Tag Archives: Demonstration

Participatory Demonstration of Mid Land Sorghum Technology through FRG System in Metta District of East Hararghe Zone (Published)

Pre-extension demonstration and evaluation of early maturing sorghum varieties was conducted in 2019-2020 with the objectives of promoting and popularize improved midland sorghum technologies and to create awareness through giving training and enhance stakeholder’s participation. A total of ten (10) trial farmers were selected from two potential sorghum growing kebeles of Metta District. Two FRGs having 30 farmers were established. Two improved sorghum varieties (Dibaba and Adele) and with local check were planted on the plot of 10mx10m per trial farmers. Training on which a total of 67 participants took part were organized at Metta. The midland Sorghum varieties were evaluated based on their early maturity, yield, Disease tolerance, seed color, seed quality, biomass, and stalk length and food test. The ANOVA of yield performance of the improved varieties (Dibaba, Adele and local) showed 37.73, 34.39 and 24.10 qt/ha at Dursitu bilisuma of Metta district respectively. The average yield performance of Dibaba higher than Adele at 5% probability level and at 1% probability level than local check. As a result Dibaba variety preferred well and better to promote it on wider area and number of farmers

Keywords: Adele, Demonstration, Dibaba, Metta, Sorghum

Demonstration of improved potato varieties at Koffele District, West Arsi Zone, Oromiya, Ethiopia (Published)

The study was carried out at Guchi and Hulabera peasant association/Kebele of Kofale District west Arsi Zone, Oromiya Ethiopia. The study was carried with the intension to transfer the potato production technology to increase production. The district is among the potential area for potato production in the west Arsi Zone. From the two kebeles, 14 farmers were selected 7 from each kebele based on their interest to participate in the demonstration activity. Two varieties of potato Belete and Gudanie varieties, those are suitable for high lands of Ethiopia were used in the study with Local variety as reference. All participant farmers were interested and allocated 100m2 for intended experiment. Seed were planted based on its recommended rate and NPS fertilizer was used 195kg/ha. All necessary data qualitative and quantitative were collected starting from the time of planting to harvesting stage. Participatory field visiting was conducted with the participation of farmers, agricultural development agent workers and researchers. Descriptive statistics like mean and tabulation for yield data analysis and also independent t-statistics for yield comparison of the experiment were used. Qualitative data collected during field observation and after yield data collection were analyzed by means of summarization. In addition to the varieties yield for comparison partial budget analysis was used for profitability study. Based on the study result, Belete has more yield advantage than the other. However, in terms of test and market prefer ability Gudanie was preferred. Although Belete has more yield advantage as compared with the other, the yield advantage between Belete and Gudanie was insignificant as compared to the yield difference between Belete and Local. Interms of partial budget analysis, Gudanie was ranked first thus based on the aggregate result Gudanie was recommended for further production and popularization in the study area.

Keywords: Demonstration, district, improved varieties, potato

Participatory Evaluation and Demonstration of Improved Teff Varieties in Selected Districts of Borana Zone (Published)

The research activity was carried out with the objective of evaluating and identifying adaptable and improved teff varieties and to familiarize farmers and agro-pastoralists with teff production techniques. It was executed at Abaya and Yabello woredas of Borana Zone for two years (2012/13-2014/15). A multidisciplinary team composed of breeder, pathologist, agronomist and agricultural extensionist was closely working both with the farmers and respective woreda agricultural experts and DAs. Regular visits, trainings and field days were conducted to provide for interaction among researchers, extension workers and farmers. The variety selection process was carried out from different dimensions including utilization, marketing and field performance. The major selection criteria of the farmers in the two locations were almost similar except in very few cases where they vary in level of emphasis to a particular criterion. In general, color, panicle length, taste, market demand were identified as important farmer criteria. The other important criteria were related to field performance of the variety that includes: yield and tolerance to disease and insect pest followed by maturity period. Using these criteria the farmers identified varieties that suit their respective location. Accordingly, Abaya farmers showed special interest to Tsedey and Ajord, while Tsedey and Magna were preferred at Yabello. The most interesting part of the finding was that most of the varieties preferred from utilization and marketing angle were also found superior to the local ones in their field performance. Side by side, with the aim of strengthening local availability of seeds of preferred varieties, farmer based seed production was launched and the seed produced was purchased both in cash and in kind by non-participant farmers. Moreover, by way of revolving seed it was attempted to redistribute the seed to other non participant farmers in the area. In so doing both awareness and access to the technology was improved.

Keywords: Ajord, Demonstration, Magna, Participatory Evaluation, Tsedey