This paper compares and contrasts Dante Alighieri’ s Divine Comedy with Abu Al-Ala Al-Ma’arri’s Epistle of Forgiveness. The paper investigates the similarities and differences in terms of construction, methodology, narration, description, motivation, and characterization. By raising such an issue, this paper hopes to spot the light on the relationship between the east and the west. This paper demonstrates a lot about the impact of Islamic ideology on Christian Europe. The issue of the Arab-Islamic sources of the Divine Comedy is at the heart of this paper’s argument that has now been going on for two centuries.
The present study is aimed at investigating the translation accuracy of Qurănic synonymy into English. The renditions of the synonyms will be assessed in the light of a translation quality assessment model to pinpoint how far accuracy has been attained. Lexical synonymy, as defined by semanticists, refers to a major type of sense relation between lexical items which have the same meanings. Definitely, synonyms are of various types as classified by specialists where they reached the result that total synonymy is very rare in language. This may have its bearing on the translation of this linguistic area. If mistranslations of Qur’anic lexical synonymy are found out, alternative translations would be suggested. The Qur’anic texts have been randomly selected for evaluation. The paper is based on the hypothesis that mistranslations of Qur’anic lexical synonymy are more recurrent than accurate renditions. Inaccuracies in the translation of this type of sense relation could be attributed to a variety of reasons such as the semantic dissimilarities between the two languages, discoursal and rhetorical differences etc.Six published translations of the Qur’an have been subjected to assessment as far as the topic under study is concerned. Consequently, the translation assessment has revealed the high frequency of inaccurate renditions of lexical synonyms found in Qur’anic texts. In addition, the synonymous lexical items found in the original (the Quran) seem to be chosen purposefully so as to convey some teachings of the Islamic religion