EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE AND RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPIES ON DRUG ABUSE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IBADAN (Published)
This study investigated the effects of cognitive behaviour therapy and rational emotive behaviour therapy on drug abuse of senior secondary school students in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a pretest-posttest, control group Quasi-experimental design. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 120 participants from three randomly selected secondary schools in Ibadan. The participants were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. The two treatment groups were exposed to eight-week training in cognitive behaviour and rational emotive behaviour therapies, while participants in the control group received no training. One validated instrument: School Drug Abuse Rating Scale (DARS) as used and four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analysed using Analysis of Covariance and MCA. The results of the study revealed that there was significant main effect of treatment on the ability of student’s to overcome their drug abuse challenges (F (3,116) = 6.613, p < .05).Also, the findings indicated that Cognitive Behaviour and Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapies were effective in effecting a behavioural change in students with challenges of drug abuse. Likewise, the result further revealed that there was no significant difference in the main effect of age between (younger and older); gender (male and female) on the drug abuse act of student participants. Also, the three way interaction effect of treatment with age and gender was not significant. Therefore, school authorities should adopt the two interventions as to effectively manage the challenging issue of drug abuse among secondary school students’ in school
The study investigated adolescence drug abuse among university undergraduates in university of Benin Edo State of Nigeria. The design used for the study was the survey. A sample of 200 students was randomly selected form five faculties which were made up of 100 male and 100 female. A validated instrument, Drug Habit Inventory (DHI, Fayombo, 1998) was used to collect relevant data. The data collected was analyzed using a t-test descriptive statistic. The findings show a significant difference between the adolescence drug abuser and non-drug abuser and also there was a difference between the male abuser and female abuser but there was no statistical significant difference between the academic performance of adolescence drug abuser and non-drug abuser. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on how to reduce drug abuse among the university undergraduate.