Boundary Disputes and Its Socioeconomic Effects on Some Selected Communities of Delta State, Nigeria, (Published)
Boundary conflicts have been one of the major problems affecting the socio-economic activities of most settlements over time. The study is aimed at the socio-economic effects of boundary and land disputes in some selected communities of Delta State, Nigeria. Data for the study was generated through the distribution questionnaires, which was administered to 400 respondents divided into eighty (80) each in the five areas of administration. In order to elicit more information, questionnaires were administered to both internally displaced persons and those living near the boundaries of the communities and a systematic sampling technique was used in achieving this. The finding of the study shows that boundary and land disputes have an enormous effect on the socio-economic activities of the inhabitant of the identified communities, such as loss of lives and properties, government spending huge amounts to cater for internally displaced persons, loss of income and farmland, and reduction of food production. It was therefore recommended that both the government and individuals in such communities should be proactive in handling issues related to such conflict resulting from boundary and land disputes.
Evaluation of the Impact of E-Laboratory on Engineering Research and Development in Nigeria: Emphasis on Universities in Delta State (Published)
The study evaluated the impact of electronic laboratory to engineering research and development in Universities in Delta State. Three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses guided the study. Design of the study was descriptive survey. Population of the study comprised 12, 482 (8,338 academic and 4,144 administrative) while the sample for the study consisted of 747 (382 academic and 365 administrative) staff who were sampled for the study using random sampling technique. Instrument used for collecting data for the study was an 18 item questionnaire titled. The instrument was validated by three experts; one each from the Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Measurement and Evaluation, and Educational Management who assisted in determining the face and content validities of the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach Alpha with an index of 0.88. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that online simulation laboratory, three-dimensional laboratory and computerized science laboratory all impact on engineering research and development. There was no significant difference in the opinion of academic staff and administrative staff on the impact of online simulation laboratory and three-dimensional laboratory but a significant difference existed on the impact of computerized science laboratory. Based on these findings, it was recommended that more technological facilities should be provided for the conduct of engineering research activities and the staff who carry put this research should be trained on modern technological research skills from time to time.
Determine and Estimate the Numerical Aptitude of Delta State Senior Secondary School Students (Published)
In order to determine and estimate the numerical aptitude of Delta State Senior Secondary School Students, the researcher developed a Numerical Aptitude Test (NAT). The design of the study was instrumentation research design based on the Classical Test Theory. From a population of 4,379 senior Secondary School Students in Delta State, 576 students were drawn from Senior Secondary School I & II as sample for the study. Three research question were proposed and answered. Three hypothesis were formulated and tested at 0.05 alpha levels. Data were analyzed using Kuder-Richardson formula 20, descriptive statistics and t-test. The findings showed reliability coefficient of 0.66. The result also showed that NAT items are valid and did not differentiate between genders. Based on the findings from this work, the researcher made the following recommendations: the Ministry of Education Delta State should use the developed NAT as a tool for selecting students, also school administrators should use the developed test to get valid, reliable and usable relevant information about Senior School Student’s numerical aptitude for administrative functions.
Effect of Small and Medium Scale Financing on Entrepreneurial Development in Delta State (Published)
The main objective of this study is to examine the effect of small and medium scale financing on entrepreneurial development in Delta State. Three objectives to ascertain the effect of household income on entrepreneurial development; to examine the impact of thrift savings on entrepreneurial development and to determine the effect of loans on entrepreneurial development guided the study. The cross sectional survey research design method was employed. The geographical area for this study was the south-south region in Nigeria. The participants of the study were 215 entrepreneurs in south-south region in Nigeria. The non-probability sampling method was used because the population was large and not easily accessible and the researcher had no control over it. The research instrument was a 16-item validated structured questionnaire, the item measures were based on a five-point likert scale. Primary data were used since data were collected directly from entrepreneurs in south-south region. Data obtained were analyzed using correlation and regression. Findings from multiple regression analysis revealed that household income has significant positive effect on entrepreneurial development (β = .158, P<0.01). The findings also revealed that user thrift savings has significant positive relationship with entrepreneurial development (β = .123, P <0.01).Thus Government should come out with a clear policy on SMEs. There should be a firm choice between state sponsorship without control, autonomy of SMEs without assistance and state sponsorship with control. SMEs are still in their infancy in Nigeria and must therefore be sponsored without government control.
Compensation Issues in the Niger-Delta – A Case Study Of Boboroku, Jesse, Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
It is common to find oil companies operating in the Niger Delta region acquiring expansive farmlands to facilitate their operations in the area while the natives of affected communities are generally left in precarious conditions arising from acquisition of their farm lands. The paper examines issues of compulsory acquisition, evaluating the quantum of compensation paid to natives of communities whose farmlands are acquired and issues that must be dealt with to provide adequate compensation to claimants. Using an oil well acquisition base in Boboroku, Jesse in Ethiope-West Local Government Area of Delta State as a case study, various compensation claims were examined vis-à-vis open market claims in compulsory acquisition. It was found that many claimants received N1000.00 or less as full compensation claims for their crops while families lucky to own lands received more reasonable payments. It was established that there was no statutory provision for disturbance losses from revocation of land interest. Also, the productivity of economic crops and trees was not considered nor was computation of claims based on market-values. The paper established that claims should be compensated on the basis of productivity value and lifespan of interests being acquired and not on arbitrary rates supplied by the acquiring authorities.
Level of Use of Organic Manure by Farmers in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
The study assessed the level of use of organic manure in Isoko North Local Government area of Delta State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to compose a sample size of 427 respondents for the study. Data generated were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study showed that majority of the farmers were not using organic manure. The reasons adduced for this amongst others were unavailability of organic manure, preference for fertilizer and bulkiness of organic manure. From the logit regression result, three variables, namely, educational level (t=3.645), farm size (t=3.978) and farming experience (t=2.998) were significantly in their relationship with organic manure use. From the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that farmers in the study area should be enlightened on the benefits of using organic manure in their farms.
Assessment of Farmers’ Awareness of the Economic Importance of Physic Nut (Jatropha Curcas) In Ndokwa East Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
In recent time, Nigeria Government has shown great interest in Jatropha as a biofuel plants. The aim is to gradually reduce the nation’s dependence on imported gasoline, reduce environmental pollution as well as create a commercially viable industry; which is not yet publicized in the rural areas where the crop is grown. This study, thus focused on the assessment of farmers’ awareness of the economic importance of jatropha curcas in Ndokwa East Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria. Cross-sectional data collected for the study was achieved through the use of well structured questionnaire administered to seventy (70) farmers purposively selected from the study area. It specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, examined farmers awareness of the economic use of the plant, identified farmers source of information on the economic importance of jatropha curcas in the study area. Descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution, percentage, mean and mode were used to analyze the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers while regression model was used to determine the relationship between the awareness of the economic importance of the crop and their socio-economic characteristics. The result showed that majority (31.43%) of the respondents were within the age range of 41-50years, , 52.86% were males, 61.43% were married, 44.30% were civil servants, 34.29% had farming experience of above 15years, 44.29% had household size of the range of 5-8 persons and 85.71% did not belong to any farmers’ associations. The result also revealed that majority(85.70%) of the respondents’ source of information was from friends and neighbours, majority (94.29%) of the respondents planted the crop for fencing their farmlands and gardens, 84.26% used it for boundary demarcation, 81.43% used it as hedges, 72.86% used it for medicinal purposes, and 70.00% used it for erosion control. The R2 (0.3618) value which is very low shows that only 36.8% of the variation in the awareness of the economic importance of Jatropha curcas was explained by the combined effects of age, sex and educational level of the farmers. The study revealed that majority (82.86%) were not aware that biofuel can be distilled from Jatropha curcas while only 17.14% were aware of this economic importance of the crop. It was therefore recommended that more enlightenment campaign about the production and economic usse of the crop be embarked upon through extension and training programmes by the State Government.
Analysis of Processing Cassava Tubers into Garri in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. (Published)
Inadequate capital and lack of improved technology for cassava processing have become major challenges in the development of the agricultural sector of the Nigerian economy. This had prompted this study on the analysis of processing of cassava tubers into garri in Isoko north local government area of Delta state, Nigeria. Cross sectional data were collected using purposive and simple random sampling techniques with the aid of well-structured questionnaire for the 2012 processing season. Purposive sampling technique was used to select six towns from the study area based on their involvements in cassava processing activities. Thereafter ten (10) respondents were randomly selected from each of the towns making a total sample size of sixty (60) respondents. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency distribution, percentages and inferential statistics including gross margin and regression analysis. The results showed that 95% of the respondents were females. the highest proportion (38%) of the respondents were within the age group of 50>60 years and 33% had secondary school leaving certificates, 75% of the respondents were married and 58% had household size within the range of 5>8 persons, 66% of them were into cassava processing on part-time basis, while 33% had 11 > 15 years of processing experience and 67% of them used family labour. The estimated annual total revenue was N610,000, total variable costs was N370,000 and the gross margin was N240,000 per annum per respondent which represented 64.86% of the total variable cost of production. The implication was that for every one naira invested in the processing of cassava, the farmer gained 65 kobo. The result of the regression analysis revealed that 57% of the variability of the estimated revenue per annum (Y) was being accounted for by the independent variables in the specified model. Inadequate capital and fund, lack of improved technology, inadequate processing and storage facilities, small sized enterprises with low earnings, poor markets characterized by low pricing of products were the major constraints encountered by the processors in the industry. It was therefore recommended that credit facilities should be channeled to processors through the current micro-credit scheme of the Delta State Government, Government policies should be modified to include the provision of training programme to disseminate scientific knowledge to cassava processors, the Research-Extension Farmer linkage should be strengthened to furnish the processors with modern labour saving processing techniques, Processors should form co-operative association to establish garri- added- value- centres for improved weighing and packaging methods; Government and non-governmental organizations/agencies should assist in educating the cassava processing farmers through effective extension system on improved cassava processing technology, to bring about improved production, marketing and profitability; and in doing so, improves livelihood, income and food security of the people.
The study Examine the extent of the vandalism of information materials in Colleges of Education in Delta State, Nigeria. The total population of this study comprises of the users of the four (4) Colleges of Education in Delta State. The sample population was two hundred (200), Sample was used for the study, frequency table and simple percentage was used to analyze the study. The study revealed that vandalism of information materials occurs in all the libraries. It also revealed that suspects of the vandalism are mainly students and staff, in view of the findings, the following were recommended; cheap and sharp photocopy services should be put in place in the libraries, Staff in-service training should be encouraged by the library management (librarian) to enlighten, particularly the junior staffs on what library profession is all about, this will enhance the efficiency of the workers, there should be regular funding of the library to enable it buy multiple copies of each book title, there should be regular user education, regular campaign and suggestion books mounted in the library to enable those students have their views and grievances.