Tag Archives: Discourses

FEMALE LEADERSHIP DISCOURSES: THE DYNAMICS OF TEACHER PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCHOOLS IN THE UPPER DENKYIRA EAST MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA (Published)

The study sought to explore the leadership styles that female head teachers employ in managing their schools and their teachers job performance in Upper Denkyira East municipality of Ghana. The researchers explored the leadership styles of head teachers to establish if it is helping teachers to perform their teaching and learning jobs well. An exploratory mixed method design was used in the study where a total sample of nineteen head teachers and one hundred and five teachers’ were selected. Nineteen female head teachers and one hundred and five teachers were given questionnaires to respond to, ten out of the one hundred and five teachers were picked for observation on teachers’ job performance. Later five head teachers were interviewed. The primary data was collected using structured questionnaires and semi-structured interview guides for teachers and that of heads. The entire questionnaire used in the study had the reliability of 0.81 of interview data helped in establishing the leadership styles and challenges female head teachers experience in their line of duty. Besides independent sample t-test, Chi-square, correlation and One – Way ANOVA were used to test formulated hypotheses on female head teachers’ leadership styles and teachers’ job performance. The research revealed that the female head teachers perceived that they are employing the situational and democratic leadership styles. Besides, family issues were the major barrier women in leadership face. In addition, teachers who worked under female head teachers who employed situational type of leadership style had the highest level of job performance. Based on these findings, it was recommended that female heads should do away with top down decision-making processes, share responsibility and power for leadership widely throughout the school and take the staff opinions into account

Keywords: Discourses, East Municipality, Female Leadership, Ghana, Teacher Performance, Upper Denkyira, basic schools

PRAGMATIC FUNCTIONS OF TRADITION-MOTIVATED DISCOURSES IN AHMED YERIMA’S AJAGUNMALE (Published)

Studies on the use of language to refract societal realities in Ahmed Yerima’s dramas have largely examined stylistic and pragmatic features of some of his texts. Within the pragmatic domain, efforts have been concentrated on the examination of context-sensitive interpretations of proverbial meanings and the consideration of politeness features in Yerima’s plays. However, there is a dearth of work on the investigation of the pragmatics of Yerima’s use of language in cultural projections in his drama in linguistic scholarship, especially with respect to establishing the link between Mey’s theory of pragmatic acts and tradition-spurred topical issues in his Yoruba culture-based play, Àjàgùnmàlè. This study therefore fills this gap by examining the pragmeme-driven functions performed by Ahmed Yerima in tradition-motivated utterances in Àjàgùnmàlè, sampled for the evident preponderance of tradition-motivated discourses in it, towards determining his worldview on tradition-related issues in the society. These discourses were subjected to content analysis, drawing insights from Mey’s theory of pragmatic acts. The findings reveal the practs of explaining, warning/cautioning, advising, persuading, rebuking, praising, accusing, and pleading in traditional and emotive contexts of the discourses in Àjàgùnmàlè, to address thematic issues of culture, status/power, achievement, belief, social crisis, predestination, inquiry, and immorality with the advantage of contextual features of shared-situational knowledge (ssk), socio-cultural knowledge (sck), inference (inf), reference (ref) and voicing (vce). The interaction between the tradition-motivated discourses in Àjàgùnmàlè and Mey’s theory of pragmeme ultimately results in the understanding of tradition-related issues in the play and their context-driven dramatisation of the traditional orientations of the Yoruba in South-western Nigeria.

Keywords: Ajagunmale, Discourses, Pragmeme, Tradition- Motivated, Yerima

PRAGMATIC FUNCTIONS OF TRADITION-MOTIVATED DISCOURSES IN AHMED YERIMA’S AJAGUNMALE (Review Completed - Accepted)

Studies on the use of language to refract societal realities in Ahmed Yerima’s dramas have largely examined stylistic and pragmatic features of some of his texts. Within the pragmatic domain, efforts have been concentrated on the examination of context-sensitive interpretations of proverbial meanings and the consideration of politeness features in Yerima’s plays. However, there is a dearth of work on the investigation of the pragmatics of Yerima’s use of language in cultural projections in linguistic scholarship. This study therefore fills this gap by examining the pragmeme-driven functions performed by Ahmed Yerima in tradition-motivated utterances in Ajagunmale, sampled for the evident preponderance of tradition-motivated discourses in it, towards determining his worldview on tradition-related issues in the society. These discourses were subjected to content analysis, drawing insights from Mey’s theory of pragmatic acts. The findings reveal the practs of explaining, warning/cautioning, advising, persuading, rebuking, praising, accusing, and pleading in traditional and emotive contexts of the discourses in Ajagunmale, to address thematic issues of culture, status/power, achievement, belief, social crisis, predestination, inquiry, and immorality with the advantage of contextual features of shared-situational knowledge (ssk), socio-cultural knowledge (sck), inference (inf), reference (ref) and voicing (vce). The interaction between the tradition-motivated discourses in Ajagunmale and Mey’s theory of pragmeme ultimately results in the understanding of tradition-related issues in the play and their context-driven dramatisation of the traditional orientations of the Yoruba in South-western Nigeria.

Keywords: Ajagunmale, Discourses, Pragmeme, Tradition- Motivated, Yerima