Tag Archives: Diversity

Survey of Zooplanktondiversity and Abundance and Its Relationship with Physicochemical Parameters in River Kashimbila Takum, Taraba State, Nigeria (Published)

Zooplankton diversity and abundance and its relationship with physico-chemical parameters in River Kashimbila was carried out for a period of eight (8) months from August, 2016 to March, 2017.Physico-chemical parameters were determined, the identification and abundance of zooplankton were also determined. A total of twenty one (21) species of zooplankton were reported, which was dominated by Ciliophora (34.61%), followed by Rotifera (32.92%) and the least being Cnidaria (0.02%). Shannon Weinner diversity index ranged from 1.40 -2.72, Margalef Index from 2.37 – 2.72 and evenness from 0.45 – 0.60. The data revealed that there was a significant difference among number of species and species count at (P<0.05) between raining and dry season. Zooplankton diversity and abundance were influenced by seasons and sites while species composition varied significantly with season at (P<0.05).Based on the zooplankton diversity and abundance, the rivers holds high possible impact on fish production.

Keywords: Abundance, Diversity, River Kashimbila, Zooplankton

Diversity and Inclusion in Secondary School Educational Practices in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This article focuses on the place of diversity and inclusion in secondary school educational practices in Rivers State, Nigeria. In the face of advancements in society, Nigeria, a member state of the United Nations at the recent world education forum, held at Incheon, Republic of Korea, adopted the “Education 2030” vision for education. It was translated to the Sustainable Development Goal four (SDG4) and captioned “Towards inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning for all”. This calls for an inclusive education packaged for the benefit of all. Hence, there is need to ensure that education becomes free and a right of all Nigerian children, irrespective of distinct characteristics which set them apart from others of same age bracket, such as gender, socioeconomic status, religious affiliations among many. The major issue of diversity and inclusion is one of respect and appreciation of differences which call for the cooperation of all key players.

Keywords: Diversity, Inclusion, educational practices

Aboriginal People and Canadian Federation- From the Perspective of Diversity Accommodation: Review (Published)

Following the European colonizer arrived at and invades Canada, the Aboriginal people-who are considered as the natives, have been oppressed for many centuries. Their land was taken by the settlers and their economy become too sluggish and subsistence; they were marginalized in the social, economic, cultural and political arenas. This paper is aimed to assess the root causes of conflict between the aboriginals and settlers and to identify measures taken by the government to address the problems. We used intensive secondary data through reviewing different books and international journals. Lose of land ownership, deterioration of health and economic development, worst assimilation of Aboriginal People to the main stream culture, Political marginalization such under representation of them under government office, Economic exploitation of Aboriginal People are some of the real causes of conflict between Aboriginal and non- Aboriginal People. Besides, they are not also allowed to run their own business activities, exercise their cultural ways of life, improve and develop their culture and traditions. Federalism, multiculturalism, empowering Supreme Court and the constitution act of 1982 were of the institutional arrangement recognized typically to deal with the existing real conflict and to accommodate diversity. Some of possible measures taken by the government are- the recognition of  the right to land title; the right to self-government on their internal matters, to develop their culture, language and identities. It also allowed to develop laws like laws on customary marriage for their people though subject to the approval of the minister responsible for their  affairs  have also been recognized to exercise.

Keywords: Aboriginal, Accommodation, Conflict, Diversity, Federalism

Holistic Survey on Damselfly (Anisoptera : Odonata)Diversity in Rice Ecosystem of Eastern India (Published)

This study highlights the richness of Damselfly (Anisoptera: Odonata) fauna associated with rice ecosystems in Eastern India.. Sampling of the Damselfly community was conducted during 2010-14 to determine species composition, abundance and distribution in 3 different habitats of rice fields which were selected at 60 m (Chakdaha), 600 m (Cooch Behar) and 1250 m (Kalimpong) respectively. Each location was surveyed at a biweekly interval after transplanting of rice plants and about 10 species of Damselfly were recorded as insect predators in rice crops of Eastern India. General morphology, biology, ecology, behavior of the Damselfly are being highlighted in the present investigation. After comparing different body parts, double branching keys are prepared for their easy identification. The studies of their diversity showed that maximum and minimum value of both Simpson and Shannon-Weiner index were at the  flowering and the vegetative stage of crop respectively. The value of Margalef index and Menhinck index  also indicated that the highest value in reproductive stage of rice crop. The studies on   Evenness index   designated that the value of E1, E2 and E3 were influenced by species richness and not evenness.  Consequently the influence of fertilizer on the incidence of  Damselfly in rice ecosystem showed that there was  a remarkable increase  of population where high doses of nitrogen (120 kg/ha) were applied followed by the use of  mix fertilizer(120:60:60 N:P:K). Although the plot receiving high doses of phosphate @ 60 kg/ha exhibited increase in the level of Damselfly population but the distribution  was least in the field where potassium fertilizer was used in both kharif (rainy) and rabi (winter) season during 2010 to 2014.The sampling of Damselfly population on weed, ratoon rice, rice fallow land exhibited  that the bund weed provided resting site for damselfly. The colonization and succession of Damselfly species in the rice field habitat showed a uniform pattern in relation to the growth stage of rice crop. At the end of study, the relevance of  Damselfly biosystematics in the context on bio diversities has  been given in its legitimate status as bio control agent of rice insect pests  in  Eastern India.

Keywords: Damselfly, Diversity, Insect pests, Predator, Rice, naiad

Translation and Community Integration (Published)

This paper deals with the Translation and Community integration; and it highlights the increasing need for translation. In most virtual communities, language is at the heart of communication. When we extend these communities to the international stage, we are faced with challenges in interaction. Cross-lingual communication between academic communities is a matter of some urgency. The growth of the Language Technologies field in recent years, with increasing public, political, and industrial recognition, has meant that there are now major business players engaged in technology integration and product development, leading to a multiplicity of systems and solutions available on the market. Therefore, translation and community are very crucial in our daily life.

Keywords: Community, Diversity, Language, translation


In the present experiment, phytoplankton belonging to 41 species under 23 genera was observed from Teetha wetland ecosystem during the period of investigation from June 2011 to May 2013. Results revealed that, Bacillariophyceae was found to be the dominant group of phytoplankton (39.13 %) followed by Chlorococcales and Cyanophyceae each with (21.74 %), desmids (13.04 %) and Euglenoids (4.35 %). Teetha Lake is found to be rich in phytoplankton diversity and hence productive. Summer period marked an increase in phytoplankton density. Physicochemical factors like Temperature, pH, Sulphate, Potassium, Nitrate nitrogen, Ammonical nitrogen and Silica were found to be the important factors influencing the growth of phytoplankton and they exhibited significant positive correlation with total phytoplankton. Based on Nygaard’s trophic state indices the wetland is said to be oligotrophic. Inter-relationship of various physicochemical factors and their role with seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton is here by discussed.

Keywords: Correlation, Diversity, Physicochemical factors, Phytoplankton, Wetland


This paper focuses on the challenges of environmental sustainability in the light of the pluralistic religious nature of Nigeria. Using a critical qualitative analytical method, it was found that respective practices of the major religions in Nigeria-African traditional religion, Christianity and Islam, have been contributing to the deterioration of the natural environment in the country. Hence, the researcher, among other things, recommends a collectively unified religious effort towards the conservation and sustenance of the country’s environment

Keywords: : Religious Pluralism, Diversity, Religious Conflicts, Stewardship., Sustainable Environment