Use of E-Learning Strategies and Students’ Retention of Knowledge in Basic Science and Technology, (Published)
The study focused on enhancing students’ retention of knowledge using two e-learning strategies in Basic Science and Technology in Benue, Nigeria. A non-randomised control group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was employed. The study population comprised 27367 Upper Basic II students where a sample of 202 was drawn using multistage sampling technique. Developed Machine-Assisted Learning (MAL) and Virtual Science Laboratory (VSL) apps by the researchers were used as pedagogical strategies. The instrument used for data collection was Basic Science and Performance Test (BSTPT) which was transformed to Basic Science and Technology Retention Test (BSTRT) through reshuffling. This was validated, trial-tested and subjected to reliability analysis using Kuder Richardson (KR)-21 which gave 0.94. Four research questions were stated and analysed using mean and standard deviation, and graphs while four hypotheses were stated and tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.050 level of significance. The findings revealed that, there were significant differences in the mean retention scores [F2, 195 = 199.689, p = 0.000 < 0.050] among MAL, VSL and Expository groups. A follow up pair wise comparisons confirmed the hypothesis in all the three combinations: MAL and VSL (p = 0.000 < 0.05); MAL and Expository (p = 0.00 0< 0.05) and VSL and Expository (p = 0.000 < 0.05). The findings also revealed that, there was no significant gender disparity in the mean retention scores of the students in MAL [F1, 57 = 0.817, p = 0.370 > 0.050] and VSL [F1, 72 = 0.226, p = 0.636 > 0.050]. It was further found that, there was no significant interaction effect of strategies and gender on the students’ mean retention score [F2, 195 = 0.191, p =0.826 > 0.050]. The study concluded that the use of MAL and VSL apps have enhanced students’ knowledge retention in BST than expository strategy. Based on the findings, it was recommended among other things that, the government and teachers-trainees’ institutions should train teachers on the development and implementation of the MAL and VSL since they have greater effects on students’ durable memory.
Limitations and Implications of a Study on the Use of Information and Technology (ICT) in Al-Ula Schools (Published)
This paper outlines the limitations and implications of a study on information and communication technology (ICT) in Al-Ula schools. In terms of limitations, the study was conducted using data only from urban, all-male schools in the Al-Ula district in Saudi Arabia, which may limit the generalizability of the findings to all-female or coed, countries other than Saudi Arabia and to rural schools. In addition, interview data was collected by telephone. Telephone interviews did not allow the researcher to notice the facial expressions and body language of participants as they gave their responses, and student perspectives were not included. The study demonstrated the importance of multiple factors that contribute to the ICT implementation process, including ensuring that appropriate technology is available, that staff are properly trained on its usage, that there is clear support for ICT at the national level, and that there is a strategic plan in place for its implementation. Potential avenues for research include a focus on all-female or co-ed schools, an emphasis schools undergoing an intentional change implementation process, inclusion of student perspectives, and more study on the pedagogical uses of ICT in Saudi Arabia.
Factors Challenging the Adoption of Cloud Computing Application in E-Learning among Polytechnics in Northeastern Nigeria (Published)
The trend of teaching and learning actives is moving fast towards cloud computing application as the universe becoming global village. The aim of this research is to determine factors that are responsible for the challenges of adopting cloud computing application in e-learning system among Polytechnics in the North East, Nigeria. Sampling techniques was used in to gathering data and average coded total was used in data analysis. The findings of the research revealed that cloud computing application is associated with following challenges: delay/denial of service, compatibility issue, ICT infrastructure, lack of trained personnel; breach of trust, poor policy, managerial issue, confidentiality, integrity, inadequate user access and technological bottlenecks. Also, the research shown that academic and IT staff are familiar with cloud computing application. The study recommended among other things using compile application (user will not have access to the address link) for effective security.
Investigating Students ‘Attitude towards (LEP) E-Learning Model for Learning English in Delta University (Published)
The purpose of this paper is to investigate students’ attitude towards an e-learning English model named “Learn English Pathways” LEP . This course is assigned for freshmen students of Delta University, as a training material for accessing APTIS test. This research seeks answers for the following questions: 1. Does using e- learning software program influence students’ attitude towards learning English as a foreign language positively? 2- What are the advantages of e learning in improving English language skills among freshmen students? To achieve the goals of the paper, a questionnaire was distributed to the subjects of this study. Its items aimed at eliciting whether the students think that using e- learning models enriched their learning process and made it easier or it had no effect on them. The population of this study was 100 of freshmen students at Delta University, during the academic year 2015- 2016. The students filled out a questionnaire and completed a course evaluation at the end of the experiment. The t-test scores were statistically evaluated. The findings of this paper reveal that LEP influences the students’ overall attitude towards English learning language. Recommendation show the advantages of the E-learning model and its role in enhancing students’ language skills and independent learning. Moreover, The different activities that are provided by LEP have been described with an analysis of how they can be used to develop EFL students’ language proficiency and self education.
Teacher Preparedness for Implementation of E–Learning Programmes in Public Primary Schools in Kenya (Published)
The use of ICT in many countries has contributed to improvement of their economies through scientific knowledge and services. In Kenya the policy makers initiated Vision 2030 as a vehicle for industrial advancement and growth of economy. The purpose of this study was to assess teacher preparedness for the implementation of e – learning programmes in Emuhaya Sub-county in Kenya. Objectives that guided this study include: To establish teachers preparedness in terms of knowledge, attitudes and skills for implementation of e – learning in public primary school and to identify challenges which implementers of e – learning are likely to face in public primary schools in Emuhaya Sub-county. The target population of the study was 664 class teachers from 83 public primary schools, each school providing eight teachers. Simple random sampling method was used to select 25 public primary schools from 83 schools in the sub-county. The sample size comprised 200 class teachers as respondents selected from middle and upper primary. Questionnaires were administered to class teachers and their responses presented in frequencies and percentages for the purpose of data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that teachers are not well prepared to implement e-learning programme therefore a lot of resistance to the programme. Teachers require sufficient time to prepare for integration into the new system of instruction. To address the problem teachers need encouragement through pre-service and in-service training. The respondents encounters challenges such as computer illiteracy and phobia, lack of computers and e – learning classrooms, lack of electricity, financing of e – learning programmes, sensitization of stakeholders, accessibility and time for training, old age and attitude. The study recommends that the Ministry of Education should introduce clusters of e – learning centres with instructors to man a group of schools. These centres can be used for training teachers from nearby schools. It is easier and cheap in terms of transport costs and also it is convenient. The private sector which plays a significant role in the development and growth of economy should be encouraged to support the initiative by donating funds to equip schools with computers.
This study aims to investigate faculty perceptions of blackboard usage, utilizing Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as its theoretical basis. The TAM questionnaire was administered to a sample of faculty members in the Faculty of Education at Najran University, after modifying the items to be suitable to Saudi Arabia society. This questionnaire measures three hypothesized constructs of e-learning: perceived usefulness of the blackboard, and usage of the blackboard. The findings of the study showing faculty members’ Perceived Ease of Use having significant on their perceptions about usefulness and attitudes towards us of the blackboard in teaching. Although there are many more questions than answers regarding teaching with Blackboard as learning management system, it is hoped that these results and experiences may encourage further pedagogical dialogue, and empirical results about how to deliver and organize courses in this technological environment effectively and successfully.
The present study aimed to identify the requirements and criteria of instructional design of e-courses in addition to what degree faculty members are familiar with such skills and requirements. It also sought to identify the most important visions for the development and design of e-courses from the perspectives of experts and faculty members besides the main obstacles that face them during the design process. The descriptive approach was used to carry out the study. The questionnaire is a main study tool used for data gathering. A sample of (101) was randomly selected out of the faculty members at the College of Education and the College of Science and Arts was randomly selected. Findings indicated that there were certain criteria and requirements for the instructional design of the e-courses that faculty members should refer to in order to obtain a suitable e-content. There were significant differences between the faculty members’ degree of knowledge and degree of use in favor of their knowledge degree of the instructional design skills. Furthermore, their knowledge degree was moderate and their use degree was low. Results also showed that there were certain obstacles facing faculty members while developing their e-courses. The most prominent obstacles were the lack of enough training workshops for the basics of e-courses design and development in addition to the lack of e-laboratories for training on the primary development of e-courses. The most important visions provided by faculty members were the development of faculty members’ skills of the e-courses design via specific straining workshops besides following quality international criteria when they design and develop e-courses.
Utilization of Virtual Classroom System in Traditional Teaching: Benefits and Challenges (Published)
The present study aims to identify fulltime female students’ perspectives of using the virtual classroom (via the blackboard system) as a main teaching tool to deliver learning materials in College of Science and Arts, Najran University, Saudi Arabia, for the academic year 2017/2018. It also sheds light on male faculty members’ views on using this system in comparison with the videoconference system used by male faculty members to teach female students at their campuses. The study is based on data elicited from conducting interviews with 5 female students and 5 male faculty members. The main findings indicated that male faculty members prefer to use the virtual classroom system rather than teaching via the videoconference system; and although female students like being taught via the virtual classroom, they prefer to use the videoconference system due to Internet connection problems.
The Impact of Social Media on University of Cape Coast Psychology Students’ Academic Performance (Published)
The study was conducted to find out the impact of social media on University of Cape Coast Psychology students’ academic performance. Descriptive survey and convenient sampling were the research design and sampling technique used respectively. The sample size of the study was two hundred (200) psychology students of the university of Cape Coast. Three research questions were posed to guide the study. Research findings showed that a greater number of psychology students in the university had access to the internet.To this end the researcher recommended that social networking sites should be created for educational purposes. This is to create a balance between social networking and academic activities of students to avoid setbacks in the academic performance of students.
Effectiveness of Using Blackboard Collaborate Tools in Promoting Practical Skills among Students of the Foundation Year in E-Learning Course (Published)
The current study is an attempt to identify the effectiveness of using Blackboard Collaborate Tools, such as wiki, panel discussions and virtual classrooms, in promoting the practical skills among the female students of the Foundation Year in the E-Learning Course. The study sample consisted of (50) female students enrolled in the Foundation Year of College of Education at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia, for the academic year (2016/2017). The results showed that there were statistically significant differences at the level of (0.01) between the mean scores of the participants in the pre-and-post measurement for the practical skills within the Blackboard of E-Collaborative Learning in favor of the post measurement; according to Black equation, the effectiveness rate achieved by more than (1.2).
The Impact of Social Media on University of Cape Coast Psychology Students’ Academic Performance (Published)
The study was conducted to find out the impact of social media on University of Cape Coast Psychology students’ academic performance. Descriptive survey and convenient sampling were the research design and sampling technique used respectively. The sample size of the study was two hundred (200) psychology students of the university of Cape Coast. Three research questions were posed to guide the study. Research findings showed that a greater number of psychology students in the university had access to the internet.
To this end the researcher recommended that social networking sites should be created for educational purposes. This is to create a balance between social networking and academic activities of students to avoid setbacks in the academic performance of students.
In this paper, the authors deal with the new approach on distance learning with the use of technological solutions based on knowledge bases and the semantic web. There are large number of papers, books, studies and the like, which deal with electronic and mobile learning but there are almost no papers which deal with intelligent learning. New technologies based on knowledge bases and semantic web allow completely new approaches of learning to those who for whatever reasons do not want or cannot attend seminars, lectures, courses or any other form of training. Here, for the first time beside electronic (e-Learning), mobile (m-Learning) we introduce intelligent (i-Learning) and a unique integrated concept (e-m-i-Learning). In the paper it is used Protégé platform for the update of basic knowledge as the basis of different mode of distance learning. The emphasis in the paper is not only on distance study than on any other learning that they can organize and any other business system which is not bound by time and place.
This paper is a descriptive paper on the emergence of the new and relatively new phenomena on e-learning in Saudi Arabia. The purpose of this paper is to highlight key phases and changes towards e-education in general. Also, it highlights the history of using educational technology in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since the mid-1900s, the beginning, the improvements, and the current status. Finally, it also describes the rapid increases in using technology in schools, institutes and universities, and presents the attitudes of Saudi people towards this global phenomenon, so-called e-learning. The paper serves as a literature review of e-leaning/e-education in Saudi Arabia.