Solid wastes are generally generated through domestic, commercial and industrial activities, among others. For proper environmental sanitation and good health of the people, solid wastes need to be disposed properly. The aim of the paper is to assess solid wastes disposal in Jimeta. Data for the study were generated from both the primary and Secondary Sources using the questionnaire administration. For detailed field data gathering, 270 samples were selected form 7 ward of the Local Government Area. The paper has identified several methods of solid wastes disposal of which the open dumping method predominates, followed by the open container method of waste disposal. The waste was often disposed of either on the frequency of once per day, forthrightly or once per week. However, majority of the people believe that the current methods of solid waste disposal are not satisfactory it is therefore concluded that public enlightenment should be carried out to change the attitude of the public towards maintaining good sanitary conditions through proper disposal of solid wastes in addition to the introduction of solid wastes recycling.
Environmental Impacts of Roadside Disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes in Karu, Nassarawa State, Nigeria (Published)
The paper looked at municipal solid waste generation, disposal and the consequent environmental impacts Primary data was generated by carrying out oral interviews and field observations for holistic and in–depth assessment of the environment and the secondary data was obtained from desk review method, information on effects of municipal solid wastes on environment were obtained from relevant literatures. The interviews were semi-structured and a purposive sampling method was adopted and analyzed descriptively. The results of the findings showed that population growth and unplanned urban expansion has exceeded the expected limit in recent time with resultant ugly system of solid wastes disposal. Municipal solid wastes which contain both biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes are disposed at the shoulders of major highways in temporary dumpsites and are later evacuated by a waste management agency on a weekly basis. There is no organized house to house or street to street collection of the solid wastes. The study revealed that roadside disposal of municipal solid wastes has serious impacts on the environment. Some of these impacts include physical nuisance of the solid wastes to the environment, the solid waste dumps also serve as hideouts for rodents and snakes which are dangerous. The solid wastes are blown around by wind making the environment filthy, most of the wastes are also been washed by overland flow during heavy downpour to block drainage channels and subsequently lead to flooding of the environment. Most of the non- biodegradable solid wastes contain toxic chemicals which have serious implications on the environmental sustainability and human health. The paper therefore recommends that Government should come up with proper orientation and environmental laws should be put in place for the general public and also to provide necessary facilities and arrange for better methods of collection of solid wastes.