Demographic Factors as Predictors of Career Commitment of Librarians in Universities in South-west, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated demographic factors as predictors of career commitment of librarians in Universities in South-west, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: (i) determine career commitment traits among librarians in the universities in South-west, Nigeria; and (ii) examine demographic factors of librarians in universities in South-west, Nigeria. Survey research design of correlational type was adopted for the study. Total enumeration technique was used to cover a study population of 295 librarians working in the universities in Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun and Oyo States, Nigeria. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Two research questions were presented for the study, and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance.The findings of the study revealed that positive significant relationship existed between academic qualification and career commitment (r = .195**, p(.004) < .05), job status and career commitment (r = .591**, p(.000) < .05), years of professional experience and career commitment (r = .575**, p(.000) < .05). Also, the findings revealed that gender and marital status could not significantly predict career commitment of librarians. The study concluded that that gender and marital status had no significant relationship with the career commitment of librarians in the universities in South-west, Nigeria. Hence both gender exhibit a moderate level of commitment to their career irrespective of their gender or marital status because they are professionals. Based on this finding, it becomes necessary to treat all librarians equally as there is no rationale for discrimination based on gender in policy issues that can assist them in their profession.
Influence of Demographic Factors on Inter-Parental Conflict in Ruiru Sub-County Kiambu County Kenya (Published)
This paper analyses demographic factors that influence inter-parental conflict in Ruiru Sub-county, Kenya. The demographic factors include parental level of education, parental occupation, and age at marriage. The paper is drawn from a study that was undertaken in Ruiru Sub-county, Kiambu County in Kenya seeking to examine the effect of inter-parental conflict on academic achievement motivation among form three students. This paper thus makes reference to both the children’s and parents’ perceptions of how these factors influence inter-parental conflict. Guided by Abraham Maslow’s Hierachy of needs theory and Martin Selgman’s Learned Helplessness Theory, the study adopts a mixed method research design targeting form three students in the 31 public and private secondary schools in Ruiru Sub-county and their parents. A total of 281 randomly sampled students and 10 participated in the study through a Children Perception of Inter-parental Conflict Questionnaire (CPIC) and Focus Group Discussion Protocol for the selected parents. Data analysis was done both descriptively and using inferential statistics. These demographics factors were found to influence inter-parental conflict at different levels and therefore a recommendation was made that parents make effort to manage and resolve conflict before it escalates into hostilities and violence.
Influence of Student’s Non-Cognitive and Cognitive Trait on their Proposed Entrepreneurial Ventures’ Initial Set Up Decision (Published)
The current study is intended to study the influence of non-cognitive characteristics and cognitive trait i.e. learned by experience, demographic factors, entrepreneurial education and others on their proposed entrepreneurial initial set up decision.
Research inference is derived from the samples of 150 entrepreneurial program students during the period 2011-2012 selected from University Malaysia Kelantan (UMK), University Putra Malaysia (UPM) and University Utara Malaysia (UUM). Previous studies have endeavored to measure the effects of one or more variables on entrepreneurial ventures’ initial set up decision, but while the main implication of this study is to collect all related variables in an integrated model and to investigate cumulative effects of these variables on the entrepreneurial key decision taking ability of entrepreneurs. The present study findings are based on the cumulative effects of entrepreneur’s non-cognitive attributes and cognitive notions and traits on the ability of entrepreneurial key decision taking ability which have not been investigated in previous studies yet.