Distributive Justice and Employee Turnover among Bank Workers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
The study was designed to examine the relationship between Distributive Justice and Employee Turnover Among Bank Workers in Akwa Ibom State. Ex-post facto design was adopted for the study and a sample of 314 respondents was drawn from the population of 1465. For the objective of the study to be achieved, five hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study utilized triangulation of methodologies (structured questionnaire and interview) as the major instruments for data collection using Taro Yamane’s scientific sampling technique. 314 questionnaires were distributed and 299 were returned. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage and Ordinal Logistic Regression. Results showed that there is a significant and positive relationship between variables of distributive justice such as unequal distribution, inequitable distribution, mismatched needs and personality traits, and employee turnover variables of voluntary resignation, employee abscondment and employee satisfaction among bank workers in Akwa Ibom State. The finding further revealed that there is no significant relationship between variable of distributive justice such as unjust distribution of responsibilities and employee turnover variable of employee commitment among bank workers in Akwa Ibom State. Consequently, it was recommended that, banks in Akwa Ibom State should introduce fair and equal reward systems for outstanding performances so as to motivate and retain employees. Justice should be fairly distributed among bank workers in order to discourage voluntary resignation. There is need for bank workers to inhibit behaviors that may encourage turnover but rather reattribute such behaviors as a mean of restoring justice. Responsibilities should be justly distributed among bank workers in order to boost employee commitment. Specific attention should be given at the beginning of the employment relationship to firstly establish and agree to personality traits that would benefit both parties in the employment relationship.
Citation: Udeme Anthony Abaikpa; Don Baridam; Kingsley Uwa (2022) Distributive Justice and Employee Turnover among Bank Workers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, International Journal of Business and Management Review, Vol.10, No.5, pp.26-85