The subject of the research is the areas of the USA policy in Central Asia. The object of the research is the policy of the USA. The author of the article underlines particular areas of the region’s life the USA policy is directed at. These are the human rights and support of civil liberties organizations, the process of democratization in the region and assertion of democratic values, trades and investments. The states of the region have rich natural resources such as uranium, gas, oil, aluminum, cotton, and gold. At the same time, they have very different state structures, – democratic, authoritarian and neutral. The researcher provides trading volumes of the USA with Central Asia member states for 2013 as well as data about the financial support that has been given by America during the period from 1992 till 2015. The economic structure of the member states is oriented at the markets of the foreign states that are parts of the WTO and Eurasian Economic Union. The author of the article focuses on the contents of such USA programs as the ‘ensuring safety and control over military equipment’, ‘drug control’, and ‘anti-terrorist campaign’. The main areas of America’s policy in Kyrgyzstan were more of political, military, humanitarian and anti-terroristic nature while the economic factor was not so evident. Thus, during the post-Soviet period of their development, the region’s countries selected different political, economic and humanitarian policy (democratic, authoritarian or neutral). That had a different effect on their relations with the USA.
The Impact of International Organized Crime and Criminalized States In Africa: A Global Threat To National Security (Review Completed - Accepted)
This paper provides an overview with regards to the influx of organized crime in Africa. Over time, international organized crime has evolved and thrived in major continents of the world, Africa for one of which the spread of drug trafficking (cocaine, heroin and the likes), human trafficking, diamond trade and its link with the financing of terrorism etc. is prominent. This paper will examine the development of organized crime in Africa, the political, social and economic conditions that encouraged the growth of this phenomenon, the role of the government and law enforcement agencies in curbing this phenomenon and in particular major forms of organized crime in Africa. This will create an avenue for further research in the near future.