Bridging Gender Disparity in Academic Attainment Using Activity Based Instruction and Demonstration Method in Basic Science among Pupils in Katsina State, Nigeria (Published)
This study assessed the impact of Activity based and demonstration teaching strategies in bridging gender disparity in basic science among pupils in Katsina state, Nigeria. The study used quasi experimental design. Three groups’ namely experimental group I, experimental group II and control group were involved. The sample of this study covered a total number of one hundred and forty primary six pupils from three selected primary schools in Kankia. This study used Basic Science Performance Assessment Tool (BSPAT) containing 50 multiple test items, the instrument was validated and with reliability coefficient of 0.82. Data collected were analysed using mean, standard deviation, t-test and Analysis of Covariance at 0.05 level of significance. Result of findings shows that there is significant difference between the academic performance of pupils in experimental and control groups; there is no significant difference between the academic performance of boys and girls pupils in experimental group as revealed in their mean scores. It was recommended that since the use of activity based method and Demonstration Method is efficacious in enhancing performance of boys and girls, curriculum planners like Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) should incorporate activities that involve the two methods in curriculum of primary school sciences.
What Happens to Nigerian Arts And Science Students Achievement in Life Science When Assisted With Individualized and Demonstration Methods (Published)
The study examined the effects of Demonstration and individualized methods on Nigerian Arts and Science students’ achievement in life science (Biology). It adopted quasi- experimental design. Three instructional methods (demonstration, individualized and control) and moderator variable (subject specialization) at two levels (Arts and Sciences) were used.The study employed a multi stage sampling techniques. At the first stage, three schools were randomly selected out of the twenty-public secondary in Abeokuta South Local Government of the state. At the second stage, sample sizes of sixty students were randomly selected from the list of students provided by three schools to obtain a total number of one hundred and eighty students. To reflect the subject specialization of the student thirty out of the sixty students were selected from the Science and Arts class. Two instruments were developed for the measurement of the variable of this study, Biology Achievement Test (BAT) and Operational Guide for Instruction (OGI) stimulus instrument The result of the study obtained was analysed with spread sheet Microsoft excel, descriptive statistics and analysis of covariance.The result of the study was well discussed and recommendations were equally made.
The Use of Visual Aids in the Teaching of the New Trade Subjects in Senior Secondary Schools in Ebonyi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State (Published)
Visual aids are any visible materials which the teacher uses to make his or her lesson clear, interesting and understandable. This study focused attention on the use of visual aids in the teaching of the new trade subjects in secondary schools. Five research questions were formulated and administered to the trade subject teachers in secondary schools in Ebonyi Local Government Area. On the whole, 50 trade subject teachers drawn from the selected secondary schools responded to the questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using percentage and frequencies. Te result from the analyzed data showed that: most vocational subject teachers use demonstration method as visual aids when teaching, only primitive and out dated visual aids are available in secondary schools. Most trade teachers do not use visual aids on a daily basis. Finance constitutes the greatest problems confronting the use of visual aids in Ebonyi Local Government Area. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made; vocational/trade teachers should use field trip as visual aid in teaching, ministry of education should provide adequate visual aids for teaching, government should provide funds etc.