Effect of Parental Unemployment on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effect of parental unemployment on academic performance of secondary school students. Thus, the efficacy of parental unemployment is perilous social problem which contributed to the inability of many parents to caring for their children education. However, the challenges of unemployed parents contributed to the high rate of step—down many students in secondary education. Consequently, there some factors which contributes to unemployed parents in country such as shortage of industries, inexperience of people, unskilled labour and unavailable of firms. Moreover, thousands of embody men and women are unemployed in Nigeria. However they are seeking for employment opportunities, but the job is not available for them that was the reason many parents are jobless and they cannot provide their childern education pre-requisite, while some parents are not ready to work that is reason they are jobless and find it cumbersome to care for their children education. Presently, thousands of secondary school students involved various bad activities such prostitution, Yahoo, kidnapping, stealing, and other relevant offences in our country, because of inability of their parents to send them to secondary education . Yet, unemployment cause high rate of poverty which affected many patents in thirty- six states of federation includes Abuja the federal capital of Nigeria. However, the rate of drop out increasing daily basis because their parents could not perform their responsibility as parenting who have devoted to caring for their children education. Moreover, the population of unemployed parents is too high in Nigeria .
Technology in Secondary Education: Sociological Implications for the 21st Century Nigeria Adolescents (Published)
Change is inevitable in the society and in the 21st Century. This assertion cannot be overemphasized in the sense that the advent of technology has seen unprecedented levels of change. The application of technology in every aspect of today’s society has become the order of the day in the 21st Century, influencing every sector of modern society. The educational sector is not left in this wave of technological application as the introduction and employment of technological gadgets and approaches in the educational process has impacted the teaching and learning processes comprised of distant learning, cognitive development, collaborative teaching and learning to mention. Scholars have highlighted that the application of technological approaches to learning has been observed to impact the educational performance of students. It is therefore important that this approach be inculcated in the educational sector, particularly the secondary educational level because of its strategic position in the educational sector, its target population and the need to secure and guarantee the future of generations to come. It however, has a number of positive and negative implications for the adolescents such exemplified in cyber-bullying, pornography and the acquisition of improper use of language, among others. Cyber bullying, for instance, has the potential to impact the educational performance of students. This paper therefore seeks to explore the employment of technology in secondary in Nigeria and its sociological implication on adolescents. it establishes that education remains a critical drive of societal advancement and growth as it continues to adjust to meet the educational expectations of the modern-day society. The paper therefore makes a number of recommendations which include that parents and teachers should provide pupils with good orientation on the application and dangers of technology and its devices as well as the need for government and other organization to provide ICT equipment in schools.
Citation: Josephine Azuka Onyido and Okechukwu Akara Nwaogu (2022) Technology in Secondary Education: Sociological Implications for the 21st Century Nigeria Adolescents, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 4, pp. 35-42
Community based enterprise can improve the livelihoods of marginalized and low income people in rural Nepal. Most of the labor force in rural communities consist of women contributing low productivity, long working hours and poor working conditions. Appropriate Technology along with entrepreneurship education can be the best means in bringing efficiency and high productivity in their daily business. Appropriate Technology based Entrepreneurship Training for Community development (CATET) developed by NITEC has been very essential tool for the development of such women based communities enterprises in rural Nepal. CATET is an approach in which University jointly works with the communities to solve their entrepreneurial problems. CATET has helped to provide the better understanding of entrepreneurship knowledge for the communities and have involved the academic sector which has contributed on developing appropriate technologies and providing essential business knowledge. CATET not only helped to develop new enterprises but also assisted the existing enterprises. Initial results are very encouraging so the joint collaboration of government, academia and community working together can make this model far more functional.
Knowledge and Attitude towards Violence against Women among Male Health Workers in Akure South Local Government Area, Akure, Ondo-State (Published)
Citation: Mayowa Opeyemi Adekola, Joseph Oyeniyi Aina, Mary Ayodeji Gbenga-Epebinu (2022) Knowledge and Attitude towards Violence against Women among Male Health Workers in Akure South Local Government Area, Akure, Ondo-State, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp.1-17
Abstract: The research examined of knowledge and attitude towards violence against women among male health workers in Akure South Local Government Area, Akure, Ondo State. The study adopted a quantitative descriptive research design. A sample size of 191 respondents was determined using Cochran formula. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 191 respondents from the population. A validated questionnaire was used with a Cronbach’s alpha internal consistency ranging from 0.75 to 0.78 respectively. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS version 27 to generate summaries of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics at p=0.01. Findings from the research show that 59% of the respondents have poor knowledge of violence against women while 41% of them have good knowledge. Result also revealed that 51% of the respondents have negative attitude towards VAW, while 49% have good knowledge of VAW. It is concluded that there was poor knowledge and negative attitude towards violence against women among male health workers in Akure south Local Government Area. The implication of this is high tendency for men to perpetrate the act of violence against women. It is therefore recommended among others that Nurses should put up measures such as; enlightenment programmes to ensure men are well oriented about issues related to violence against women, this creates positive influence on the knowledge and attitude of men towards violence against women.
Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria (Published)
Citation: Chujuor J.C., and Hariet Onovughe Ayah (2022), Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 34-41
Abstract: The study aimed at determining the attitude of male and female adolescents towards sexuality and reproductive health education. The population of the study consisted of 5,800 adolescents in public secondary schools in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The sample of the study was however made up of 200 adolescent drawn through simple random sampling technique. Data of the study was obtained using structured questionnaire titled: “Adolescents Attitude to Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education Questionnaire (AASRHEQ). The instrument was validated by experts in educational psychology and measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.75, using Cronbach alpha technique. Data collected were analyzed using mean (x), standard deviation and t-test. Result got after data analysis indicated that generally speaking majority of the adolescents had negative attitude. However, a significant difference was found in the adolescents attitude by gender and by religion;. Consequently, recommendations were made which included that the government needs to do more in term of ensuring the implementation of teaching of sexuality and reproductive health education curriculum in schools, especially in the semi urban and rural areas; and that practicing counselors should take up the responsibility of ensuring enough awareness campaign through programs in school and local communities aimed at enhancing the development of positive attitude towards sexuality education among adolescents.
Determinants of Digital Banking Convenience and Customer Satisfaction of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)
Citation:Kofoworola Sekinat Ogboye, Folorunso I, Akande and, Jerry Kwarbai (2022) Determinants of Digital Banking Convenience and Customer Satisfaction of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 2, pp.1-30
The banking industry has enjoyed customer loyalty for over a decade with a high customer retention rate across board but the emergence of technology within the banking sector has aroused the interest of customer to switch from one bank to the other. Worst still, competitors from adjacent information technology driven industries and other financial organization are now flooding the market with innovative, creative and technology-driven idea which is a deviation from the conventional banking system and customers now are making decisions much faster and have access to a plethora of offers, leaving financial institutions struggling for customer loyalty. Therefore, the study examined the determinants of digital banking convenience and its effect on customers’ satisfaction in selected money deposit banks in Lagos State, Nigeria.The research designs adopted for this study was survey research design. The target population for this study was customers of the selected deposit money banks in Lagos State, Nigeria. The sample size for the study was 140 and simple random sampling technique was adopted for the study. The research instrument was questionnaire which was validated by the supervisor and the reliability was 0.731. The data for the study were analysed using simple regression analysis.The study showed that digital banking has significant effect on customers’ satisfaction in selected deposit money banks in Lagos State, Nigeria. The finding also revealed that speed of delivery has significant effect on customers’ satisfaction of deposit money banks in Lagos State, Nigeria with Adj R2 = 0. 173; F-Statistics (df = 4, 432) = 27.559 and p-value = 0.000. The study revealed that ease of use has significantly effect on customers’ satisfaction of customers in deposit money banks in Lagos state Nigeria with Adj R2 =0.340; F-Statistics (df = 4, 432).= 66.312 and p-value = 0.000.The study concluded that customers prefer digital banking services which would pave for sustainable development to the banking industry. It is however recommended the gains of this innovation should be consolidated through provision of more service points and user-friendly customer-oriented financial products.
Learning in second-chance schools during COVID-19 Case study: Legal framework and distance learning platforms in Greek prisons (Published)
Citation: Athanasios Giannoulis , Leonidas Theodorakopoulosa and Hera Antonopoulou (2022) Learning in second-chance schools during COVID-19 Case study: Legal framework and distance learning platforms in Greek prisons, European Journal of Training and Development Studies, Vol.9 No.1, pp.13-19
Abstract: In this research paper we focus on the problems concerning inmates’ access to education through Second Chance Schools operating within penitentiaries due to the Covid-19 pandemic. A specially encrypted platform has been created through open-source software that can provide distance learning and does not allow access to any part of the internet other than the learning process.
Citation: Fawzia Reza (2022) The Role of NGOs in Promoting Education: Successes and Challenges, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 10, No.1, pp.24-43
Universal basic education is a key requirement for social justice, but it must be developed and delivered in a culturally sensitive manner. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) play a very significant role in the education sector in many developing countries. The primary focus of this paper is to understand the role of six specific NGOs (in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Thailand, Cambodia, India, and Malawi) in promoting education in developing countries and explore their successes and challenges. Based on their experiences, the author has proposed certain strategies that might assist NGOs who operate in other countries, and even educators in the public and private sectors in all developing countries, to ensure that all children receive quality primary and secondary education. Policymakers, Non-Governmental Organizations, and school administrations might be able to leverage the findings to better advocate for universal access to quality education in their home countries.
The Place of Environmental Literacy Education in Cancer Prevention among Rural Nigerian Communities (Published)
This paper is intended to portray the capacity of Environmental Literacy Education towards cancer prevention in Nigeria, particularly among the country’s rural communities. Reliable data from the World Health Organization show that about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer globally. For Nigeria, information from the Global Cancer Observatory affirms that cancer is responsible for about 72,000 deaths annually in the country. The rural communities in Nigeria have been shown in this paper to be very much vulnerable to cancer from various sources due to a host of social and economic deprivations, unfavourable environmental factors as well as mass illiteracy and cancer unawareness. Nigeria’s cancer prevention and care framework is an advocacy/awareness creation strategy which, unfortunately, lacks some vital content and delivery format. Following detailed analysis of the content, process and outcomes of Environmental Literacy Education (ELE) and its great potential to adequately inform/educate the rural community members about the nature and incidence of cancer and their individual/collective roles towards cancer prevention within their environment, the paper concludes and also recommends that ELE should occupy the pride of place in cancer prevention within Nigeria’s rural communities. The paper also suggests and expatiates on the various modes (Formal, Non-Formal and Informal) through which the required ELE could be effectively implemented.
Caroline Lewechi Eheazu and Ifeoma Felicia Uzoagu (2021) The Place of Environmental Literacy Education in Cancer Prevention among Rural Nigerian Communities, International Journal of Cancer, Clinical Inventions and Experimental Oncology, Vol.3, No.1, pp.1-23
Gerontological education has become imperative in our changing world. Elderly people require a form of education that enables them to cope with grief, loneliness, fear of death, declining health, life adjustment, mental health issues and other losses that are peculiar to old age. The rapid socio-economic changes especially the current roughening economic conditions, coupled with a growing emergence of the nuclear family structure have collectively attacked some established traditions. The growing urbanization has claimed many young people who prefer to live in urban areas even if they have no employable skill, they simply drift to urban centres and isolate the elderly people in the rural areas. The educated children must of course seek and obtain jobs and settle down and live in their working environments which are usually far from their elderly folks. The growing emergence of unclear families implies that a person’s immediate responsibility is to take care of his/her immediate family (wide, children husband). The frequency of visits of sons and daughters to their old folks in rural areas to deliver material supplies have increasingly dwindled owing to hard economic realities, with attendant cutting down of areas of financial reopsonsbility. Life has become so difficult. It is in the light of the above that this paper seeks to address the issue of life adjustment and mental health education of the elderly (gerontological education), advocate it’s introduction as well as recommend techniques needed for such education.
Parents’ Attitudes towards Arabic Studies at University Level: Case Study of Department of Arabic, Yobe State University, Damaturu (Published)
The study investigated Parents’ attitudes towards Arabic Studies at University Level Case Study of Department of Arabic, Yobe State University, Damaturu. The Study became necessary due to the fact that despite the significance of Arabic Studies at the University level still the number of candidates applying to read B.A Arabic Programme is very low compared to other Fields. Most of those candidates were not given the desired encouragement by some Parents and Guardians to study the course at the University level because they consider the course as “UNPROFESSIONAL”. According to some Parents and Guardians if their children specialized in the field they may not get white collar jobs after graduation. In the procedure of investigation, thirty (30) items were presented in the sets of questionnaire to Parents and Guardians. Stratified random sampling was used as tool for data collection. This sample is from Parents and Guardians residing in the three selected Local Government Councils of the three senatorial zones of Yobe State. One thousand (1000) questionnaire were distributed. Three hundred and fifty questionnaire were received out of which one hundred (100) responses were randomly selected. The percentage technique of data analysis was used to analyse the data and the final results were presented in tables. The findings revealed that most Parents and Guardians have negative attitude towards allowing their children study B.A Arabic at University level due to fear of inability to secure white collar jobs after University graduation.
Citation: Muhammad Alhaji Maidugu (2021) Parents’ Attitudes towards Arabic Studies at University Level: Case Study of Department of Arabic, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.9, No.8, pp.11-22
Equity in education is when every student receives the resources needed to acquire the basic work skills of reading, writing, and basic arithmetic. While Ghana has achieved near universal access to primary and lower secondary education, the gross enrollment rate in higher secondary education was below 45 percent in 2014, with large disparities in access. In the year 2017, the government of Ghana implemented a free SHS policy on a free access to secondary education for all. This research sought to investigate the implications of the free senior high school policy to educational access and equity in secondary education in Ghana. The document analysis approach was adopted for this study. The findings revealed that the free SHS policy has really increased enrollment figures in secondary schools’ attendance. The researcher recommended that parents, teachers, school administrators, policy analysts and relevant stakeholders have the responsibility to offer alternative proposals and do so in a manner that is constructive and helpful to the policy discourse.
COVID-19 and Education in Oman (Published)
COVID-19 pandemic has swept through the world and brought about abrupt changes in every sector of life, including the area of ELT (English language teaching). This essay explores briefly from my humble point of view, as an in-service Omani cycle 2 English teacher, the impact of the current pandemic on ELT curriculum, teaching methods, and educational growth of teachers.
Improving Quality of Pedagogy/Instructional Practices in Office Technology and Management Programme in Polytechnics in Delta State Nigeria for Sustainable Growth, Security and Development (Published)
The study is on improving quality of pedagogy/instructional practices in Office Technology and Management (OTM) programme in polytechnics in Delta State Nigeria for sustainable growth, security and development. In this study, the researchers raised four research questions and two formulated hypotheses. Literature was reviewed. The design for this study was a survey where a structured questionnaire was prepared and used for collection of data. The study was conducted in the three (3) polytechnics in Delta State and 45 OTM lecturers were sampled for the study. The instrument used was validated by three lecturers drawn from the three polytechnics. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The study revealed that the objectives of OTM were achievable and that OTM courses taught were in line with the 2008 NBTE minimum guidelines: that lecturers selected and used new technologies in line with the topics they teach and that lecturers selected appropriate instructional strategies in line with the topics and the teaching aids. The conclusions drawn are that lecturers should be familiar with any change(s) as a result of periodic curriculum review and constant influx of new technologies in education. On the basis of this, the researchers made useful recommendations aimed at making the teaching and learning of OTM courses most interesting and practically oriented to the learners.
One of the objectives of Polytechnic Education (Technical University Education) in Ghana is the promotion of technical and vocational education and training, technology transfer and skills development to enhance the socio-economic development of the country. Polytechnic education plays a significant role in human resource development of a country by employing skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the status quo (quality of life). The main aim of the study was to identify and to address the gap between printing education and printing industry at Takoradi Polytechnic; so as to restructure the curriculum to reflect what is being done in the printing industry across the country. The literature review has been organized together with sub-headings as contained in the subsequent pages and have been reviewed in line with the views of scholars to help readers have an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the topic.The main respondents for the study included students and lecturers in the Department of Graphic Design Technology, Takoradi Polytechnic on one side and working staff of the selected printing firms in the Accra Metropolis. The researchers implemented the use of open and close type of questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and full-participant observational method in gathering data for the study. The study revealed that the Polytechnic Printing programme should be revised by the Polytechnic and the Department of Graphic Design to help produce skilled trained Graphic Designers to fit into the trending Digital Printing Industry. The study exposed that issues that are affecting the Polytechnic students in acquiring the necessary training and skills to march up to the Printing industry is the curriculum. If the Polytechnic curriculum is revised and students are provided with enough practical skills it is believed that the gap between the Printing Education and Printing Industry for the Polytechnic objectives will be achieved.
Education is the pivot of development. It has an over-riding force on the nature of the environment and economy that prevail in any given state. To that extent, education becomes the lubricant that shapes the behaviour, attitudes, abilities, perception and choices which set the overall tone of the economy. Education, therefore, as a factor of environmental and economic choices which make all the difference between developed, developing and underdeveloped societies, is the subject of critique in this paper.
The Nigerian education system has remained in the doldrums since the pre-independence period. While the colonial administrations lopsided educational policy may be blamed for this, efforts at post-independence educational reforms did not seek to correct or change the fortunes of the system. The lethargic condition the system was thrown into during the colonial administration has continued through successful regimes and republics. Consequently, this has generated questions about its relevance. While the questions on relevance are valid, it should however be said that education has continued to serve its utilitarian purpose elsewhere in more progressive societies. These symptoms of decay are diagnosed in this paper, with a view to recommending measures that would enhance quality assurance in the education system.
Human perceptions of the environment, and attitudes towards it, have evolved as an integral part of the long history of human interactions with the rest of nature. Consequently, these interactions cause untold damage or deplete the natural resources on which humans depend. Contemporary public attitudes reflect today’s environment, today’s information, and today’s economic, social and political circumstances. Changing human behaviour towards the environment similarly demands the alteration of perception and attitudes and especially the creation of circumstances under which the new behaviour is seen both rational and possible. People will accept a new ethic for sustainable living when they are persuaded and convinced that it is right to do so, when they have sufficient information, and when they are enabled to obtain the required knowledge and skills. This is the necessity for environmental adult education for socio-environmental change which is the focus of this paper.
The role of educational curricula in achieving intellectual security for female students of the Faculties of Education at Yarmouk University from their point of view (Published)
This study investigates the role of educational curricula in achieving the intellectual security of education female students in Jordanian public universities from their perspectives. The descriptive analytical approach was followed, and an instrument was designed and implemented to a sample of 280 university female students from the Faculty of Education at Yarmouk University. The findings reveal that the role of educational curricula in achieving the intellectual security of female students at the faculties of education in Jordanian public universities was prominent from their viewpoints. The findings further reveal that there are no statistically significant differences in the role of educational curricula in achieving the intellectual security of female students at the Faculty of Education in Jordanian public universities attributed to the specialization variable, the academic year and the family monthly income. The researcher recommends that university educational curricula should emphasize the danger of engaging in extremist intellectual groups.
Entrepreneurship Studies Education in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: Theories and Practices (Published)
The paper examined the extent to which entrepreneurship studies education had been effectively taught and learnt in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. It outlined the core objectives of entrepreneurship Studies education. Entrepreneurship studies education has a lot of challenges such as lack of policy implementation and inadequate funding among others. Requirements for its effective implementation are also outlined. The paper recommends that there be provision for adequate infrastructural materials, teachers and learners awareness and adequate provision of materials if the objectives of the course must actualized. The paper concluded that entrepreneurship studies education contributes significantly towards the growth and development of any given society