Dignity in the Workplace: The Aspect of Moral Harassment and Concerns about the Adequacy of Greek Legislation (Published)
Dignity at work is related to a wide range of employment issues that face the basic and general question how employees are valued and respected as humans in the workplace. This paper focuses on the psychological and moral harassment, which is considered to be one of the most serious threats of employees’ dignity. First, it examines the broad concept of psychological and moral harassment and its various definitions. Then, it analyzes the legislative framework in Greece and traces the extent in which harassed employees are protected by the general provisions of the Greek Constitution, the Civil Code, the Labor Law, and the Penal Code, since there is no specific legislation regulating workplace harassment. Finally, this paper makes suggestions about the need for a specialized legal framework to be established regulating the psychological and moral harassment in the workplace and highlights the advantages of such an initiative.
This paper is a review of contemporary relativism as a human dignity problem. It began with a conceptual review and a wholesome analysis of the variables as contained. Relativism stipulates from the analysis made that moral principles are not universal, but contextual; thus, “members of one community do not fairly judge or reject certain conventional social practices. Relativism, in its most severe form, rejects the existence of valid cross-cultural criteria for assessing human rights policies and exempts from public scrutiny, certain differences in social norms and institutions. Relativism is a dynamic term whose philosophical origins lie in debates about relativism in science theory and language theory. Usually, relativism is presented in contrast to realism, which is the belief that what is real and true happens independently of the mind. Where epistemological, social, economic, and cognitive relativism of several different forms are present. It is widely reported that one aspect (e.g. moral principles, information, and meaning) relates to a particular context (e.g. the person subject, a society, or a language). Although cultural relativism provides sociology with a reflexive and critical method, political and moral conservatives continue to despair about the effect of cultural relativism on analytical discourse and the change away from the objective, measurable principles as the measure of all claims to reality. Nevertheless, some scholars have suggested that cultural relativism can be embraced without compromising a commitment to the concept of moral values, or human rights.
In practical terms, religion and human rights are understood to be performing similar functions in respect of human development. The relationship between religion and human rights is on one side problematic and on the other, unavoidable in all parts of the world (as religion is a universal phenomenon). Broadly defined, religion involves what is sacred and transcends human knowledge. Human rights which seek to provide assorts of protection has also developed to received global attention. Human rights norms are inherently abstract ideals which depend on the visions and values of human communities to get its content and coherence. Traditional African concept of man emphasizes the spiritual dimension of human rights that must be heeded to. Western thought of ‘human rights’ seems to emphasise the ‘rights’ rather’ than the ‘human’. Human rights consist of two categories (human and rights) which need equal concentration. In view of this the paper explores the interaction of religious ideas and institutions in the wake to promote the rights of humans for sustainable development. Wherever religion appears to be a guiding principle in the lives of individuals and communities, it seems of obvious relevance to consider how it might be employed to further the course of equal rights for all. The paper objectively purports religion as an inherent condition of human lives which invariably provides the sources and scales of dignity and responsibility, respect and restitution that human rights need to survive and flourish