Tag Archives: Economic

Arrangement of Human Resources to the Strengthening Of the Economy on the Businessemen of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Msmes) In Makassar, Indonesia (Published)

Hernita. Arrangement of human resources to the strengthening of the economy in SMEs in Makassar, Indonesia. Type of qualitative research using Phenomenology approach. Source of data in this study include: 1) Primary Data Sources, 2) Secondary Data Sources. This research instrument is the researchers themselves, in which the researcher as an instrument to obtain accurate data supplied by a variety of methods. Reality in Makassar prove that there is a tendency not balance between providing qualified human resources with rate changes. It is then result in distortions between energy needs with expertise, skills and competency are not able to put up certain of educational institutions on the level of human resource needs in the community. Whereas compliance with those requirements should be obtained from outside the existing educational institutions. A drastic change from the New Order became the order of the reform should be the basic foundation for reorienting education must reset the system and the pattern of implementation of national education

Keywords: Businesmen, Economic, Human Resources, Performance, Swot Analysis

The Impact of Global Economic Meltdown On African Economic Development: Lessons from American Experience (Published)

The quite recent global economic disaster that had dealt a devastated blow on economies across the globe deserves attention in the field of academic given the effect it has had on African economy. The need to do a critical appraisal on the phenomenon –global economic meltdown; identification of its causes and effect on global economy and Africa as a continent becomes imperative in view of the quest for sustainable Africa economy and the need to fight the scourge of poverty in Africa. This paper through a historical analysis and critical research method focuses predominantly on American experiences and panacea adopted to ameliorate the menace. The discovery made on this critical survey might form the benchmark in understanding the way out of the most recent and subsequent experiences of economic meltdown.

Keywords: Economic, Global, Globalization, crises, meltdown

Technical and programmatic problems and ways to develop Quality and production of software systems in third world countries (Published)

The Programming is very important in our lives, we find that through software systems that we can control the aircraft and bank accounts and surgeries, any error in these systems could lead to human, financial and social disaster. The paper discusses the development and production of software in the third world countries and become acquainted with the reality and the challenges and map the evolution of the software industry in the third world countries and stand on the problems that have hampered the industry in prior periods, and the elements of the software industry at the local and global scale, which is owned by those countries of opportunities for development software. Those countries lack a severe lack of production environment and the development of software and exposed to the software that are purchased from global markets and the problems that the weakness of the product and the lack of scalability and defects in software. The paper discusses the quality of software products problems in one of those countries in Africa.

Keywords: Economic, Third World is a political term, is intended to indicate to countries that do not belong to the first and second worlds, namely the advanced industrial countries., social and cultural


This paper views marketing education in two perspectives-as a practice whereby school-leavers exchange their knowledge and skills for money and secondly, as a practice whereby the entire educational institution like, the University of Uyo, exchanges/should exchange her stock of knowledge and skills to make more money. The paper concentrates more on the second perspective and highlights four strategies which the University of Uyo uses to source for more money. These include product diversification, discriminatory charging of students’, the use of multiple distribution channels and outright use of marketing promotion strategies, like advertising and appeal for support from the public. Education marketing is found to contribute greatly towards the internally-generated revenue (IGR) of the University of Uyo. Suggestions for greater strides in marketing by the university include setting up a distinct marketing management unit, experimenting on having cottage industries, especially for products that are of high demand by the employees like fuel; more involvement of the Alumni in fund generation, extending university services to artisans and finally, auditing the marketing outcomes and activities. The paper concludes that involvement in marketing is one sure way of stopping over-dependence on the government/proprietor for funds by higher educational institutions in Nigeria.

Keywords: Economic, Education, Marketing, Survival, marketing models, product models


The objective of the study was to investigate how Bosomtwe Rural Bank has managed Corporate Social Responsibility practices for competitive advantage. Bosomtwe Rural Bank was used for a case study and twenty-five management and senior staff were sampled for the study. Questionnaires were used to collect data from the respondents. Major findings were that the bank strategically manages CSR and has fully integrated CSR into their business operations. It was also seen that most of the CSR practices of Bosomtwe Rural bank are directed to development of education and community development. It was also identified that major advantage that Bosomtwe Rural Bank enjoys from CSR is enhancement of corporate reputation and relations with key stakeholders. It was recommended that the bank looks for actions that can enhance their reputation and improves relations with key stakeholders and integrate them into their corporate strategy

Keywords: Economic, Ethical, Legal, Philanthropic, Stakeholders, Strategies.


The paper attempts to evaluate the relationship between empirical analysis of multinational corporations and economic growth in Nigeria using data spanning (1990-2013). Secondary data was collected from the CBN statistical bulletin and national bureau of statistics. Hypotheses were formulated and tested using time series econometrics and the study reveals that the variables do not have unit roots. There is also long-run equilibrium relationship between economic growth and multinational corporations and the result confirms that about 73% short-run adjustment speed from long-run disequilibrium. The coefficient of determination indicates that about 62% of the variations in economic growth is explained by changes in multinational corporations variables. The study therefore recommends that multinational corporations should make life meaningful to the host country by providing infrastructural facilities. Government should ensure that multinational corporations plough back part of their profits to the development of the host communities in other to established good working relationship. Federal environmental protection agencies should also ensure effective monitoring of multinational corporations to avoid the violation of the lay down rules and regulations guiding their operations.

Keywords: Economic, Empirical Analysis, Growth, Multinational Corporations, Nigeria

The “New” Economic Diplomacy of the Nigerian State, 1988-1993: An Evaluation (Published)

The paper examines the doctrine of “economic diplomacy” which formed the bedrock of Nigeria’s foreign policy during the General Ibrahim Babangida’s regime between 1985 and 1993. The paper highlights the major achievements and failures of the policy during the period under review. Based on its findings, the paper concludes that the failure of the Nigerian state in all ramifications and the conspiracy and hostility of the international environment, combined to frustrate the lofty ideas contained in the ‘new’ Nigerian economic diplomacy

Keywords: Diplomacy, Economic, Evaluation, Nigeria, Policy

Sachet Water Hawking and Enviromental Effects in Ikeja, Lagos (Published)

The study examines the environmental effects posed by sachet water hawkers and its associated problems in Ikeja, Lagos. The specific objectives are: to examine the socio-economic characteristics of sachet water hawkers, their mode of operation, methods of water sachet disposal, management practice and associated problems. The study utilizes both primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained through questionnaire administration and direct observation in the study area. 150 questionnaires were administered purposively to 150 sachet water hawkers while the secondary sources were obtained from review of related literature on the subject matter. Data collected were analysed through descriptive statistics. Results revealed that 41% of the hawkers engaged in activity due to unemployment. Also, water sachet materials constitute 42% of the waste generation problems in the area which is a major environmental problem. The study therefore suggested that government should enact laws to effect easy collection of tax from the hawkers as their contribution towards economic growth and development. Effective solid waste management practices should be encouraged coupled with public enlightment on the disposal methods. Government should make adequate provision for waste disposal facilities and training of more sanitary agents in the area.

Keywords: Economic, Hawking, Waste and Management, Water