Deixis (the use of this, that and other pointing devices) in English has its discursive and referential values which are determined by the context of situation. In this study, I examined the use of the (English) deixis, as a discourse pointing device, to argue that the language situation in operation, could determine deictic usage. Using corpus linguistics methodologies, the study purposively sampled three consecutive months’ editions (January 1– March 31, 2017) of four online newspaper editorials from: Canada, Jamaica, Nigeria and the UK, where different language situations exist. In analysing the data, the newspaper editorials corpus was subjected to AntConc Concordance Tool, to identify and classify the deictic markers into types and through simple statistics determined the frequency of use on paper and country bases to show variation (if any). The major significance of the study is to help in understanding the working of language in its environment of operation and in presupposing the usage of language in the different contexts of situations.
An Appraisal of Photojournalism Practices in Government Newspapers in Nigeria: Insights from the Observer and the Pointer (Published)
Photojournalism is reporting news through photographs. Photographs tell/illustrate stories alone or in company of texts. Although scholars have provided insights into photojournalism, studies on links between state government newspapers and photojournalism in Nigeria are uncommon. This study investigated editorial provisions for photojournalism; editorial practices toward photojournalism, and the nature of photojournalism in selected state government newspapers in Nigeria. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) provided theoretical framework for the study while data was generated through in-depth interview and content analysis. Findings show that although editors/reporters in selected newspapers are not guided by definite editorial provisions on photojournalism, their understanding of the traditions of newspaper publishing provide “unwritten rules” that encourage photojournalism. Social Issues and Religious Issues were most covered and least covered issues by photographs in the selected newspapers respectively. In spite of the selected newspapers being government-owned, Government Activities were not the most covered through photojournalism. These uphold the assumption of TAM that acceptance of technology in selected newspapers was based on usefulness, attitude, social realities, and professionalism. The study recommends that photojournalists be fair and objective in their duties and shun undue photo cropping/image manipulations in photographs. They should also be careful in captioning photographs to avoid misleading or confusing their readers