Tag Archives: Demographic Variables

Perception of Public Basic School Teachers on the Factors Influencing Teacher Attrition and Retention in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Published)

This study investigated the factors influencing teacher attrition and retention in public basic schools in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was used in the conduct of the study where through proportionate stratified random and convenience sampling techniques, 515 teachers were sampled and participated in the study. The instruments included a structured questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide. Data collected were analyzed using both descriptive statistics like mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as multiple regression with the aid of Version 22 of SPSS. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that the teachers identified remuneration and conditions of service factors to predominantly influence their quit intentions more than school environment factors and personal factors. The study showed that retention strategies such as improved salary and remuneration, provision of housing scheme, regular in-service training for teachers, scholarships for further studies, improved classroom environment and teacher involvement in decision making to be likely to boost their retention. Generally, it was revealed that teachers demographic variables such as marital status, years of teaching experience and level of teaching significantly predicted their quit intentions. It was further revealed that there was a positive correlation between the predictors (sex, age, rank, academic qualification, marital status, teaching experience, and level of teaching) and retention strategies as these demographic variables contributed significantly to retention strategies. It was therefore recommended that the Ghana Education Service through the Atiwa Education Directorate should ensure improved remuneration and conditions of service and school environment should be improved since these are among the top reasons discovered as being behind teacher turnover.

Keywords: Attrition, Demographic Variables, Teachers, retention strategies

Junior High School Social Studies Teachers’ Perception of Classroom Assessment in Ghana (Published)

In contemporary times, researchers have recognized the crucial role of classroom assessment in school effectiveness and the realization of educational goals. Therefore, this study investigated Social Studies teachers’ perception of classroom assessment and the extent to which teachers’ demographic variables influence their perception of classroom assessment. The study utilized the sequential explanatory mixed method design which involved collecting and analyzing of both quantitative and qualitative data. With the purposive, and convenience sampling techniques, 65 Social Studies teachers were selected for the study. Questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide were the instruments used to collect data for the study. The quantitative data were analyzed using both descriptive (frequency, mean, standard deviation) and inferential (t-test, and ANOVA) statistics. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that even though Social Studies teachers held different perceptions of classroom assessment. They perceived classroom assessment as a means of improvement of teaching and le-arning more than students’ progress, and school accou-ntability. Additionally, apart from gender and rank the study revealed that age, academic qualification, and years of teaching experience influenced Social Studies teachers’ perception of the nature of classroom assessment. Therefore, it was recommended that the Ministry of Education and the Ghana Education Service through the Kwahu South Education Directorate should design and implement programmes to conscientize teachers on the need to develop and practice effective classroom assessment to their teaching. Finally, Social Studies teachers should be equipped with relevant knowledge on assessment through in-service training on the nature of classroom assessment and assist them (teachers) to develop and sustain effective classroom assessment in their schools so as to realize educational goals.

Keywords: Demographic Variables, Perception, classroom assessment, improvement of teaching and learning, school accountability, students’ progress

Perception of Public Basic School Teachers on the Factors Influencing Teacher Attrition and Retention in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Published)

This study investigated the factors influencing teacher attrition and retention in public basic schools in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was used in the conduct of the study where through proportionate stratified random and convenience sampling techniques, 515 teachers were sampled and participated in the study. The instruments included a structured questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide. Data collected were analyzed using both descriptive statistics like mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as multiple regression with the aid of Version 22 of SPSS. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that the teachers identified remuneration and conditions of service factors to predominantly influence their quit intentions more than school environment factors and personal factors. The study showed that retention strategies such as improved salary and remuneration, provision of housing scheme, regular in-service training for teachers, scholarships for further studies, improved classroom environment and teacher involvement in decision making to be likely to boost their retention. Generally, it was revealed that teachers demographic variables such as marital status, years of teaching experience and level of teaching significantly predicted their quit intentions. It was further revealed that there was a positive correlation between the predictors (sex, age, rank, academic qualification, marital status, teaching experience, and level of teaching) and retention strategies as these demographic variables contributed significantly to retention strategies. It was therefore recommended that the Ghana Education Service through the Atiwa Education Directorate should ensure improved remuneration and conditions of service and school environment should be improved since these are among the top reasons discovered as being behind teacher turnover.

Keywords: Attrition, Demographic Variables, Teachers, retention strategies

Personal Characteristics and Use of Library Facilities: A Special Reference to Faculty of Management Studies and Commerce University of Jaffna Sri Lanka (Published)

The study explores to identify whether there is any significant difference among personal demographic variables and the use of library facilities offered by the main library, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. General survey guided by well structured questionnaire has been administered across a valuable sample of 202 students from Faculty of Management Studies and Commerce. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the analysis of data using Statistical Package for Social Science (Version 16.0). The results of the study revealed that the use of library facilities do not vary among personal demographic characteristics (p-value > 0.05). According to Duncan multiple range test, all the mean scores for subject specialization are differing from one another.

Keywords: Demographic Variables, Library Facilities, University of Jaffna