Tag Archives: Depression

Literature Review on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Published)

A comprehensive literature review on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is discussed in the present article. CBT has been one of the most appropriate treatment methods for people with anxiety and depression and is an effective treatment for depressive disorder in adults of all ages and is associated with continuous improvement over time. Key findings on the archival research pointed about Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as one of the most systematically researched and updated psychosocial treatments for depression in adulthood under investigation. Discussion and recommendations for future research compile the present work.

Keywords: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Depression, Treatment., adulthood

Psychological effect of Pandemic Covid-19 on families of health care professionals (Published)

Background: The Pandemic COVID-19 disease is of great public health concern to the world. Its impact is globally felt in all sectors. There is need to measure the level of psychological impact the virus has on families of health care professionals. Method: Online survey was conducted to collect the demographic data from participants. Statistical analysis was conducted using R statistical package to determine Psychological impact of COVID-19 on the respondents. Results: The study included 324 respondents from different countries. Panic effect was the most strongly agreed (54.9%) and thus impacts more on the respondents. Depression was experience by 49.7% of the respondents’ while 44.4% experience anxiety. The least strongly agreed was suicidal effect (13.9%) and divorce (18.2%).Conclusion: Pandemics such as COVID-19 has psychological impact on families of health care professionals’ pandemics cannot lead to divorce easily but can lead to panic, anxiety and depression.

Keywords: COVID-19, Depression, Divorce, Psychological, Virus, outbreak, pandemic, panic

Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Retirees in Kogi State and Preventive Strategies (Published)

Retirees, especially in developing nations like Nigeria experience diverse health problems. Notable among them are depression, anxiety and stress. The present study aimed to determine the level of depression, anxiety, and stress among retirees, and formulated preventive strategies. The study was guided by four research questions and one null hypothesis. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 1,250 respondents was drawn using multi- stage sampling procedure. Data were generated through researcher- structured questionnaires.  The reliability was established through Cronbach Alpha statistic to determine the correlation coefficient index, which yielded 0 .97.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages, and standard deviation. The study revealed that retirees experienced extremely severe level of depression (DASS) score=19.3, anxiety (DASS) score = 21.1 and stress (DASS) score = 17.3. It was therefore recommended that public health awareness and education campaigns of health problems on depression, anxiety and stress should be carried out by the National Orientation Kogi State Chapter, social welfare workers, counselors, educators, health educators, NGOs, and mass media to prevent and mitigate depression, anxiety and stress among retirees in Kogi State.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Prevention, Retirees, Stress

Selected psychosocial predictors of treatment adherence among Individuals with Chronic Mechanical Low Back Pain (Published)

One of the most challenging problems facing health care professionals globally is patients’ non-adherence to treatment programs. This study therefore investigated the role of anxiety, depression, self-efficacy and social support on treatment adherence.Ninety-two purposively selected individuals diagnosed with mechanical low back pain (mean age =37.45 ± 5.48) participated in this cross-sectional survey. A 95-item battery of scales (questionnaire) was used in measuring participants’ bio-data, level of anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, social support, pain self-efficacy and treatment adherence. Descriptive (means; SD; and %) and inferential (multiple regression and ANOVA) statistics were employed in analysis, with three hypotheses tested at p<0.05. Anxiety, depression, self-efficacy and social support jointly predicted cognition (R=.57; R2=.33;F(4,87)=10.64; p<.01), behavioral  (R = .29; R2 =.08; F (4,87) = 1.97; p<.05) and therapy satisfaction (R = .29; R2 =.08; F (4,87) = 1.94;p<.05) domains of treatment adherence.  Self-efficacy independently predicted behavioral (β=.59) and therapy satisfaction (β=.25) domains of treatment adherence (β=.25). Self-efficacy, social support, anxiety and depression are jointly pertinent in forecasting the cognition, treatment satisfaction and behavioural domains of treatment adherence among low back pain patients. Attention to these psychological factors would be needful in the management of treatment adherence among patients with low back pain

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Self-Efficacy, Social Support, Treatment adherence, low back pain

Demographic Variable and Job Stress as Predictors of Depression among Primary School Teachers in Lagos State of Nigeria (Published)

Issues of increase rate of sick leave, mood swing, fatigue and decreased energy, Feelings of worthlessness and helplessness which could be responsible for discontent and poor morale, low teaching efficiency, poor relationships with pupils, parents and subordinate, premature retirement, more internal conflicts and dysfunctional workplace climate among primary school teachers which can also be link with their wellbeing attracted the attention of this study. This study adopted cross sectional research design and Questionnaires were used to gather data from the primary school teachers. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two hundred primary school teachers who participated in the study. Data collected was analyzed using version 20.0 of statistical package for social sciences. The findings of this study revealed that that there is no significant difference in the depression of female teachers compare to male teachers among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria  (t(198)=-1.249, p>.05). it was also discovered that that out of the socio-demographic variable, only monthly income made significant independent contribution to depression among primary school teachers (b=-0.227; t = -2.780; p<0.05). The result also revealed that primary school teachers with high stress reported higher depression than their counterpart with low stress (t(198)=-12.41, p<.05). Further analysis revealed that job stress and working experience had no significant joint influence on depression (F(5,194)=2.975; p>0.05; R=0.171,  R2=0.029), and also showed that job stress made significant independent contribution to depression (b=0.162; t = 2.287; p<0.05) while working experience had no significant independent contribution to depression (b=-0.077; t = -1.091; p>0.05). The study concluded that there is significant influence of job stress and monthly income on depression among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria and recommend that government, stakeholders and investors in the field of education should review the job roles of primary school teacher as this study discovered that many of their roles constituted stress and result to depression.

Keywords: Depression, Job Stress, Primary School, Socio-Demographic Variables, Teachers

Effectiveness of Some Fortified Nutritional Products with Sun Dried Banana Peels on Moody Status of Faculty Education Students in Nujran (Published)

Banana Peels are important in protection from chronic diseases as blood pressure, anemia and depression; it contains vitamins C, E, B6, minerals and phenols which act as antioxidants. Objective: This study was performed to know effectiveness of some fortified nutritional products with dried banana peels on moody status of faculty of education students. Methods: Sample of (30) students are selected to perform difficult test, and they became anxiety, tension and depressed. The students ate fortified products with 20% banana peels (Cake, Biscuit, and Cookies). After half hour, a questionnaire of status mood evaluation is used to evaluate the mood status of the students. The results revealed that the mood status is improved, the sensory evaluation of fortified products is better than control samples. Chemical analysis of dried banana peels protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fiber were respectively (7.21±0.34, 4.78±0.91, 86. 7±0.25, 43.38±0.05, 1.31±1.07, 6.67±1.08), vitamins (A, B1, B6, C, E), were (9.074±1.4, 0.65±0.13, 1.85±0.5, 1.38±0.17, 129.78±6.8, 0.26±0.11), minerals potassium, calcium, sodium, iron, magnesium, phosphor were (63.51±0.17, 15.66±0.38, 21.45±0.24, 0.17 ±0.11, 67.87±0.41 and 41.08±1.7).Total antioxidants and phenolic were (91.05±1.69, 65.36±1.53). Finally, this study recommended using dried banana peels in bakery products to improve mood status. Because it is rich in minerals, antioxidants, phenolic and tryptophan which converted to serotonin, make anyone relax and happy.

Keywords: Banana Peels, Bananas, Depression, Mood

Demographic Variable and Job Stress as Predictors of Depression among Primary School Teachers in Lagos State of Nigeria (Published)

Issues of increase rate of sick leave, mood swing, fatigue and decreased energy, Feelings of worthlessness and helplessness which could be responsible for discontent and poor morale, low teaching efficiency, poor relationships with pupils, parents and subordinate, premature retirement, more internal conflicts and dysfunctional workplace climate among primary school teachers which can also be link with their wellbeing attracted the attention of this study. This study adopted cross sectional research design and Questionnaires were used to gather data from the primary school teachers. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two hundred primary school teachers who participated in the study. Data collected was analyzed using version 20.0 of statistical package for social sciences. The findings of this study revealed that that there is no significant difference in the depression of female teachers compare to male teachers among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria  (t(198)=-1.249, p>.05). it was also discovered that that out of the socio-demographic variable, only monthly income made significant independent contribution to depression among primary school teachers (b=-0.227; t = -2.780; p<0.05). The result also revealed that primary school teachers with high stress reported higher depression than their counterpart with low stress (t(198)=-12.41, p<.05). Further analysis revealed that job stress and working experience had no significant joint influence on depression (F(5,194)=2.975; p>0.05; R=0.171,  R2=0.029), and also showed that job stress made significant independent contribution to depression (b=0.162; t = 2.287; p<0.05) while working experience had no significant independent contribution to depression (b=-0.077; t = -1.091; p>0.05). The study concluded that there is significant influence of job stress and monthly income on depression among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria and recommend that government, stakeholders and investors in the field of education should review the job roles of primary school teacher as this study discovered that many of their roles constituted stress and result to depression.

Keywords: Depression, Job Stress, Primary School, Socio-Demographic Variables, Teachers

Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms Among Primary Health Care Providers in Baghdad (Published)

Background: While some workplace stress is normal, excessive stress had negatively impact on individual’s performance;. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify the prevalence of depressive symptoms among healthcare providers Methods :A cross sectional study was carried out among employees (administrative and medical ) ,.Data were collected with a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic variables screened for depression by a standardized scale: ( DSM-IV-TR ). Results: This study included 521 persons who agreed to participate comprising of 157 administrative and 364 medical health care providers and an overall prevalence of probable depressive symptoms was ( 70.25% ).Conclusions: Depressive symptoms is highly prevalent among primary health care providers. Age, number of children in medical participants , and marital status for administrative, had significant association with depressive symptoms , while gender, educational level, years of experience, monthly income, and presence of chronic illnesses showed to have no significant association

Keywords: ( DSM-IV-TR ). Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Depression, Depressive Symptoms, Health Care Providers, Sociodemographic Variables, Text Revision.