Psychological Variables as Determinants of Suicide Behaviour among Adolescents in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated some psychological variables as determinants of suicide behaviour among adolescents in Rivers State, Nigeria. It adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study was the entire 785 students of the three federal government colleges in Rivers State who exhibited suicide behaviour. Using purposive sampling, these students who exhibited suicide behaviour were drawn and used for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significant. Two instrument namely suicide behaviour questionnaire (SBQ-R) by Osman et al and determinants of suicide behaviour (DSBQ) were used for the study. The SBQ-R was adapted and used to find out those that exhibited suicide behaviour while the DSBQ was a Likert type scale that contained two sections (A & B). Section A contains instruction on how to respond to the questionnaire while section B contains 2 sub sections that contain items on depression and self-esteem which were the independent variables. Experts in measurement and evaluation validated the instrument while the reliability index for suicide behaviour was 0.85, 0.72 for depression and 0.82 for self-esteem using Cronbach via SPSS. Simple regression was used to answer research question 1 and 2 and the corresponding hypotheses while multiple regression was used to answer research question 3 and the corresponding hypothesis at 0.005 alpha level. Findings were that depression (p=0.003<0.005), self-esteem (p=0.000<0.005) and joint psychological variables (p=0.000<0.005) relates significantly to suicide behaviour. Based on the findings it was recommended that professional counsellors should counsell adolescents on depression and self-esteem.
Citation: B.S. Essien and C., Agbakwuru (2022) .Psychological Variables as Determinants of Suicide Behaviour among Adolescents in Rivers State, Nigeria, European Journal of Training and Development Studies, Vol.9 No.1, pp.1-12,
Personal-Psycho Characteristics and Attitude towards Suicidal Behaviour among University Students in South Eastern States of Nigeria (Published)
The study aimed at determining the relationship between personal-psycho characteristics and attitude towards suicidal behaviour among University students in South Eastern States of Nigeria. Two purposes of the study, two research questions and hypotheses guided the study. The cross-sectional survey research design was used. The population of the study comprised all the 34,169 year three students in the Nine (9) government-owned and state Universities in South Eastern States of Nigeria. A sample size of 380 year three students was selected using multi-stage sampling procedure. Proportionate sampling technique was used in selecting the faculties and departments for the study. A self-structured questionnaire entitled “Personal-Psycho Characteristics and Attitude towards Suicidal Behaviour Questionnaire (PCASBQ)” was used for data collection. Data were collated and analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Collection statistics, at .05 level of significance and at 378 degree of freedom. Findings of the study showed a very high positive and significant relationship between self-esteem, depression and attitude towards suicidal behaviour among university students. Conclusion was drawn from the findings and the study recommended among other things that, University counsellors should always counsel the students about upholding self-worth, maintaining confidence and positive view of themselves in their academic and social life pursuits. This will deter the students from committing suicide when confronted with strenuous conditions.