Tag Archives: Diseases

Medical Treatment of Various Diseases through Nagarmotha (Cyperus rotundus) Plant (Published)

Nagarmotha (Cyperus rotundus) is found throughout India. Its genus name Cyperusis derived from Cypeiros, an ancient Greek name and rotundus from a Latin word for round and refers to the tuber. It is locally known as “Mutha”. The plant is a widely used traditional medicinal herb in India, China, Japan, Korea, Combodia, Nigeria, and Bangladesh.The plant produces rhizomes, tubers, basal bulbs and fibrous roots below ground and rosettes of leaves, scapes and umbels above ground. The rhizomes of nut grass is widely utilized in ancient medication round the world to treat various diseases like constipation, dysentery, abdominal distention, animal tissue stomach ache, chest pains, irregular catamenia, painful catamenia, skin diseases, staphylococcal infection infections, leprosy, sprains and br uises, and fever, analgesic, sedative, medication, anti malarial drug, abdomen disorders, and diarrhoea . C. rotundus has the properties of antimicrobial activity, anti-lesion activity, analgesic activity, anti inflammatory activity, anti diarrhoeal activity, antipyretic activity, medication activity, anti-emetic activity, tranquilizing activity, anti urolithatic activity, antispatic activity, hypolipidaemic activity, wound healing activity, medication activity, inhibitor activity, metastatic tumor activity, antifungal activity, antidiabetic drug activity, anti-obesity activity, anti-allergic activity, anti-blood platelet impact, opposing rheumy activity, anti malarial drug activity, gastroprotective activity, hepatoprotective activity, cytoprotective impact, hypotensive activity, ovicidal and larvicidal activity .The petroleum ether extract and essential oil of C. rotundus possessed analgesic activity. Phenols and alkaloids are the active constituents of C. rotundus. C. rotundus preparations (powder in fine suspension, aqueous and alcoholic extracts) exhibited a lipolytic action and mobilized fat from the adipose tissues and thus helping to reduce the obesity. Methanolic extract of the fresh aerial part of the Cyperus rotundus was fractionated by column chromatography method using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol. The ethyl acetate fraction showed potent antibacterial activity compared to control and standard commercial antibiotic tetracycline. It is a widely used plant in traditional medicine around the world for treatment of various diseases. It is deemed with infinite medicinal properties authenticated by the scientific committee. The rhizomes of C. rotundus are used as traditional folk medicine for the treatment of stomach and bowel disorders and inflammatory diseases in Asian countries.  The use of the  plant as an analgesic, anti-arthritic, antibacterial, anti-cancer, anti-candida, anti-convulsant, anti-diabetic, anti-emetic, anti-histaminic, anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, anti-obesity, anti-pyretic, anti-spastic, gastroprotective, hypotensive, sedative, and tranquilizing agent has been documented by varios scientists. Ethnobotanical use of C. rotundus showed that the rhizomes were used to treat aging, apoptosis, atherosclerosis, cancer, cystitis, epilepsy, genotoxicity, hirutism, nociception and prostatitis disorders. The tuber part of C. rotundus is also used for the treatment of dysmenorrheal and menstrual irregularities from ancient times. The rhizome of C. rotundus are α-cyperolone,  β-cyperone, ρ-cymol, calcium, camphene, copaene,  cyperene, cyperenone, cyperol, cyperolone, caryophyllene, cyperotundone, d-copadiene, d-epoxyguaiene, isocyperol,  isokobusone, kobusone, limonene, linoleic-acid, linolenic-acid, mustakone, myristic acid, oleanolic acid, oleic acid,  β-pinene, patchoulenone, rotundene, rotundenol, rotundone,  α-rotunol, β-rotunol, β-selinene, selinatriene, sitosterol, stearic acid, sugeonol, and sugetriol. Phytochemical constituents of C. rotundus revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, tannins, steroids, starch and many novel ses-quiterpenoids. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons such as cypera-2, 4(15)-diene, isorotundene, norrotundene and the oxygenated compound cyperadione were isolated and identified.

Keywords: Diseases, Medical Treatment, Nagarmotha (Cyperus rotundus), plant

Community Education Strategies for the Control of Contagious Diseases in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated community education strategies for the control of contagious diseases in Rivers State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design with a population size of 2,725 consisting of 25 experts in community education and 2,700 members of various Community-Based Organizations in four LGAs in Rivers State. A sample size of 370 respondents was drawn using proportionate stratified sampling technique. A questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The instrument which was validated by three experts recorded a reliability coefficient of 0.86. The collected data were analysed using mean statistics and standard deviation. The analysed data revealed that the REFLECT , Each-One-Teach-One and the story telling are some of the community education strategies that could be used to create the needed awareness for attitudinal change on the control and management of contagious disease in Rivers State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among other things that The Federal and State Ministries of health should work hand in glove with the National Mass Education Commission and various state agencies of mass literacy to train health workers saddled with the responsibility of providing health education on how to adopt REFLECT and other community education strategies for awareness and knowledge creation for the control and management of contagious diseases in Nigeria.

Keywords: Community Education., Contagious, Diseases, Strategies.

Obesity is an Eating Disorder Not a Disease (Published)

Blood group diet research is gaining popularity among scientists and they are exploring new reasons to preferences of diet in four blood group type individuals. The concept of balanced diet and nutrition seems not to be working properly because diseases like obesity, diabetes, CVD, and cancer are causing millions of deaths each year in the world. Many scientists still did not pay any attention to the strong correlation between blood group diet and diseases except few in the world. There are strong evidences that these four blood group individuals have different taste buds which are the bases for selection of foods which ultimately become nutrition of that individual. A very nutritious food if not selected by a person having a particular blood group will provide no any nutrition to that        particular individual. Blood group “A” has bland, “B” has sweet, “O” has saltish, and “AB” has bitter & astringent taste buds. Distribution of blood group types in different regions of the world indicates that there are strong variations in blood group diet because all four blood group types have four different types of tissues (A- nervous, B-epithelial, O-muscular and AB-connective). Macro and micronutrients are also specific to these blood group types (A-Zinc & Magnesium, B-Iron, O-Iodine and AB need additional calcium). Pakistan has blood groups population as “B” 36%, “O” 33%, “A” 21%, and “AB” 9%. USDA Diet pyramids were designed to guide about the diet of Human beings living in different regions of the world. But these diet pyramids are no more valid because of the reason that they are nutritionally and biochemically unsound, but still in many countries these pyramids are being used for the assessment of diet without any positive effects. A diet pyramid based on blood groups is designed to guide about the diet of individuals based on blood groups. Diet charts formulated for four blood group types are based on scientific correlation to prevent diseases and remain healthy.

Keywords: Blood groups, Diseases, Nutrients, Obesity, diet

Youtube on Utilization of Information on Contagious Diseases by Medical Students in Teaching Hospitals in Abia and Imo States (Published)

Medical students in teaching hospitals in Abia and Imo States are believed not to be influenced by YouTube on utilization of information on contagious diseases. To reveal whether they receive information on contagious diseases through YouTube is the bases for this study. The survey research method was adopted to investigate a total population of 709 medical students of the two teaching hospitals in Abia and Imo States respectively. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data for the research. Information were provided for the students to ascertain their level of agreement and the result shows that YouTube provides medical students with  information on the pattern of the infection/ spread, information on how to avoid contacting an infection, It gives them news on outbreak of contagious diseases and others. The paper therefore concludes that YouTube influences medical student’s utilization of information on contagious diseases.

Keywords: Abia State, Contagious, Diseases, Imo State, Information, Medical Students, Utilization, YouTube