Tag Archives: Discipline

School Strategies for Managing Social Media Influence on Students’ Discipline in Kenyan Secondary Schools (Published)

Social media is a global phenomenon changing the world in different ways. It has also been found to have both positive and negative influences on education processes as well as on students’ discipline. Therefore, the study sought to develop strategies for managing the influence of social media on students’ discipline in secondary schools in Kenya. Based on the study, this paper presents and discusses the research findings on the study objective which sought to establish and assess the strategies that the schools have and can put in place to manage the influence of social media on students’ discipline. The study utilized the pragmatic philosophical paradigm and the mixed methods research design where both positivists and constructivists approaches and techniques were combined. The study was undertaken in Bungoma County in Kenya. It was carried out in 306 secondary schools in the County. The target population of study was 19,000 students in Form 3. Scott Smith’s formula was used to determine the sample size of 600 students from 40 secondary schools as respondents. Purposive sampling was applied to select the 40 deputy principals and 40 heads of guidance and counselling departments from the selected secondary schools as respondents in the study. Three categories of boys’, girls’ and mixed schools were chosen from each sub-county. The questionnaires used had both closed- and open-ended questions. Interviews were also used to get more information for the study. Multiple Regression used to analyse the quantitative data. The strategies for managing discipline by schools were rated highly for implementation. The study recommended that schools should allow social media to be used as a teaching and learning tool only. They should also employ experts to control social media misuse by students. Schools should also enable teachers to monitor the use of social media by students. Meanwhile, they should strive to reduce exposure time to social media by students. This study will help schools to better address the root causes of student indiscipline and thus enhance learning in their institutions.

Keywords: Discipline, Secondary Schools, Students, managing social media influence, school strategies

Influence of Social Media on Students’ Discipline in Secondary Schools in Kenya (Published)

Social media are technologies that facilitate social interaction, make possible collaboration and enable deliberation across stakeholders. The study sought to develop strategies for managing the influence of social media on students’ discipline in secondary schools. The objective of this paper is to determine the extent to which social media has influenced students’ discipline in schools based on the research. The study utilized the pragmatic philosophical paradigm and the mixed methods research design where both positivists and constructivists approaches and techniques were combined. The study was undertaken in Bungoma County in Kenya. It was carried out in 306 secondary schools in the County targeting a population of 19,000 Form 3 students. Scott Smith`s formula was used to determine the sample size of 600 students from 40 secondary schools as respondents. Purposive sampling was applied to select the 40 deputy principals and 40 heads of guidance and counselling departments from the selected secondary schools as respondents in the study. Three categories of boys’, girls’ and mixed schools were chosen from each sub-county. The questionnaires used had both closed- and open-ended items. Interviews were also used to get more information for the study. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyse data. Social media was found to have influenced students’ discipline negatively in schools.  The study recommended that parents, educational and political leaders should implement policies on limiting social media influence on students’ discipline. It is expected that the Kenya Ministry of Education and other education stakeholders will utilize the results of the study to manage the influence of the social media on students’ discipline in secondary schools.

Keywords: Discipline, Influence, Kenya, Secondary Schools, Social media, Students

Leveraging Work Ethics to Drive Teachers’ Productivity in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study examined the relationship between work ethics and teachers’ productivity in Ondo state, Nigeria. The study adapted descriptive research design of the survey type. The population consisted of all the teachers of private secondary schools in Ondo state, Nigeria. The sample used was made up of 240 teachers selected from 24 secondary schools, using simple random sampling procedure. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed a relationship between dedication and teachers’ productivity. The findings also showed relationship between accountability and teachers’ productivity. The study found that there was relationship between reliability/dependability and teachers’ productivity. The study further revealed relationship between discipline and teachers’ productivity. Based on findings, it was therefore recommended that teachers should be made to understand by their supervisors that work ethic is a set of moral principles that should be adopted in their respective schools, so as to increase their productivity.

Keywords: Accountability, Discipline, Reliability, Teachers Productivity, Work ethics, dedication

Student Council Members’ Management of Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Wareng Sub-County, Kenya (Published)

In Kenya, there has been increasing concern that acts of student indiscipline are on the rise in schools. In light of this view, this paper explores the extent to which student council members manage of students’ discipline in public secondary schools in Wareng Sub-County, Kenya. The study was guided by the Social Systems Theory, which states that an organization is a system that comprises of different units which are interrelated in carrying out activities. The study’s main research question was to what extent do student councils to meaningfully participate in management of students’ discipline in secondary schools in Wareng Sub-County? The study employed ex post facto research design. The target population was student councillors, deputy, head teachers and principals in public secondary schools in Wareng Sub-County. Stratified simple random sampling techniques were used to select the sample to participate in the study. Data collection was through use of a questionnaire and interview. Descriptive statistics such as means, percentages, frequencies, means and standard deviations were used to analyse and present the research data. To test hypotheses independent samples t-test and ANOVA were used. From the findings of the study, the research concluded that student council members were aware of the mission and vision of their schools. Majority of the participants were trained to follow rules and regulations. Problem solving strategies were also covered during training. Moreover, student council members were taught the importance of skills public speaking. Based on these findings, it was recommended that the Kenya Ministry of Education should come up with a proper school governance system that enables student councillors to participate in decision-making process and especially in matters that concern students through active involvement in various meetings. The Ministry should adopt a proper school governance system that enables student councillors to participate in decision-making process especially in matters that concern students through active involvement in various meetings.

Keywords: Discipline, Kenya, Management, Public Secondary Schools, Student Council Members, Wareng

Contestation of Ethnic Identity in Forming Ethno-territorial in Pakpak Bharat Regency, North Sumatra (Published)

The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.

 

Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

Maintaining Discipline in a Social Studies Classroom (Published)

The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.

Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

Metadiscourse in Academic Genres: An Interdisciplinary Study of Research Articles in Sudan (Published)

Metadiscourse is a ubiquitous aspect of all academic discourse in its attempt to align with readers, and, hence, this study purports to investigate cross-disciplinary variations in its deployment in 60 research articles produced locally by Sudanese academicians in six domains. Utilizing Hyland’s (2005) typology, the corpora were compared in terms of patterns of metadiscourse and how these strands represent the Weltanschauung of particular discourse communities. Findings indicate that the corpus is characterized by a relative oblivion to the needs of readers. On the other hand, the dichotomy between interpretive discursive and natural incremental fields was borne out by the statistics. This is manifest in the preponderance of overall features in the former, together with their proclivity to draw on more interpersonal elements to establish rapport. The study has also uncovered marked deviations in the ratios of hedging, boosters and attitude markers in Chemistry and Civil Engineering compared to studies of sociology of knowledge. Yet, subtle, but significant, distinctions in the linguistic embodiment of these categories were found to set these disciplines apart from Economy and Applied Linguistics. Finally, the epistemologically contingent nature of Medicine and the empirical tendencies within Geography were positively correlated with their metadiscourse figures. The implications for teaching academic discourse are also explored.

Keywords: Discipline, Interpersonal, Metadiscourse, Research Articles, Textual

MANAGING SCHOOL DISCIPLINE: THE STUDENTS’ AND TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION ON DISCIPLINARY STRATEGIES (Published)

Strategies adopted for ensuring discipline has been a very challenging encounter. This study therefore explores procedures involved on how teachers carry through their respective roles in managing indiscipline and how students perceive such involvement in Effutu Municipality. A case study design using qualitative approach was adopted for the study. Thirty six (36) respondents comprising twelve (12) teachers and twenty-four (24) students from two (2) Public Junior High Schools were purposively selected. Data was gathered through interviews which was analysed thematically. The study findings revealed that, teachers used judgemental to subjective behaviours as well as evaluating the disciplinary measures to interpreting it as the appropriate measure to stop misbehaviour. Teachers start using verbal appreciation and stopped their habit of de-motivating students. Additionally, in place of punishment, they preferred to encourage those students, who were not showing interest in classroom activities. It is therefore recommended that teachers should cultivate the habit of involving students in rule setting in order to promote ownership of the rules and to encourage them to take more responsibility for their own behaviour and also employ cooperative disciplinary measures as compared to punitive and harsh disciplinary measures could be used to inspire children.

Keywords: Discipline, Evaluating, Judgemental, Scolding, Student Behaviour

INSTITUTIONALIZING GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING-A PANACEA FOR MANAGING STUDENT DISCIPLINE IN KENYAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE POST-CANING ERA. (Published)

In Kenya, as it is elsewhere in the world, corporal punishment has been banned as a disciplinary mechanism in schools. The Ministry of Education through a circular came up with strategies that would suitably replace corporal punishment which among others included the strengthening of Guidance and Counselling services in all educational institutions. This study investigated the extent to which teachers, students and parents agreed or disagreed that the institutionalization of guidance and counseling will assist in the management of discipline in schools. The research design adopted was survey and the study was conducted in Nakuru District in the Rift Valley Province of Kenya. All the teachers, learners and parents of all the public secondary schools in Nakuru District formed the population of the study. The study employed stratified random sampling, simple random sampling and convenient sampling techniques. Data was collected by use of questionnaires and were analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively.

Keywords: Discipline, Guidance and Counselling, Post- Caning era., Secondary Schools, institutionalization

Employment of Manifest Intertextuality in Geology and Applied Linguistics Ph.D. Theses: A Social Constructionist Perspective (Review Completed - Accepted)

Manifest intertextuality is a concomitant of all academic discourse which is by necessity a creative blend of the words of the writer of the text and his predecessors, with the objective of integrating the current knowledge within the accredited facts of the discipline. Hence, this study explores the overall use of intertextual links in a corpus of (8) Geology and (8) Applied Linguistics Ph.D theses by Sudanese students. It was revealed that intertextuality employment is dictated by worldviews of disciplinary clusters (the hard-soft axis) and, thus, there were overt variations in the use of this feature between the two fields. The abundance of intertextual ties in Applied Linguistics and their dearth in Geology are due to the interdisciplinary nature of Applied Linguistics where dispersed strands have to be woven together into a coherent fabric to build a shared ethos between writer and reader. In contrast, the objectives, linear and cumulative nature of Geology largely omits such a need, as a great deal of procedural expertise is presupposed. Also, while Geology (a hard science) relied on human – evacuated, phenomena – prominent non -integral citations, Applied linguistics (a social science) tended to bring human agency to the limelight through integral citations. Also, nominalization in citation structures in Geology was meant to identify the terminological report –based nature of the field while there was an emphasis in Applied Linguistics on textual constructs and verbal processes.

Keywords: Citation, Discipline, Genre Analysis, Intertextuality, Niche, Ph.D. Theses