert themselves through education and contribute towards freeing their families from cultural and societal dogmas in which women were treated to subjugation and marginalization. A remarkable observation was the intentionality of ascribing to female characters more respectable roles in novels by various writers as the years go by. A conclusion drawn from the study is that education is still a major weapon of enhancing assertiveness in women but it is not the ultimate.

Keywords: Educated Assertive Woman, Education, Feminism, Womanism and Stiwanism

Challenges on Development and Education of Nomadic Children in Sokoto State: Implications for Education and Sustainability (Published)

Globally, education as birth right and sustainable development in human capacities and societal progress are being pursued with vigour. The nomadic Fulani are the second largest population of inhabitants in Sokoto state. However, they are among marginalised, underserved, underdeveloped and less educated group not only in the state but the country at large. The paper identifies nomadic life styles, inadequacies in policies and provisions for nomadic education and wide spread corruptions as major sources of constraints to development and education of Fulani children thus affecting the sustainable development prospects. The paper suggests the need for more concerted efforts form individuals and government, need for accurate census figure, mass mobilisation, wide spread campaign and use of culture-friendly integrated health, socio-economic welfare and education packages for all nomads. The paper concludes that it seems obvious that the nomads prefer sending children to cattle rearing than schooling because to the nomads a child who can rear and milk cow is more desirable than a certificate-holder that has no job or cannot breed cattle, thus it is imperative to make nomadic education more relevant to ideals and values of nomads for sustainable development to be a reality and achievable.

Keywords: Challenges, Development, Education, Sokoto, State, nomadic children

Basic Accounting Education: A Necessity for All (Published)

The paper examined the extent to which Accounting Education is taught to public secondary school students in Akwa Ibom State. The survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of all SS1 students in Public Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State, totaling 2493 (1392 males and 1101 females). The cluster sampling technique was used in selecting 249 (136 males and 113 females) students as sample for the study. Data collection was done with a researcher-developed instrument tagged “Basic Accounting Education Questionnaire” (BAEQ). The instrument, which had 10 items, was duly validated and tested for reliability using the Cronbach alpha formula.  Data analysis was done using the independent t-test. The result indicated no significant difference in the mean responses of the two groups of respondents regarding the poor status of Accounting education and dearth of accounting teachers in public secondary schools in the state. On the basis of this, it was concluded that Accounting Education is not given adequate attention in public secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. The teaching of Accounting Education at the secondary school level in Akwa Ibom State is impeded by dearth of qualified teachers and teaching aids. It was recommended, among other things, that bookkeeping and financial accounting should be made a core and compulsory subjects at both the junior and senior secondary school levels in the state.

Keywords: Accounting, Akwa Ibom, Education, Public Secondary Schools, basic