Tag Archives: Dimensions

Gender and Other Socio-Cultural Factors in Mobile-Based Language Learning (Published)

In East Asia, particularly China, under the deep-rooted influence of Confucianism, many women have been living in a subordinate manner, either consciously or unconsciously. Even when the proportion of girl students at college is almost as half as the total population in higher education, researches show a different narrative in their mindset. As for this study, the focus is on gender and other socio-cultural issues in mobile-based language learning through a learning management system (Blackboard) in a MBA program at Shenzhen University, China. The participants are 138 students (68 male, 70 female) who were enrolled in Fall 2018. In line with Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, this study explored the gender and other socio-cultural factors in mobile-based language learning and tried to set up a mechanism for an effective learning mode, where tasks/projects are designed in such a way that woman students may become aware of their conscious/unconscious mentality of being subordinate, and hopefully enhance their self-esteem to be aspiring in their future career.

Keywords: Dimensions, Language, learning socio-cultural, mobile-based

Dimensions of Vessels and Rays in the Trunk of Afzelia Africana Sm. Ex Pers (Published)

The dimensions of vessels and rays in the trunk of a fully grown tree of Afzelia africana were measured under the light microscope in order to obtain their actual lengths and widths in micrometer (µm). 50 measurements each of vessels and rays were carried out and their average means were determined using ANOVA and Duncan Multiple Range Test (D.M.R.T). The average length of vessels in the trunk were 0.37±0.20, 0.36±0.10 and 0.37±0.30 for the top, middle and basal portions while the average width were 191.92±0.30, 202.14±0.10 and 207.17±0.20 for the top , middle and basal portions of the trunk respectively. There were no significant differences (P≤0.05) in lengths of vessels from the base to the top of the trunk as well as from the core to the outer potion. Conversely, there were significant differences in the width of vessels from base to the top of the trunk as well as from the core to the outer portion. The ray cells, on the other hand, had 0.40±0.40, 0.38±0.30 and 0.37±0.20 as average mean lengths for the top, middle and basal portions of the trunk whereas, for these same portions the mean width of the ray cells were 49.41±0.20, 48.05±0.30 and 51.54±0.50 respectively. No significant difference was observed in the lengths of rays from the top to the base as well as from the core to the outer. Conversely, there were significant differences in the width of rays from base to middle but not from middle to top. In the same vein, there were significant differences in the width of rays from core to outer.  Morphologically, the vessels were narrow, short, open-ended with simple perforation plates, and pits while the rays were multiseriate and heterogeneous. It was opined that the nature and dimensions of the vessels and the ray cells of this tree plant could be of physiological and pathological advantages to this taxon.

Keywords: Dimensions, Rays, Trunk, Vessels, length and width

The Image of the Jew in the Saudi Novel (Published)

The character of the Jew in literature is character that motivates the Arab reader most because it evokes a long history of conflicts between the Arabs and Jews. This study found that the texts of the Saudi novel that tried to employ the character of the Jew are few and limited and there causes for this which the study deals in detail. The study traces the texts of the Saudi novel in which the character of the Jew appears and introduces.  The study tries to give answers to questions  that represent the objectives and requirements of its goals. These questions are: How does the character of  the Jew appear in the novels? What are its most obvious dimensions? From which perspectives is the character introduced? What is the vision that the Saudi novel introduces regarding the character of the Jew? To give answers to these questions, the study discusses the works of the following Saudi writers: Zainab Hanafi, Turki Alhamad, Omaima Khamis, Abdullah Sa’d, Ghazi al-Qussaibi, Abd al-Wahhab Al Mar’ie, Muhammad Abdo Yamani, Khoqir Issam, Abu Aqil al-Zahiri. The study employs the element of narratology, mainly its semantic aspect. It also relies on certain tools of the psychological methodology. 

Keywords: Character, Dimensions, Jew, Reconciliation., Saudi Novel, rejection

Dimensions of Vessels and Rays in the Trunk of Afzelia Africana Sm. Ex Pers (Published)

The dimensions of vessels and rays in the trunk of a fully grown tree of Afzelia africana were measured under the light microscope in order to obtain their actual lengths and widths in micrometer (µm). 50 measurements each of vessels and rays were carried out and their average means were determined using ANOVA and Duncan Multiple Range Test (D.M.R.T). The average length of vessels in the trunk were 0.37±0.20, 0.36±0.10 and 0.37±0.30 for the top, middle and basal portions while the average width were 191.92±0.30, 202.14±0.10 and 207.17±0.20 for the top , middle and basal portions of the trunk respectively. There were no significant differences (P≤0.05) in lengths of vessels from the base to the top of the trunk as well as from the core to the outer potion. Conversely, there were significant differences in the width of vessels from base to the top of the trunk as well as from the core to the outer portion. The ray cells, on the other hand, had 0.40±0.40, 0.38±0.30 and 0.37±0.20 as average mean lengths for the top, middle and basal portions of the trunk whereas, for these same portions the mean width of the ray cells were 49.41±0.20, 48.05±0.30 and 51.54±0.50 respectively. No significant difference was observed in the lengths of rays from the top to the base as well as from the core to the outer. Conversely, there were significant differences in the width of rays from base to middle but not from middle to top. In the same vein, there were significant differences in the width of rays from core to outer. Morphologically, the vessels were narrow, short, open-ended with simple perforation plates, and pits while the rays were multiseriate and heterogeneous. It was opined that the nature and dimensions of the vessels and the ray cells of this tree plant could be of physiological and pathological advantages to this taxon.

Keywords: Dimensions, Length, Rays, Trunk, Vessels, Width