Tag Archives: difficulties

Reading Comprehension Difficulties Encountered by First-Year English-Majored Students (Published)

Reading comprehension plays an important role in learning a foreign language but it is also a very difficult subject. The current study investigates what difficulties in reading comprehension that the first-year English majored students encounter and what the most common difficulties they face. To handle the issues, 126 first-year English majors at a public university in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam were selected to become the participants in this study. The study results revealed that lacking of background knowledge, inadequate vocabulary, time pressure and inappropriate use of strategies are the four most popular factors causing reading comprehension difficulties. By contrast, the findings reveal that the participants could deal with grammatical structures of the reading texts and have no problem in understanding them. The findings of the study are a good source of information helping students to recognize their own reading comprehension difficulties.

Citation: Nguyen Huynh Trang (2021) Reading Comprehension Difficulties Encountered by First-Year English-Majored Students, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development,Vol. 9, No.9, pp.51-67

Keywords: English-majored students, Reading Comprehension, difficulties

Difficulties Faced by Tertiary Level EFL Learners in Listening (Published)

Listening comprehension is a prime channel of learning a new language. This study attempts to find out the difficulties faced by the EFL learners correspond to listening skill at the tertiary level education of Bangladesh. The study entitled Difficulties Faced by Tertiary Level EFL Learners in Listening discussed difficulties faced by tertiary level learners in listening comprehension. The aim of the study was to explore the difficulties encountered by the students, resulting from several factors such as listening text, listeners’ factor, speakers’ factor, linguistic feature, failure to concentration and physical setting. To analyze and to find the solution to the problems, the researcher made use of quantitative method. The research was conducted in public and private universities of Bangladesh. The population of this study was BA and MA level students’ in the academic year 2019-2020. The number of population was 60 students from two classes and data were collected through questionnaire. The result of the study shows that listening is very difficult skill for learners who is keen on learning foreign language. Understanding students’ difficulties can motivate and help the teachers to improve effective learning strategies for the students to develop their listening abilities. It also provided potential solutions to the problems. Firstly, the teacher should adapt and improve listening materials. Secondly, students’ need to enrich their vocabulary with correct pronunciation, which will enable them to understand the variety of accents, while practising listening. Thirdly, the authority concerned should establish language laboratory for practising listening. Besides, students should gather background knowledge about the topic. The solutions were made as a suggestion for the teachers, learners, academicians and for the curriculum designer and material developer. The results of the study may also be useful for those who are interested in this study.

Keywords: CLT, Content, EFL listening, difficulties, listeners, physical setting

Looking For Factors and Reasons That Has Relation with Difficulties and Problems (Published)

This study aims at investigating the basics factor and reasons that has relation with difficulties and problems. The study also aims at identifying these factors, showing the kind of factors, introducing reasons in details and suggest suitable solution. For these purpose, research questions are posed. The study focus on factors makes problems and difficulty. Translation is viewed as a number of problems of different kinds that require suitable and possible solutions. English and Arabic belong to two different language families Germanic and semitic, therefore difficulty will definitely arise. Some grammatical features of both languages pose problems in translation from Arabic into English or vice versa. Arab students should know that English grammar is not identical with Arabic grammar so we cannot translate each other in a straightforward way.

Keywords: Factors, Problems, Reason, Relation, difficulties, translation

Therapeutic Dilemmas in the Management of Emotions for Couples after Discordant HIV Test Results in Eldoret Town, Kenya (Published)

The purpose of the study das to investigate the therapeutic dilemmas experienced by HTC counselors in the management of emotions for couples after discordant HIV test results in Eldoret Town, Kenya. The objectives of the study were; to investigate the therapeutic difficulties experienced by HTC counselors in releasing results to discordant couples, to find out the therapeutic difficulties in handling different emotions based on each client’s test results, to investigate the counselors’ therapeutic dilemmas in dealing with anger at the person giving the test result, to find out the difficulties experienced by HTC counselors in handling violence and emotional outbursts among discordant couples as well as to establish influence of gender and nature of training on the experience of therapeutic difficulties in handling discordance. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The study population comprised all the HTC counselors operating within Eldoret town, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya who were 68 in total. This study adopted questionnaire as the data collection instrument. Thefindings indicated that most HTC counselors experience the said difficulties. The study reccommedned the retraining of Kenyan counselors with the view to equipping them with therapeutic as well as emotional competencies to handle the emotional dilemmas

Keywords: Couple, Emotion, HIV, Therapeutic Dilemmas, counselor, difficulties


This study aims at describing the difficulties that colonized have to face in developing the relationship through Forster’s A Passage to India under the shadow of postcolonial theory. The colonial occupation of India is very vital in the background of the novel. The novel is focusing on the relationship established between the people of the two lands the British colonies and the Indians in Chandra pore highlighting the differences of thinking in making relationship with other which is the case of the failure in making relationship with each other. The writer is trying to make friendly relationship between Indians and British but we see throughout the novel that how every character in the novel is facing difficulties in developing relationship with one another.

Keywords: Relationship, colonial issues, colonized, colonizer, difficulties, post-colonialism