Influence of Digital Technology on Printing Technology: A Survey on Screen Printing In Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
Screen printing is one of the most reliable printing methods practiced in Nigeria despite the emergence of new approaches to printing. The paper examined the extent of practice of screen printing among screen printers in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria, in relation to the adoption of digital technology in the printing profession. Questionnaires and interviews were employed as tools to elicit relevant information from the screen printers on the extent on practice of screen printing in the study area. The results revealed that the prevalent digital technological tools adopted in printing are Direct Image printing machine, Large Format printing machine, and the Flex cutting machine. Findings also identified that the practice of screen printing has been influenced by digital technology in the areas of printing quality, costing and billings, and enrolment for apprenticeship. The research further revealed that screen printing is well practiced despite digital technological advancements in the printing industry.
The present study sheds lights on the digital art in terms of its concept, history, types and technical styles. It presents the works of some artists who have turned their work into digital creative achievements and become leaders of digital art, depending on the emergence of computer softwares that helped enrich the output of this type of art, on their reflection on the aesthetic side in the plastic art, and on the distinctive presence of digital achievements in the global plastic scene. The present study is an attempt to identify the role of the digital art and its techniques in the promotion of the creative aspect in the plastic art. It adopts the descriptive analytical approach. It also presents the methodological framework which includes the study’s problem, significance, limitations, methodology, terms, and review of literature. The theoretical framework includes two sections: the first of which is the digital art, its concept, history of its development, its types, and methods. The second one is the digital art in the works of the leading digital artists and its role in the promotion of the plastic art. The study concluded that the digital art has enriched and upgraded the aesthetic value in the plastic art. It recommended further studies on the digital art, and suggested “The technical features of the creative digital achievement generated by the employment of digital art’s types and styles”.