Tag Archives: Domestication

Foreignization & Domestication Strategies of Metaphor Translation in Sahar Khalifa’s Assabbar: A Cognitive, Reader-Oriented Approach (Published)

The translation of metaphor has always been a challenge to the translators of literary works. Two seemingly opposing concepts were introduced by Venuti to describe the choices translators of literature make: Domestication which is often equated with reader-orientedness and Foreignization which means staying close to the source text. In their translation Sahar Khalifa’s Assabbar, however, Trevor LeGassick and Elizabeth Fernea have aptly chosen different Domestication and Foreignization strategies: Exact Translation, Substitution, Deletion and Explication while retaining the Original Metaphor. Thus, they could render a natural translation while preserving the culture of the original text. 31 out of 74 metaphors of fighting in Assabbar are rendered an Exact Translation which proves that this metaphor has similar mapping conditions in both the English and Arabic cultures. It also proves that the translators have opted for Strong Domestication to evoke in the TL reader the same feelings the SL reader receives from the original text; namely, the persistence of Palestinian Resistance despite the martyrdom of its icons.

Keywords: : Translation of Metaphor, Cognitive approach, Domestication, Foreignization, Reader-oriented Approach

Domestication of the English Language in Nigeria: An Examination of Morpho-Syntactic Trends in Nigerian English (Nge) (Published)

This paper examines certain developmental patterns Nigerian English (NgE) demonstrates in recent times, particularly at the linguistic levels  of morphology and syntax. While studying these current trends, a sociolinguistic approach, as enunciated and popularized by Labov (1966), is adopted. The first part of the work provides an overview of the place of NgE as one of the World Englishes, today, while the second part which is the core of the work is an examination of the nature of foray the typology has made on the construction and use of English by Nigerians of a broad social spectrum. The study reveals that the uniqueness of NgE is considerably realized in such linguistic features as conversion, acronym, composition, redundancy, coinage and reduplication. It is, as well, observed that some NgE forms exhibit the same morphological and syntactic patterns as those of Standard English (SE) while some exhibit significant variations.

Keywords: Domestication, English Language, Examination NgE, Nigeria

Translating Arabic Proper Names: A Foreignising Approach (Published)

The recent increase in random approaches to translating Arabic proper names into English has led to serious discrepancies in their transliterations as well as difficulties and problems in identifying one’s identity. This paper is an attempt to shed light on this phenomenon and to investigate the many problems and difficulties encountered in transliterating Arabic proper names in birth, marriage, passport and other personal documents. Venuti’s Foreignisation Approach, a theoretical framework for standardisation of the transliteration of Arabic proper names, was used for analysis and discussion. Results of the analysis and discussion of samples in this paper have indicated that there is an urgent need for a mechanism in order to help use a standardised profile for transliterating Arabic proper names all around the Arab world. To achieve this objective, a list of suggestions was made for use by those in authority and those interested in carrying out further research in this field.

Keywords: Arabic Proper Names, Authoritative Standardization, Culture, Domestication, Foreignisation, Problems, Transliteration

SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF CHRYSOPHYLLUM ALBIDUM G. DON. IN RAINFOREST AND DERIVED SAVANNA ECOSYSTEMS OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA (Published)

This study was carried out to determine the socio-economic importance of Chrysophyllum albidum in rainforest and derived savanna ecosystems of Ondo State and examines its level of domestication. From each ecological zone, a local government area (LGA) with good concentration of C. albidum trees was selected. The study covered a total of ten villages (i.e. five from each ecosystem). From each village, five farm households with C. albidum trees on their farms were selected. A structured questionnaire was administered on the head of each household. Results identified evidence of C. albidum trees domestication in the two ecosystems. C. albidum fruit is economically important in the two ecosystems and contributes to the socio-economic life of the people. Factors affecting the price of C. albidum fruits in the two ecosystems were fruit taste and fruit size. Thus, the demand will improve if sweeter and bigger sized fruits are produced through domestication programme.

Keywords: Chrysophyllum Albidum, Domestication, Ecosystems, Forest Food Trees, Nigeria, Socio-Economic Importance

SEEDLING GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF KIGELIA AFRICANA (LAM.) BENTH. AS INFLUENCED BY DIFFERENT LIGHT INTENSITIES (Published)

Despite the high medicinal properties of Kigelia africana to most of the people of Nigeria and other nations of the world, it only exist as a protected and semi domesticated species This study investigated the effects of light intensities on the early growth performance of K. africana as an important step towards its domestication. Seedlings of K. africana were monitored under five light intensities namely; 60%, 45% and 30% light intensities, under tree canopy cover (5% light intensity) and control treatment was direct sunlight (100% light intensity). The experiment was laid in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Early growth rate of the species was significantly affected by different light intensities. Seedlings height and diameter ranged from 6.2–30.2 cm and 2–8.98 mm respectively (after 12 weeks) depending on light intensity. K. africana seedlings under direct sunlight did not perform well compared to the seedlings under low light conditions i.e. 30%, 45% and 60% light intensities, implying the seedlings need some shade for the establishment of early good growth while the species performed poorly under forest canopy, indicating that they may not do well under heavy shade. Thus, the species has the potential to survive when transplanted to the field

Keywords: Domestication, Early Growth, Kigelia Africana, Light Intensity, Multipurpose

Socio-Economic Importance of Chrysophyllum Albidum G. Don. In Rainforest and Derived Savanna Ecosystems of Ondo State, Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study was carried out to determine the socio-economic importance of Chrysophyllum albidum in rainforest and derived savanna ecosystems of Ondo State and examines its level of domestication. From each ecological zone, a local government area (LGA) with good concentration of C. albidum trees was selected. The study covered a total of ten villages (i.e. five from each ecosystem). From each village, five farm households with C. albidum trees on their farms were selected. A structured questionnaire was administered on the head of each household. Results identified evidence of C. albidum trees domestication in the two ecosystems. C. albidum fruitis economically important in the two ecosystems and contributes to the socio-economic life of the people. Factors affecting the price of C. albidum fruits in the two ecosystems were fruit taste and fruit size. Thus, the demand will improve if sweeter and bigger sized fruits are produced through domestication programme

Keywords: Chrysophyllum Albidum, Domestication, Ecosystems, Forest Food Trees, Nigeria, Socio-Economic Importance

SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF CHRYSOPHYLLUM ALBIDUM G. DON. IN RAINFOREST AND DERIVED SAVANNA ECOSYSTEMS OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study was carried out to determine the socio-economic importance of Chrysophyllum albidum in rainforest and derived savanna ecosystems of Ondo State and examines its level of domestication. From each ecological zone, a local government area (LGA) with good concentration of C. albidum trees was selected. The study covered a total of ten villages (i.e. five from each ecosystem). From each village, five farm households with C. albidum trees on their farms were selected. A structured questionnaire was administered on the head of each household. Results identified evidence of C. albidum trees domestication in the two ecosystems. C. albidum fruitis economically important in the two ecosystems and contributes to the socio-economic life of the people. Factors affecting the price of C. albidum fruits in the two ecosystems were fruit taste and fruit size. Thus, the demand will improve if sweeter and bigger sized fruits are produced through domestication programme.

Keywords: Chrysophyllum Albidum, Domestication, Ecosystems, Forest Food Trees, Nigeria, Socio-Economic Importance