Tag Archives: Development

Determinants Factors of Digital Financial Services Adoption and Usage Level: Empirical Evidence from Ghana (Published)

Digital Financial Services (DFS) have the potential to benefit people in poverty in developing economies significantly. DFS provides a variety of economical, convenient, and secure financial services. However, the DFS adoption rate is slow in Ghana due to being over-reliant on personal cash delivery. Substantial variation in adoption levels across important socio-demographic characteristics is another factor. Using a representative national dataset from Ghana, this study explored digital financial services adoption determinants. It quantified the role played by each of the six incorporating factors and controlled four socio-demographic characteristics. The work also assessed the adoption level among key socio-demographic groups. The determinants of DFS are estimated using logit specification, and average marginal effects are computed. The logit model indicated that effort expectancy, awareness, facilitating conditions, transaction cost, security and privacy, and self-efficacy positively influence DFS adoption and increase DFS adoption by 0.7%, 2.3%, 28.5%, 3%, 2.1%, and 2.4%, respectively. Additionally, the results indicated a significant disparity in adoption levels across key socio-demographic variables, including education level, gender, urban and rural residence, and administrative regions of Ghana. Given the substantial influence of facilitating conditions and transaction costs on DFS adoption, we argue that it would be advisable to incorporate digital infrastructure development and lower transaction cost measures into the planning of any intervention.

Citation: Isaac Anane, and Fengying Nie (2022) Determinants Factors of Digital Financial Services Adoption and Usage Level: Empirical Evidence from Ghana, International Journal of Management Technology, Vol.9, No 1, pp. 26-47

Keywords: Adoption, Development, Ghana, digital economy, digital financial services

National Budget Management and Economic Development in Nigeria (Published)

Citation: Ojomolade, Dele Jacob ,  Ugwulali, Ifeanyi Joseph &Adejuwon, Joshua Adewale  (2022) National Budget Management and Economic Development in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 3, pp.18-30

Abstract: This study examines the impact of national budget management on economic development in Nigeria emphasising the controversial issues of whether its impact is visibly seen or not on Nigeria’s development. Secondary data were sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin, 2020 and the data were analysed using co-integration and descriptive statistics. The results revealed long run relationship among the variables with ARDL bound test of F-statistic of 9.4 which is greater than the upper and lower bound while the R-squared is 85.2 and Adjusted R-squared is 70.4 which show those explanatory variables are jointly significant and estimated model is of good fit .The Durbin Watson is 1.7 and the Prob.(F-statistics) is less than 5% denoting absence of serial correlation. The study found out that Education and health have negative relationship with economic development in the Nigerian budgeting system, implying that increasing annual budget allocation results in decreasing proportion of education and health in the total national budget estimates. It was further found out that budget estimate and public debt payment services have positive relationship, implying that the more the budget estimates, the more the proportion of public debt services. The study concluded that the Nigerian government does not have enough budgetary allocation to education and health while substantial amount is being allocated to debt servicing. It is therefore recommended that Nigerian government should endeavor to develop human capital by increasing budget allocation to education and health to create a wealthy nation and sustainable development.

Keywords: Development, Economic, Government, Nigeria, national budget

Competitiveness Analytic of Nigeria and Singapore | National Productivity and Economy (Published)

Citation: Ayodele A. Otaiku (2022) Competitiveness Analytic of Nigeria and Singapore | National Productivity and Economy, European Journal of Business and Innovation Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp. 67-111

Abstract: Competition power of a country can simply be defined as the ability to compete relative to its rivals and where Singapore and Nigeria were case studies. The effective policies to increase the level of prosperity and how to translate information about specific strengths and weaknesses across the many factors that drive competitiveness was the crux of the study. The competitiveness analytic identify uncertainties (more raking competitiveness metrics); seek alternative framing of problems; build hybrids (objects such as indicators or policy formulation); and human capacity to link knowledge to action for national productivity and country’s share of world markets for its products and services, provide its residents with a rising standard of living and a high employment on a sustainable basis was the resultant impacts of competitiveness. Value results from a total effort, rather than from ‘one isolated step’ in the process for all indexes of competitiveness. Singapore had  better competitiveness index than Nigeria with global ranking as the most competitive nation in the world, 2020.The crux of 21st century competitiveness ranking should focus on the unification of competitiveness indicators and the development of ‘integral competitiveness fundamentals  that, can capture the traditional and emerging indicators like ‘Climate changes’,‘Pollution’,‘Cyber security’ and ‘Hybrid warfare’ was accentuated as spatial polysingularity framework for the future study of competitiveness.

Keywords: Competitiveness, Development, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Networking, Nigeria, Singapore, spatial polysingularity

Determinants of increased/rapid residential real estate development in Anambra State. (Published)

Anambra State real estate sector is fast becoming and emerging market particularly as it concerns the residential real estate development, this is a trend investors are expected to watch out for. The real estate sectors have been contributing immensely to the transformation of the built environment and there are noticeable increased in real estate activities in the study area and there are major determinants of same hence this study. It identifies the determinants, their relative importance and as well the extent these determinants impacts on residential real estate development. The findings indicated that that location advantage is a major determinant and as well very important, as well as have greater impact. It was discovered that the sector is private sector controlled and an emerging one. Also, the findings showed that the identified determinants have significant impact on increased or rapid response of residential real estate development in Anambra State and that the presence of support infrastructure or its availability is significant on increased or rapid residential real estate development in Anambra State.

Keywords: Determinants, Development, Residential, estate, real

Status of Entrepreneurship Development Programme, in Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria (Published)

This study was carried out to find out the status of entrepreneurship development programme in polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in all the polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. The population of this study comprised all the 390 entrepreneurship lecturers in polytechnics in South-East Nigeria. As a result of the manageable size, the entire population was used. Thus, there was no sampling of respondents. Data were collected for the study through the administration of validated questionnaire on the respondents. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach alpha (α) reliability statistic. The overall reliability coefficient obtained was 0.84. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study and one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. In analyzing the data collected for the study, mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions 1-2 while percentage was used to answer research question 3. T-test inferential statistic was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the status of curriculum contents was adequate, all teaching methods indicated were applicable. The study further revealed that well equipped training workshop, quality entrepreneurship textbooks, materials for group projects, internet connection, and materials for practical activities were not available for implementing entrepreneurship development programme of polytechnics in South-East Nigeria.  The major implication of the findings of the study lies more on the non-availability of most of the physical facilities for implementing entrepreneurship development programme. Therefore, as the students are learning without adequate relevant physical facilities, the graduates after passing through the entrepreneurship development programme may not have the necessary skills and competencies that emanate from such facilities to set up and run their own business enterprises. It was recommended, among others that government should provide institutions with adequate physical facilities for quality entrepreneurship development programme in Polytechnics in the South-east and that Polytechnic authorities should ensure that entrepreneurship educators comply with using the curriculum designed in order to ensure that the objectives of the programme are achieved.

Citation: Basil O. Nwosu  and Charles A. Ejeka (2022) Status of Entrepreneurship Development Programme, in Polytechnics in South-East Nigeria British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 35-48,


Keywords: Development, Entrepreneurship, Nigeria, Polytechnics, Programme, South-East, Status

The Impact of Dúndùn Drummers on the Development of Traditional Music in South West Nigeria (Published)

The dúndùn ensemble drummers are the coustodians of Yoruba oral repertoire in South West Nigeria. They transmit their skills to younger generation in simple and articulate style. We wish to distinguish specifically the difference in status between the dúndùn ensemble groups at the king’s palace, city square, town hall and the dùndún ensemble groups who perform on the streets and who normally impose themselves on guests at an organized social events in Yoruba land. The court musicians and their counterparts at the city square or town hall are gainfully employed by the king and they are under his pay roll. This group of drummers are practitioners who perform mainly for royalties at an enclosed location called palace. The dùndún street drummers, however, are prolific drummers who perform generally within the circles of the poor, roaming from street to street. They are generally perceived as beggars by those who do not undestand the imortance of the group in the society in which ther reside. They also sometimes perform in the midst of the rich at social events without any invitation. The members of these groups are skilled instrumentalists according to the standard of measurement of artistic excellence in Yoruba land. Nevertheless, they lack the financial stability and social patronage to form a real dance band that promotes classical recordings of their works for a wider public consumption. Sociological and analytical methods of data collection used in the study reveal the societal intolerance of these groups of drummers and the drummers’ wise resistance of this attitude to their performances. The findings reveal that the ensemble drummers though do not get enough patronage are very versatile performers and are promoters of their traditional musical culture. In conclusion, the status of the drummers does not influence the quality of their performances; rather, they are very happy people and also thoroughly groomed as ensemble members whose impact deserves a better recognition and patronage.

Keywords: Development, South West Nigeria, drummers, dúndùn, traditional music

Development of Cost Accounting Teaching Materials Study in the Accounting Education Study Program (Published)

Distance learning has the effect of limited access to information, including ownership of teaching materials. Lecturers as facilitators are required to be creative in improving the quality of learning. For this reason, it is necessary to develop appropriate teaching materials to support learning, especially in cost accounting courses that are relevant to the concept of the KKNI task. In general, this study aims to produce quality teaching materials that are feasible and effective for use in learning. This study uses research and development (R&D) methods with the Borg and Gall concept. This research was conducted in the accounting education study program of the Faculty of Economics, the State University of Medan with a population of all classes of students taking cost accounting courses in the 2021/2022 academic year. The sample was determined by purposive random sampling and the sample class was used for the application and testing of limited individual, small, and field samples. To determine the feasibility of this draft of teaching materials to be validated by accounting experts, as well as to test the practicality and effectiveness of teaching materials tested on students. This research was conducted to produce appropriate, effective, and ISBN teaching materials. After all revision notes were corrected according to the direction of the validator, then the textbook was tested on 3 individual groups, 6 small groups, and 38 students in the field. Based on the results of individual trials, small group trials, and field group trials from all aspects assessed, an average of 86.96% (very good) was obtained. From the results of the effectiveness trial, it can be concluded that the learning outcomes of students who use textbooks are significantly higher than the learning outcomes of students who do not use teaching materials. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the teaching materials developed are feasible to use.

Citation: Arwansyah , Dede Ruslan , Faisal Rahman Dongoran , Munzir Phonna (2021) Development of Cost Accounting Teaching Materials Study in the Accounting Education Study Program, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 9, No.8, pp.15-23

Keywords: Development, Teaching Materials, cost accounting

Does Continuous Professional Development (CPD) Improve Teachers’ Performance? Evidences from Public Schools in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Published)

Continuous Professional Development (CPD) is the concept that individual teachers strive to enhance their professional competence and knowledge beyond the initial training necessary to do their job. Therefore, the goal of this research is to investigate the nexus between continuous professional development (CPD) and teachers’ teaching competence, action research preparation, mentoring and peer observation in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s Gulele sub city’s public schools. By using mixed research design, the descriptive survey approach was used. Purposive, availability, and simple random sample techniques were all utilized in the study. With a total of 340 participants, the sample size was 220 teachers, 30 department heads, 30 principals, 20 vice principals, 10 CPD facilitators, 10woreda education office experts, 10 cluster supervisors, and 10 sub city education office experts. Three research questions were utilized in this study. Questionnaires, interviews, and document analysis were used to obtain information. Principals, Vice principals, department heads, Continuous Professional Development facilitators, cluster supervisors, Woreda and sub city education office specialists were among those who took part in the interview. The data collected through closed-ended questionnaires was then analyzed using mean scores, standard deviations, and rank. While the data collected through interviews and open-ended questions was subjectively narrated. The findings of this study revealed that Continuous Professional Development (CPD) moderately improved the teachers’ teaching competence, action research preparation, mentoring and peer observation activity.

Keywords: Development, Performance, Professional, continuous

Political Interference and Bureaucratic Performance in Nigeria: A human resource trajectory of the muffling of bureaucratic capacity (Published)

The study focus on political interference and bureaucratic performance in Nigeria: A human resource trajectory of the muffling of bureaucratic capacity. The objectives of the study are to challenge the unbalance thesis of the overdevelopment of government bureaucracy stunting political development and by extension causing underdevelopment in Africa, examine the impact of political interference on the Delta State Oil Producing Areas Development Commission (DESOPADEC) human resources performance, and examine the extent to which temporary political executives seek to extend their reach in DESOPADEC by politicizing the bureaucracy and how cooperate governance is undermined in the process. Mixed methods research design was used for the study. The findings revealed that 86% of those recruited into the organization were influenced by political considerations and that political interference in bureaucratic organization’s recruitment and selection processes heavily impede the bureaucracy opportunity to hiring skillful and qualified candidates. The researchers recommended that political executives and the political class should be isolated from bureaucratic recruitment and selection process to allow private sector consultants selected by host communities and civil society organizations to be allow to conduct merit based employment. It also recommended that host communities representatives and civil society organizations monitor the required process while advocating for the use of Information Communication technology tools to conduct transparent interview(s) to allow for transparency and equal opportunities for all participants. `


Keywords: Corporate Governance, Development, bureaucratic performance, political interference and public policy environment.

A Synopsis of Training, Employee Retention and Performance (Published)

Training and development is essential to any firm that wants to retain employees and realize better performance. Current businesses are forced to establish training and development programs that assist in attaining required skills and competencies in the organization. But without competent employees, firms grapple with challenges of poor output and dismal performance. This conceptual study paper presents a synopsis of the linkage of training, employee retention and performance. Theories underpinning the study are human capital theory, social learning theory and theory of human resource management. Drawn from wide theoretical assumptions, opportunity to training is one of the greatest reasons to why workers stay in the organization. Employees need noble training opportunities to improve their performance and demand in the labour market. Training is seen as a major factor in contributing to employee improved performance and reduction of work related accidents. Various scholars have alluded to the fact that retained employees master the art of delivering excellent goods and services to consumers. There is need for establishment of better employee retention strategies to bond trained employees with the firm. The paper contributes to body of knowledge by providing a conceptual framework of the linkage of training, employee retention and performance which would be of beneficial to human resource practitioners and human resource policy makers. It further builds a model that will assist researchers in exploring employee retention as a mediating role in training and performance.

Keywords: Development, Employee Retention, Performance, Training

History and Development of Marital Property Regime in Albania (Published)

This article aims to shed light to the history and development of property regimes in Albania by analyzing marital property regime since the approval  of the Civil Code in 1929, the Code of 1966 and 1982, while comparing the current Code of family, without putting on the side some comparing observations of the marital with loyalty,   that of the power between a man and woman, this because of the conservatism of the society at the time. While between 1948-1966 accorning the development of the property regime of marital, it is noticed that the development of the relationships in the field of property, where the main characteristic is following the constitutional principle of gender equality. The main form of co-ownership predicted in the Codes of the time is that of total co-ownership. In 1981, in the dispositions of Civic code of the family, codes that entered in force in 1982, pushed by the new “moral-humanist” requests to ensure a real solidarity between the consorts, it was imposed to them the unique marital property regime, that of co-ownership.

Keywords: Albania, Development, Regime, history, marital property

The Performing Arts in National Integration and Development of Human Society (Published)

From the primordial to the modern society, the performing arts have always played very essential roles in bringing people together, to develop cultural norms and values that are paramount to human co-existence in society. From the very simple theatrical forms to the most sophisticated development in movies, the performing arts have always united, corrected, educated and entertained members of society, thereby contributing to national development. Like sports, the performing arts’ ability to do this is natural, spontaneous and legendary. This paper examines the traditional roles of the performing arts (Drama, Music, Dance, etc) in uniting and developing society, from the classical to the modern society, in different societies of the world. It examines the current state of these arts worldwide, denouncing their negative uses and extolling their deployment for responsible uses. Operating on the theory of functionality of Arts, it goes on to identify in very concrete terms, how performing art forms could be used to enhance human resources development and make society a better place to live in.

Keywords: Development, Human Society, National integration, Performing Arts

Development and Validation of Instrument for Students’ Appraisal of Teachers’ Instructional Effectiveness in Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State. (Published)

This study was conducted to develop and validate instrument for students’ appraisal of teachers’ instructional effectiveness in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. The population of the study was 50914 SS2 students in public secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. A sample of 1021 students was selected for the study using multi-stage sampling technique. The instrument developed by the researcher was titled Students’ Appraisal of Teachers’ Instructional Effectiveness Scale (SATIES). Subtest- total correlation was used to establish construct validity for the instrument. Cronbach Alpha statistics was used to establish the reliability of the instrument which yielded a coefficient of 0.882. It was recommended among others that school supervisors should make use of the instrument in appraising teachers to get a clear picture of the classroom activities of a particular teacher.

Keywords: Akwa Ibom State, Development, Secondary Schools, students’ appraisal, teachers’ instructional effectiveness, validation of instrument

Evaluation of the Impact of E-Laboratory on Engineering Research and Development in Nigeria: Emphasis on Universities in Delta State (Published)

The study evaluated the impact of electronic laboratory to engineering research and development in Universities in Delta State. Three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses guided the study. Design of the study was descriptive survey. Population of the study comprised 12, 482 (8,338 academic and 4,144 administrative) while the sample for the study consisted of 747 (382 academic and 365 administrative) staff who were sampled for the study using random sampling technique. Instrument used for collecting data for the study was an 18 item questionnaire titled. The instrument was validated by three experts; one each from the Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Measurement and Evaluation, and Educational Management who assisted in determining the face and content validities of the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach Alpha with an index of 0.88. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that online simulation laboratory, three-dimensional laboratory and computerized science laboratory all impact on engineering research and development. There was no significant difference in the opinion of academic staff and administrative staff on the impact of online simulation laboratory and three-dimensional laboratory but a significant difference existed on the impact of computerized science laboratory. Based on these findings, it was recommended that more technological facilities should be provided for the conduct of engineering research activities and the staff who carry put this research should be trained on modern technological research skills from time to time.

Keywords: Delta State, Development, E-laboratory, Engineering, Research

Achieving sustainable Development Goal 4 in Nigeria: Problems and prospects (Published)

Education has been widely recognized not only as a fundamental human right but also as a catalyst for sustainable development and a vehicle for confronting the challenges facing societies in terms of socio-economic, environmental and ecological realities, considerable attention is shifting towards it. As a corollary, Sustainable Development Goal 4 have equally been identified as constituting a force contributing to social and economic development. As a member of the United Nations, Nigeria is committed to achieving not only the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 but also the Global Goals, especially SDG 4 on equitable quality education. This paper examines the UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals 4 and it’s conceptual dimensions. The paper also outlines current trends in the context of the Nigerian education system and suggests policy, strategy and institutional considerations for the purpose of achieving SDG 4 in Nigeria. A number of suggestions were made towards the achievement of sustainable development goal 4, such as integrating education and training at all levels.

Keywords: Development, Sustainable, goals four

Entrepreneurship Studies Education in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: Theories and Practices (Published)

The paper examined the extent to which entrepreneurship studies education had been effectively taught and learnt in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.  It outlined the core objectives of entrepreneurship Studies education. Entrepreneurship studies education has a lot of challenges such as lack of policy implementation and inadequate funding among others.  Requirements for its effective implementation are also outlined. The paper recommends that there be provision for adequate infrastructural materials, teachers and learners awareness and adequate provision of materials if the objectives of the course must actualized. The paper concluded that entrepreneurship studies education contributes significantly towards the growth and development of any given society

Keywords: Development, Education, Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurs, Infrastructure

An Appraisal of Techno-Dynamics Structure of On-Farm Textile Innovation Development in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

The study aimed at appraising techno-dynamics structure of on-farm textile innovations development in Ondo State of Nigeria. It assessed cultural-systematic factor and, analysed socio- economic characteristics of the techno- dynamics structure influencing development of the innovation.  Public Agricultural Development Programme’s agency in the State was selected, and snowball sampling procedure was used in selecting four Agricultural Research Institutes for the study. Purposive sampling procedure was employed in selecting a total of 78 research and 90 extension staff. Key informant interviews schedule, questionnaire, and Focus Group Discussions were used to generate information.  Descriptive statistics was applied in summarizing data collected and correlation analysis for determining relationship between development and techno-dynamics structure. Finding from social survey highlighted low level of development for on-farm textile innovation. Technical knowledge given to farmers was not adequate enough to support development and, the innovations suffered customary lag.  On-farm textile development lacked appropriate innovation emergence and dissemination approach.  At p<0.01 and p < 0.05 the following techno-dynamics variables showed significant relationship with development viz: accessible innovation transfer system(r = -0.597**), staff training needs(r = 0.391*), marketing mechanism(r = 0.475*), and funding system (r = 0.371*).  It is therefore suggested that, government should consent to statutory policies and principles of innovation emergence and transfer. Policy makers and administrators should monitor and strengthen interaction between all related institutes for the introduced innovation. Adequate funding should also be provided for research and extension activities on on-farm textile development.

Keywords: Development, Innovation, Textile, on-farm, techno-dynamics

The Role of Language in Achieving the World’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) (Published)

Globalization in recent times has impacted positively on various aspects of   life and advanced new opportunities for international co-operation, yet it has led to multifaceted social, economic, political and environmental challenges across the globe. Several developmental trajectories have been advanced towards addressing the dynamism of the developmental needs of countries by  world leaders -from the 21st century Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGs)to the Education for all Goals (EFA)and more recently, the Sustainable development goals(SDGs) in their declaration  of the anticipated future for global transformation ,come 2030.The United Nations identified seventeen (17)sustainable developmental goals that will help world transformation ,if achieved; but little attention was given to the societal organs/medium  that will assist the realization of these goal such as language. This work therefore tries to fill this gap, using a qualitative research based on Sapir-Whorfian theory of language, with Leech’s five characteristics of language- informative, expressive, directive, aesthetic and phatic. The study seeks to assess the role of language in the attainment of the Sustainable development goals ,bearing in mind that the world is peopled with nations of diversified languages  whose aims are to achieve collaborative partnership for  world’s transformation ,by the year 2030.It was  discovered that language  plays a significant role in the achievement of virtually all the Sustainable development goals (SDGs)- from quality education to healthy living, promotion of peace and  inclusive societies, industrialization  and innovations ,implementation and revitalization of global partnership and others for the purpose of world transformation.

Keywords: Development, Goals, Language, Sustainable

Development and Evaluation of Instructional Video for Teaching and Learning Woodwork Technology Psychomotor Skills in Nigerian Universities: Implication for the Production of Competent Graduates (Published)

Woodwork is one of the areas of Technical Education programme at the University level in Nigeria. The objectives of this programme have not been achieved due to the inadequate nature of materials and human resources for implementing its curriculum. In order to address the issue of Technical Education graduates not possessing employable skills, an intervening measure is to develop and evaluate instructional video for teaching and learning Woodwork Technology. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate Woodwork Technology instructional video. Five (5) research questions guided the study. The population of this study comprised of twenty two (22) heads of units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology in all the twenty two (22) Universities in Nigeria whose Technical Education programme were accredited as at 2012. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 10 Heads of Units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology. Primary data were collected using camera and its accessories, and the modified Province of Prince Edwards Island Department of Education DVD/ Video Evaluation form. The data collected was analyzed using frequency count and mean. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that the developed instructional video for teaching and learning practical skills in Woodwork Technology at the University level is suitable in terms of its content, instructional design, technical design, and social consideration.

Keywords: Development, Evaluation, Learning, Nigerian Universities, Teaching, Technical Education, instructional video, psychomotor skills, woodwork technology

Communal Participation and Good Governance in Nigeria (Published)

Communal participation has been a collective and progressive impetus for societal development since medieval era while popular representation is one of the indispensable pillars of good governance in modern times. The study examined the impact of communal participation on good governance in Bomadi and Patani local government areas of Delta State, Nigeria. The study investigated the practise of communal participation in the communities and wards, the extent of participation in local government affairs and the leadership style that encourages participation or representation of community members in the local government councils. Data were generated from both primary and secondary sources. Samples of 200 respondents were interviewed through the administration of questionnaire designed according to 5-point Likert scale of strongly agreed (SA) to strongly disagree (SDA). Demographic data were collected and analysed by tables of frequency and percentage. The measures of central tendency such as the mean and standard deviation were employed to analyse the three objectives adopting mean of 2.50 as agree (A) or acceptable criterion at (0.05) level of significance. Findings revealed that there was appreciable level of communal participation and representation in the two local government areas. The study recommended that, a more pragmatic involvement of community leaders in decision making, projects initiation, planning and execution be adequately demonstrated. This should be carried out through regular town hall meetings with community leaders and mass media sensitization to enhance good governance at the grassroots level.

Keywords: Development, Good Governance, Leadership, Participation, communal